2. Other organizations
b. Gordon-Conwell Seminary
c. Fuller Seminary
e. Wheaton College
g. Early Years (1940, 1944-1948)
3. Magazines and Tabloids
4. Newspapers and Wire Services
6. News Media declined
7. Articles declined
8. Comments on Books
a. Contribution to Books
b. Miscelleaneous Articles
c. Forwards to Books
d. Newspaper/Magazine Projects
10. John Akers (unprocessed, not avaialable for resesearcher)
11. Invitations declined
a. United States & Canada
1. Single meetings
1. Single meetings
12. Luverne Gustavson files
E. VIP [Copies of material in this subseries are in Collection 685; the originals were given to the Billy Graham Library in Charlotte, North Carolina]
1. Team files [These records were retained by the BGEA]
2. Office and Department files
b. Atlanta Team office
3. Amsterdam 83
4. Amsterdam 86
5. Lausanne II
d. The Cove
e. Decision magazine
f. Our Decision
g. Frankfurt office (Germany)
i. Hong Kong office
j. Hour of Decision
k. Decision Today
m. London office
n. Mexico office
o. Minneapolis office
p. Minneapolis Team office
r. Mission World
s.New Zealand office
t. Paris office
u. Schools of Christian Writing
v. Schools of Evangelism
x. Shortwave (The Hawaii Project)
z. South America office
bb. Sydney office
cc. Tokyo office
ee. Winnipeg office
ff. World Emergency Fund
gg. World Wide Pictures
C. Crusade Telecasts
1. Programs and Transcripts
2. Telephone Counseling Ministry
D. Press Conferences
Other Information That Might Be Helpful To Anyone Using This Collection
Lists of Artifacts, Audio Tapes, Books, Films, Film Strips, Glass Negatives, Microfiche, Microfilm, Negatives, Oversize Materials, Pamphlets, Periodicals, Phonograph Records, Photo Albums, Photographs, Slides, Slides (Lantern), and Video Tapes in This Collection (Location Records)
List of the Contents of Boxes of Paper Records in This Collection (Box List)
I. Correspondence series
2. Other organizations
b. Gordon-Conwell Seminary
c. Fuller Seminary
e. Wheaton College
g. Early Years
3. Magazines and Tabloids
4. Newspapers and Wire Services
6. News Media declined
7. Articles declined
8. Comments on Books
a. Contribution to Books
b. Miscelleaneous Articles
c. Forwards to Books
d. Newspaper/Magazine Projects
11. Invitations declined
a. United States & Canada
1. Single meetings
1. Single meetings
12. Luverene Gustavson Files
E. VIP [Copies of material in this subseries are in Collection 685; the originals were given to the Billy Graham Library in Charlotte, North Carolina]
2. Office and Department files
b. Atlanta Team office
3. Amsterdam 83
4. Amsterdam 86
5. Lausanne II
d. The Cove
e. Decision magazine
f. Our Decision
g. Frankfurt office (Germany)
i. Hong Kong office
j. Hour of Decision
k. Decision Today
m. London office
n. Mexico office
o. Minneapolis office
p. Minneapolis Team office
r. Mission World
s. New Zealand office
t. Paris office
u. Schools of Christian Writing
v. Schools of Evangelism
x. Shortwave (The Hawaii Project)
z. South America office
bb. Sydney office
cc. Tokyo office
ee. Winnipeg office
ff. World Emergency Fund
gg. World Wide Pictures
C. Crusade Telecasts
1. Programs and Transcripts
2. Telephone Counseling Ministry
D. Press Conference Transcript
Appendix: Outline of the Files in the Montreat Office Based on the 2008 Record Survey
Collection 580 [January 14, 2019]
BGEA: Billy Graham - Montreat Office
316 boxes (document cases, 125.4 cubic feet)
Brief Description. Correspondence, sermons, reports, memoranda, transcripts, clippings, manuscripts, and other materials maintained at the Montreat, North Carolina office of the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association. The Montreat office was Billy Graham’s personal secretariat and provided the administrative base for his work as an evangelist of the Christian Gospel, president of the BGEA, Christian author, speaker, and statesman on a national and global level, and influential communicator and opinion maker. The collection main series consist of I. his correspondence covering all aspects of his ministry, including contacts with the media, II. files related to particular evangelistic campaigns and rallies, and III. files relating to particular BGEA offices and departments. There are also two subseries in Series I that contain files relating to Graham’s ministry before the 1950 formation of the BGEA, including serving as pastor of the Western Springs Baptist Church, vice-president of Youth for Christ, president of Northwestern Schools, and an independent evangelist. See also Collections 265 and 685, which contain other segments of the files of the Montreat office. There are restrictions on the use of this collection.
• Each folder is closed until the youngest document in the folder is at least twenty (20) years old
• No document may be quoted by researchers (including on the internet) without written permission from the authorized BGEA representative
• Folders 38-14, 41-1, 41-3, 41-4, 43-4, 87-8, 90-6, 151-2, 160-24, 298-12, 29-16, 298-22, 298-24, 298-28, 298-29, 299-1, 299-4, 299-7, 299-9, 299-16, 299-17, 300-1, 300-3,
300-4 are closed for fifty (50) years from the date of the youngest document in each file
• Folder 45-6 is closed for seventy-five (75) years from the date of the youngest document
• Document in folder 102-13 has material redacted. Original document to be closed for seventy-five (75) years from the date of the youngest document
• Folders 112-8, 123-11, 124-7 have had documents removed for various periods of time. Information on specific documents are in each folder
• Folders 255-1 is closed during the lifetimes of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip of the United Kingdom
• Material relating to personnel questions were removed folders 84-4, 87-2, 87-6, 102-9, 135-2, 132-25 and returned to the BGEA
Biography and Administrative History
Scope and Content
[Note: In the Scope & Content section, the notation “folder 2-5" means “Box 2, Folder 5"]
This is a description of Billy Graham’s papers at the Montreat office of the BGEA as they existed when transferred to the Archives and are now filed. It is not an attempt to create an ideal arrangement of these papers, but rather a record of how they have been filed and used. This description only covers the materials in the Montreat office and not any personal papers of Rev. Graham (referred to in this guide as BG) in his home or elsewhere.
The materials in this collection consist of the vast majority of the office files of the office of the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association (BGEA) in Montreat, North Carolina. This office functioned as BG’s personal secretariat, and the staff there helped him to manage his correspondence, schedule, and responsibilities as president of the BGEA and as one of the most influential Christian leaders in the United States and the world during the last half of the twentieth century. This collection contains all the Montreat materials deposited with the Archives, except for sermons, which are contained in Collection 265 , selected correspondence, which are contained in Collection 685 and some personal materials, which were not sent to the BGC Archives.
The BG files in the Montreat office contain a large array of different documents. Among the different types are: letters, sermon outlines and transcripts, reports, minutes, book and article manuscripts, clippings, newsletters, posters, handbills, maps, and a variety of memorabilia related to individual ones of his many, many evangelistic campaigns and speaking engagements. By far the largest part of the files of the Montreat office consists of three parts: correspondence (general, subject, special, VIPs, see Collection 685 for VIPs), sermons (see Collection 265) and meeting files. There are also substantial files relating to the internal administration of the BGEA and some boxes of material concerning his involvement with other Christian organizations, as well as a small amount of purely personal records and audio visual material.
The Billy Graham Evangelistic Association was incorporated in 1950. From the beginning, Graham had a small office near his home in Montreat, North Carolina, for his assistants and secretaries There is only a very small amount of material in this collection that documents Graham’s life and his eleven-year ministry before 1950. Almost everything in the Montreat office records is from the BGEA era. Through most of his very long ministry, BG’s small personal office staff was a major instrument for organizing his work, scheduling his meetings and travel, and exercising leadership. The papers in his collection document BG’s activities both internally as the founder and chief executive of the BGEA, and externally as an evangelist and important Christian spokesman in the Christian community in the United States and the world and as a famous person of influence in the general community, nationally and globally. There is relatively little in these materials about his purely personal life.
The Montreat office was first in the Graham home, then moved to a small home next door which was added onto and renovated over the years until at its peak it had a staff of about twenty-five people. Associate evangelist and assistant to Graham T. W. Wilson was generally in charge of the office from about 1956 until shortly before his death in 2001. David Bruce, who had become an assistant to Graham in 1995, had by this time taken over the leadership of the office. Other key people on the staff were Graham’s secretaries J. Luverne Gustavson, Martha Warkentin Bridges and Stephanie Wills and his research assistants Robert Ferm and John Akers. Dr. L. Nelson Bell, Graham’s father-in-law, also lived in Montreat. He was an advisor to Graham and often did special projects for him until Bell’s death in 1973.
The collection is an extremely rich and valuable source for the study of American and world Christianity, as well as American life in general in the second half of the twentieth century. Among the major topics documented in these files are:
• BG’s own ministry as an evangelist, minister, BGEA executive, statesman of Protestant Evangelicals, shape and in some cases major creator of major Evangelical institutions.
• The development and expression through sermons, articles, books, speeches and press conferences of his theology, especially, of course, of sin and redemption through Jesus Christ, but also his thought and teachings on the nature of God, the Christian life and how the believer interacts with their community, and the meaning of suffering.
• The actual, individual and specific record of BG’s evangelistic meetings, above all the evangelistic campaigns in particular cities or regions that were called “crusades” during most of his ministry. The collection contains a vast amount of extremely specific material in hundreds of communities on the planning of an evangelistic campaign according to the model supplied by the BGEA, the organization and participation of the local Christian community, the sermons preached by BG and the testimonies, music and other elements of the services, the reporting of the meetings, and a significant amount of information on the results and continuing impact from the evangelistic meetings. It is through these meetings, several held every year, year after year, that the foundation of BG’s influence was laid and which made a significant contribution to shaping the Protestant Evangelical movement in North America and most parts of the world.
• The origins, development and activities of the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association, one of the earliest, influential and significant institutions of American Christianity in the twentieth century.
• BG’s contacts and working relationship with ministers and other Christian leaders of all types and nations and at all levels, as well as his contacts with political, social, and business leaders and shapers of opinion at all levels, especially in the United States but also worldwide. Especially significant are the records of his correspondence with United States presidents from the early 1950s onward.
• The history of American Protestant Evangelicalism since the 1940s, with a good deal of information on American Fundamentalism, as well as many sources for American church history in general.
• The story of Christianity worldwide since the 1940s, particularly Protestant
Evangelicalism, but with information on many other Christian traditions. The regional and international conferences on evangelism sponsored by BG and the BGEA are especially well documented, as are the origins of the Lausanne movement.
• American social, political and cultural history since the 1940s.
The staff of the Montreat office and the staff of the larger BGEA participated in creating almost all of these documents; the staff of the Montreat office organized the documents to expedite their efforts to assist BG and support his needs for information and other kinds of help in his ministry. The BGC Archives has in turn attempted to maintain the organization of these records as they were when the Montreat staff was creating and using them. That order seems to consist of six main groups: I. Correspondence, II. Meeting files, III. BGEA administration, IV. Sermons, V. Personal materials, and VI. Audio/visual materials. Although the main subseries of these groups reflect the physical arrangement and use of these documents by the Montreat staff, the arrangement of the subseries was determined by the Archives staff. This collection contains all the Montreat office materials deposited with the Archives, except for sermons, in Collection 265, and selected correspondence in Collection 685
The BGC Archives staff did a record survey of the Montreat office in 2008 and the organization of this collection is based on that survey. The outline of the complete survey, including the files that were sent to the BGC Archives and those that were retained in Montreat, can be found in the Appendix.
Series: I. Correspondence
Subseries: I. Correspondence B. Subject 1. Inactive a. Presidential
Arrangement: Folders are in order by presidential term, starting with Truman and going through Obama. The folders for each president are in backward order, with the more recent material first. After the files directly relating to the president, there may be one or more files relating to the president’s family, his presidential library, and his vice president.
Date Range: Dates on photocopies include the dates of letters and articles that may have been photocopied much later, such as a 1952 letter photocopied in 1978. If several items are stapled together, date is the year of the most recent document.
Volume: 5.6 cubic feet
Geographic coverage: United States
Type of documents: Correspondence, newspaper and magazine clippings, press releases, memos, summaries of phone conversations, newsletters, reports, transcripts of television and radio news programs, manuscripts of speeches
Correspondents: L. Nelson Bell, Dwight L. Chapin, Stephanie Wills, T. W. Wilson Notes: In addition to its general correspondence files, the Montreat office kept a Sources correspondence file. These were people and organizations who were significant in Graham’s ministry and for whom there was a fairly voluminous correspondence. This subseries consists of the Source files on the United States president that Graham had contact with. Graham’s direct correspondence with president and their family (along with supporting materials) are in Collection 685. The materials in this folders consist of supporting materials, such as:
• Correspondence or other records of contact with presidential family members, including the president’s or ex-president’s wife. Most of this material, however, is in Collection 685.
• Newspaper and magazine clippings about Graham and various presidents, or sometimes just clippings about a president or ex-president. Clippings probably make up more than half of this subseries. Transcripts from various radio and television news programs of stories about presidents or ex-presidents that mention Graham could also be included in this category.
• Letters from Graham to well-known friends or associates of particular presidents, such as the condolence letter in folder 264-14 to Mrs. Jane Rebozo on the death of husband Bebe Rebozo, a close friend of Richard Nixon.
• Letters from people who were either criticizing or praising Graham for his relationship with various presidents, particularly Richard Nixon. These letters were not usually answered by Graham himself, but by a close associate, such as father-in-law L. Nelson Bell or T. W.
Wilson. See for examples such letters in folders 263-2,4, 6, 265-9,10,12, 266-1, 267-1
• Presidential biographers writing to Graham to get his insights and memories of a particular president or to set up an oral history interview.
• Newsletters, reports and other materials from foundations establishing presidential libraries or from the libraries themselves. Graham served on the boards of the Nixon and the Reagan Foundations. Materials from the Eisenhower, Johnson, Nixon, and Reagan libraries are particularly voluminous.
• People who wanted to use Graham to suggest them for a post in the Federal government or to arrange a meeting with a president through Graham or for Graham to pass on a letter or advocate for a particular cause or policy position. See, for example, the letters between Graham and insurance executive Carr P. Collins, who wanted Nixon to speak at the 40th anniversary banquet of the Baptist Foundation of Texas (folder 266-3).
• There are occasional letters from Graham to a president’s associates, suggesting people for presidential posts.
Copy of letter from Eisenhower to Leon Scott expressing Eisenhower’s admiration for General Robert E. Lee
Articles, transcript of interviews, and other materials about Graham’s friendship with John F. Kennedy, Jr., and his sympathy with the family after the young man’s death in 1999
This folder contains letters, articles, and other materials relating to where Graham was when he heard about President Kennedy’s 1963 assassination and his reaction to the murder. There is similar material in folders 262-13 and 262-14. The folder in addition contains letters about the presidential election of 1960 and the strong feeling of many Protestants against electing a Catholic president, as well as letters from people such as John McCormack, Speaker of the House, putting the case for Kennedy. There are also letters from Graham to various people (including Norman Vincent Peale) describing his 1960 post-election meeting with Kennedy in Florida (see also folders 267-1, 267-6, 267-7).
Graham’s statement on the death if Ladybird Johnson in 2007; “Angel is Airborne” manuscript about Air Force 1 during the presidency of Lyndon Johnson by the pilot, James U. Cross
Graham’s 1967 comments at the Heart of America in Kansas City in response to a speech made earlier in the day about crime and morality in America by Lyndon Johnson; letter from H. L. Hunt urging Graham to support the reappointment of Robert E. Lee to the Federal Communications Commission
Correspondence with presidential assistant Marvin Watson
Program for Hubert Humphrey’s funeral service; transcript of remarks at the 1965 Presidential Prayer Breakfast, including those of Vice President Hubert Humphrey
Correspondence with Methodist Bishop James Armstrong critical of Graham’s support of Nixon’s foreign and domestic policies (see also folder 262-13); transcript of the White House worship service in January 1973 during the weekend of Nixon’s second inauguration
Transcripts of television news coverage of Mrs. Pat Nixon’s 1972 attendance at the inauguration of William Tolbert of Liberia (Billy Graham went with her)
Letter from E. Stanley Jones to Richard Nixon, to be passed on by Billy Graham in which Jones argued for the United States to mediate between India and Pakistan; letter from Mark Hatfield passing along a suggestion for a minister to speak at a White House worship service; copies of correspondence between Harry Dent and news commentator Paul Harvey about Harvey’s pro-Nixon stance; letters to Graham suggesting various people he should suggest to Nixon as companions on the president’s 1971 trip to China; brief letter to Charles Henderson in response to questions about the religious beliefs of Richard Nixon; wide variety of requests made to Graham to pass on to Nixon, requests for everything from an invitation to a White House worship service to an appointment as assistant Secretary of State(similar materials in 262-2 and 2-62-3); mailing list of people to whom the BGEA sent copies of Nixon’s remarks at the 1971 Presidential Prayer Breakfast
Transcript of news coverage of President Nixon’s visit to President Tito of Yugoslavia in 1970; letter from Donald Rumsfeld inviting Graham to join the National Advisory Council on Economic Opportunity; letters indicating negative reaction to Henry Cabot Lodge’s appointment as ambassador to Vatican City (see also folder 267-1); transcript of Graham’s introduction of Nixon at the 1970 Knoxville Crusade
Letter to Graham’s Wheaton College friend John Streator; several letters from people protesting or supporting President Nixon’s conduct of the Vietnam War; transcript of the 1969 dinner, including Nixon’s remarks, for the three astronauts of Apollo 11; people responding to Graham critique of Nixon for saying the moon landing was the greatest event since the beginning of the world
Copy of a letter from Howard Butt to the editor of Harper’s Magazine about Graham’s involvement in Nixon’s choice of a running mate in 1968; Graham’s correspondence with Norman Vincent Peale about matters relating to Nixon’s church attendance; letter from Graham to Maurice Stans, U. S. Secretary of Commerce, recommending Daniel Liu for a position in Hawaii
Draft of an article by Graham for the Reader’s Digest on “The Nixon I Know;” long letter from Bill Moyer to Graham about what he saw as the concerns of the poor and African Americans in American society; letter from Melvin Belli about Mickey Cohen and George Wallace; correspondence from John Conlan, James Byrnes, W. Cameron Townsend, Rosemary Woods
Most of the material in this folder relates to the 1960 presidential election. Telegrams from a variety of Evangelicals urging Graham to publically support Nixon in the 1960 election and letters from Graham about his decision to not endorse Nixon publicly; memo on Carl Henry’s April 1960 meeting with Nixon; correspondence with Daniel Poling, Ralph McGill, David Lawrence, Mark Hatfield, Walter Judd.
Copies of speeches, news reports, and other material sent by John H. Taylor, assistant to Richard Nixon after his presidency, about Nixon’s speeches, books and other activities
This folder contains clippings, correspondence and other materials about the Watergate scandal during the Nixon presidency. Most of the folder consists of newspaper magazine reports and sermons and speeches by various people other than Graham
Public statements released by Graham after Nixon’s resignation in August, 1974
Public statements released by Graham after President Ford’s pardon of Nixon in September 1974
Graham’s November 1973 public statement on his continuing support for President Richard Nixon
Graham’s May 1974 public statement on his reaction to the release of the Watergate tape transcripts
Correspondence and reports relating to Graham’s membership on the board of the Richard Nixon Foundation from his joining in 1969 to the Foundation’s dissolution in 1975. The Foundation was primarily concerned with the creation of a presidential library.
Form letter sent out by Gerald Ford in 1978 describing his opposition to certain policies of his successor, Jimmy Carter, and the need to support the fund-raising efforts of the Republican party. There are similar fund-raising letters in folder 268-11.
President Jimmy Carter 1980 proclamation of a National Day of Prayer
Correspondence from Warren Christopher about the SALT II Treaty with the Soviet Union
Letters and newspaper articles about derogatory remarks about Graham made by Jeff Carter, Jimmy Carter’s son
Advance copy of Jimmy Carter’s book, Why Not the Best, sent to Graham by the publisher
Graham’s 2004 public statement on death of Ronald Reagan
Transcripts of television news coverage of Graham’s (and others) negative comments on Kitty Kelley’s biography of Nancy Reagan
President Ronald Reagan proclamation of National Bible Week in 1988; transcripts of remarks by President and Mrs. Reagan at a Youth for Christ national conference in Washington D.C.; transcript of Reagan’s remarks during the 1988 Moscow summit
270-14 through 271-1
These folders contain regular standardized updates from the White House Office of Public Liaison, the Office of Private Sector Initiatives and other departments, apparently sent out to a large selection of opinion makers, about President Reagan’s latest activities, policies, trips and speeches, particularly those with a religious aspect.
Cover letter from Patrick Buchanan to Graham, updating him on Regan’s support for aid to Nicaragua
Guest list and thank you letters related to the Graham’s attendance at a dinner honoring Nancy Reagan at the American Embassy in London in 1984
A memo from Graham to Reagan’s National Security Advisor William Clark on the likely reaction of Protestant Evangelicals and Fundamentalists to an upgrading of American diplomatic relations with the Vatican.
Copy of Reagan’s speech in recommending the Voluntary School Prayer Amendment
Letter from Graham to Rev. Donn Moomaw, advising Moomaw on serving a spiritual counselor to a president (see also folder 271-11); memo from John Conlan urging major Evangelical leaders to get together to lobby Reagan to make Evangelicals a significant number of the appointments in his new administration (see also folders 271-8,10 and 272-7); a great many clippings about Reagan’s campaign for the presidency, particularly the religious aspects
Reports to Graham, as a member of the board of governors of the Ronald Reagan Foundation, on the Foundation’s activities in selecting a site and planning the building of the Reagan Presidential Library
Citation for the George Bush Award received by Graham in 2006; clippings and correspondence of former president George H. W. Bush appearing at Billy Graham Crusade in Tampa in 1998
Statement made by President George H. W. Bush at the 1992 Presidential Prayer Breakfast about his relationship with Billy Graham. Notes on conversation with Billy Melvin of the National Association of Evangelicals about the unhappiness of NAE members with some of the Bush administration’s social policies
272-4 through 272-9
Many mailings from the White House Liaison giving copies of President George H. W. Bush’s speeches and statements on a variety of issues, particularly those with a religious aspect
Letter from Graham to Rev. Richard Bewes describing being at the White House during the time when the first war against Iraq began
1989 White House memo on a meeting with Evangelical leaders
1989 letter from Graham explaining why he could not serve of the President’s Drug Advisory Council
Letters to Graham from George H. W. Bush’s aunt, Mrs. F. E. House
Copy of Graham opinion piece in the New York Times in 1998 about the scandals of the Clinton administration, “The Moral Weight of Leadership,” and Chuck Colson’s response to the column is in folder 273-3
Graham appeared on The Today Show on television on March 5, 1998, and in response to the allegations that President Clinton had had relations with a White House intern said that if Clinton were guilty he (Graham) would forgive him and love him. This folder has a transcript of that interview. Folders 273-2,3,4 contain correspondence and news reports of criticism of Graham from Evangelicals and others for saying this. Folder 273-5 also had transcripts of comments made on television by a variety of people about the scandal and Graham’s comments.
Proof copy of Al Gore’s book, Earth in the Balance / Ecology and the Human Spirit
News reports on the appearance of former president George W. Bush with Billy Graham at the Billy Graham Library for a signing of one of Bush’s books
Several brief notes between Graham and Condoleezza Rice, Bush’s National Security Advisor and later Secretary of State, expressing admiration and support
News reports, memos and other material about Graham originally being invited to speak at a worship service and give the prayer and later being unable to attend George W. Bush’s 2001 inauguration and Franklin Graham substituting for him. There is also material about this in folders 275-1,2
President Barrack Obama’s comments at the 2012 National Prayer Breakfast
This box consists of copies and originals of magazine and newspaper articles, with a few excerpts from the Congressional Record, about Billy Graham, mostly but not entirely about his relations with various United States presidents from 1950 through 1988. On photocopies, references to Graham’s contacts with presidents are often highlighted in yellow. Folder 276-1 contains a partial list of the articles prepared in 1989 by BGEA staff at Graham’s request. Some other loose clippings (originals rather than photocopies) mostly relating to the Watergate scandals, were added by the Archives staff.
Series: I. Correspondence
Subseries: I.D.2.b. Correspondence - Special - Other Organizations - Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary
Arrangement: Chronological (Note: the files are in the same reverse-chronological order in which they were kept in the Montreat office)
Date Range: 1962-2008
Volume: 2.8 cubic feet
Geographic coverage: United States. Some of the early files in the Gordon segment contain material on inner city Philadelphia.
Type of documents: Correspondence, reports, school catalogs, handbooks, newsletters Note: Although some of the folder titles include the word “Minutes,” there are, in fact, no minutes included, although there are many agendas and notices of meetings.
Correspondents: Stuart Babbage, James Boyce, Lit-sen Chang, Robert Cooley, Allen Emery, Jr. Leighton Ford, Dennis P. Hollinger, Walter C. Kaiser, Jr., Lloyd Kalland, Norman Klauder, Harold Lindsell, Samuel Moffett, Harold John Ockenga, Stephen Olford, J. Howard Pew, Daniel Poling, Haddon Robinson, David Wells, James Emery White
Notes: In 1967, Graham became involved in Conwell School of Theology of Temple University in Philadelphia at the urging of J. Howard Pew, Daniel Poling and others. The University had become a state institution and could no longer maintain a religious school on its campus. Graham assumed the chairmanship of the board of trustees to help ensure that a conservative theological school was maintained and invigorated. At roughly this same time, Gordon College and Divinity School in Wenham, Massachusetts (where Graham had been on the board of the College during the early 1960s) was seeking also to reinvigorate its program. Harold Ockenga, the president of Gordon, was an advocate for merging the two schools, so that instead two anemic Evangelical schools on the northeast coast of the United States, there would be one vigorous one. Graham and Pew also became supporters of this idea (Graham joined the board of the Divinity School in 1968). There was some opposition from faculty and staff of Conwell, who wanted to see an educational program developed that was aimed at the need of the inner city in Philadelphia. The schools were merged in 1969, becoming Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary (GCTS) in 1969. The next year, GCTS separated administratively from Gordon College.
Graham had been deeply involved in the creation of the new school, especially since Pew, the primary financial supporter of the institution, had insisted that he help develop a school that was loyal to traditional, Evangelical, conservative Christianity. After those first few early years, though, his own responsibilities as an evangelist and president of the BGEA caused him to be much less involved in the work of the board. From the 1970s on, his membership was almost entirely nominal and he tried to resign at least once but remained due to the pleas of the president of the school and others. His support for the institution remained strong, however, support symbolized by residence halls on campus named for L. Nelson Bell (Graham’s father-in-law) and Ruth Bell Graham, and his personal involvement increased somewhat during his service as chairman of the board of trustees from 1988 through 1993. He was not a supporter of the plan to start a Charlotte, North Carolina campus but did eventually come to approve it, as represented by the Frank and Morrow Graham Center on that campus, named after his parents.
The documents in this subseries illustrate Graham’s leadership in the creation of the new school that rose out of the discussions of the boards of Conwell and Gordon and in the larger Evangelical community in 1967-1970. After that, though for many years there was frequent friendly correspondence between Graham and GCTS presidents Ockenga and Robert Cooley, his personal involvement in board decision making was much less, although Leighton Ford and BGEA-related people also served on the board. He did help by lending his name or statements to various fundraising efforts over the years. Many of the later folders consist almost entirely of routine letters, memos, brochures and other reports from the GCTS administration and faculty to board members, reporting on programs and activities at the school. There are also copies of the school’s catalogs, student handbook, board handbook and similar documents over the years.
Exceptional items :
Material on the selection of Dennis P. Hollinger as president
The selection of James Emery White to be new president (Graham’s tribute to Walter Kaiser in folder 35-3, material about White’s resignation in 35-2), material about Haddon Robinson as acting president after White’s resignation
Plans for the Frank and Morrow Graham Center at the Charlotte campus of GCTS (see also folders 35-8, 35-10, 35-12)
Letter from Robert Coleman about Graham’s sermon after the 9/11 attacks (see also folder 35-13)
Correspondence over the possibility of naming the GCTS Charlotte campus after BG and his declining the honor
Graham’s comments on J. Christy Wilson Jr. for a memorial service
Resignation of Cooley as president and replacement by Kaiser, Cooley becoming chancellor; Graham’s letters to Cooley and Kaiser about the transition and supporting Kaiser’s selection (see also folder 36-6)
BGEA’s contribution of one million dollars to the Allan C. Emery Jr. Scholarship Fund (see also folder 36-7)
Letter to Cooley about Graham’s resignation from being chairman of GCTS board because of his health and need to husband his time and Cooley’s response
Rough draft of Graham’s remarks at board of trustees dinner in 1992 on the history of his involvement with the seminary, particularly its founding; speeches by David Wells and Haddon Robinson at the same dinner
Letters from Pew Charitable Trust staff about Graham’s visit to their organization (more on PCT’s relation to GCTS in folders 38-2, 38-4, 38-8)
Example of one of Graham’s personal checks (toward a gift from the board for Cooley)
Notes from John Akers for a board meeting Graham would chair, photos of GCTS board of trustees; Graham’s notes on programs at GCTS and the program of the school; paper by Arthur Johnston on Evangelism and Kingdom theology at the 1989 Lausanne II Congress
Election of Graham as chairman of the GCTS board of trustees (see also folders 39-5, 39-8), correspondence from Graham emphasizing that he would be unable to take an active role
Pictorial hundred-year history of Gordon College
Statement of Graham for the GCTS capital campaign, contribution of the BGEA to the campaign
Dedication of the L. Nelson Bell and the Ruth Bell Graham halls at GCTS
Report from the ATS/NEA accreditation team in 1985
Letter about GCTS participation in the Amsterdam ‘86 conference (also some reports in folder 40-1)
Letter from Allan Emery Jr and information from others about the origins of GCTS and Graham’s involvement (this information was gathered for Graham’s assistance as he wrote his memoirs)
BG’s agreement to serve as honorary co-chair of Seminary’s Centennial Celebrations, 1984-1990
Material relating to the inauguration and beginning of administration of Robert Cooley
Search for next president, including candidates BG, Leighton Ford, Sam Moffett, James Montgomery Boice, Robert Cooley (see also folders 41-3,4)
BGEA’s gift to help GCTS’ foreign students
Graham agreement to serve as honorary chairman of the capital funds drive; later asked Ockenga to accept his resignation from the board because of the demands on his time (see folder 41-7 for withdrawal of resignation because of Ockenga’s plea that he stay)
Correspondence about the termination of Stuart Babbage’s position with the school; regular letters through these folders from Ockenga reporting on developments at the seminary, fund-raising, plans for the future
Letter of resignation from the board by Pew over the division of assets between Gordon College and GCTS
Correspondence with Ockenga as to the degree that Graham can help with fund-raising and promotion of school
Correspondence between Pew and Graham about protest of Gordon-Conwell professors over the Vietnam War
Separation of Gordon College from GCTS (see also folders 41-7, 41-13), attempt of Gordon to develop an Urban Center in Philadelphia to train ministers for inner-city ministry; February 11 letter from Graham to Ockenga outlining his plans for carrying out his responsibilities as a board member
Protest from students and faculty of Conwell over leaving the inner-city of Philadelphia (see also 41-16); final move of Conwell to Massachusetts and merger with Gordon; the development of a statement of faith
Report by Raymond Hostetter, president of Messiah College, on the school’s plan to develop an urban campus in Philadelphia; October letter from Ockenga first suggesting a merger of Gordon and Conwell; letter from Stephen Olford suggesting black preachers for evangelistic campaigns, including Festo Kivengere; development of a doctrinal statement for Conwell
Babbage’s election as president of Conwell in 1967, Graham’s election as president of the board of trustees, development of plans with J. Howard Pew for the enlargement of Conwell
Brief letter from Gordon College president James Forrester about Graham’s re-election as a trustee
Series: I. Correspondence
Subseries: I.D.2.c. Correspondence - Special - Other Organizations - Fuller Theological Seminary (FTS)
Arrangement: Chronological (Note: the files are in the same reverse chronological order in which they were kept in the Montreat office)
Date Range: 1961-2007
Volume: 1.6 cubic feet
Geographical Coverage: United States
Types of Documents: Correspondence, memoranda, minutes (there is only one set of minutes, in folder 43-4), brochures, speeches; invitations
Correspondents: Charles Fuller, Daniel Fuller, Edmund Gibbs, David Hubbard, William Sanford LaSor, Harold Lindsell, Donald McGavran, Richard J. Mouw, Harold J. Ockenga, Wilbur M. Smith, Robert Stover, C. Peter Wagner, C. David Weyerhauser
Notes: Materials relating to Graham’s service on the board of FTS. The material in this subseries begins in 1961, although he joined the board in 1959. Graham’s membership became honorary about 1975. In 2004, he became a Senior Trustee (see folder 42-4). From 1961 through 1975, there is frequent correspondence and reports passing between Graham and the president, administrators, trustees and faculty of Fuller about the school’s programs, faculty, and doctrinal stand. After 1975, his active participation declined sharply, although he still received mailings about Fuller events, faculty, and programs. In general, the topics that are covered are periodic evaluations of the school’s curriculum, particularly in relation to Graham’s concern that it produce students who were ground in orthodox Christian doctrine and equipped to provide practical leadership in evangelism, mission, and hermeneutics; the selection of presidents and senior leaders for the seminary; the support provided by Graham and to some extent the BGEA for the work of the school; and the development of the seminary over several decades. There is also some correspondence not directly related to Fuller, for example letters from C. Peter Wagner (a member of Fuller’s faculty) about the Lausanne Committee for World Evangelization.
Merging of the positions of Honorary Trustee with Emeritus Trustees, of which Graham is now one
Letter from Mouw about effort of Evangelical leaders to support a curb on the spread of casino gambling (similar form letters from Mouw on Evangelical responses to political and social trends in America in folders 42-2 through 42-5)
Graham’s appointment to the Jubilee Celebration Honorary committee
Material on the death of Hubbard in 1996 and Graham’s comments (see also folder 42-14)
Some material relating to the inauguration of Mouw as president and Hubbard’s retirement (see also folder 42-19)
Some material relating to Hubbard’s retirement, from 1992 Graham was essentially emeritus and received many fewer mailings
Presidential search for a replacement for Hubbard; letter to Graham asking for his support for adding classes relevant to ministry to the deaf to the curriculum of Fuller
Material relating to the death of Donald McGavran and his influence
1989 self-study of Fuller done as part of the re-accrediting process
Report on racial awareness at Fuller by Stan Long
Correspondence of appointment of Edmund Gibbs to the Robert Boyd Munger chair of Evangelism and Church Renewal; correspondence from Donald McGavran about Samaritan Purse’s support of Ezra Sargunam in Madras, India
Materials sent to trustees and supporters about Lindsell’s Battle for the Bible, published in 1976; program for memorial services for Wilbur Smith; 5/30/78 letter to Glen Barker, giving suggestions for the new dean of the School of World Mission
12/75 letter from Graham resigning from board and Weyerhauser’s response (note on withdrawal of letter in folder 44-7)
Letter to Lewis Smedes responding to his editorial in the Reformed Journal in 1972 asking Graham to take a stand on the bombing of North Vietnam
Comments relating to the 1969 revision of FTS’ doctrinal statement, development of the school of world mission, the memorial service for Charles Fuller, Graham’s positive comments on James Kennedy as a possible candidate for the chair on evangelism at the seminary.
Plans for the founding of a school of World Missions and Evangelism
Harold Lindsell’s report the WCC’s Commission on World Missions and Evangelism; Wilbur Smith’s correspondence over his resignation frm FTS because of his perception that the school was weakening in its position on the inspiration of Scripture
Correspondence about possible candidates for the new president of FTS
Series: I. Correspondence
Subseries: I.D.2.e. Correspondence - Special - Other Organizations - Wheaton College
Arrangement: Reverse chronological
Date Range: 1960-2014
Volume: 1.7 cubic feet
Geographic coverage: United States
Type of documents: Letters, clippings, minutes
Correspondents: Hudson T. Armerding, J. Richard Chase, Donald Hoke, V. Raymond Edman, Allen Emery Jr., Ken Hansen; James L. Johnson, David Johnston, Stan L. Jones, Duane Litfin, H. Wilbert Norton, William Pollard, David L. Roberts, Philip Ryken
Notes: The records in this subseries do not cover Graham’s entire relationship with Wheaton College, which began when he enrolled as a student in 1940, but cover the years from 1960 on, particularly the 1970s and ‘s80s. Among the themes touched on are Graham’s membership on the Wheaton board of trustees from 1963 through 1990 (because of his busy schedule he was often unable to attend meetings); his friendship with a number of the school’s presidents and senior leaders, especially his mentor V. Raymond Edman and his classmate Hudson Taylor Armerding; reports to him from various deans and faculty members, especially the Graduate School and the Communications department, about programs at the College, often with a request for funding from the BGEA; invitations from College administrators and student leaders to attend College events; and correspondence and notes from Graham’s Wheaton schoolmate of the class of 1943. There is a good deal in this section about the College’s Billy Graham Center, particularly its origins, but most of the files on the Center were kept in a separate part of the Montreat office filing system. In line with the policy of the Wheaton College Archives, all files that contain reports of College Board of Trustees meetings are closed for fifty years from the date of the youngest document in the folder.
2013: Letter from Provost Stan Jones to Franklin Graham announcing the resignation of Lon Allison as director of the Billy Graham Center (BGC); notes from President Philip Ryken and former president Duane Litfin on the death of George Beverly Shea
2011: Letter to Graham from chairman of the board of Trustee’s David Gieser reviewing his family’s connections with Graham’s ministry
2010: Correspondence between Graham and Ryken on the occasion of Ryken being inaugurated as president of the college
2008: Greetings sent to Graham from his fellow members of the Wheaton class of 1943 on the occasion of their 65th reunion
2004: Newspaper coverage of the fire on the roof of the BGC’s east wing
2003: Letter from Stephanie Wills to Miriam Paraschou. Mrs. Paraschou had inherited the house at 712 Howard Street when Graham lived when he was a student at Wheaton. The correspondence includes some of Graham’s memory of the house
2002: Text of the introduction Graham sent to be read when rock star and philanthropist Bono spoke on the College’s campus
1999: Correspondence between Graham and College provost Stan Jones about the history of the BGC and a resolution of appreciation from the College faculty
1998: Letter from provost Stan Jones announcing the appointment of Lon Allison as director of the BGC
1996: Correspondence about the creation of the William F. Graham and Ruth Bell Graham Awards at Wheaton College
1995: Letter from Stephanie Wills to a student at Wheaton describing the friendship of Billy and Ruth Graham with Malcolm Muggeridge
1995: Report to Graham from College chaplain Stephen Kellough about the revival at Wheaton College in the spring of 1995
1994: Note of consolation from Graham to a family whose son, a member of the College’s hockey team, had suffered an accidental death while on the team
1993: Letter of commendation written by Graham for J. Richard Chase when he retired as president of Wheaton
1990: Correspondence about Graham’s resignation from the Board (to become member emeritus) because of the press of other responsibilities
1986: Memo by trustee Jack Swanson on issues discussed at a recent executive committee meeting, including inviting Jimmy Carter as a commencement speaker and minority representation in the student body
1985: Correspondence relating to the invitation to Vice President George H. W. Bush to be the College’s commencement speaker; see also folder 298-25.
1983: Correspondence referring to the board of trustees discussion of finance, especially as regarded the Graduate School
1983: Correspondence from David Johnston and others about placing the Graduate School in the BGC
1982: Letter of appreciation from Graham to Armerding for his service as president of Wheaton
1982: Letter from Graham to Hudson Taylor Armerding expressing Graham’s appreciation for him as an administrator and a Christian. See also folder 299-5.
1981: Report from Edgar C. Bundy about declining moral and Christian standards at Wheaton College
1981: Correspondence about suggestions from Graham for the committee of the board of trustees searching for a new president for the college
1979-1980: Letters of appreciation from Graham to Wheaton professors H. Wilbert Norton and Merrill Tenney. For Norton, see also folders 299-15, 299-16, 300-1, and 300-4.
1978: Letter from Graham to American football great Red Grange
1976: Much material about plans for the BGC
1975: Much material about plans for the BGC
1974: Don Hoke’s suggested prospectus for a Billy Graham training program in evangelism and missions at Wheaton College; discussions of the financing involved
1973: Letter from Lois Ferm about a proposed Billy Graham Master of Arts Program in Communication at the College (see also folder 300-3); report on an attack on Graham at a meeting of Presbyterian pastors; correspondence about the possibility of a Billy Graham Center at Wheaton College
1972: Correspondence about the College’s invitation to President Richard Nixon to be the College’s commencement speaker in 1973 (see also folder 300-2); material on Hudson Armerding’s support for him in the 1972 election; brief reminiscence from Graham about his friendship with V. Raymond Edman; correspondence from Armerding about the 1972 presidential election and its impact on campus; Graham’s December letter to presidential candidate George McGovern about his speech on campus during the fall
1971: Photocopies of stories from the Wheaton Record (school newspaper) about past revivals at the schools in 1936, 1950, 1943, and 1970; letter from Ken Hansen urging Graham to stay on the Wheaton board and reminiscing a little about their college days together
1970: A petition from students at the college about a prayer vigil on the crucial issues of the day and a call to evangelical leaders to speak about the war in Cambodia and the shootings at Kent State University; letter from Armerding about the possibility of housing Graham’s papers at Wheaton (see also folder 300-6)
1969: Early correspondence about the possibility of donating Graham’s papers to the College
1968: Form letter from Rev. David Otis Fuller, a trustee of the College, expressing his concern about events at the College, particularly the memorial service for Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.
1967: Text of the memorial service for V. Raymond Edman, including Graham’s eulogy; a last letter from Edman to Graham dated January 24, 1967
1966: Text of Graham’s message to the Congress on the Church’s Worldwide Mission, meeting in Wheaton; letter from retiring professor Harold Claassen on the need to improve the quality of the College’s faculty and trustee-faculty relations
1965: Letter from Kenneth Gieser explaining the addition to the College’s statement of faith regarding theistic evolution
1964: Includes correspondence between Graham and Edman about Edman’s retirement as president of the College to become chancellor
1963: Correspondence about Graham joining the Wheaton Board of Trustees (see also folder 300-14)
Series: I. Correspondence
Subseries: I.D.2.g. Correspondence - Special - Other Organizations - Early Years
Types of Documents: Correspondence, lists, minutes of meetings
Date Range: 1940-1948
Volume: 1.0 cubic foot
Geographic coverage: United States, Great Britain
Correspondents: Amy Anderson, Ken Anderson, Hyman Appelman, Cliff Barrows, R. R. Brown, F. Roy Cattell, Bob Cook, Percy Crawford, Jack Daniels, Peter Deyneka, Sr., Gil Dodds, Enock Dyrness, V. Raymond Edman, Ted Engstrom, Robert Evans, Lloyd Fesmire, Douglas Fisher, Phil Foxwell, Charles Fuller, David Otis Fuller, Morrow Graham, Roy Gustafson, Garvin Hamilton, Donald Hoke, Eric Hutchings, H. A. Ironside, Bob Jones, Jr., Bob Jones, Sr., Jimmy Johnson, Torrey M. Johnson, Mel Larson, R. G. LeTourneau, T. L. Livermore, Robert McQuilkin, Duncan McRoberts, Paul Maddox, Roger Malsbury, Al Metsker, W. H. MacWinne, John Minder, David Morken, J. Palmer Muntz, Stephen Olford, J. Edwin Orr, Frank C. Phillips, Tom Rees, John R. Rice, Merv Rosell, H. H. Savage, George Beverly Shea, J. Stratton Shufelt, Oswald Smith, Walter Smyth, Ralph Snow, Peter Stam III, Leon H. Sullivan, Helen Sunday, Charles Templeton, Dawson Trotman, Cecil Underwood, Robert Van Kampen, W. T. Watson, Evan Welsh, Wally White, George Wilson, Grady Wilson, T. W. Wilson, J. Elwin Wright, Jack Wyrtzen, Pat Zondervan
Notes: This subseries consist of a few files documenting Graham’s life and ministry before the creation of the BGEA. The bulk of the subseries is from his years with Youth for Christ, but there are also a few items from his time at Florida Bible Institute (1940) and his pastorate at the Western Springs Baptist Church (the Village Church, 1943-1945).
Most of the documents are correspondence and most of the correspondence are letters to Graham, although there are a fair number of carbon copies of his letters. One predominant theme is the arrangement of preaching engagements (by Graham or other American or British evangelists) in churches or at evangelistic rallies or similar meetings. When Graham was on the staff of Youth for Christ, he often helped to set up rallies for others as well as himself. These were mostly in the United States, but a significant minority were from Graham’s YFC tours of Europe (mostly the British Isles) in 1946 and 1947. There is also material reporting on the 1947 meeting in Birmingham, England where the British Youth for Christ was formed. Also very common in the letters are the results of evangelistic meetings, either the writer’s own or ones he has heard about. The YFC folders reflect the early years of the organization in the United States and Great Britain the organization of YFC clubs in many cities, the various leaders getting to know each other, and the planning of rallies and other events. The YFC letters which make up the bulk of the collection were arranged by the staff of the Montreat office. The few other folders of material were received by the BGC Archives from Montreat along with the YFC files and put into folders. Most of the documents are originals (or contemporary carbon copies). There are a few that are photocopies, which were made by the Montreat staff at a later date, presumably because the original was stored elsewhere. Some documents contain handwritten notes by the Montreat staff. Any notes by the BGC Archives staff are in brackets.
A few letters from the very end of Graham’s Florida Bible Institute student days. There is one from Congressman J. Thorkelson of Montana on the importance of Americanism.
Photocopies of letters between Graham and his mother, Morrow. She wrote him news from home and often offered spiritual encouragement; he gave brief reports on the meetings he was holding in England in 1946-1947.
Correspondence with John Minder and others discussing Graham’s army chaplaincy (see also folder 217-6), his plans for the Songs in the Night radio program, and his pastorate at Western Springs Baptist Church; programs and other material from the West Suburban Men’s Fellowship which he had started.
Several letters from Graham to various people mentioning activities at Western Springs Baptist Church and his various evangelistic efforts; engagements for his friend Phil Foxwell in the American South; letters from Graham to various pastors to help arrange speaking engagements; many letters about a serious illness Graham had in the early fall of 1944 that required he go to Montreat, North Carolina and later Florida to recuperate. See also Western Springs-related correspondence with Lloyd Fesmire in folder 217-16, Peter Stam in folder 218-5, and Robert Van Kampen in folder 218-7.
Minutes of a meeting of the China Native Evangelistic Crusade which includes a decision to approach Graham about joining their staff as a field representative; letters of appreciation for the Songs ion the Night broadcast (also in folder 217-6); a few letters dealing with Youth for Christ meetings. There is a report from Stanley Baker giving his report on Graham’s 1946 Birmingham, England campaign; an exchange of correspondence with Cliff Barrows after their return from England in 1947 indicating their deep respect and affection for each other.
This folder consists entirely of correspondence between Amy Anderson (secretary to Torrey Johnson in his capacity as president of Youth for Christ) and Billy Graham during his tour of the British Isles in 1946-1947. Most of the letters are from Anderson to Graham. She had promised to send Graham regular reports on what was happening at YFC headquarters while he was away and her reports create a vivid picture of the rapid rate at which the organization was growing and the pressure on its leaders, as well as the encouraging response and beckoning opportunities the staff saw in many places. The letters also continue for some months after Graham’s return dealing with a wide variety of YFC business.
Materials relating to the 1947 conference in Birmingham, England where the British Youth for Christ was formed. Most are either letters inviting people to come or letters, by Graham and Torrey Johnson, following up in the aftermath of the conference. Several letters from British leaders give their expectations for the YFC movement. See also folders 217-7, 217-11, 217-18, 218-1, 218-2, 218-4.
Several letters between Graham and C. T. Cook, editor of The Christian, the leading magazine among British Evangelicals; a good deal of correspondence with Bob Cook, director of Chicagoland Youth for Christ; reports from Orland and Margaret Corwin on their mission work in Colombia; correspondence with Percy Crawford, mostly about arrangements for speaking engagements for Crawford but also some of Crawford’s criticisms of YFC practices.
Correspondence with Ed Darling about the Voice of Christian Youth organization in Detroit; letter from A. DeVilliers about a possible Graham meeting in South Africa (see also James Walker’s letter from Cape Town in 217-14); letters to Gil Dodds about the 1947 Charlotte meetings; correspondence with Enock Dryness, registrar at Wheaton College, about joining the staff of Northwestern Schools.
Several letters between Graham and V. Raymond Edman, president of Wheaton College in which Graham reports on his evangelistic meetings and they discuss assisting Greek Christian students who want to study in the United States; correspondence between Graham and Ted Engstrom of YFC club of Grand Rapids, Michigan about the evangelistic campaign Graham led in that city, the beginning of his individual evangelistic campaigns (see also folder 217-17); letter from Graham to Clarence Erickson praising the work of the Chicago Gospel Tabernacle and the vision of Paul Rader; several letters between Graham and Robert Evans, executive director of YFC, about various YFC projects, including a letter from Graham urging Evans to lead an evangelistic team in Europe.
This folder contains material relating to Graham and Cliff Barrows 1946-1947 tour of the British Isles under the auspices of YFC. Besides lists of contacts, the folder also has a report on Graham’s meetings in Pontypridd, Wales, and another letter about Graham’s past and possible future visits to Sweden. There is more material about this tour throughout the other YFC folders in this subseries. Folder 217-15 includes quotations from several British leaders praising Graham’s work in England, as well as form letters that Graham sent out after his return to the United States summarizing the tour.
Note on Graham’s failed attempt to visit the Soviet Union in 1947 and the American and British occupation zones of Germany.
Letter from Lewis Llwellyn to Graham urging him to accept the presidency of Northwestern Schools in Minneapolis; many letter between Graham and Gavin Hamilton relating to Graham’s tour of the British Isles in 1946-1947 and the 1947 YFC conference in Birmingham; correspondence from Patrick Hamilton about the definition of “evangelism” accepted by the newly-formed World Council of Churches; correspondence with Eric Hutchings about possible meetings in Great Britain; letter from Cecil Kettle about the work of China Inland Mission and Bob Pierce in China; extensive correspondence with T. Livermore about Livermore’s tour of the United States in the spring and summer of 1947 and the development of YFC in the British Isles.
This folder contains correspondence that refers to Graham’s continuing ill health (brought on, he says in one letter, by his very busy schedule exacerbated by “nervous exhaustion and flu”) in the early months of 1947 during his tour of the British Isles. Most letters, both to and from Graham, refer to his illness briefly before going on to other matters. Some letters are notes assuring him of prayers and wishing for a speedy recovery. See also Dejong’s letter in folder 217-12.
This folder contains correspondence with Torrey Johnson, the president of Youth for Christ and the man who had recruited Graham for the organization. There is one brief letter from 1944 and minutes of an executive council meeting in 1945, but most of the letters between Graham and Johnson are from 1946 and 1947. Johnson reported to Graham on a variety of YFC projects and plans, particularly the sending of YFC teams to various countries and Johnson’s own tour of Great Britain and western Europe in 1947, and Graham responded with his comments, as well as reports on activities in the British Isles, especially the Birmingham conference for the founding of the British YFC. They also discussed some of the problems and stressing involved in managing the fast growing organizations and the spiritual meaning of the work as well as answers to prayer and devotional meditations. There is an undated collection of four pages of personal handwritten notes from most of the YFC leaders in North America encouraging Graham in his work in Europe and assuring him that all are praying for him. This was apparently sent to Graham from the YFC Chicago office as an encouragement, perhaps during his illness.
Several letters from John Minder, Graham’s original mentor from Florida Bible Institute.
Correspondence with British evangelist Stephen Olford about the itinerary Graham helped arrange for him in the United States; exchange of letters with Vernon Patterson, Otis Reeder, and John R. Rice about Graham’s upcoming campaign in Charlotte, North Carolina; Rice also gave Graham advice on organizing evangelism campaigns.
Letter of condolence to George Beverly Shea on the death of his father in 1947; correspondence with J. Stratton Shufelt about the possibility of another tour of England with Graham in 1948; Peter Stam on his work as missionary in the Belgian Congo with Africa Inland Mission; telegram to Graham during his illness from Leon H. Sullivan; letter to Helen Sunday, widow of Billy Sunday, expressing Graham’s admiration for Billy Sunday.
Messages to people in various towns from Ralph Snow, office manager for YFC, on the possibility of starting YFC clubs in those towns.
Charles and Connie Templeton exchange of letters with Graham include Templeton’s critique of YFC and Graham’s invitation for them to participate in his 1947 Charlotte meeting; letters from Dawson Trotman of the Navigators urging Graham to continue in the Navigator’s Bible memorization program; Robert Van Kampen of Hitchcock Publishing on publishing Graham’s books.
Reports and correspondence from Charles R, White, YFC business manager. These include agendas from YFC executive council sessions, reports on income, disbursement, and expense accounts, and income tax information; reports from T. W. Wilson about meetings he had led and upcoming events, especially a YFC rally in Greensboro, South Carolina; many letters from George Wilson of the Minneapolis YFC who was also on the YFC board. These deal with questions of YFC policy and plans for events. There are also several letters relating to W. B. Riley’s offer to Billy Graham to take over the presidency of Northwestern Schools (Wilson was also business manager for Riley); many letters from Pat Zondervan and other staff members of Zondervan Publishing about the publication and distribution of Graham’s first book, Calling Youth to Christ.
Series: I. Correspondence
Subseries: I.D.3. Magazines and Tabloids
Arrangement: Alphabetical by title of the publication
Date Range: 1954-2012
Volume: 6.4 cubic feet
Geographic coverage: Most of the magazines are from the United States. There are also several English publications and one or a few each from Canada, Croatia, England, France, Germany, Hungary, Japan, South Korea, Netherlands, Philippines, Scotland, Sweden, and Switzerland.
Type of documents: Clippings of magazine articles, transcripts of interviews and articles, correspondence with editors, letters from readers, sent either to the magazine and forwarded or directly to the BGEA.
Notes: This subseries has a very extensive, although not complete, collection of articles by and about Graham that appeared in magazines from the 1950s through the 2000s. The folders also contain substantial editorial correspondence about the preparation o these articles or about the response to them. Anyone interested in this topic should also look through the magazine scrapbooks in Collection 360. A wide range of publications are represented: general interest, news, political, religious, young people, Sunday newspaper magazines, tabloids, specialized interest (golf, sports, etc.), business, city and regional magazines.
Folders often, but not always, contain copies of the relevant article or articles from a particular publication. The articles are of different types. In some cases, editors only wanted a brief comment from Graham to fit into an article with comments by other famous people on a particular topic. For example, folder 167-10 contains material relating to an article Avant Garde ran on what various famous people would do if they were not in their current profession. Graham’s response (he would be a farmer) is one sentence. But usually the folders contain correspondence about substantial articles by or about Graham. Occasionally, a folder contains some material not about an article, but just some quotes from a publication for use in a sermon, such as folder 169-11 for The Daily Worker. Often the folders contain letters from readers responding to a particular article, either positively or negatively; folders contain drafts of particular articles, either the carbons of one sent by Graham to the magazines that requested them (all the articles that Graham did seem to have been requested, rather than ones he was trying to place.) Or in a few cases galley proofs of articles that were to appear in magazines were sent to Graham for review. There are also many folders containing requests from magazines for articles or interviews that Graham turned down, because of lack of time or other reasons.
Graham was also interviewed many, many times for articles. Some folders contain the transcripts of these articles, either made by the BGEA or by the interviewer. In some cases, the interviewer would send Graham his or her questions and Graham would send written responses. Often these interviews were edited before publication, but several folders contain transcripts of the original interviews, which might contain more than was published. Transcripts of such interviews can be found in folders 167-8, 168-5, 168-8, 168-9, 168-11, 168-13, 169-6, 169-15, 169-28, 169-29, 1701, 170-11, 170-14, 170-20, 170-123, 172-6, 172-13, 172-14, 173-2, 174-10, 175-13, 175-16, 17518, 176-6, 176-16, 177-9, 178-7, 179-8, 179-10, 179-14, 180-5, 180-11, 182-5, 182-10, and 182-11.
In several cases Graham had particularly strong relationships with particular magazines or they published many articles about him, so there are multiple folders covering his relationship with that publication. Among these are: Christianity Today, Ladies Home Journal, Life, McCalls, Moody Monthly; National Enquirer, National Examiner, Newsweek, Parade, People, Reader’s Digest, Saturday Evening Post, Sojourners, The Star, Time, and U.S. News and World Report.
Brief correspondence about a reunion of the staff of The Christian, a n English magazine the BGEA sponsored
Transcript of a statement by Graham on Daniel Poling, prominent Protestant clergyman
1977 letter to Robert Walker of Christian Life about possible acquisition of the magazine by the BGEA and also Graham’s comments on how his crusade methodology has changed over the years
1988 letter to Carl Henry asking his advice on Graham’s upcoming keynote address to the Lausanne II conference
Correspondence about doing an article in 1967 for the World Council of Churches’ Ecumenical Review on conversion
Brief questionnaire filled out by Graham for the editor of the Ladies Home Journal on this thoughts and on women’s liberation. See also folder 171-10.
Article on biblical separation from the world, with comments by Robert Ferm and David Hubbard
Draft of interview of Graham by John F. Kennedy Jr.
Comments by Graham about Albert Schweitzer
1973 correspondence with Chuck Singleton about how Graham was viewed by young blacks in America. See also folder 169-13.
1978 correspondence between Graham and Moishe Rosen of Jews for Jesus about critical remarks about the organization and missions to the Jews which had appeared in a story about Graham in McCall’s magazine
1970 letter from Carl Henry to Graham, enclosing an extremely critical article from a Polish publication (with translation)
Reader reaction to some of the wilder statements attributed to Graham in The National Inquirer. See also folders 173-10, 173-11,173-12.
Correspondence with Newsweek reporter Ken Woodward (also 175-2, 175-4)
Long letter (8/11/1969) from an editor of Playboy magazine making the case for Graham to do an interview with Playboy; letters in 1976 by T. W. Wilson to BGEA supporters stating that Graham will never do any interview with the magazine on any subject
Letter (10/11/1966) from a World Council of Churches official responding to criticisms Graham had made of remarks at a WCC conference on social ethics and Graham’s response
Transcript of a worship service at the White House at the beginning of Richard Nixon’s presidency (January 29, 1969)
Several drafts and research for a Reader’s Digest article on sex and the Bible
Comments by Robert Featherstone (August 8, 1974), an assistant to Graham, on a article by historian Richard Pierard which dealt with the relationship of Graham with Richard Nixon and other presidents
1980 correspondence between Graham and Jim Wallis of Sojourners about the Christian response to nuclear war
Statement for Time magazine on John Stott’s influence and impact
An eleven page by Graham to Bob Niklaus of National Religious Broadcasters with his thoughts on the BGEA’s use of television in evangelism
Correspondence between Graham and David Lawrence, publisher of U. S. News & World Report
Series: I. Correspondence
Subseries: I.D.4. Newspapers and Wire Service Files
Arrangement: Alphabetical by title
Date Range: 1952-2012
Volume: 2.4 cubic feet
Geographic coverage: United States, a small amount of material from Australia, England,
Hungary, Jamaica, Kenya, Mexico, Monaco, Poland, Thailand
Type of documents: Clippings, memos, letters, transcripts of interviews
Correspondents: Don Bailey, Robert Featherstone, Billy Graham, Larry Ross, Stephanie Wills, as well as numerous reporters, columnists, editors, and publishers
Notes: This file documents much of Billy Graham’s contacts and relations with newspapers around the United States, as well as a few in other parts of the world. For some of the more influential national papers (Atlanta Constitution, New York Times, USA Today, Washington Post) and for North Carolina papers close to Graham’s home in Montreat (Asheville Citizen Times, Black Mountain News, Charlotte Observer), there are multiple folders of material covering decades. For other papers there are one folder apiece. Folders 187-8 through 188-2 contain materials relating to contacts numerous other individual papers for which there was not enough for a separate folder.
The folders often contain clippings of stories from the various papers about Graham or which mentioned him. There are also hundreds of letters to and from Graham (or BGEA people who worked with the media) and the staff or owners of various papers. Most of these are friendly courtesy notes, thanking the individual for an article on Graham or just maintaining personal contacts. Graham often include brief reports on his current or upcoming activities. Rarely is there any letter taking issue with anything published in a paper (but see folders 186-2 and 188-1). There is also frequently correspondence about interviews or articles that a particular paper was requesting. Graham often wrote brief pieces on topics for particular papers and the files contain examples of these. There are also transcripts of interviews that Graham did with various reporters. These transcripts are mainly from the 1990s and later. These are in folders 184-11, 185-1, 185-12, 186-6, 186-10, 186-19, 187-16, 188-4, 188-13, 188-16, 188-24, 189-3, 189-10, 189-16. There are also occasional memoranda from BGEA staff reporting on upcoming interviews that have been scheduled and giving information about the interviewer, the interests of the paper and possible talking points. A few folders contain schedules of upcoming media events, such as press conferences.
2005 statement from Graham on the need to help those effected by Hurricane Katrina
2002 letter from George Beverly Shea to the Asheville Citizen-Times on Graham’s lack of prejudice
Memos with basic information on Graham’s children and grandchildren; letters from Graham to newspaper staff such as Richard Wynne and Larry Pope about his love of the Asheville area
Typescript of a Graham article on “My Greatest Thrill in Sports” about playing golf at the St. Andrews course in Scotland
Text of a 1972 address by Graham to the National Religious Broadcasters meeting about moral decay in America
Many notes from Graham to his hometown paper, the Black Mountain News, including yearly Christmas greetings to his neighbors
Transcript of 1995 Graham interview for the Charlotte Observer and a memo from media advisor Larry Ross to Graham on talking points regarding the interview
Note from Graham to reporter Garry Wills about the social content of his sermons
Copies of correspondence from the publisher of The Charlotte Observer to various local leaders, including religious leaders, promoting an upcoming series of articles on Billy Graham; correspondence about the preparation of the series, including interviews with Graham and meetings with members of the BGEA board of directors, and details on the properties the Graham owned in the Montreat area.
1971 article by Graham for the Chicago Tribune on “Peace in a Revolutionary Age”
Graham’s 1975 answers to a series a questions on Christianity in Asia to be published in The Christian Post of Thailand
Graham’s answers to a series of questions asked of him over the phone by a reporter from The Daily Express of England
Correspondence between Graham and Melvin Lorentzen, who was working on Graham’s autobiography, about use of passages from the autobiography in a Wheaton paper
Comment by Graham on Ronald Reagan in 1990
Brief 1991 statement from Graham on how he reacted to the 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor
Draft of an article by Graham about his 1954 trip to Europe
Draft of 1978 article about Graham’s reaction to the assassination of President Kennedy
Draft of answers to questions that Graham gave in 2007 for Minneapolis Star Tribune
Draft by John Akers of a proposed 1985 interview of Graham for a Hungarian newspaper, Hungarian Nation (Magyar Nemzet)
1972 letter from Graham replying to newspaper charges that he held crusades in Jamaica to make money
1966 letter from Graham to Francis James giving a personal recommendation of Stuart Babbage, who was under consideration for Anglican Archbishop of Sydney
Several letters and other materials from Graham to staff of the New York Times about Watergate
Draft of article by Graham for the New York Times about the moon landing; several reports from Graham aide Robert Ferm to Edward Fiske of the New York Times about the history and work of Billy Graham and the BGEA
Draft of 1970 article on the environment for the Pasadena Star News
Article for UPI on the theological implications of the moon landing
Materials about Graham’s attitude toward Islam
Series: I. Correspondence
Subseries: I.D.5. Radio and Television
Arrangement: Alphabetical by folder title, except for a few stuck at the beginning of the series in box 190 for no discernable reason. If there is more than one folder for a particular title, the folders were maintained in the reserve chronological order in which they were received
Date Range: 1956-2010
Volume: 5.6 cubic feet
Boxes: 190-197, 283-288
Geographic coverage: United States, with files from a few programs in Australia, England, Hungary, South Korea, Netherlands
Type of document: Correspondence, memos, transcripts, clippings, broadcast schedules, copies of pages from appointment calendar
Correspondents: Don Bailey, David Bruce, John Corts, Ted Dienert, Bob Featherstone, Roger Flessing, Billy Graham, A. Larry Ross, Stephanie Wills, T. W. Wilson
Notes: This subseries is mainly concerned with Graham appearances on radio and television programs (almost all television), usually for interviews. There are also a few files with materials about the programs on which Graham or the BGEA was mentioned and a few files about television specials produced by the BGEA. Graham usually appeared on news or interview programs, but he also occasionally tried to reach a larger audience by appearing on popular entertainment shows, such as The Jack Benny Show or Laugh-In.
There were apparently two different sets of files in the Montreat office for the same type of material. They are described in these notes as Part I and Part II. They overlap completely in time. The purpose of the materials in part II seems to be mostly just to show that such an interview take place, so often the files only contain pages from appointment books or portions of letters or memos that mention a particular interview. But often the files contain quite a bit more, including transcripts, etc. Part II, especially in boxes 285 and 285, consists mainly of the transcripts prepared by Luce, a commercial service, of every time Graham was mentioned on a television program (primarily news programs) as well as transcripts of interviews of Graham.
Most of the Correspondence and memos deal with invitations to appear on a program, memos by BGEA staff on what to expect during a particular interview, transcripts of programs, letters received by the BGEA in response to Graham’s appearance (for example, see viewers letters in folders 193-45, 192-7, 192-9, 194-24, 196-6, 196-11, 197-19). There are also some memos from BGEA staff listing schedules of upcoming media events, such as interviews. Most files are about a particular program, but there are also some files of correspondence with particular stations, especially local North Carolina stations. For a few programs, on which Graham made several appearances, there are more than one file, such as The 700 Club, The Dick Cavett Show, Fox News, Good Morning America, Larry King Live, Meet the Press, The Mike Douglas Show, The Phil Donahue Show, This Morning Show, The Today Show and 20/20. He also often appeared on local television news programs in cities where he was holding an evangelistic campaign or was in town for some other event.
The interviews, besides covering Graham’s life and ministry, his current activities, the message of the Gospel, and morality, often touch on current social and political themes and events. Researchers should bear this in mind when looking for material relevant for their topics and consider the dates of folders. For example, Graham was often asked about the Vietnam War or civil rights movement in the 1960s; about Watergate, his friendship with Richard Nixon in the 1970s; nuclear disarmament, his visits to Russia and Eastern Europe and China, the televangelist scandals, and his friendship with Ronald Reagan in the 1980s; etc.
A large portion of this section consists of transcripts of Graham interviews, usually made by BGEA staff, but sometimes from other sources, such as the staff of the program he appeared on. Most of the interviews are relatively short, usually tied to an upcoming evangelistic crusade or some topic of current interest, but there are also many in-depth interviews by people like David Frost and Larry King.
Transcripts: 190-4, 190-5 (Church in China, 1992), 190-7, 190-10 (Australia), 191-3, 191-4 (Peter Jennings), 191-16, 191-17 (Dan Rather), 192-2 (1992 Republican convention, Larry King), 192-5 (David Frost), 192-9 (Dick Cavett),193-2 (Phil Donahue), 193-3 (Phil Donahue), 193-4 (Phil Donahue), 193-8 (Fox News), 193-9, 193-11, 193-16, 193-18 through 193-29, 193-33 through 193-135, 193-37 193-40 (Robert Schuller), 193-41 (Hungarian media), 193-44, 193-47 (Johnny Carson), 194-2, 194-4 through 194-10, 194-12 through 194-14, 194-16 (discussing Global Mission, see also 196-22) through 194-19 (Larry King, see also 197-23), 194-21, 194-23 (Larry King), 194-25, 194-28, 195-1, 195-3 (Merv Griffin), 195-8, 195-9, 195-14 (Oprah Winfrey), 196-4, 196-6 (Edward R. Murrow), 196-7 (Diane Sawyer), 196-8 (David Frost), 196-9, 196-10, 196-15 (Mike Wallace), 196-19, 196-22, 196-24, 196-26, 196-27, 197-1, 197-2, 197-4, 197-6, 197-7 (Barbara Walters), 197-10, 197-17, 197-19, 197-21.
Transcripts: 283-9 (1970 BBC interview), 283-20 (1979 interview with Bob Schieffer on CBS Morning News), (283-28 (1979 interview on CBC News about the nuclear arms race), 283-30 (1982 appearance of Graham on the program The Week with David Brinkley, see also Collection 74, V15 & 16), 283-32 (1969 interview by David Frost), 285-6 (Meet the Press interviews and Graham’s 1979 comments at the National Press Club in Washington), 285-8 (Merv Griffin Show), 286-11 (Transcript of Edward R. Murrow interview of Billy and Ruth Graham in 1956. See also Collection 74, film F14); 287-7 (very early radio interviews of Graham from 1950)
Materials about various possible or pending projects, including with Focus on the Family (James Dobson), the Washington Times editorial board, Korean Gospel Broadcasting Company, and the telephone time and temperature recording for Winston-Salem, North Carolina
Transcript of a 2004 interview for BBC’s Song of Praise program about the 1954 Greater London Crusade
Suggested answers from Don Bailey to interview questions submitted by the BBC for a program on the state of Christianity in the British Isles in 1981
Transcripts of interviews done in 1989 for the Christian radio program Love Talks about the life and ministry of Billy Graham. Among those interviewed were Graham biographer John Pollock, Graham’s children Virginia and Franklin, Cliff Barrows, Steve Brown, Faith (a Christian worker in the ghetto, no last name given), Mark Farner, Ed Plowman, Richard Halverson, Ernie Harwell, Carl Henry, Kenneth Kantzer, Harold Lindsell, Martin Marty, Josh McDowell, Luis Palau, Ronald Reagan, George Beverly Shea, Chuck Swindoll.
Memos and letters about possible or pending appearances by Graham on various television programs, including Larry King Live, 60 Minutes, The Coral Ridge Hour (James Kennedy), David Frost’s interview program, The View, Chicago Sunday Evening Club, the Nashville Network, various local North Carolina television stations, Trinity Broadcasting Network, The Canvas Cathedral (Robert Schuller), possible 1989 program on East German (Communist) television, a Richard Nixon documentary, London Weekend Television, Bill Moyers interview program, the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), the Radio and Television Commission of the Southern Baptist Convention, the PTL Network (Jim Bakker), The Most Magnetic Men in the World (produced by Lady Fairfax, Australia), E-O Television (Evangelische Omroep or Evangelism Broadcasting of the Netherlands)
Letters from Graham to local news teams in St. Louis, Missouri and Atlanta, Georgia, among other cities, thanking them for coverage of his evangelistic campaigns in those cities. There is similar material in, among other folders, 190-11, 191-1, 197-15 197-24.
1978 transcript of the coverage by various networks of the installation of Pope John Paul II; transcript of a 1978 interview with George M. Wilson on a Minneapolis television station; 1973 script for a Billy Graham address to 8,000 realtors at a convention in Honolulu, Hawaii; transcript of a television interview of Madalyn Murray O’Hair, scripts for what were apparently intended to be brief (2-minute) television spots in which Graham talked about current concerns and related them to the Christian gospel; 1971 transcript of Billy Graham speaking about his service as Grand Marshal of the Pasadena, California Tournament of Rose parade
Text of what appears to be news coverage of a parade held in New York City to honor the Apollo 11 astronauts; correspondence with WGN television station in Chicago about broadcasting a BGEA crusade in 1966 (which was first agreed to by the station and then agreement withdrawn)
Note from Julie Harris to Graham about the film The Hiding Place, correspondence about Common Ground, a documentary about Billy Graham and his influence produced for the ABC Network by the North American Mission Board of the Southern Baptist Convention in 1999
Transcript of interview of Bob Hope on the Today television program about plans for the 1970 Honor America Day (see also folder 193-79)
Draft of comments by Graham for use during a 1995 700 Club program in which he talks about his friendship with Pat Robertson
Partial copy of an October 11, 1985 letter from Graham to Pat Robertson about his (Graham’s) desire to stay out of politics
Shooting scripts, correspondence, and audience response to the 1979 BGEA television special, A Christmas Gift of Love, produced by Ted Dienert. There are similar materials in folder 192-1 for the 1977 BGEA television special, A Family Christmas.
Scripts for the Crusade of the Americas, a 1969 joint evangelistic effort in dozens of North and South American countries. Each script has an introduction by Paul Harvey as well as a Billy Graham sermon.
Besides transcripts with several years of interviews with Billy Graham by David Frost, this folder also contain transcripts of 1970 interviews with George Beverly Shea and with Michael Ramsey, the Archbishop of Canterbury. See also folder 196-8.
Non-partisan comments Billy Graham made during a 1976 national Democratic telethon
1972 correspondence between L. Nelson Bell, Tim LaHaye and others about comments Graham had made on The Dick Cavett show about the antiquity of the earth and evolution. The file also contains several tracts about creationism.
Transcript of an interview of Graham on the Phil Donahue television program, which took place a women’s prison. Graham talked a little about prison ministry
Transcripts of 1997 interviews by Catherine Crier on Fox News of Ruth Graham and Anne Graham Lotz
Transcript of a 1994 interview of Billy and Franklin Graham together
Transcript of an interview with Graham just after the funeral of Richard M. Nixon
Transcript of Billy and Ruth Graham and their daughter Gigi Tchividijan
Transcript of interview with Graham about his 1992 trip to North Korea
Transcript of an interview with Graham about his 1988 visit to China
Notes gathered for Graham in preparation for an interview on the history of Protestant evangelism in America
In addition to the transcript of an 1978 interview with Billy Graham, the folder also has transcripts of interviews with Ruth Carter Stapleton and Datson Rader about televangelism
In addition to a transcript of a 2000 interview of Billy Graham by Larry King, there is also a transcript of an interview with Franklin Graham and Anne Graham Lotz
Transcript of an interview on the Larry King television program about aging, with guests including former president Jimmy Carter, Billy Graham, and Hugh Downs
Letter from Graham to Carl Henry about the upcoming documentary on NBC, The World of Billy Graham
Scripts, schedules and production materials for the Billy Graham New Year’s specials in 1973 and 1975. (See folder 197-26 for material on the BGEA’s 1985 Year End special.)
Scripts and supporting materials for the 1976 television spots on highway safety for the North Carolina Department of Transportation
Material about Billy Graham’s participation in an Oral Roberts Christmas television special in 1972
Material about the North Carolina Public Television special on the marriage of Billy and Ruth Graham, What Grace Provides
Material about Graham’s contribution to the PBS television documentaries The American President. He read the quotations from James Garfield
Correspondence and notes about a PBS documentary Randall Balmer wanted to make about Graham
Correspondence relating to the 1984 BGEA television program, Inside Russia, about Graham’s trips to Russia in 1982 and 1984. Includes correspondence to Politburo members from Graham’s staff about the program
Transcript of a brief interview in which Graham talks about the relations between Christians and Jews
Brief correspondence between Billy Graham and Woody Allen after Graham appeared on Allen’s television program in 1969; correspondence with viewers of the program
1963 letter from Billy Graham about his friendship with movie director Cecil B. DeMille
Contains a memo from Patty Young summarizing the arrangements and other details for several upcoming television interviews scheduled for Graham. This is typical of information memos found throughout this subseries
A good deal of background research done by Os Guinness about the “Christian factor” in the 1980 U.S. Presidential election
1980 correspondence about the possibility of having BGEA programing on the Christian Broadcasting Network (CBN)
Scripts, scheduling information and other materials about the BGEA’s 1982 and 1983 television Christmas specials. See folder 283-26 for a proposed script outline for the 1980 Christmas special
Letter from Luverne Gustavson, Graham’s secretary, to he r family about her activities.
An article about the 1943 Wheaton College revival
Material about the premiere of the Hour of Decision television program on September 30, 1951
This folder includes many memos over a period of three years showing the kind of requests for television interviews that Graham was continually receiving
Materials relating to the 1983 broadcast in the United States of a BGEA program about Graham’s controversial 1982 visit to the Soviet Union, including letters from BGEA staff to various Communist embassies in the United States informing them about when the program would be broadcast and the script for Graham’s comments recorded for the broadcast.
Newspaper clipping with Graham’s 1963 comments on civil rights demonstrations
Clippings and other material on a rather severe interview of Graham in New Zealand in 1969
Transcript of a friendly note from Oral Roberts to Graham, 1980
Transcripts of “prayer for the day” messages which were broadcast in England over the BBC in 1973
Correspondence with Jim Bakker about Graham’s appearance on the PTL television program in 1983
Transcript and other materials from Graham’s 1972 trip to Northern Ireland
Correspondence and other materials relating to Graham’s interview by his friend and former fellow evangelist Charles Templeton in 1967
Material about Graham appearance on a Disney television special celebrating Mickey Mouse
Transcript of a 1978 radio interview of author Dotsun Rader in which he criticizes American Evangelicalism in general and Billy Graham in particular
Series: I. Correspondence
Subseries: I.D.6. News Media Declined
Arrangement: Reverse chronological
Date Range: 1962-2005
Volume: 1.2 cubic feet
Geographic coverage: Japan, England, Italy, India, Russia, Sweden Canada
Type of documents: Letters, memos, clippings
Correspondents: Donald Bailey, Forrest Boyd, David Bruce, John Corts, Robert Feathersone,
Roger Flessing, Billy Graham, Larry Ross, Martha Warkentin, Stephanie Wills
Notes: The materials in these files consist mostly of Graham declining various appeals from electronic and print news media for appearances, articles, comments or the use of his name for different projects and programs. Although most of these requests came from newspapers and news magazines or television and radio programs, there are also many from general or specialized interest publications, networks and programs (such as Glamour, Playboy, Golf Digest, and People magazines and the BBC, TBN, Fox, PBS, CBN, and Disney networks). These files serve as a counterpart to the materials in subseries ID3, ID4 and ID5, since many of the major newspaper, magazines and programs were continually asking for something from Graham and in this subseries are his declines, while in the other series are his acceptance of proposals. Besides offers from various secular outlets, there are repeated offers from some Christian ministries, such as Robert Schuller, the 700 Club, and Focus on the Family. There are also several requests from college newspapers and from North Carolina publications and programs. Most of the requests are from the United States, but there are several from other countries, particularly the BBC in the United Kingdom. Besides simple letters declining, there are also memos from Graham’s public relations staff, outlining recent requests for articles or appearances and outlining particular advantages or disadvantages of the offers. In a few cases (such as letters in folders 198-1, 199-5, 200-3) there are offers to make films about Graham’s life. Almost all of the letters declining are by members of Graham’s staff, although a few, especially in the early years, are from Graham himself.
2005. Declining of an offer from a movie producer for Graham to appear in a scene where Jesus comes to visit him in his (Graham’s) Montreat home; requests from David Frost
2000 - Response to questions from Ken Woodward of Newsweek about the religious convictions of presidents; proposed editorial by Graham for the Wall Street Journal on sharing the Christian faith with people of other religions. Requests from David Aikman about a documentary on Graham (see also 198-10).
1999. Letter from Graham to Gerald Stober on his policy of not speaking about heads of state or other such high profile people (see also Graham’s letter to R. Scott Armstrong in folder 200-2). Request from Larry King (many requests from King’s program in other folders).
1998. Request from Robert Schuller
Requests from Larry King, Kenneth Woodward (about an interview for Playboy, see also folders 198-10 and 199-8)
Requests from William Martin
Requests from The Limbaugh Letter
Letter from Graham to Bob Hope, explaining why he cannot be on his television special
Requests from the Lutheran Hour television special, National Geographic magazine
Request from The Record of Wheaton College
Request from Wally Phillips of WGN Radio in Chicago
Refusal to Ralph Edwards to replay the episode of the This is Your Life television program that dealt with Graham; request from Common Cause magazine
1982. Requests from Jim Bakker of PTL Network, the Sixty Minutes television program, Bill Moyers, James Dobson; proposal from the largest Russian language newspaper in the United States for an interview about Graham’s controversial remarks on freedom of religion in Russia
1980. Requests from The Chicago Sunday Evening Club television program, Christian Life magazine, the North Carolina magazine Tar Heel (see also 198-9)
1976. Request from Gale Storm
1975. Request from Phil Donahue
1973. Request from Jerry Lewis to appear on the annual Labor Day Telethon for muscular dystrophy. (See also folder 200-6)
1972. Materials about a possible two-minute program for Graham on NBC radio
1970. Request from Wesley Pippert
1962-1969. A 1969 letter of reply to Joe Abrams mentions that in 1968, Graham got 8,000 letters from people asking him for a reference. A 1969 letter from Dotsun Rader mentions a request from artist Andy Warhol to meet Billy Graham. Requests from John W. Gardner, Arthur Brown of Songs in the Night, H. L. Hunt (same 1964 letter mentions that Graham might consider serving on the Republican party presidential ticket as vice presidential candidate with Barry Goldwater)
Subseries: I.D.7. Articles Declined
Arrangement: Reverse chronological order
Date Range: 1961-2008
Volume: 2 cubic feet
Geographic coverage: S. Korea
Type of documents: Letters, memos, manuscripts
Correspondents: John Akers, Elsie Brookshire, David Bruce, John Corts, Robert Featherstone,
Robert Ferm, Sterling Huston, Stephanie Wills, T. W. Wilson
Notes: Despite the title of this subseries, most of the documents in the files relate to correspondence to Graham from people who wanted Graham to write a chapter or a forward or an endorsement or something else for a book being planned, or a prayer. There are, however, also requests for articles scattered through the files. There are also a few requests for statements that could be used in theses and dissertations. Almost all the requests contained in this subseries were rejected for one reason or another and usually with the original letter is the rejection letter. In the very earliest files, Graham sometimes wrote the rejection letters himself, but for most of the files, the letters were written by various member of his personal staff. The reasons usually given were lack of time, or Graham was out of the country or, in 1990s and later, his limited energy due to his age. Most of the projects that were soliciting a contribution from Graham related to Christian theology or evangelism or devotional literature or inspiration works or personal growth, or Evangelical history and practice or Graham’s own ministry or collections of reminiscences on various topics or about various people. These requests usually came from the author or publisher. But there was an incredible range of other projects, from a celebration of the 76ers basketball team to ufology.
Folder # Description
2008. Letter from the daughter of Harry Dents, Sr. about the book she was writing on her father, and his journey from aide to Richard Nixon and others to missionary work
2006. Request from Will Vaus, son of Jim Vaus
2005. Request from Bill Glass
2004. Letter from Frances J. Roberts containing reminiscences of the times Graham bought a book of sermons from her in 1939
2001. Letter to James A. Beverley declining permission to reprint the sermon he preached in the National Cathedral after the 9/11 terrorist attack. Requests from Robert Schuller, Maria Schriver, Michael Green; letter from J. Raymond Knighton about Graham’s involvement in MAP (Medical Assistance Program)
2000. Copy of a 1972 letter from Richard M. Hurst relating a meeting ten years earlier between Graham and Werner Von Braum
1999. Requests from Jim Wallis, Bill Bright
1998. Requests from Armin Gesswein, Bill Bright, John Ashcroft
1997. Requests from Stephen Olford
1996. Requests from Tony Evans, Roy Fish
1995. Requests from Howard E. Butt, Joel Carpenter, John Perkins; letter to Joan Brown Campbell of the National Council of Churches declining to endorse the New Revised Standard Version of the Bible (see also similar letter addressed to the general secretary of the American Bible Society in folder 204-3)
1994. Requests from William E. Simon; memo from Mary Becker in response to a request from Elizabeth Peale Allen lists a half dozen jokes Graham has often used in his sermons
1993. Letter by Graham in response to a request for a contribution to a book on Parkinson’s disease in which he give some thoughts on his illness
1992. Requests from John Perkins, Anita Bryant, Charles Colson, Tom Landry
1988. Requests from Paul Smith, Jack Hayford
1986. Requests from William B. Eerdmans, Robert Coleman
1983. Robert Schuller
1982. Some notes by Billy Graham about his memories of Bob Pierce, for use in a book Franklin Graham was preparing on Pierce; requests from A. O. Sulzberger, Kenneth Kantzer
1980. Requests from Jim Wallis
1979. March 16th letter to Paul E. Kauffman about the start of a mission magazine in which Ruth Graham was “terribly interested”
1975. Requests from Akbar Abdul-Haqq. Copy of Graham’s address celebrating the 100th anniversary of the Keswick Conference in England, attached to a letter to George Sweeting offering it for publication in Moody Monthly (it was turned down); manuscript of a forward prepared by Harold Lindsell in Graham’s name for a book by George Vins
1973. Requests from Robert D. Preus. Contains a positive response to a request from The National Tattler for comments on the tenth anniversary of President Kennedy’s murder.
1971. Letter from Robert Simpson about a negative article that had appeared about Graham in Playboy magazine
1969. Memo to Graham from his research assistant Robert Ferm proposing a possible forward to a book by Coretta King about her life with her husband, Martin Luther King Jr.
1968. Requests from Frank Carlson, Eric Hutchings
1966. Requests from James Reapsome, Harold Lindsell
Series: I. Correspondence
Subseries: I.D.8. - Comments on Books
Arrangement: Reverse Chronological
Date Range: 1963-2011
Volume: .8 cubic feet
Type of documents: Correspondence, memoranda, manuscripts
Correspondents: John Akers, L. Nelson Bell, David Bruce, Lee Fischer, Billy Graham, Ruth Graham, Stephanie Wills, T. W. Wilson
Notes: The subseries consists of correspondence from various people and organizations, asking Graham to write a blurb or endorsement for their book (or in a few cases a pamphlet or film) and the response of Graham or his staff, always positive although sometimes very brief. Sometimes manuscripts of all or part of the book are included or, more often, a copy of the cover or dust jacket with Graham’s comments. Graham’s remarks are usually fairly brief, but there are some of one or pages in length. Most of the books he was asked to endorse are about evangelism or are the biographies or autobiographies of people who were friends of his or associated with him in some way. There are several letters from publishers of various editions of the Bible or the New Testament asking for an endorsement.
Interview with Graham about his latest book, Nearing Home, on aging and death
Endorsement for books by Gloria Gaither, Richard Morgan (for a book of the sermons of his grandfather G. Campbell Morgan), Bono (also the text of his talk to the 2006 National Prayer Breakfast on AIDs and poverty in Africa), biography of Stephen Olford
Endorsement for books by Henrietta Mears (see also folders 206-8 & 207-3), comments on his contacts with Donald Grey Barnhouse Sr., comments for a book about Armin Gesswein, a book comparing the world-views of C. S. Lewis and Sigmund Freud; reprints of works by V. Raymond Edman
Clyde Narramore, book about Ronald Reagan, reprint of a book by Paul Little (see also folder 207-1), Robert Schuller (see also folder 207-4), Carl Henry, comment for a biography of Lorne Sanny, the Webster’s American Family Dictionary, Garth Rosell
Richard G. Capen, nephew Kevin Graham Ford, Sherwood Wirt, Greg Laurie, Warren Wiersbe, John Perkins, David Barker (married to Graham’s granddaughter Berdjette), Tony Evans
John Templeton, David Aiken, J. I. Packer, Robert Schuller, Hank Ketcham (cartoonist of Dennis the Menace), Phil Foxwell, C. Everett Coop, Ravi Zacharias
Wes Wilmer, Donald McGavran, Bill Walton
Blurb for a new edition of Halley’s Bible Handbook, David Harrell’s biography of Oral Roberts, Oswald Hoffman (see also folder 207-5), Grady Wilson’s autobiography, biography of Baptist leader Theodore Adams
Correspondence with Thomas F. Zimmerman about a book on the church and the law, Robert Coleman (see also folder 207-4), Michael Green, Bong Rin Ro, a biography of Herbert J. Taylor, John Pollock, Jim Wilson (son of T. W. Wilson), The Living Picture Bible for children, George Sweeting
Elton Trueblood, Harold Lindsell (see also folder 207-5), the autobiography of Fulton J. Sheen, W. A. Criswell’s Study Bible, Charles Colson, Douglas Coe, the NIV Bible (see also folder 207-5), Richard Nixon’s memoirs, Leighton Ford, Paul Mickelson
Comments on a book on the last days of Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Howard O. Jones, book of sermons by Charles Spurgeon (see also folder 207-7), Helen Roseveare, U. S. Astronaut Jim Irwin, Art Linkletter, Paul Maier
Biography of Hungarian Cardinal Jósef Mindszenty, Melvin E. Banks, an article about Rachel Saint in Reader’s Digest, John A Huffman Jr, an edition of the works of C. S. Lewis
Harold O. J. Brown, Helen Shoemaker’s biography of her husband Samuel Shoemaker, Tom Ree and Jean Rees, the Schofield Reference Bible, the J. B. Phillips New Testament
Series: I. Correspondence
Subseries: I.D.9.a. Miscellaneous - Contributions to books
Arrangement: Reverse Chronological
Date Range: 1962-2011
Volume: .8 cubic feet
Type of documents: Letters, memos, manuscripts
Correspondents: John Akers, David Bruce, John Corts, Billy Graham, Mark Hatfield, Stephanie Wills
Notes: This subseries contains correspondence about Graham’s contribution to books by other people. In many cases these were reprints of previous sermons or articles, but there are also, particularly for the earlier years, many original pieces, sometimes quite lengthy. Among the types of publications are books on evangelism or collections of sermons. There are also requests for Graham’s recollections about a particular person for a book about that person. And there are many requests that came to him because he was a famous person for prayers or thoughts on a particular topic or funny stories or recipes, etc. In a few cases, people sent Graham brief biographies or essays about him that were going to published as part of a book, asking for any response.
Reminiscences of Graham’s time as head of Northwestern Schools; memories of Yankee Stadium during the 1957 New York Crusade, interview about Rabbi Marc Tanenbaum and Graham’s love for the Jewish people (see also folder 208-14)
Contribution to a book compiled by President Eduard Shevardnadze of the Republic of Georgia about friendship
Letter of congratulations to the Fellowship of Christian Athletes on their fifth anniversary
Reprint of Graham’s prayer at the 1999 Special Olympics for a book by Sargent Shriver
Comments on Melvin Laird, secretary of Defense
Reprint of a talk by Graham on religion in American life for Jiaoliu, a magazine published by the American Embassy in Peiping, a forward for Bible distributed by the YMCA
Comments on Martin Luther King, Jr. for a book of his sermons
Memories and comments about John Stott for a biography written by Timothy Dudley-Smith
Humorous anecdote for a book compiled by Phyllis Diller; letter to L. Allen Morris in which Graham discusses his (Graham’s) involvement with Montreat-Anderson College
Memories of Gilbert Kirby
Letter to Ruth Ray Hunt, wife of H. L. Hunt, contribution to a book by Bill Bright on, “The Greatest Lesson I’ve Ever Learned,” contribution to a edited by Myrna Grant containing advice to college graduates
Book edited by William Safire of great speeches, Festschrift for John Templeton, an appreciation of the National Association of Evangelicals on its 50th anniversary
Letter from Graham to Sherwood Wirt explaining why he did not usually give permission to reprint his sermons; comments by Graham on how he studies the Bible; memories of Fulton J. Sheen (see also folder 208-10), John Minder; transcript of an interview for a book on “Famous people of North Carolina,” letter from Graham stating his reasons for his love and respect for the Jewish people
Article on visions of beauty, statement of appreciation of George Beverly Shea, suggested bibliography for new immigrants to America of books on American religion; a letter on environmental waste; article on Indian (Native American) leadership in Indian evangelism; typescript of a book by Senator Mark Hatfield on politics and the Christian faith; memories of the where he (Graham) heard about the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, favorite recipes
Contribution to a booklet from Hillsdale College, a contribution on the meaning of life for a book in the memory of Jesse Bader
Series: I. Correspondence
Subseries: I.D.9.b. Miscellaneous - Articles
Arrangement: Reverse Chronological
Date Range: 1969-1990
Volume: .8 cubic feet
Type of documents: Correspondence, memos, manuscripts
Correspondents: Billy Graham, Martha Warkentin, Stephanie Wills, T. W. Wilson
Notes: This subseries contains a variety of requests for different kinds of written products from Billy Graham - articles, but also forewords, endorsements, introductions for the BGEA’s annual calendars, school projects, liner notes for record albums, greeting cards, etc.
Copy of Graham’s brief article for the Hamline Law Review on the Constitution
Column for The Southeastern Peanut Farmer, encouraging farmers in the middle of a serious drought; comment on why Asheville, North Carolina was so attractive; foreword for the tenth anniversary of the Lausanne Congress of 1974
Copy of a 1978 article intended for Hungarian theological journals on the mission of the Christian church in the world
Note for the fortieth anniversary of his high school graduating class; foreword for a BGEA book about Eurofest; brief statement for Rex Humbard’s magazine about Graham’s favorite Bible verse; brief article on his favorite golf resort for Golf Magazine (see folder 211-4 for an article on “What Golf Means to Me”); note encouraging pro football players to share their faith; a contribution to a Bicentennial (1976) salute to America
Possible inspirational sayings for a line of Hallmark greeting cards
A Labor Day message for The Labor Advocate; contribution to a book by Larry King on the 10th anniversary of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy; statement on pornography for the Save the Children Fund; lengthy letter to James West of Venezuela on the nature and practice of evangelism, letter on what should be the goals of higher education in the 1970s, memories about J. Willard Marriott for a biography of the hotel magnate; article on “My Reason for Living” for a French Catholic magazine; statement “Why I Am a Baptist,” to be published in a book published by Broadman Press; liner notes for an album of the Sanctuary Choir of the First Baptist Church of Dallas, Texas; statement for an anti-drug brochure prepared by the Los Angeles Police Department; 1970 letter by Graham describing his baptism and ordination at the Peniel Baptism Church near Palatka, Florida
Copy of a 1957 statement on the space age; an April 8, 1969 statement honoring Montgomery, Alabama as its citizens celebrated its sesquicentennial; July 22, 1966 to “Lewis” that includes comments on how BGEA evangelistic meetings have helped ease racial tensions in the American South; a 1962 statement for Presbyterian Outlook on student unrest
Series: I. Correspondence
Subseries: I.D.9.c. - Forewords to Books
Arrangement: Reverse Chronological
Date Range: 1953-2006
Volume: 1.2 cubic feet
Type of documents: Correspondence, copies of the foreword, sometimes in more than one version, partial or complete manuscripts of the books for which forewords were written Correspondents: Lane Adams, Bill Bright, David Bruce, Billy Graham, Byang Kato, Anne Graham Lotz, Donald McGavran, Stephen Olford, John Stott, Tullian Tchividijan, Chuck Templeton, Stephanie Wells, Sherwood Wirt
Notes: The subseries contains the correspondence about requests for Graham to write forewords for various books, usually also combined with the foreword that was written by Graham, often based on a draft prepared by one of his assistants such as Robert Ferm or Sherwood and sometimes with a partial or complete manuscript of the book itself. (In a few cases the “forewords” are for videos or for brochures.) Most of the works are books related to evangelism practice or history or are the biographies or autobiographies of people Graham had been associated with in some way or books by or about family members. A few were forewords to books about events sponsored by the BGEA, such as crusades or the 1974 Lausanne Congress. Folder 214-5 contains a list, compiled by the BGEA staff, of the books for which Graham wrote forewords from 1951 to 1993.
Exceptional items: Listed below are some of the authors of subjects of the various books for which Graham wrote forewords.
Grandson Tullian Tchividijan
Baptist World Alliance history, Richard G. Capen, daughter Ruth Graham
History of the People’s Church of Toronto, history of Michael Cassidy and African Enterprise (see also folder 214-1), book by Archbishop of Canterbury Robert Runcie
Daughter Anne Lotz, biography of Bill Bright, autobiography of George Beverly Shea, a tribute book to Pope John Paul II
Reprint of James Madison’s eulogy for George Washington, history of Greater Europe Mission, autobiography of Georgia governor Joe Frank Harris
Collection of Lausanne movement documents edited by John Stott (see also folder 214-1), autobiography of Oswald Hoffman, autobiography of Joni Eareckson Tada
Son Franklin Graham, commemorative volume for those killed in 1995 Oklahoma City bombing book by Stephen Olford on the Cross of Jesus Christ, biography of Bryan Green
International Inductive Study New Testament, commemorative book for Bill Bright’s 75th birthday, book by Maurice Rowlandson on his association with Graham, autobiography of John Wesley White (see also folders 213-7 and 214-1), Robert Coleman’s The Master Plan of Evangelism, commemorative volume of J. Christy Wilson, book on antisemitism, autobiography by Lane Adams
Biography of Salvation Army general Eva Burrows, history of the National Association of Evangelicals, devotional book by Robert Cook (see also folder 2133), book by Howard and Wanda Jones on the black family in America, book by Sherwood Wirt, a festschrift for John Stott, Charles’s Malik’s speech at the dedication of the Billy Graham Center (see also 213-5); comments on Donald McGavran in a foreword for of a book on missions, the Daily Light devotional book, a course on evangelistic preaching prepared at the Billy Graham Center
Vance Havner biography (see also 213-7), book by Robert Coleman (see also folder 214-2), biography of Jacques Blocher, book on evangelism in honor of Lewis Drummond, biography of father-in-law L. Nelson Bell (see also folder 214-2), book by Bill Bright, book on prison ministry by Donald Smarto of the Billy Graham Center
Home Missions Board of the Southern Baptist Convention (see also folder 213-7), book bu Louis Evans, brochure for Youth for Christ, book about Campus Crusade’s Jesus film
Book by Michael Green, book by Sherwood Wirt (see also folder 214-2 and 214-3), daughter Gigi Graham Tchividijan, autobiography of Debbie Crouch, book by Charles Swindoll, biography of Dawson Trotman, a book by Hudson Taylor Armerding
Book by Lewis Drummond about Charles Finney (see also folders 213-6 and 214-1), book on telephone evangelism
A Gospel of John published by Scripture Union, book by Gilbert Kirby, book by Leighton Ford, biography of evangelist Billy Kim, biography of Corrie ten Boom (see also folder 214-1 and 214-3), biography of Festo Kivengere, book by Allan Emery
Book by Paul Little, book by Malcolm Muggeridge, biography of Louis Talbot, book on the faith of Abraham Lincoln (foreword by Billy and Ruth Graham), book by Luis Palau, Strober’s book A Day in the Life of Billy Graham, book by Donald McGavran
Book by Ralph Bell, book by Byang Kayo, book edited by Donald Hoke, book by Jim Vaus, several books about the 1974 Lausanne congress, letter from Cliff Barrows to Graham about the book When God Speaks Ticuna, book about the Key ‘73 evangelism campaign, book by Harold Lindsell, book by Dick Hillis, biography of W. A. Criswell, book on Jesus by Chuck Templeton
Lengthy foreword about his friendship with V. Raymond Edman, book by Alan Redpath, book by Raymond C. Stedman, letter from Kyung Chik Han about the Korean revival of 1910, biography of Moravian bishop Hugh Spaugh, Evangelism Explosion by D. James Kennedy
Compilation of the speeches given at the 1966 World Congress on Evangelism, book about the 1968-1969 BGEA Australian crusades, book by Paul Rees, biography of Nicky Cruz, a BGEA crusade hymnal, Paulus Scharpff’s History of Evangelism
Book by Harold Voekel, Korean War chaplain
Series: I. Correspondence
Subseries: I.D.9.d. Newspaper/Magazine Projects
Date Range: 1950-1987 (most of these dates referred to the original dates of the clippings
photocopied for these projects. The photocopying was done in the late 1980s)
Volume: .8 cubic feet
Type of documents: Memos, photocopies of clippings, summary reports
Correspondents: Mary Becker, Jim Brownlee
Notes: This subseries consists of the results of two projects undertaken by Mary Becker and others of the Montreat secretarial staff in the late 1980s. The first was to make a copy of all of the articles about Billy Graham that appeared in Time magazine. The photocopies can be found in folders 2152 through 215-5. A list of all the articles is in folder 215-2. The other project, apparently done by Jim Brownlee at the request of BGEA photographer Russ Busby, was to compile a list and statistics on the occasions when attendance records were set at stadiums and other venues used for BGEA crusades. Folders 215-6 through 216-27 contains photocopies of the clippings about various crusades compiled for this project. Folder 215-1 contains various unusual newspaper clippings relating to Graham which Brownlee had discovered in his search. Folder 215-6 contains Brownlee’s report on his results and lists of statistics on crusade attendance.
Series: I. Correspondence
Subseries: I.D.9.e. Endorsements 1. Accepted and 2. Declined
Arrangement: i) Endorsements accepted, ii) Endorsements declined – folders and their contents in reverse chronological orderDate Range: 1960-2011
Volume: 4.8 cubic feet
Subseries: I.D.9.e. Endorsements 1. Accepted
Arrangement: Folders and their contents in reverse chronological orderDate Range: 1961-2011
Volume: 2.0 cubic feet
Geographic coverage: United States and a few international
Type of documents: Correspondence, internal notes (typed and handwritten), memos, accompanying background material
Correspondents: Billy Graham and his representatives (John Akers, L. Nelson Bell, Ruth Graham, Esther LaDow, Steve Scholle and his Legal Department staff, Maury Scobee, Martha Warkentin, Stephanie Wills, T.W. Wilson)
Notes: Primarily correspondence (and internal memos) to and from Graham (and his representatives) requesting endorsements for organizations, colleges and universities, events, social causes (literacy, organ donations and other health causes, hunger, peace), newly-released books, musical recordings, and media productions, buildings or programs that include Graham’s name, persons being recognized, and boards or committees for which he served as a member or honorary member. Requests originated from individuals and representatives of organizations (either directly or on behalf of another party). In some cases, the request was made for an endorsement by the BGEA. Christian parachurch organizations are the predominant category of those making the request. In some cases, a single letter is the extent of the communication, while others consist of a number of letters clipped or stapled together. Most of the responses were handled by Graham’s staff. Handwritten pencil notes in the upper right corner indicate the series [Endorsements Accepted], contact name, and person in the communication. Most folders cover an entire year, but a few, rather than being dedicated to an entire year, cover just one organization or event in a given year, such as the Tanenbaum Center Advisory Board, 2005 (folder 305-5).
The correspondence and accompanying memos offer a glimpse into the operation of Graham’s Montreat office and use of his staff (and on some occasions his wife Ruth as in folder 305-3), and how the requests were processed, including being considered by the staff before approval, and how the endorsements were placed in marketing materials. In some cases, the correspondence only refers to the endorsement rather than including it. The requests reflect a wide-ranging array of Evangelical agencies and individuals, showing both their regard for Graham and the value of his approval of their organization, event or cause, and Graham’s stature in the Evangelical and American communities to grant such support. The timing of the requests usually coincides with an event, marketing effort, advertisement, or joining an advisory body. In some cases, rather than providing a new endorsement or statement, Graham or his staff authorized use of a previous statement. Also found throughout the series are blue “Cross Reference Sheets” that indicate a document was previously stored in the folder and later moved to another folder that is identified on the blue sheet, such as for the Challenger Children’s Fund that was moved to the Subject File (folder 307-6). Especially from those writing on Graham’s behalf, the letters include apologies for delayed replies due to Graham’s crusades, otherwise busy schedule, or health issues. In some instances, Graham or his associates decline a part of the request while granting another.
Among the organizations, events, or persons that received endorsements are:
1980 Energy Independence Fair (308-5)
African Enterprise (306-6, 309-1,3)
American Bible Society (308-3)
American Jewish Committee (305-6)
American Leprosy Mission (308-3)
American Security Council (306-8)
American Tract Society (306-3, 307-1,3)
Americans for the Coast (to protect American shorelines) (308-5)
Anglican Fellowship of Prayer (309-4)
Appeal of Conscience Foundation (306-5,6)
Asian Center for Theological Studies of Seoul (308-4)
Atlanta ‘96, Youth Leaders United for Awakening (306-4)
Augsburger, Myron: Miami crusade (309-9)
Back to the Bible (305-6)
Baptist World Alliance (305-8, 306-7, 308-2)
BC.AD Project (306-2)
Bedford Center for Creative Study (306-3)
Believer’s Study Bible (306-8)
BGEA’s School of Christian Writing (307-6)
Bibelschule Bergstrasse (German Bible Institute) (308-5)
Bill Glass (Prison) Ministries (305-10, 307-2)
Billy Graham Center (307-3,9, 308-2)
Biola University’s recognizing Armin Gesswein (306-8)
Bright, Bill (307-1,2)
Bill Gaither Trio (309-2)
Born Again (film about Chuck Colson) (309-1)
Boy Scouts of America (308-2,3,4)
Bread of Life Mission (309-11)
British Evangelism Explosion (307-2)
Campus Crusade (305-10, 306-7,8, 307-9, 308-2,3, 309-3,4,5)
Campus Crusade’s Jesus Film (305-6, 306-6)
Centre for the Study of Australian Christianity (306-7)
Chinese Congress on World Evangelization (309-2,3)
Christian and Missionary Alliance (305-6)
Christian Brotherhood Hour (radio) (309-10,11)
Christian College Coalition/Consortium (308-4,6)
The Christian Essentials Series (306-7)
Christian Family Outreach (307-2)
Christianity Today (305-10, 309-1)
Church Life Center (309-2)
Church of Uganda’s (Church of England) measles immunization campaign (308-2)
Church Planting International (309-2)
Columbia International University (306-4)
Commission on the Bicentennial of the United States Constitution (307-3)
Concerts of Prayer (306-7)
Continental Congress on the Family (309-4)
Copley Newspapers’ “We The People Declare That Reading is Freedom” campaign (305-11)
Criswell Center for Biblical Studies (309-1)
DC Talk (306-4)
Discovery House Music release of Wintley Phipps’ Favorite Hymns of Billy Graham (305-4) Dravecky, Dave: book When You Can’t Comeback (306-7)
Encounter Ministries (307-1)
Eternity magazine (309-1,2)
Evangel College (308-2)
Evangelical Alliance (306-9)
Far East Broadcasting Company (305-10, 309-4)
Ferrin, Howard: Living Above (308-2)
Family magazine (UK) (308-2)
Forest Home Christian Conference Center (307-2)
Free Enterprise Day (309-10)
Freedom in Christ Ministries (305-6)
Friends of Firing Line (308-6)
Frontier Youth Trust (307-2)
Fuller Seminary School of World Mission (308-5)
Fuller Theological Seminary (306-2, 307-3) Fulton Street 1857-2007 (305-3)
German Evangelical Alliance (305-6)
Good News (Methodist) (309-3)
Good News Texas (309-2,3)
Gordon-Conwell Seminary (306-8, 307-3,6, 308-2)
Greater Europe Mission (309-2,3,4)
Guinness, Os: book The American Hour (306-7)
Haqq, Akbar (309-11)
Helen Keller World Crusade for the Blind (309-3)
HIS magazine (309-11)
Home Mission Board (Southern Baptist) (307-2,3)
Institute for Biblical Preaching (308-4)
Institute of Theological Studies (306-7, 309-5)
Intercessors for America (309-4)
International Fellowship of Evangelical Students (IFES) (307-2)
International Prayer Chain to support families and friends of military in the Middle East (306-9)
Inter-Varsity Press (US): Tyndale New Testament Commentary series (308-2)
International Students, Inc. (305-6)
InterVarsity Christian Fellowship (307-3,6, 308-3,4,5) Ivy International’s Project Turning Point (307-3)
Johnson, Jimmie (309-5)
Joni and Friends (305-10, 306-5,8, 307-3, 308-4)
Jubilee 2000 for the cancellation of unpayable Third World debt (305-13)
King James Version of the Bible (308-6) Korean World Mission (307-3)
Language Institute for Evangelism (309-2,3)
Latin America Mission (309-5)
Laubach Literacy International (309-3)
Lausanne Committee for World Evangelization (LCWE) (305-2,9, 307-2,3)
Laymen’s National Bible Association/Committee (307-2,3,8, 308-3,5,6, 309-2,3,4)
LeTourneau College (307-6)
Life International (309-2,3)
Life Management Ministries (306-6)
Lindsell Study Bible (308-5)
The Living Bible (306-8, 307-3, 308-2, 309-4)
London Bible College (306-4)
Luis Palau Evangelistic Association (305-6, 307-3)
MANNA Food Bank (306-7)
Manogarom, Victor (306-9)
Medical Assistance Program or MAP (305-3, 309-5)
The Message Bible by NavPress (305-10)
Michigan Freedom from Hunger Coalition (309-10)
Mission America (also its Lighthouse Movement (305-12, 306-1)
Mission Aviation Fellowship (308-3)
Montreat Retreat Association (309-5)
Montreat-Anderson College (308-4)
Moscow Baptist Church Choir (307-3) Museum of the Bible (305-1)
Narsapur Christian Hospital (306-6)
National Advisory Olympic Committee (309-5)
National Association of Evangelicals (306-7, 308-3, 309-4)
National Bible Week (306-4, 308-5)
National Committee for the Prevention of Child Abuse (309-3)
National Day of Prayer (305-10, 306-1,2,7,8, 307-1,4,6)
National Safety Council (308-4)
National & International Religion Report (306-8)
Naval Reserve Association’s Navy Sabbath (309-5,7,8)
Nave’s Topical Bible (307-9)
New Orleans Seminary (306-9)
Northern Baptist Theological Seminary (306-6, 309-8)
Northwestern College (306-7,8)
Nurses Christian Fellowship (308-2)
Olivier, Sir Laurence: CD set of “Bible” selections from the Old Testament (309-4)
Operation Carelift (306-7)
Operation Mobilization’s ship Doulos (309-1)
Overseas Crusades (305-11)
Overseas Missionary Fellowship (307-3)
Peace Corps (309-11)
Phillips New Testament in Modern English (309-10)
Pocket Testament League (309-8)
Poling, Daniel (309-10)
Prison Fellowship (305-11, 307-2)
Project Concern’s Walk for Mankind (309-4) Promise Keepers (305-8)
Ravi Zacharias International Ministries, Inc. (306-9)
Reformed Theological Seminary (307-6)
Religious News Service (308-5)
Revised Authorized Bible (UK) (308-3)
Richard, Cliff (309-5)
Robert Schuller Film Institute (308-6)
Robertson, Pat: 70th Birthday Gala (305-11)
Rogers, Dale Evans for mother-of-the-year award (309-9)
Ronald Reagan Centennial Advisory Board (305-1)
Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation (305-4,11)
Salvation Army (306-9)
Scripture Union (305-4, 307-6)
Seatbelt campaign (306-7)
Shea, George Beverly: album Friends (307-6)
Sony Records release of Johnny Cash favorite Gospel songs (305-3)
Southern Baptist Convention (306-8, 307-9)
Southern Baptist Theological Seminary (309-4)
Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary (309-2) Stony Brook School (309-2)
Tanenbaum Center Advisory Board (305-5,11, 306-6,7)
Teen Challenge (308-2,3,5,6)
Teen Mania (305-8)
The Queen Mary (ship) (305-3)
Trans World Radio (TWR) (305-1)
Trinity College (which Graham attended) (305-2,8)
Tom Skinner Associates (308-6)
Trinity Trust (UK) (308-4)
Tyndale Theological Seminary (307-3, 308-2)
United Nations International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (305-10)
Urban Alternative (306-4)
Urbana ‘90 (306-8)
U.S. Center for World Missions’ Perspectives Study Program (305-6)
Voice of Christian Youth (309-2,3)
Walton, Sam (306-7)
Wheaton College (305-8, 306-7,9, 309-11)
Willow Creek Community Church (306-8)
World Alliance of Young Christian Men’s Associations (308-5)
World Evangelical Fellowship (306-4, 309-2,8)
World Evangelism Foundation (308-6, 309-3)
World Impact (309-5)
World Literature Crusade (307-6)
World Prayer Band (309-4)
World Relief (306-8, 309-4)
World Vision (305-11, 306-3,8, 9)
Wycliffe Bible Translators, Wycliffe Associates (306-3, 307-1)
Wyzsze Baptystyczne Seminarium Teologiczne (establishing the Billy Graham Chair of Evangelism at the Baptist Theological Seminary in Poland, 306-2)
Year of the Bible 1983 (308-2)
Young Men’s Christian Association (309-10)
Youth for Christ (many domestic locations, 306-5,6,7,8,9, 307-1,3, 308-5, 309-2,3,5,10) Youth With a Mission (YWAM) (307-9, 309-4)
Zacharias, Ravi (307-6)
Zondervan Publishing House (309-5)
Exceptional items (reverse chronological order by year):
Year of folder. Description
2010. Correspondence to determine when initial endorsement of Teen Challenge was given.
2005. Materials on Tanenbaum Center for Interreligious Understanding, whose advisory board Graham agreed to join, including promotional materials and purpose statement saying the Center “...puts interreligious understanding into practice. Our practical programs reach educators, employers, healthcare professionals, law enforcement and people seeking to use religion as part of the solution to armed conflicts.” See also folders 305-11, 306-2,6,7.
2003. Graham’s endorsement of Senator Robert Dole’s effort to address hunger in America.
2000-2003. File of documents on the Military Tribute to Bob Hope, for which Graham was an Honorary Board member. The memorial was built in the San Diego harbor. The plan booklet includes a reproduced sketch of the site plan, and uncredited historical photos of Hope with other entertainers visiting hospital patients, in naval dress white uniform onboard a ship with soldiers, before soldiers in an unidentified in-country site, on a stage overlooking a large audience of military personnel.
1999. Endorsement of “The Gospel of Jesus Christ: An Evangelical Celebration” that affirms the common commitment to the central message of Christian faith.
Endorsement of the Billy Graham Center’s Internet Evangelism Conference.
1999. Short note from 2002 to the musician and activist Bono with thanks for his visit to the Grahams’ home.
1998. Graham served as Honorary Co-Chairman of the International Summit of Baptists Against Racism.
1995. Correspondence about the Electronic Bible Society includes interaction with W.A. Criswell. (Includes CD containing Volume 1 of the set covering “The Early Church Fathers and Other Works.”)
A recommendation of Senior Airman Robert Jefferson for a band director position in the US Air Force.
1992. Letter from actor Jack Lemmon requesting Graham to serve as a member of committee formed by the American Foundation for the Performing Arts to honor Soviet president Boris Yeltsin with its first International Humanitarian Award.
1991. Communication requesting support for Gordon-Conwell Seminary’s honoring of its president Dr. Robert Cooley.
1989. Letter of congratulations to the Evangelistic Association of New England on its 100th anniversary.
1988. Statement permitting his name to be part of the Sponsor’s Committee for the Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith honoring of Johnny and June Cash.
Endorsement of updated edition of Paul Little’s How to Give Away Your Faith.
Leighton Ford’s letter of thanks for Graham’s words of support for the 1988 Lausanne II Congress in Manila.
1987. Letter from Franklin Graham requesting a statement of support for Samaritan’s Purse in the Netherlands.
Appeal from Jim Kraakevik, director of the Billy Graham Center, for an endorsement of the 1988 Korean World Mission that the Center was cosponsoring.
The motion picture St. John in Exile in which Dean Jones appeared as the Apostle John.
Ruth Graham’s note to Arthur Johnston as to Billy Graham’s willingness to serve on the Council of Reference for Tyndale Theological Seminary.
Graham’s service as honorary chairman of Urban League Sunday’s special publication in Tallahassee.
Graham’s providing a statement to Leighton Ford for the Lausanne Committee’s Leadership ‘88 conference.
Graham’s commendation of Bishop Festo Kivengere for a manuscript on the bishop.
1987. Entire folder dedicated to the 1987 National Day of Prayer, including several letters from co-chair Vonette Bright and a folder with promotional materials.
1986. Copies of International Christian Digest and several letters of concern about the emphasis of the publication and possible implications by association for Graham.
1986. Nomination of Robert Savage for Wheaton College’s Distinguished Service to Society Award.
1985. Graham’s committing to Richard Halverson to promote the National Congress on Biblical Exposition during his crusade sermons in the Southern California Crusade in July 1985.
1983. Letters to and from Billy Graham with Navigators’ president Lorne Sanny, including Graham’s endorsement; see also folder 309-2).
1982. Graham’s endorsement of W.A. Criswell for the Horatio Alger Award.
Exchanges regarding Graham’s endorsement for the Church and Peacemaking in the Nuclear Age Conference in Pasadena.
Graham’s endorsement of “An Appeal to Congress” that affirms “the right to food”; see also folders 308-4, 309-2,3.
Dr. Claude Frazier’s “Scriptures in Taxis” effort, with substantial background material sent to Graham to encourage his endorsement.
Graham’s strong endorsement of the refutation of rumors that “the Procter & Gamble Company has some connection to devil worship.”
Graham’s endorsement in Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship’s “Does InterVarsity Make a Difference?” brochure; see also folder 308-4.
1981. Stephanie Wills’ notes on interchange with Dr. Joe Kiser of the Children’s Heart Fund about Graham’s endorsement, use of his name, and requests for additional involvement. The card compresses the back and forth and illustrates the effort made to involve Graham in numerous ways in a project.
Correspondence with Mrs. Coretta Scott King about Graham’s serving as an Honorary Vice Chairperson for a national fund raising campaign for the Martin Luther King, Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change.
Letters between Graham and Dr. Samuel Moffett about Graham’s endorsement of the Asian Center for Theological Studies of Seoul that was sent to Korean president Chun Doo-Whan.
1980. Graham’s letter to Wade Coggins of the Evangelical Foreign Missions Association about accepting Luis Palau’s organization into the EFMA.
Graham’s endorsement for the 50th anniversary celebration of Hyman Appelman’s ministry; also see folder 309-5 about 35th anniversary brochure.
1979. Graham’s large-type manuscript for a recording he recorded of his endorsement of Teen Challenge.
1978. Correspondence and background materials leading to Graham’s endorsement of the US Senate’s tuition tax bill, including letters from Senators Bob Packwood, Ernest Hollings, and John Glenn. Correspondence back to 1975 about Graham’s endorsement of John Perkins’ ministry, Voice of Calvary Ministries. The letters point out unexpected use of Graham’s signature. [Marked “confidential”]
1977. Graham’s exchange with Jim Vaus about the endorsement of Youth Development, Inc. Also see folder 309-8.
Graham’s correspondence with Hudson Armerding, president of World Evangelical Fellowship.
1973-1975. Letters and supporting documents related to the effort to express concern over the confiscation and destruction of the Community Christian Church in Kabul Afghanistan, of which Graham was one of six key signatories. More information on this incident is found in BGC Archives Collection 518.
Exchange with George Sweeting of Moody Bible Institute for his participation in the Moody-Sankey Centenary in the UK.
1970-1971. Correspondence on the effort by New York City television station WPIX to renew its license with the Federal Communications Commission. The renewal was threatened by the attempt of Forum Communications to win the license. Graham’s statement was entered as evidence before the FCC. The correspondence is primarily with station president Fred Thrower.
1969. Correspondence with Stan Musial in his role as national chairman of Speak Up For America.
1964-1965. Letter from Billy Zeoli of Gospel Films.
Subseries: I.D.9.e. Endorsements 2. Declined
Arrangement: Folders and their contents in reverse chronological orderDate Range: 1960-2011
Volume: 2.8 cubic feet
Geographic coverage: United States and a few international
Type of documents: Correspondence, internal notes (typed and handwritten), memos, accompanying background material
Correspondents: Billy Graham and his representatives (John Akers, Donald Bailey, Cliff Barrows, Mary Becker, Elsie Brookshire, David Bruce, L. Nelson Bell, John Corts, Allen Emery, Jr., Evelyn Freeland, Franklin Graham, Ruth Graham, Roy Gustafson, Constance Hales, Sterling Huston, Stan Jackson, Wanda Kiser, Esther LaDow, Jim Mathis, Stanley Mooneyham, Preston Parrish, Tom Phillips, Maurice Rowlandson, Steve Scholle and his Legal Department staff, Walter Smyth, Martha Warkentin Bridges, Robert Williams, Stephanie Wills, George Wilson, T.W. Wilson)
Notes: Primarily correspondence (and internal memos) to and from Graham (or his representatives) declining to endorse a request. Requests originated from individuals and representatives of organizations (either directly or on behalf of another party). Among the types of organizations or events he declined to endorse were: colleges and universities, events, social causes (anti-lottery, pro-life (anti-abortion), anti-pornography, and other health causes, hunger, peace and anti-nuclear proliferation), scientific endeavors (travel to Mars), newly-released books and versions of the Bible, films, musical recordings, television programs, and media productions, buildings or programs that include his name, persons being recognized, boards or committees for which he served as a member or honorary member, for financial contributions, or to fill out a questionnaire. Many requests came from Christian parachurch organizations and those that Graham had some previous connection with or even provided an earlier endorsement. Reasons for declining range from Graham’s busy schedule, crusade demands, health, travel outside the country, his age, or work on his memoir. Some came from close friends, making the declines more sensitive, even though the declines in the latter years of his public ministry were more often due to his age or health. The requests reflect a wide-ranging array of Evangelical agencies and individuals, showing both their regard for Graham and his approval of their organization, event or cause, and Graham’s stature in the Evangelical and American communities to grant such support. While the requests primarily come from the US, a few are from outside the country. The timing of the requests usually coincides with an event, marketing effort, advertisement, or joining an advisory body. Most folders cover a single year.
In some cases, Graham declined an new endorsement but permitted continued use of a previous endorsement. The request was often declined because it had some fundraising component that Graham and the BGEA board did not want to lend support to; he also declined requests to endorse Bible translations (especially in the mid-to-late-1990s). In some instances, the request for an in-person appearance or video message was declined, while a written endorsement to be read was acceptable–see 6/13/01 letter to Prison Fellowship (folder 310-8). In a few cases, the request was made to Mr. Graham and Franklin Graham, or the BGEA as an organization. Not infrequently a single letter of request or reply is the extent of the communication, while others are a number of letters clipped or stapled together. Handwritten pencil notes in the upper right corner indicate the series, contact name, and person in the communication; handwritten notes also appear in comment on the body of the text. Also found throughout the series are blue “Cross Reference Sheets” that indicate a document was previously stored in the folder and was later moved to another folder that is identified on the blue sheet. A request with no subsequent interaction appears to mean, as notes from Graham’s staff sometimes indicate, that the request was filed without a response.
Compared with the Accepted Endorsements subseries, the correspondence and internal memos reflect more sensitive maneuvering of Graham and his staff to decline requests without giving offense. In a few instances, Graham’s staff wrote to either withdraw an endorsement or require that an unauthorized endorsement or quote no longer be used (see the 12/22/93 letter from Maurice Rowlandson or Esther LaDow’s letter of 12/2/93, both in folder 312-1; the documents in folder 312-2 are related to Graham’s previous endorsement and subsequent withdrawal from the Straight Talk phone hotline with guidance about sex, which then drew press attention). The correspondence and accompanying memos offer a glimpse into the operation of Graham’s office and use of his staff and how the requests were processed, including being considered by the staff before putting them before Graham. Especially from those writing on Graham’s behalf, the letters often include apologies for delayed replies due to Graham’s crusades, otherwise busy schedule, or health issues.
This subseries sheds light on how Graham’s staff developed a process of triage to carry the load of the many requests for his endorsement, shielded him from requests that did not require his attention, and worked together to navigate and respond to the requests. Statements between Graham’s staff articulated a overarching rationale for the decline, including Graham’s age and health, boundaries drawn by the BGEA Board where related to fundraising or not related to evangelism, where there might be competition with the BGEA in evangelism or fundraising, where there was no personal familiarity or direct involvement by the BGEA, or where divisive issues were concerned that might impact Graham’s evangelistic ministry. As might be expected, the earlier files are larger, reflecting a greater number of requests and interaction. Replies often expressed appreciation and the honor that Graham was considered to make the endorsement, and follow-up replies back expressed appreciation for his consideration and understanding that he couldn’t. In some cases, Graham writes one of his staff to decline a request that they are advocating on behalf of the organization or person. Graham’s declines include those to members of his staff advocating for requests, good friends in ministry, politicians and civic leaders, contacts in North and South Carolina circles, Evangelical publishers and ministries, Lausanne Committee for World Evangelization, Campus Crusade for Christ, Youth for Christ, Laymen’s National Bible Committee, Muhammad Ali (folder 314-1), Johnny Cash, Wheaton College, and the Billy Graham Center (folder 314-1), and others. Most of the letters declining the request come from Graham’s staff, with very few of the replies coming from Graham himself. Even the earliest declines refer to “innumerable requests from various organizations and movements,” but the volume of this subseries suggests that many requests were not kept as there is no corresponding volume of requests in the documents in the subseries.
Bob Williams reply to a request on 12/22/95 captures the essence of many of the declines communicated: “...I must tell you that Mr. Graham is unable to provide the statement you requested. It seems easy to say “Just lend a few minutes of your time” to put your support behind us. However, with Mr. Graham it is a matter of integrity. When his name is attached to an endorsement or reference, he feels that he should be able to respond intelligently in conversations about the programs, activities, personnel, objectives, and policies of that group. To be informed sufficiently to talk meaningfully with the many people he meets about the many organizations with which is he is expected to have some connections, is very hard for him. He feels that he should be informed in order to have his name attached to the project or the organization, but the time involved to keep updated and conversant with the matter cannot be added to his load.”
Year of folder. Description
2007. Bill Conard in 6/28/07 email on behalf of Graham to decline a request for an endorsement of David Yong-gi Cho for the Templeton Award or to pay a visit. “During recent years, Dr. Graham has been contacted by several people asking for a recommendation regarding candidates for the Templeton Award, and he has consistently and graciously declined to do this, because he does not want to honor some of his friends above others.”
2005. Graham’s staff explaining his reason for not endorsing an “Open Letter” from the One Campaign “against extreme poverty and preventable disease.”
2004. Graham’s declining a request to be part of Table 71 hosted by Campus Crusade. Attached is a blue-sheet copy of a 2005 note to the Finishing the Task conference at the BGEA’s Cove Training Center with his encouragement and blessing.
A 7/23/04 letter from Stephen Scholle to Mike Evans Ministries points out that one quote each from Billy and Franklin Graham were never authorized and must therefore be withdrawn; Billy Graham’s quote could not even be traced to any previous event or publication.
1998. Internal communication about an endorsement that was assumed by Norman Lear for a USA Today ad and therefore strongly declined. The ad urged prayer as Bill Clinton was being impeached by the U.S. House of Representatives.
1997. Graham’s heartfelt need to decline the request of Teddy Kollek, mayor of Jerusalem, for Graham’s participation by filming a 1-minute endorsement for a humanitarian special.
Graham’s decline to Douglas Coe’s request to write to the Dalai Lama depicts the intersection of political, ministry, family, and health domains in the requests being presented to Graham.
Mark Taylor’s (Tyndale House Publishers) letter to Graham to advising him of coming controversy surrounding the introduction of gender-inclusive language in Bible translations (because Graham had given his endorsement for the New Living Translation), and the NLT’s commitment to accurate translation.
1994. Graham’s exchange with Chuck Colson about Graham’s being a signatory to the Evangelicals and Catholics Together Statement.
1982. Declines from Graham and his staff decline requests that resulted following his speaking out against nuclear proliferation.
1971. Blue-copy version of Bob Jones, Jr.’s letter to Graham expressing his sense of friendship while disagreeing with some of Graham’s perceived compromise in BGEA practices.
1969. With no attached request from Robert Schuller, Graham replies, encouraging him to greater boldness in evangelistic emphasis.
L. Nelson Bell’s reply on behalf of Graham to the request to endorse legislation to end the death penalty in North Carolina. Bell includes, “I am not sure what his [Billy Graham’s] position is, but I personally strongly disagree in this matter.” (Bell’s replies for Graham appear frequently among those sent from 1969 and earlier.)
1968. Martin Marty’s reply as editor of The Christian Century to Graham declining to endorse a biography of Dwight L. Moody.
1967. Several letters on behalf of Graham written by Jacob Stam in his role as chairman on the BGEA’s Board of Directors.
1964. Jacob Stam’s memo to fellow members of the BGEA Board concerning the use of Billy Graham’s name in advertising. The specific episode that elevated the issue to Board concern involved an insurance company’s use of Graham’s name and the resulting complaints to the BGEA. Included among the attached letters was one from Jerry Beavan, vice president of the insurance company and formerly public relations director for the BGEA. Also attached is a restatement of a 1/30/64 motion approved by the BGEA Board that requires board approval for “the promotion of any individual, commodity, book, magazine, publication, plan, service or product.” Also see L. Nelson Bell’s 11/11/61 letter to J. Elwin Wright concerning the same insurance company.
Subseries: I.D.11. Invitations declined
a) United States & Canada
1) Single meetings
1) Single meetings
2) Crusades3) Schools
Within each subseries, files are arranged alphabetically by state, province or country. (Note: the files are in the same reverse-chronological order in which they were kept in the Montreat office)
Date Range: 1957-2008
Volume: 15.2 cubic feet
Notes: These files, consisting of correspondence, memos, faxes and telegrams with accompanying attachments, record the invitations made to Graham and the BGEA to hold meetings throughout the United States, Canada and the world that were eventually turned down for a variety of reasons, whether for scheduling problems from an already-full schedule, Graham’s health and or an assessment of strategic value. Included were invitations for single-meeting events, multiple-day crusades, and appearances at college/universities and military gatherings. Graham’s assistants handled almost all of the interaction, although his personal replies are sprinkled throughout. While most invitations were addressed to Graham, others were sent to colleagues or family, including his wife Ruth.
Subseries: I.D.11.a.1. Invitations declined - U.S. & Canada - Single meetings
Arrangement: Alphabetically by state or Canadian province. (Note: the files are in the same reverse-chronological order in which they were kept in the Montreat office)
Date Range: 1960-2006
Volume: 8.4 cubic feet
Geographic coverage: United States, Canada, U.S. territories
Type of documents: Correspondence, memos, faxes, telegrams, attachments
Correspondents: Billy and Ruth Graham, Martha Warkentin Bridges, Elise Brookshire, David Bruce, John Corts, Willis Haymaker, Sterling Huston (beginning in 1974), Wanda Ann Mercer, Stanley Mooneyham (Special Assistant to Billy Graham in 1965), Eva Prior, Tex Reardon, Larry Ross, Walter Smyth (largely concluding in 1974), Larry Turner, Stephanie Wills, George Wilson, Grady Wilson, T.W. Wilson
Notes: In spite of Graham’s extremely busy international and domestic crusade schedule (and his emphasis on crusade events rather than single-day engagements), his office continually received numerous invitations, most from throughout the United States, from churches, ministries (such as World Vision, Youth for Christ in many states, and Campus Crusade), civic organizations (like the Kiwanis), universities and colleges, and interfaith associations. What is striking is how frequently Graham was invited to participate in events, how many he had to decline, and what an administrative operation it was to manage his schedule. All states are represented, with the correspondence for some states being contained in a single folder while for others there are multiple folders (fourteen for California, nineteen for Washington D.C.) Among the events Graham was invited to were one-day speaking engagements, preaching at Sunday morning church services, several-day revival series, prayer breakfasts, anniversary celebrations, political inaugurations, prison services, evangelism conferences, breakfast meetings, dedications of churches and other facilities, national and regional conventions, denominational meetings, civic events, community celebrations and anniversaries, Bicentennial activities, golf tournaments, high school reunions, state fairs, fund-raising events and efforts, weddings to perform the ceremonies (such as in 1992 to officiate the 50th wedding anniversary of the parents of Country Western singer Tanya Tucker), etc. Some of the invitations came in conjunction with a BGEA city crusade, such is the Little Rock Crusade in 1989 in Arkansas.
The most common reasons given for declining were almost always one of three: 1) Graham’s schedule is already occupied for the requested dates; his schedule is already overbooked and he is leaving open space for preparation and rest, and 3) Due to his health situation he has been advised by his doctor to schedule no events at this time.
In some cases, the invitation came after an invitation to hold a crusade in a community was declined, or there are a series of letters to Graham in a concerted effort and expression of support for his visit – folder 46-1 includes late-1988 letters in both categories for the Brother Bryan Centennial prayer rally in Birmingham, Alabama. The reasons given for declining the invitations range from his already-full schedule, being out of the country, and health issues (especially his Parkinson Disease beginning in the mid-1990s.) While his wife Ruth was occasionally included in the invitation, some invitations were to her (with Graham invited to also join her). In almost all cases, the letter graciously declining the invitation is included. In some cases, the reply was a gracious but final decline, while in a few cases, a follow-up invitation was welcomed. Apart from the steady influx of invitations to Graham, the correspondence reflects the wide variety of programs that churches, civic groups and ministries envisioned Graham being a highly-visible contributor to. Graham is rarely the one that communicates the decline, but in some cases he did dictate a letter or brief statement to a good or influential friend (see folder 46-3 for his reply to Kevin Clarkson), or perhaps where he deemed it strategic for him to not leave the task to his subordinates. The invitations reflect a wide variety of programs, showing the activities of churches, denominations, civic and business groups, and governmental bodies, but also demonstrate the high esteem in which Graham was held by people, churches and groups across the country and world. Among the earlier invitations, only the response from Graham’s staff is included in the file. The volume of invitations coming from Graham’s home state of North Carolina exceeds those from any other in the U.S. In some cases, such as the invitation to speak to the Alaska state legislature in 1983 (folder 46-3), Graham initially accepted but later declined the invitation. There are some attached pages between BGEA staff that suggest some of the thinking and strategy behind managing Graham’s calendar and the steady stream of opportunities offered to him. Each state’s record illustrates opportunities unique to that state, such as the presence of media and entertainment worlds in California, or the Christian presence of the southern states in the Bible Belt, or the impact on national life in Washington, D.C. Also included are memos and notes from Stephanie Wills and other associates that reveal some of their efforts to manage Graham’s schedule. With the exception of Walter Smyth’s replies, which do not include the invitation letter received by the BGEA, the replies, most from Sterling Huston, do include the letter of invitation. In his 3/16/83 letter (folder 47-2) to Rev. Chuck Swindoll, Graham said, “I have also come to the decision, rather reluctantly, that in order to conserve my strength for the task of evangelism in Crusades to which I feel especially called, that I need to use wisdom in the placing of priorities and decline all invitations to speaking commitments that are additional to my primary; ministry.”
In some cases, the correspondence concerns an event in a particular state that may or may not be associated with the person or organization making the invitation, such as Bill Bright’s invitations in the Washington D.C. files, when Campus Crusade for Christ was based in California before relocating to Florida in 1991 [But Campus Crusade did have a Christian Embassy in Washington from 1974 on; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christian_Embassy]. It is also common that letters from individuals like James Draper of the Southern Baptist Convention or Doug Coe of International Christian Leadership appear in multiple files for multiple states.
Virtually every folder contains a number of letters that reflect this diversity, activity and interest, of which the following exceptional items are representative but only samples to illustrate the breadth of the invitations Graham was receiving. There are many more invitations for each state than are represented here, and this short list does not imply that there is only one communication from the organization or individual; for example, there are a number of letters from W.A. Criswell spread throughout the Texas files.
Several of these files from box 65 represent entities that are or were at one time territories of the U.S., although files for two of these, the Philippines that gained its independence in 1946 and Puerto Rico, still an unincorporated territory of the U.S., also appear in the Foreign–Single meetings series as well.
Among those that sent invitations were clergy and lay leaders, prison, hospital and military chaplains, church and ministry leaders and representatives (these are the most predominant, many of them Baptists), other evangelists (such as Bill Bright), government leaders (mayors, governors, state and U.S. congressmen and senators, representatives of American presidents, etc. – most files for U.S. states include invitations from the governor along with state congressmen), civic leaders, industry executives (such as Robert Hage of Douglas Aircraft Company or Frank McCarthy of the National Automobile Dealers Association), celebrities (such as Hugh O’Brien and Jack Lemmon), journalists and representatives of the media (such as Cal Thomas or Alvah Chapman of the Miami Herald Publishing Company), and many others.
Alabama: Most frequently from Baptist churches, denominational bodies and associations; also to address the Brother Bryan Centennial prayer rally,
from the Mobile County Urban League to speak at the 1983 Equal Opportunity Day Celebration, and from Governor Forrest “Fob” James to join the 33rd anniversary celebration of the birth of the State of Israel
Alaska: From governors including Frank Murkowski and Walter Hickel
Arizona: To address the 1990 National Association of Evangelicals convention, several Native American meetings, and from Hugh Downs on behalf of the Arizona Heart Institute National Advisory Council
Arkansas: From Governor Bill Clinton for the 1980 state prayer breakfast, former Arkansas U.S. representative Brooks Hays writing on White House stationary about an unspecified event in Arkansas while serving as Special Assistant during the Kennedy administration – Graham expresses his affection for Hays and desire to be available if the event is rescheduled
46-6,7,8,9 and 47-1 to 10
California: For National Salute to Bob Hope and Our Military in 2006, from Demos and Richard Sharkarian of the Full Gospel Business Men’s Fellowship Intl., from the Bohemian Club, from Bill Bright in August 1996 and other years (along with Robert Schuller, Bright and Campus Crusade for Christ were perhaps the most represented in the California files), from Los Angeles mayor Tom Bradley, for a dinner honoring Gene Autry, Dale Evans and Roy Rogers in May 1986, Wheaton College’s president Richard Chase’s invitation for the College’s 1985 commencement and NAE 1985 convention, George Romney on behalf of the National Volunteer Center in November 1990, Nicky Cruz in August 1990, Sherwood Wirt in February 1990 about a John Wesley White crusade in San Diego, Chuck Smith of Calvary Chapel in April 1989, Chuck Swindoll for a church missions conference, a series including from Ted Engstrom of World Vision for the Conference on the Church & Peacemaking in the Nuclear Age in 1983, from Pat Robertson, Billy Melvin of the National Association of Evangelicals, Dick Hillis for the January 1977 installation of Luis Palau as the new president of Overseas Crusades, for the 1976 fund-raising dinner for United for Life (pro-life, anti-abortion), to address the 2nd Unity of Man Conference in 1975 (folder 47-5), J. Willard Marriott in 1973, Duane Pederson of Jesus People in 1972, for the 1970 farewell service for the Church of the Open Door’s senior pastor J. Vernon McGee, from William Gwinn of the Mount Hermon Associates, from Paul Rees of World Vision
Colorado: To deliver the keynote address in 2000 at the one-year anniversary memorial service of the Columbine High School massacre, from Bill McCartney of Promise Keepers for the Program Team Summit leading up to the 1997 Stand in the Gap gathering in Washington, D.C., to be among church leaders to be an honored guest during Pope John Paul II’s visit to Denver in 1993, from Richard Abel of Fellowship of Christian Athletes, from David Bruce of Riverside Baptist Church in Denver, from Tom Claus of Christian Hope Indian Eskimo Fellowship in 1987, from Dr. Vernon Grounds for Graham to speak at Conservative Baptist Seminary, to address the Navigators’ International Leadership Conference from Lorne Sanny, from astronaut James Irwin of the High Flight Foundation
Connecticut: From Rabbi Samuel Silver to visit Temple Sinai in 1969 or 1979
Delaware: From Governor Russell Peterson to speak at the state’s annual prayer breakfast
48-4 to 9, 49-1 to 13
District of Columbia: Unlike many of the invitations Graham received that were initially declined, Graham had agreed to speak at Howard University in 2000, but later canceled due to the impact of his Parkinson’s disease and his Ruth’s declining health. As might be expected, the Washington D.C. files contain a higher concentration of invitations from government, civic (like the 1995 invitation from Sargent Shriver for Graham to give the invocation at the Special Olympics) and religious organizations, as well as a higher proportion of Graham’s personal replies. Also included: to Spiritfest ‘96 from Barbara Skinner to commemorate evangelist Tom Skinner’s life and ministry, from Elie Wiesel as chairman of the United States Holocaust Memorial Council, from Ralph Reed of the Christian Coalition in 1994, to attend the 1992 President’s Dinner (“the single largest Republican fundraiser”), for the 25th anniversary in 1990 of Lyndon Johnson’s inauguration as president, from Ben Armstrong of the National Religious Broadcasters, several from William Webster of the U.S. Department of Justice [Webster was director of the FBI from 1978-1987] , from Eugene Bertermann to attend the 1978 National Religious Broadcasters annual convention, from Senator Mark Hatfield for the 1982 Senate prayer breakfast, for the Arlington Cemetery service on July 4, 1976, from Louis Evans and Edward Elson of the National Presbyterian Church, from the Commission on White House Fellowships, from Doug Coe and Richard Halverson of International Christian Leadership (invitations from Coe appear in other state files as well inviting Graham to participate in state prayer breakfasts), from Billy Melvin of the National Association of Evangelicals, from the Commissioner of Baseball Bowie Kuhn to attend the 100th Anniversary of Professional Baseball at the 1969 All Star Game. Also included are a handwritten note from Ruth Graham about a possible concert at the White House (folder 49-1), a letter from Wheaton College president Hudson Taylor Armerding offering a few suggestions as Graham requested in preparation for his address to the NAE-NRB annual convention in 1976 (filder 49-13), a handwritten letter on 9/24/67 from W. Cameron Townsend of Wycliffe Bible Translators to attend Bible Translation Day in Washington (folder 49-13).
50-1 to 8, 51-1,2
Florida: To Governor Jeb Bush’s inauguration in 2003 (including the text of Bush’s inaugural speech), to a launch and landing of the Space Shuttle Endeavor in late-November 2000, from S. Truett Cathy of Chick-fil-A for its annual seminar, from Pete Hammond of InterVarsity Christian Fellowship, from long-time friend Torrey Johnson to come to Bibletown Community Church and Conference Center, to the 1968 Continental Congress on Evangelism gathering of Baptists (folder 51-2).
51-3,4,5 and 52-1,2
Georgia: From BGEA colleague Henry Holley for Promise Keepers, for the 1996 Clergy Conference in Atlanta, from Ted Turner for a presentation on the impact of the growing cable television industry, for the 1969 Atlanta Golf Classic and to join other figures for a golf outing. Also included is a 1981 letter to Coretta Scott King declining to attend the dedication of the Freedom Hall Complex of the Martin Luther King Jr. Center and join the Center’s board for fund raising (he did agree to be listed as an Honorary Vice Chairperson on Center letterhead).
Hawaii: Invitation and subsequent decline to the 30th anniversary of the dedication of radio station KAIM, from Chester Terpstra of the Hawaii Conference of the United Church of Christ, planning documents for a possible second World Congress on Evangelization in Honolulu in 1969 (which did not take place in Hawaii or any other location)
Idaho: From Governor Cecil Andrus for Idaho’s 1990 centennial celebration
52-6,7 and 53-1,2,3,4
Illinois: From the Willow Creek Association for a session of the 2006 and other Leadership Summits (as well as from Bill Hybels for the Willow Creek Community Church), from three Islamic organizations for interfaith dialogue and cooperation following the 9/11 attacks, from Ron Sider for the second Chicago Declaration on Evangelism and Social Transformation in 1993, from Moody Church’s Erwin Lutzer for the 50th anniversary of “Songs in the Night” launched by Village Church in Western Springs (where Graham was a pastor from 1943 to 1945) and Moody Church’s 125th anniversary, from Steve Hayner, Gordon MacDonald and other InterVarsity Christian Fellowship presidents and executives for several Urbana Student Missionary Conventions, from Trinity Evangelical Divinity School for the 1986 Conference on Evangelizing World Class Cities, from the Salvation Army for an evangelistic rally for the 100th anniversary of service in Chicago, from Henry Huang of Jesus People U.S.A to speak at the 1984 Cornerstone Festival, from long-time friend Bob Evans to speak at a fundraising banquet for Tyndale Theological Seminary in the Netherlands, from Jay Kesler for the 40th anniversary of Youth for Christ, to be a featured speaker on “Chicago Sunday Evening Club” broadcast on Chicago public television, from Wheaton Bible Church to preach at a morning service, from Abe Van Der Puy for the 50th anniversary of HCJB, from Rabbi Marc Tannenbaum to address Jewish and Evangelical leaders at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, from Ray Schulenberg [old friend from Wheaton days] to address the Illinois Association of Realtors, from Wheaton College and the Billy Graham Center, from Senator Howard Baker for the dedication of the Dirkson Memorial Library, from businessman Herbert J. Taylor for the World Teenage Congress in 1966, from Ken Gieser to address the American Medical Association convention luncheon in 1962
Indiana: From D. Elton Trueblood to speak at Yokefellow Conferences (folders 53-5,6 for conferences in 1980, 1984, 1989), from Bert Greener for the 1981 Christian Legal Society conference at Notre Dame University (folder 53-6), from Youth for Christ
Iowa: From Cedar Falls Bible Conference, from the Okoboji Lakes Bible and Missionary Conference Association
Kansas: From Governor Joan Finney to be a guest at the 32nd Kansas Prayer Breakfast in 1993, from the Central Kansas chapters of Youth for Christ, and a Campus Crusade representative to speak at a lunch for delegates and officials of the Republican Party at their 1976 National Convention in Kansas City
Kentucky: From Asbury College and Seminary, from Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary
Louisiana: From the General Board of the National Council of Churches of Christ in the U.S.A, from the Y.M.C.A. in St. Paul (MN) to address the Program Directors Conference in New Orleans, from Francis MacNutt to speak to the Christian Preaching Conference
Maryland: To participate in the NAACP’s National Religious Leadership Summit in 2001, from Sister Mary Damian to visit the Mercy Hospital in Baltimore, from Thomas Zimmerman to address the General Council of the Assemblies of God, from U.S. Frigate Constellation for an ecumenical service
Massachusetts: From the John F. Kennedy Library to speak during its symposium on Religion and Politics at the Millennium in 2000, from J. Christy Wilson and Ralph Winter to come to D.L. Moody’s Mount Hermon site where the Student Volunteer Movement for Foreign Missions was launched in 1886, from the Evangelistic Association of New England, from John Kyle for InterVarsity’s Haystack ‘81 Conference to commemorate the 175th anniversary of the Haystack Prayer Meeting, from Allan Emery for a Governor’s Prayer Breakfast, from Harold Ockenga of Park Street Church for a banquet to celebrate his thirty-year pastorate
54-7,8 and 55-1,2,3
Michigan: From the National Sunday School Congress (that was later withdrawn), from the Economic Club of Detroit, from Maranatha Bible and Missionary Conference, from the Mel Trotter Mission for its 75th anniversary, from Pat Zondervan for the 25th anniversary of Graham’s Grand Rapids rally, from the Knights Templar Masons in 1968 in Detroit that was seeking to provide civic calm following the Detroit riots in 1967
Minnesota (where BGEA was headquartered in Minneapolis, 1950-2003): From Millard Fuller of Habitat for Humanity to dedicate the forty thousandth home, George Wilson on behalf of Central Lutheran Church for their 75th anniversary, for the BGEA staff picnic, from Louis King of Christian Missionary & Alliance for its 100th anniversary, Roger Palms of DECISION magazine for the 20th Decision School of Christian Writing, from The Pillsbury Company to give the invocation at the 1980 Annual Meeting, from Mayo Clinic to address a conference of university surgical residents, from Arthur Johnston for the dedication of the new St. Paul Bible College campus
Mississippi: From the Elvis Presley Memorial Foundation for dedication of a chapel at Presley’s birthplace, from Governor William Waller for a prayer breakfast
Missouri: From the American Theological Library Association for its annual conference during the BGEA’s Heart of America Crusade in Kansas City, from Wheaton College alumni in the St. Louis area during the BGEA’s 1999 crusade, from the Assemblies of God, from Anita Bryant for the opening of the Anita Bryant Theater in Branson, from Governors John Ashcroft and Christopher Bond, from Fellowship of Christian Athletes for its first national convention, from Andy Jumper of the Evangelical Presbyterian Church, from the Kansas City Chiefs football club to speak at the team chapel before playing the St. Louis Cardinals, from Vonette Bright to be the honorary chairman and keynote speaker during a projected prayer convention, from Ted Raedeke of Key ‘73, from the Jaycees for its 50th anniversary
Montana: From Leaders & Legends Society to be a member
Nebraska: From the White House Conference for a Drug Free America to deliver a keynote address, to be a member of a hunting team from the Grand National Mixed Bag Hunt & Conservation Days, from Theodore Epp of Back to the Bible Broadcast
Nevada: From the Executive Committee of the Southern Baptist Convention for their 1989 meeting in Las Vegas, from the National Funeral Directors Association, from the National Association of Broadcasters
New Hampshire: From Congressman Louis Wyman
New Jersey: From Freedom, Justice and Peace Society about joining the World Day of Prayer for Freedom, to participate in the millennial celebration for the Russian Orthodox Church, from the Ocean Grove Camp Meeting Association, from Goodwill Home and Rescue Mission to speak at its 72nd anniversary, from Carl McIntire to address the 7th World Congress of the International Council of Christian Churches, to address the 48th Annual Convention of Kiwanis International
New Mexico: From the Central New Mexico Correctional Facility to preach at the prison in Albuquerque, from the Gideons International to be a speaker
57-1 to 8, 58-1 to 6
New York: From TIME magazine for its “Time 100" dinner, from the Celebrity Tribute and Gala, to speak at the World Peace Summit 2000, from the Haitian Evangelical Clergy Association, from the North Carolina Society of New York for its 98th Annual Christmas Dinner Dance, from Archibishop Iakovos of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of North and South America to receive the 1995 Patriarch Athenagoras Award for Human Rights, from Archbishop of New York John Cardinal O’Connor to share preaching during a prayer service in Saint Patrick’s Cathedral “(although preferably not simultaneously),” from the East Asia and Pacific Office of the National Council of Churches of Christ in the U.S.A, from the Christian Embassy for a prayer breakfast in conjunction with the opening of the United Nations General Assembly, from Benny Hinn to participate in Faithwalk for Mexico, from the New York Statue of Liberty Centennial Commission, from David Kucharsky of Christian Herald Association for a mission-building dedication, from Clarence Jordan of the Rescue Mission to address the International Union of Gospel Missions, from the Council of Korean Churches of Greater New York to be its key speaker during an evangelistic crusade in Madison Square Garden, from the Women’s National Republican Club, from Rabbi Arthur Schneier of the Appeal of Conscience Foundation, from Joni Eareckson to speak at a ministers luncheon, from William Sloan Coffin to preach at Riverside Church, from Fred Dienert for the New York International Bible Society’s 1978 banquet – “I know how you feel about banquets and I would not ask this of you if I did not truly feel that it is worthwhile,” from Jim Vaus of Youth Development Inc. for a building dedication, from Henry Luce to attend TIME magazine’s 40th anniversary party, from Stephen Olford of Calvary Memorial Church to speak at a large event to commemorate the church’s forty years of radio broadcasting. Several folders record Graham’s plans to attend but then had to cancel his attendance at a dinner to honor Maxey Jarman and preaching an evening service at Broadway Presbyterian Church coordinated by Roger Hull.
58-7,8, 59-1 to 8, 60-1 to 6, 61-1
North Carolina (Graham’s home state): From the Charlotte Chamber of Commerce, from John Belk to address the year-beginning devotional for staff of Belk Stores Services, from Mitt Romney of the Salt Lake Organizing Committee for the 2002 Olympic Winter Games to carry the Olympic torch during the ceremony in Charlotte (folder 58-7), from SIM general director Jim Plueddeman for Graham to address the mission’s International Council about how they might provide follow-through for the upcoming Amsterdam 2000, from Coca-Cola to offer the opening prayer at its 1998 Annual Meeting and from Carolina Pepsi Bottlers to receive the “Born in the Carolinas” award in 1998, from the Montreat Conference Center to preach during his hometown’s 100th anniversary, from Moody Bible Institute president Joseph Stowell for Graham to join the Board of Trustees for a retreat dinner at The Cove, from Montreat Presbyterian Church for a dinner to honor retiring pastor Calvin Thielman, from The Country Club of Asheville to preside at its 100th anniversary Thanksgiving Dinner, from Governor James Hunt for his inauguration, from Ross Rhoads for the dedication of Calvary Church, from Charlotte Mayor Sue Myrick for a fund-raising dinner for providing social services, from Jim Bakker of Heritage U.S.A and the PTL Club for a facility dedication, from Jerry Miller of The Cove for the dedication of the first building of the facility, to the Colgate Hall of Fame Golf Classic, from Perry Crouch of the Baptist State Convention of North Carolina, from Henderson Belk for Graham to be the keynote speaker for the Men of the Presbyterian Church of the North Carolina Synod, from Jesse Helms in his capacity as a radio company executive
North Dakota: From Temple Baptist Church of Fargo for a picnic of Southern Baptists, from the North Dakota State American Legion to speak to its annual convention
Ohio: From Central Ohio Youth for Christ for a video endorsement to be used during a fund-raising banquet, from Congressional candidate Tom Murray to lend credibility to his campaign by addressing a meeting on peace issues, from Oberlin College to speak at a vespers service in honor of evangelist Charles Finney, from the Akron Beacon Journal to address a monthly roundtable, from the Ohio Southeast Conference of the Evangelical United Brethren Church to speak at their 1967 convention, from Rex Humbard to speak at the dedication service for the Cathedral of Tomorrow
Oklahoma: From the Oklahoma City mayor to dedicate the National Memorial in honor of the Oklahoma City bombing victims, from Governor Frank Keating to attend his inauguration, from Tom Claus to be the speak at the International Native American Christian Leadership Congress on World Evangelization
Oregon: From Senator Mark Hatfield to endorse the invitation for Graham to address the Conservative Baptist Men of Oregon Roundup ‘88 and in 1965 to speak at a state prayer breakfast, from the Baptist World Alliance to address its 8th Youth World Conference
61-9,10,11 and 62-1,2,3,4
Pennsylvania: From Bill Drury of Teen Haven Urban Ministries for Graham to speak at its 30th anniversary, from the Dwight D. Eisenhower Society for its centennial celebration to honor Bob Hope, from Come Alive! to speak during Creation Festival in 1986, from James Boice of Tenth Presbyterian to be part of a 150th anniversary celebration, from Pennsylvanians for Human Life to speak at a dinner, from Mayor Frank Rizzo to celebrate the city’s 201st Independence Day, from Jungle Aviation and Radio Services (JAARS) to speak at a benefit banquet, from Jerry Beavan and Youth for Christ’s president Sam Wolgemuth to address YFC employees, from B. Sam Hart of the Grand Old Gospel Fellowship, from Arthur DeMoss of the National Liberty Corporation, from the Philadelphia Zionist Organization, from the Freedoms Foundation at Valley Forge
Rhode Island: From the First Baptist Church of Rhode Island for its 350th anniversary, from the Department of Evangelism of the State Council of Churches
South Carolina: From Spartanburg County Medical Society as a guest speaker, from YWAM’s Mercy Ships come aboard the Anastatis when it docked in Charleston, from Vernon Patterson of First Presbyterian Church in Spartanburg to speak during its Witness Season, for the dedication of Interstate Highway 26
South Dakota: From Sioux Valley Baptist Church to speak at its World Day of Prayer in 1979, from the Black Hills Association of Evangelical Ministers to be part of Rapid City’s bicentennial celebration
Tennessee: From Gospel Music Television to be a guest at its world premiere concert, from William Walton (of Holiday Inns) to celebrate Second Presbyterian Church’s 150th anniversary, from James Draper of the Southern Baptist Convention’s Sunday School Board, from Don Hoke of Cedar Springs Presbyterian Church for a Knoxville prayer breakfast, from Governor Lamar Alexander, from the Midnight Call to participate in a ten-day prayer rally
Texas: From Bill Glass Ministries for the 30th anniversary banquet of city ministry in Dallas, W.A. Criswell of First Baptist Church for a banquet to honor the new Criswell College president, from Kenneth Copeland Ministries to celebrate the Copelands’ ministry at the 1997 Southwest Believers’ Convention, from Chuck Swindoll for his installation as president at Dallas Theological Seminary, from the LBJ Library for the celebration of Lady Bird Johnson’s 80th birthday, from Jay Strack on behalf of the Conference of Southern Baptist Evangelists for their 1990 Evangelist Conference, from the James Robison Evangelistic Association to speak at its 1990 Bible conference, from Carlos McLeod of the Baptist General Convention of Texas of its Evangelism Conference in 1985, from the Jesus ‘79 convention (advance drafts of the convention were sent out listing Graham as a key speaker prior to his being invited to do so), from Wheaton College (Leighton Ford filled the speaking assignment), from the Poetry Society of Texas for an “endorsement of the idea of dedicating a building to the Art of Poetry,” from Howard Butt to speak at the 1969 Houston Laymen’s Institute, from Tom Landry to speak at a citywide rally in Dallas of the Fellowship of Christian Athletes, from Waggoner Carr to speak at the Attorney General’s Youth Conference on Crime, and many churches and ministries. Also included in folder 64-3 is the typed text Graham recorded for the Evangelism Conference of the Baptist General Convention of Texas.
Utah: From the Utah-Idaho Southern Baptist Convention to address an evangelistic conference (William Souther was persistent in his invitation), from Lowell Thomas of the American Academy of Achievement for the 1972 Salute to Excellence program, from Governor Calvin Rampton to address an evening rally and meet community and church officials
Vermont: From the Lifeway Crisis Pregnancy Center to speak at an outdoor event, from The Vermont Country Store to preach in a village church
Virgina: From the Jefferson Literary and Debating Society to be a featured speaker, from Patricia Cornwell to do a reading from one of his books at the concluding event for a fund-raising campaign for the Virginia Literacy Foundation, from Johnson & Johnson to address the company’s Business Council, from Truro Episcopal Church to visit and possibly speak to the congregation, from George Verwer of Operation Mobilisation to the official welcome of the ship M/V Doulos for its first visit to the United States
Washington: From Representative Kirk Pearson to be the speaker at the governor’s prayer breakfast, from the Greater Tacoma Christian Laymen’s Outreach, from Good News at Work to arrange for a visit and brief talk to The Boeing Company, from the Veterans Administration Hospital for a bicentennial service, from the Rhododendron Festival to be the Grande Marshall for the festival’s parade
West Virginia: From the Mother’s Day Shrine to be a speaker, from the Mountain State Forest Festival to speak at the Distinguished Guests Dinner
Wisconsin: From InterVarsity Christian Fellowship to speak at the 1996 Urbana, from the Baptist Peace Fellowship of North America, from the Green Bay State Prison to speak to inmates, from the Peshtigo United Methodist Church to speak at the Peshtigo Fire Centennial ceremony
Wyoming: From a Wyoming citizen and activist for the deployment of Minute-Man Missiles in Cheyenne, from the Wyoming State Penitentiary, from the Wyoming Farm Bureau Federation to address delegates
Canal Zone (U.S. territory until 1979): For the Governor’s prayer breakfast
Marshall Islands (part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands until 1986): A single reply regarding a visit to the Micronesian islands
Philippines (a U.S. territory from 1898 to 1946): From United Evangelical Church of the Philippines to its golden jubilee celebration, from Far East Broadcasting Company
Puerto Rico (unincorporated territory of the U.S.): From the National Association of Secretaries of State to receive the Meritorious Public Service Medallion, from the Puerto Rico Bible Society to speak at its annual banquet, from International Christian Broadcasters to speak at its 1976 Congress, meeting of secretaries of state, conference
Virgin Islands (unincorporated territory of the U.S.): From the Teenager’s Bible Club to speak at their meeting if he visits the islands (declined twice)
65-12,13 and 66-1,2,3,4,5
Canada: From Toronto and Winnipeg Youth for Christ for their 50th and 60th anniversaries, from Bibles International to speak at event coinciding with the 1994 Commonwealth Games in Victoria, BC, from the United Church of Canada to participate in the Canadian Christian Festival III, from Vision 2000 Canada for the final address at the National Leadership Consultation on Evangelism, from the Pentecostal Assemblies of Canada to speak at the Congress of Pentecostal Leadership, from Mario Di Gandi, from BMMF International/Canada to be an evening speaker at the Canadian Consultation on World Evangelization, from the Canadian Bible Society to address its annual meeting, from Paul Smith of The People’s Church to speak at the church’s golden jubilee, from Brian Stiller of Youth for Christ Canada, from the Hungarian Freedom Fighters Federation of Canada to offer a prayer at their Toronto monument, from the Canadian Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship to speak at a Campus in the Woods conference, from Philip Potter of the World Council of Churches to attend 6th Assembly in 1983 in Vancouver (with accompanying participant materials, although Graham canceled shortly before the meeting), from various organizations and individuals regarding plans to hold a rally during the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal (the rally was cancelled in order for Graham to travel to Guatemala to deliver sympathy and prayers for earthquake victims
Subseries: I.D.11.a.2. Invitations declined - U.S. & Canada - Crusades
Arrangement: Alphabetically by state or province (Note: the files are in the same reverse chronological order in which they were kept in the Montreat office)
Date Range: 1957-2002
Volume: 1.2 cubic feet
Geographic coverage: United States, Canada
Type of documents: Correspondence and supporting documents, faxes, memos
Correspondents: Graham, John Corts, Sterling Huston, Walter Smyth
Notes: These files, usually one folder per state, consist of letters (some handwritten) inquiring about or urging Graham’s availability to hold a crusade in their community – many times in smaller cities – and replies from his representatives declining the invitation. Correspondents include church clergy, representatives and lay leaders, ministry representatives, a few state representatives, and individuals. The invitations may have contributed to BGEA planning for crusades held later or planning for outreach in the region. For the earlier years, in most cases, the original letter of invitation received by the BGEA is not included, whereas in the later years, the original letter is attached to the BGEA reply. In some cases there are multiple letters concerning the same possible event.
Watts Area, Los Angeles (Calif.): From E.V. Hill asking Graham to come to South Central Los Angeles with the hope of an event that could “possibly be the turning point of both race relations and evangelism in America,” with an effort to have an integrated but predominantly Black-led and attended event; first scheduled for February 1973, it was postponed to 1974 and finally canceled.
Washington, D.C.: Letters discussing a crusade, possibly on the National Mall, between 1973 and 1975, including a letter from and to President Richard Nixon (dated 2/1/72 and 2/4/72), letters from the Council of Churches of Greater Washington objecting to Graham holding a meeting because of his positions on race relations and the Vietnam War, numerous letters with U.S. Congressman Wilmer Mizell from North Carolina
Illinois: Exchange with Herbert J. Taylor about a possible 1965 crusade in Chicago
Indiana: Replies about an Indianapolis crusade, concluding to the governor and then-Mayor Richard Lugar
Massachusetts: From Allan Emery about a 1976 crusade in Providence, RI, from Harold John Ockenga about a Boston crusade
New York: Letters suggesting a one-day evangelistic thrust in conjunction with the North American Mission Board in late 2001 following September 11th
Pennsylvania: From James Boice of Tenth Presbyterian Church in Philadelphia about a possible 1982 crusade, from Ted Dienert about a 1976 crusade in Philadelphia
South Carolina: Includes note with photocopies regarding eight bound books of signatures inviting Graham and the BGEA to hold a crusade in Columbia (see Collection 17, box 280); also in the folder is a folder of letters removed from the eight notebooks, including letters from state politicians such as state and U.S. senators (Ernest Hollings, Strom Thurmond), a governor and mayor, state and U.S. representatives, South Carolina Baptist Convention leaders, others.
Texas: Reports from Sterling Huston to Graham (1989-1990) summarizing the efforts and progress to hold a crusade in Austin, eventually obstructed by a ruling of the University of Texas’s Board of Regents that prevented use of campus facilities for a multi-day event
Utah: Numerous letters address concerns to reach Salt Lake City and the broader the Mormon population, but also criticism from Fundamentalists and anxiety about confrontation with negative press coverage and fear of confrontation with Mormonism
Washington (State): From Robert Munger of University Presbyterian Church in the Pacific Northwest
Wisconsin: Letters from Art Riemer and the Milwaukee Crusade Committee inviting Graham to return in the near future for a follow-up crusade
Canada: Includes a large volume of correspondence beginning in 1967 about the possibility of a 1977 Montreal crusade
Subseries: I.D.11.a.3. Invitations declined - U.S. - Schools
Arrangement: Alphabetically by state or province (Note: the files are in the same reverse chronological order in which they were kept in the Montreat office)
Date Range: 1962-2008
Volume: 2.2 cubic feet
Geographic coverage: United States, Canada
Type of documents: Correspondence, memos, reports, school catalogs, handbooks, newsletters and newspapers
Correspondents: Graham, John Akers, David Bruce, John Corts, Willis Haymaker, Sterling Huston, Walter Smyth, Stephanie Wills, and T.W. Wilson
Notes: These files, usually with one folder per state (except for one folder for all of Canada), consist of letters urging Graham to come to their school (college, university, Bible school, high school, student campus-ministry groups) for a commencement or chapel service, campus-wide revival or mission, building dedication, inauguration of new leader or departure of a retiring one, or other program; the major universities for each state are usually represented among the requests. Correspondents include university, college, seminary and high school administrators (Christian, secular, public and private), chaplains, faculty, campus-ministry representatives, and students, as well as church-related institutes and seminars (like Robert Schuller’s Institute of Successful Church Leadership) or Youth With a Mission’s DTS. For the earlier years, in most cases, the original letter of invitation received by the BGEA is not included, whereas in the later years, the original letter is attached to the BGEA reply. In some cases there are multiple letters concerning the same possible event.
Arkansas: From John Brown Jr. and John Brown III (of John Brown University) a number of different times
California: Includes letter from InterVarsity General Director Charles Troutman appealing to Graham to consider a series of meetings at UCLA
Connecticut: Numerous invitations from The Yale Political Union
District of Columbia: From the Young Republican Leadership Training School
Florida: Documents Graham’s plans to speak at the 1990 commencement ceremony at Stetson University, which was later canceled due to his hospitalization; several from W.T. Watson at Trinity College (formerly Florida Bible Institute), including to commemorate the 35th anniversary of Graham’s graduation
Illinois: Nine general state file and several specific folders related to Wheaton College events, including chapel services, the dedication of Barrows Auditorium in the Billy Graham Center in 1980 (includes Graham’s prepared remarks that were not used), and the inauguration of J. Richard Chase as the college’s president in 1982; correspondence with Wheaton College presidents (V. Raymond Edman, Hudson Armerding, Richard Chase, Duane Litfin) and other administrators occupy much of the file, along with multiple requests from Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, Moody Bible College, and Judson College, among others.
Kentucky: Letters from Asbury College, Asbury Theological Seminary (including from Robert Coleman), and Southern Baptist Theological Seminary for Graham to speak at various occasions; also an appeal from the president of the Student Coalition for Graham to speak in the midst of the demonstrations and violence on the University of Kentucky campus.
Massachusetts: Invitations from Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary (including from Harold J. Ockenga) and several schools or colleges of Harvard University predominate in the file. Includes correspondence about invitations from Smith College (also see folder 71-16).
Minnesota: Correspondence with invitations from several institutions in the Twin Cities predominate in the file, including Northwestern College (which Graham served as president from 1947 to 1952), Bethel College and Seminary and Luther Theological Seminary
New Jersey: Includes correspondence regarding speaking opportunities for Graham at Princeton University and Theological Seminary
New York: Includes correspondence about invitations from King’s College (including from Bob Cook), Nyack College and Stony Brook School
Syracuse University: Includes extensive 11/4/60 letter from InterVarsity Christian Fellowship staffworker Robert Nuermberger, with background information on the IVCF chapter and spiritual needs of the Syracuse campus
North Carolina: Voluminous invitations to schools in Graham’s home state, among them Montreat College (previously Montreat Anderson College) in his hometown, Gordon-Conwell’s Charlotte campus, Duke, University of North Carolina, Wake Forest University and Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary, Gardner-Webb College, and Ben Lippen School; also included are appeals from Senator Jesse Helms for Graham to speak at Wingate College and Campbell University.
Ohio: Includes a thick series of correspondence (1970-1971) encouraging Graham to visit Kent State University following the campus disturbances and killings of four students in 1969; among the correspondents were Jim Engel, professor of marketing at Kent,Charlie Riggs, and representatives of campus ministries
Oklahoma: Includes a 1988 letter from Oral Roberts and another from Friends of Oral Roberts University in 1980
Pennsylvania: Includes correspondence with invitations to Grove City College and Messiah College
South Carolina: Includes invitations from Columbia Bible College (from J. Robertson McQuilkin) / Columbia International University, to the groundbreaking for the Strom Thurmond Center for Excellence at Clemson University, and The Citadel (Military College of South Carolina)
Tennessee: Includes invitations from King College, Covenant College, Bryan College, Carson-Newman College, Vanderbilt University, and Milligan College
Texas: Includes invitations from John Walvoord and Charles Swindoll of Dallas Theological Seminary, Houston Baptist University, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, Baylor University, LeTourneau University, Dallas Baptist College, Howard Payne College, Texas A&M University, Southern Methodist University. Also included is an exploratory letter inviting Graham to pray the invocation at the New Year’s Day Cotton Bowl football game between Arkansas and Tennessee, and an invitation for Graham to be part of a discussion on media evangelism during a symposium co-sponsored by the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and the University of Texas.
Virginia: Includes invitations from Jerry Falwell of Liberty University, CBN University, Union Theological Seminary, and the Armed Forces Staff College
Washington (state): Includes invitations from Seattle Pacific University
Subseries: I.D.11.a.4. Invitations declined - U.S. - Military
Arrangement: Alphabetically by state (Note: the files are in the same reverse-chronological order in which they were kept in the Montreat office)
Date Range: 1962-2008
Volume: .2 cubic feet
Geographic coverage: United States, United Kingdom
Type of documents: Correspondence, reports, event programs
Correspondents: Graham, Bob Featherstone, Sterling Huston, Eva Prior, Walter Smyth, Martha Warkentin, Stephanie Wills, Grady Wilson, T.W. Wilson, military officers and chaplains Notes: These files consist of letters from all United States military branches requesting Graham to come to facilities (Pentagon, base, academy, Vietnam, ship) for a chapel service, banquet, reunion, or other program. Requests were sent primarily from military officers and chaplains. For the earlier years, in most cases, the original letter of invitation received by the BGEA is not included, whereas in the later years, the original letter is attached to the BGEA reply. In some cases there are multiple letters concerning the same possible event.
Includes a 1995 request from the Department of the Army for Graham to lead an ecumenical service to commemorate the end of World War II; also a Ministry of Defense invitation for Graham to address the UK Armed Forces personnel in 1993
Correspondence regarding Graham’s scheduled December 1968 appearance at the Pentagon Protestant Pulpit that was canceled due to his impromptu trip to Vietnam; also see Folder 75-13
Letters regarding attempts to have Graham visit Vietnam, including during the Christmas seasons in 1969 and 1970
Subseries: I.D.11.b.1. Invitations declined - Foreign - Single meetings
Arrangement: Alphabetically by country. (Note: the files are in the same reverse chronological order in which they were kept in the Montreat office)
Date Range: 1961-2005
Volume: 1.6 cubic feet
Geographic coverage: International
Type of documents: Correspondence, reports, school catalogs, handbooks, newsletters
Correspondents: Graham, John Akers, Blair Carlson, John Corts, Willis Haymaker, Sterling Huston, Norman Mydske, Eva Prior, Norm Sanders, Walter Smyth, Stephanie Wills, T.W. Wilson, other BGEA staff
Notes: Beyond all the domestic invitations Graham received, he was also invited to events in numerous foreign countries, often in conjunction with a crusade or other already-scheduled event. Among these were conferences, prayer breakfasts, evangelistic meetings and congresses, building dedications, anniversary celebrations, public marches, mission trips, weddings, etc. Those making the requests included church clergy, denominational representatives (many of them Baptists), lay leaders, ministry and mission representatives, individuals (many of whom had previous ministry experience with Graham in the country or internationally, i.e., Richard Bewes or Maurice Rowlandson in England, Peter Schneider in Germany, Billy Kim in South Korea, etc.). In some cases, correspondence spanning a whole continent is clustered into a single folder (e.g., Africa), even though there are also individual folders for nations such as Ethiopia or Kenya. The most voluminous of these files are for England. On occasion, a folder is filed within a folder, even though in other cases, similar folders are filed separately.
Africa: Includes invitations from Festo Kivengere of African Enterprise for Graham to speak at the 1984 Mideast Christian Leadership Assembly, and to the 1976 Ghana Congress on Evangelization
Argentina: Includes invitations from the Baptist World Alliance for Graham to speak at its world congress and Baptist Youth World Congress
Australia: Invitation from Emilio Castro to attend the 1991 Seventh Assembly of the World Council of Churches in Canberra in 1991
Brazil: Includes correspondence with Nilson Fanini about invitations to preach during the United Nation’s 1992 World Conference on the Environment and Development
Bulgaria: Includes correspondence from John Akers to the Orthodox Patriarch of Bulgaria and the Bulgarian ambassador to the United States to coordinate ongoing conversations between Billy Graham and those he met during his 1978 visit to Poland and in 1977 to Hungary (accompanied by Alexander Haraszti); the hope is expressed for Graham to travel in 1987 to Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia and the U.S.S.R. (which would be celebrating the 1000th anniversary of the Orthodox Church) and to Poland in 1988 – eventually Haraszti visited Bulgaria in 1987 and 1988 on behalf of, rather than with Graham
Cuba: Includes invitation for Graham to attend the 2002 Congress of Evangelism and Missions in Havana
Ecuador: Includes invitation from MAF president Charles Bennett for the Grahams to accompany him and several others to the site of the murders of the five missionaries by the Waorani Indians in early 1956 (Jim Elliot, Nate Saint, Ed McCully, Pete Fleming, Roger Youdarian)
England: Invitations from Gordon Landreth of the Evangelical Alliance, to be a part of the New Millennium Challenge on New Year’s Day in 2000, from John Stott to Graham to the Forum 2002 on Climate Change (and others from Stott); from staff in the BGEA’s London office, including Maurice Rowlandson and C. Alan Stephens)
77-17 possible restriction
Iraq: Invitation from the Council of Churches of Iraq to attend the Second Christian Religious Conference in Baghdad in 1995
Israel: Includes invitation from Jerusalem mayor Teddy Kollek for Graham to pay a return visit to the country; an invitation from Carl Henry to Graham to attend the Jerusalem Conference on Biblical Prophecy in 1971
South Korea: Invitations from Paul Yonggi Cho and Kyung-Chik Han; also from UNESCO’s Restoration of Morality and Humanity convention and to attend the presidential prayer breakfast in South Korea
Lebanon: Invitation on 7/12/63 for Graham to preach the closing message at the Baptist World Alliance in Beirut due to Martin Luther King Jr.’s cancellation “because of crisis”
Liberia: Invitation from Liberian president W.R. Tolbert Jr. for a dedication service for facilities of Baptist Theological Seminary
Mexico: Invitation from Juan Isais to attend a 1989 Evangelism in Depth congress
Monaco: Invitation [to attend the dedication?] for an avenue naming for Dwight Eisenhower
Philippines: Invitation for Graham to address the Philippine Congress on Evangelism at the time of the Second International Congress on World Evangelization in Lausanne in 1989
Poland: Much of the folder’s correspondence is related to Graham’s plans to visit Poland to celebrate the Protestant ceremonies to mark the one thousand years of Christianity in the country in 1966 (Graham was unable to visit due to the Polish government’s denial of his visa request); included are background documents, a letter from Richard Wurmbrand warning Graham not to come, and another from President Lyndon Baines Johnson expressing his approval for Graham’s going; Stan Mooneyham (working as special assistant to Graham) and Robert Evans (Greater Europe Mission) are among those involved in the plans
Singapore: Invitation from Thomas Wang to attend the 1989 Global Consultation on World Evangelization by AD 2000 and Beyond, Brian Stiller and Ramez Attalah to attend Singapore 87 and I. Ben Wati to attend the 1978 Asian Leadership Conference on Evangelism
South Africa: Invitation from Michael Cassidy to attend the Africa Enterprise’s 30th anniversary celebration
Switzerland: Invitation from Bill Bright to attend EXPLO 91
Taiwan: Invitation from John Liu to attend the monthly breakfast group Sino-America Fellowship while Graham was in Taiwan; Doug Coe of the Fellowship House also writes Graham to endorse the strategic importance of accepting Liu’s invitation
Subseries: I.D.11.b.2. Invitations declined - Foreign - Crusades
Arrangement: Alphabetically by state or province. (Note: the files are in the same reverse chronological order in which they were kept in the Montreat office)
Date Range: 1961-2005
Volume: 1.6 cubic feet
Geographic coverage: International
Type of documents: Correspondence, reports, press releases, one set of minutes, newsletters, telegrams
Correspondents: Graham, Walter Smyth, Cliff Barrows, Bob Williams, T.W. Wilson, John Akers, Cliff Barrows, Stephanie Wills, Franklin Graham, other BGEA associates assigned to respond on behalf of Graham, representatives of ministries and denominations, political and civic figures. Henry Holley, who had extensive experience laying the groundwork for BGEA crusades across Asia, is a regular correspondent or reporter in files for Asian countries.
Notes: These files, usually one folder per country (with Guam, Okinawa, Philippines and Puerto Rico, presumably grouped as American territories or occupied areas, filed at the end), consist of letters (some handwritten) inquiring about or urging Graham’s availability to hold a crusade and replies from his representatives declining the invitation. The invitations may have contributed to BGEA planning for crusades held later or planning for the region, but the range of these show (see the full list in the Container List of this guide) the scope of invitations that went far beyond what Graham and the BGEA could accommodate. Most of the files are very thin, with those for Great Britain being the major exception.
Australia: Consists of a number of files, most related to planning for Festival 96
Biafra: Appeal in 1969 from a representative of the Republic of Biafra for Graham to visit the country recently seceded from Nigeria
Brazil: Invitation from Nilson Fanini for Graham to return to Rio de Janeiro for another crusade (last held in 1975); also for President’s prayer luncheon, governmental and ministry meetings, United Nations summit
Cuba: An extensive report from Denton Lotz of the Baptist World Alliance on a meeting he was a part of (along with Billy Kim, Nilson Fanini, four Cuban Baptists) at the invitation with Fidel Castro; also a Norm Mydske report on his part in a 1993 visit to Cuba
Egypt: appeals from Abd-al-Masih Istafnous of The Bible Society in the A.R.E (Arab Republic of Egypt); along with a report on evangelistic meetings held in Cairo by Festo Kivengere and Michael Cassidy; a 1976 cable from Anwar el Sadat following Graham’s stop in Egypt
England: Includes original 1980 invitation with signatures for Graham to return to Great Britain for a nationwide mission. Folder 81-1 contains segments of correspondence dedicated to Manchester, Liverpool and broader Merseyside, and General; there was concerted effort and many exchanges with Graham in 1975 by Manchester churches and ministry leaders to bring him back to their community for a crusade, and a nationwide plan for a crusade in 1978, including a two-page summary of the plan and a transcript of remarks by Anglican clergyman David Bubbers on his concern about localchurch evangelism and the need for a crusade; also included is a letter from Archbishop of Canterbury Donald Coggan about the possibility of and strategy for a future crusade, and several much later in 2005 to plan another crusade. Especially in the England files, Graham’s longstanding history and connections are in evidence by the relationships that reemerge to persuade him to conduct a crusade, including Ernest Shippam, A.J. Dain, C. Alan Stephens, D.J. Wilson-Haffenden, Maurice A.F. Wood, Lord Luke (Ian St. John Lawson Johnston Luke), Gordon Landreth, Tom Houston, Gilbert Kirby, Eric Hutchings, A.W. Goodwin Hudson, Martin Higginbottom, David Bubbers, Roy Barker, Michael Cole, Clarence Jefferies, as well as Maurice Rowlandson of the BGEA’s London office. Graham’s affection for the people of and connections with Great Britain are obvious throughout his writings, of which there are many of his personal replies.
Finland: Includes appeal from Mark Austad, American ambassador to Finland, for a crusade in the country
Germany: Includes invitations from Peter Schneider of the German Evangelical Alliance
Hong Kong: Includes letter from Graham’s son Ned about a possible 1997 crusade that progressed quite far in the planning process before being canceled
India: Invitation from Sundar Clarke asking Graham to consider a crusade in India in 1982 or 1983
Indonesia: Repeated invitations from Petrus Octavianus to conduct a crusade, from the Indonesia Council of Churches in 1971, and from Don Hoke of Tokyo Christian College (and later director of the Billy Graham Center) and earlier Stanley Mooneyham of World Vision reporting on trips through Asia that included appeals from Indonesia for a crusade to be scheduled there
Italy: Most of the file relates to the invitations and planning for a crusade in Rome, tentatively slated for 1973 (a fixed date was never set). Royal Peck’s “Facts on Rome’s Religions Comportment” is intended to inform consideration of such crusade; a Religious News Service press release reports on Graham’s refusal to hold a crusade with the condition that he not meet with Vatican officials or the Pope as requested by some Italian Protestants; meeting minutes from December 1970 include remarks on concerns about the Catholic issue in relation to a crusade; a letter from Walter Smyth to Phil and Louis Palermo offer thanks for their suggestions and ideas about a possible crusade in Rome. Plans for a preliminary meeting before or after the European Congress on Evangelism in Amsterdam at the end of August 1971 were suggested, but the meeting with a press conference were held in late October instead. Letters from Royal Peck and Robert Evans also appear in the file.
Letters from representatives of the Catholic Church in Europe also illustrate Graham’s exploring all avenues and implications of a Roman visit. A letter from Archbishop H.E. Cardinale in Brussels (3/1/72 ) states, “I have just received a letter from Archbishop Benelli, Substitute of State at the Vatican, requesting me to assure you in confidence that a) the Holy See does not object to such a crusade being held in Rome; b) you are quite free to preach there as you do elsewhere; and c) your attitude in this connection was deeply appreciated by the Roman authorities.”
Kenya: Includes a report from Festo Kivengere giving Graham his evaluation of the 1969 New York Crusade and “the AfroAmericans’ attitude to it from an African’s standpoint ”
Lebanon: Invitation to meet with Gabriel Habib, General Secretary of the Middle East Council of Churches
Mexico: Correspondence with Vidal Valencia, Juan Isais and Luis Palau about a proposed Mexico City Crusade
Moscow: Reports from Bob Williams and correspondence and other input about potential crusades in Novosibirsk, St. Petersburg, Kiev and Alma-Ata, Kazakhstan
New Zealand: Correspondence on the intended Festival ‘96 in New Zealand and Australia in 1996 that Graham canceled for health reasons; Franklin Graham subsequently accepted the invitation to hold the evangelistic meetings
Pakistan: Reply from Walter Smyth to invitation from Chandu Ray for Graham to come to the country in 1964 or 1965 (also see Ray’s letter to Graham in folder 82-34)
Portugal: Letters from Sam Faircloth to explore a crusade in Portugal (Faircloth was a classmate of Graham’s while a student at Wheaton College); after much effort, crusade was canceled for security reasons.
Romania: Appeal communicated by Representative Frank R. Wolf of the U.S. Congress to consider a visit to Romania; also follow-up letters from Graham and his representatives to Orthodox Church leaders after Graham’s 1982 visit to Moscow for the World Conference: Religious Workers for Saving the Sacred Gift of Life from Nuclear Catastrophe
Scotland: David McLagan’s letters expressing a desire to discuss a crusade in Scotland
Uganda: Correspondence with Festo Kivengere about coming to Uganda; a 1/07/80 letter is also included from James Mageria advising Graham not to come because of lawlessness and unnecessary risk to the Ugandan church
Zaire: Memo with attached report from Gottfried Osei-Mensah proposing two African crusades to be held in 1989 in Kinshasa and Nairobi, Kenya
Subseries: I.D.11.b.3. Invitations declined - Foreign - Schools
Arrangement: Alphabetically by country (Note: the files are in the same reverse-chronological order in which they were kept in the Montreat office)
Date Range: 1963-2005
Volume: .2 cubic feet
Geographic coverage: International
Type of documents: Correspondence, school catalogs, handbooks, newsletters
Correspondents: Graham, Walter Smyth, Eva Prior, Mary Becker
Notes: These files consist of letters urging Graham to come to their school (college, university, seminary, Bible school, high school, student campus-ministry groups) for a commencement or chapel service, campus-wide revival or mission, building dedication, inauguration of new leader or departure of a retiring one, or other program; a country’s major universities are usually represented among the requests.
Japan: Several letters from Don Hoke inviting Graham to Tokyo Christian College
Nigeria: Letter from Will Norton inviting Graham to participate in the commencement service at Theological Seminary Jos
Taiwan: Letter from James Hudson Taylor III inviting Graham to China Evangelical Seminary for its first commencement exercise
Series: I. Correspondence
Subseries: I.D.12 - Special - Luverne Gustavson
Arrangement: Chronological by year, then alphabetical by name of correspondent
Date Range: 1945-1960. The 1945-1946 correspondence is in folder 220-10
Volume: 17.2 cubic feet
Geographic coverage: United States and England, with a good deal of material from Germany, Australia and India, and some material from Africa, Asia, and South America
Type of documents: Correspondence, brochures or handbills, reports, newspaper clippings, manuscripts of articles
Correspondents: (What follows is only a small sampling of the correspondents found in these files. These are only a fraction of the individuals with whom Graham had regular correspondence, not to mention those who only wrote him once or twice. The names listed here are generally those who had substantial correspondence over two or more years. To locate all the correspondence for a particular individual, the best strategy would be to go year by year to the alphabetical file for that person’s name.) Lane Adams, Amy Anderson, Hudson Taylor Armerding, Jesse Bader, Donald Grey Barnhouse, Sr., Cliff Barrows, William Berntsen, Lowell Berry, Eugene Bertermann, Joe Blinco, John Bolten, Sr., Wilhelm Brauer, Loren Bridges, Bill Bright, R. R. Brown, Howard Butt, Senator Frank Carlson, Calvin Chao, Governor Frank G. Clement, Bob Cook, Charles T. Cook (of The Christian magazine), John Cordle, Percy Crawford, William Culbertson, Edward T. Darling, Robert Denny, Peter Deyneka, John Foster Dulles, Enoch Dyrness, V. Raymond Edman, Allan C. Emery, Jr., Ted Engstrom, Theodore Epp, Clarence Erickson, Dale Evans (sometimes filed under Mrs. Roy Rogers), Robert Evans, Robert O. Ferm, Howard Ferrin, Lloyd Fesmire, Leighton Ford, Frank E. Gaebelein, Armin Gesswein, Andrew Gih, Roy Gustafson; Stuart Hamblen, Garvin Hamilton, Akbar Haqq (starting 1957), Redd Harper, Paul Harvey (1953 and on), Willis Haymaker, Evon Hedley, Carl Henry, Stanley High, Donald Hoke, Philip Howard, Jr., of the Sunday School Times, Horace Hull, Roger Hull, Don Hustad, Eric Hutchings, Jimmie Johnson, Torrey Johnson, Bob Jones, Jr., Bob Jones, Sr., Howard O. Jones, Walter Judd, Stanley Kresge, Mel Larson, Mark Lee, G. Merrill Lennox, Harold Lindsell, Thomas Livermore, Larry Love, John MacKay, Russell Maguire, Walter Maier, Robert McQuilkin, Henrietta Mears, Al Metsker, John Minder, Ralph Mitchell, J. Palmer Muntz, James DeForrest Murch, Victor Nelson, Harold J. Ockenga, Stephen Olford, J. Edwin Orr, Stephen Paine, Vernon Patterson, Dan Poling, Gordon Powell, Alan Redpath, Paul Rees, Tom Rees, John R. Rice, W. B. Riley, Marie R. Riley (Mrs. W. B. Riley), Congressman Mendel Rivers, Donald Robertson, Homer Rodeheaver, O. E. Sanden, Bob Savage, H. H. Savage, Ray Schulenburg, George Beverly Shea, Bob Shuler, Jack Shuler, Senator George Smathers, Oswald Smith, Tedd Smith, Wilbur M. Smith, Walter M. Smyth, Tim Spencer, Robert Spiro, John Stott, Kenneth Strachan, Helen Sunday, S. H. Sutherland of the Bible Institute of Los Angeles (BIOLA), Kenneth Taylor, Colleen Townsend, W. Cameron Townsend, A. W. Tozer, Dawson Trotman, Robert Van Kampen, W. O. Vaught, Abraham Vereide, Robert Walker, Leland Wang, W. T. Watson, G. Archer Weniger, George Wilson, Grady Wilson, T. W. Wilson, C. Stacey Woods, J. Elwin Wright, Jack Wyrtzen, P. J. Zondervan
Notes: Luverne Gustavson was secretary to the president of Northwestern Schools when Billy Graham succeeded William B. Riley as the head of that institution in late 1947. She remained with Graham when he resigned as president in 1951, and continued as his secretary until 1961. Graham had remained fully involved in his evangelistic ministry through all these years, even before the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association (BGEA) was formed in 1950. It was eventually decided that the corporate offices of the BGEA would be in Minneapolis, headed by business manager George Wilson. However, Graham’s personal office remained where it always had been, near his home in Montreat, North Carolina. Gustavson moved there and provided essential support for the evangelist’s wide-ranging ministry until her retirement.
In 1985, Graham’s secretary Stephanie Wills refoldered some of the files of her predecessor, which were in bad shape and the BGC Archives staff did the same with others, although as much as possible the staff tried to leave material in their original folders. The Montreat staff often removed letters to move them to another folder where they would be more useful, as when all of the correspondence of someone who became president of the United States was removed into one notebook. When that was done, a blue sheet was left in the originating folder, indicating what had been removed and where it went. In some cases, the blue sheet is a photocopy of the first page of the letter.
Gustavson’s files for those years well reflect the growing complexity and outreach of Graham’s ministry when he first became nationally and then internationally known to the general public, and when he was establishing relationships with ministers, church leaders, politicians, and businessmen all over the world. There is relatively little strictly personal material in the correspondence, but all aspects of his ministry are amply documented. His lists of people to send Christmas cards to (for example folders 250-12, 254-1, 254-2) give an indication of Graham’s extensive contacts, both in terms of people involved in immediate past and future projects and campaigns and those associated with his long term ministry, including BGEA staff, family and friends, politicians, businessmen, people in the media, church leaders, other ministries.
Probably about ninety percent of the documents in this subseries are letters to or from Graham. Most are over his signature, but some are by others who usually say that they are responding for Graham because he is out of town or otherwise unable to reply. Among those who usually would answer for him are Gustavson herself, Jerry Beaven, L. Nelson Bell, Ed Darling (who briefly in the late 1950s and early 1960s headed up a BGEA in Charlotte, North Carolina, to handle matters related just to Graham’s evangelistic team), Grady Wilson, and T. W. Wilson (when he was serving as Graham’s assistant during the Northwestern Schools years 1945-1952).
Here are some of the major themes that appear in these files. In each case a few particular names or folders are listed as samples, but to truly find all the relevant material on a topic, the researcher will need to comb through the files under the names of relevant correspondents :
• Graham’s presidency of Northwestern Schools. The history of Graham ‘s presidency, his oversight of policy, his recruitment of faculty and staff and his fund raising efforts are reflected in many folders, especially folder 232-15. A record of William B. Riley’s relentless efforts to recruit Graham as his successor can be found in folder 220-10. Other folders with significant information on Graham’s administration include 219-2,5,10, 219-12, 220-3,10, 221-1,3,4,6, 224-5,7, 225-9, 226-3,4,6, 228-1, 229-6, 230-2,8, 231-6,7,12,23, 234-10, and 240-3. There is naturally much less material about Northwestern Schools after Graham’s resignation in 1952, but each year afterward has some material. His continuing interest in the institution is shown by his correspondence with later presidents Richard Elvee and Curtis Akenson and his letter on behalf of the school to J. Howard Pew in folder 257-24.
• His evangelistic ministry. Well over half of the subseries must consist of letters to Graham asking him to hold an evangelistic crusade in a city (usually in the United States or England, but every continent is well represented except Antarctica). See for the year 1955 a list of invitations in folders 236-11 and 236-12, or in a single church or speak at some kind of religious meeting or civic function; replies from Graham or his staff accepting or refusing or deferring a decision; reports from participants on how particular meetings went, almost always very positive; the organization of particular crusades. The actual setting up of crusade committees in various cities and other details of organization were usually handled by Willis Haymaker, Jerry Beaven, or other BGEA staff, but in these early days when the crusade method was still being developed, Graham would occasionally write with suggestions and ideas for particular crusade. See for example his correspondence with Haymaker in folders 224-10, 24812, 251-7. (See also Roger Hull’s letter in 246-12 outlining ideas for changes on crusade practice arising out of his experience as chairman for the 1957 New York City Crusade.) Correspondence for a particular crusade is usually scattered throughout the year before, the year of and the year after a particular campaign, even if these is one folder dedicated to that meeting, such as folder 243-8 with material from the 1956 Louisville, Kentucky Crusade. Anyone interested in Louisville should find the names of some of the leading ministers and civic leaders involved and look for their correspondence with Graham. For some major crusades, such as London 1954 (see especially folders 236-16 through 237-3) and New York 1957, there are many years of correspondence with major participants scattered through the files. There is probably something for every evangelistic campaign Graham held between 1948 and 1961 (and a good deal on the planning of the 1962 Chicago meetings and South America tour), but there is especially full documentation for, besides those already mentioned: 1948 - Baltimore; 1949 Los Angeles;1950 - Minneapolis, Boston, Columbia, Atlanta, 1951 - Ft. Worth, Seattle, Portland; 1952 - Washington DC, Pittsburgh; 1953 - Asheville, Chattanooga, Detroit, Dallas; 1954 - Continental Tour (Finland, Sweden, Denmark, Netherlands, Germany, France), Nashville, New Orleans; 1955 - All-Scotland (see also folder 242-7), London (Wembley), Toronto; 1956 - Louisville, Kentucky; Oklahoma City, Richmond; 1958 - Australia and New Zealand tour; Charlotte, North Carolina; Greenville, South Carolina; 1959 - Indianapolis; 1960 - Africa tour, visit to Israel, Germany rallies, conference of Evangelical leaders in Switzerland , National Capital Crusade (usually referred to as the Washington Crusade, see especially folder 258-18), Spanish American Crusade in New York City; 1961 - Philadelphia, Manchester (England), Florida Tour, Miami Crusade; 1962 - Chicago campaign, 1962 South America tour
• His responsibilities as chief executive of the BGEA. Graham began leading his own evangelistic team in 1947 and incorporated as the BGEA in 1950. He was, of course, the leader from the BGEA since the beginning and these files show from the organization’s earliest days his involvement in setting policy, recruiting personnel, raising funds, and overseeing its activities as it expanded from holding evangelistic campaigns to broadcasting radio and television programs, making and distributing movies, and publishing a magazine. Graham’s correspondence with George Wilson, the Association’s business manager (for example, folders 238-14, 240-17, 245-13, 249-12, 253-1, and 256-7) are particularly good sources for these themes. They also include some of the earliest appeal letters that Graham began sending out every month to supporters of the BGEA. Folder 256-76 contains samples of the kind of administrative matters Grady Wilson handled for Graham during the early history of the BGEA. A board of directors was formally organized in 1957. Folders with material about board meetings (such as folders 245-13, 249-5, 250-5, 253-13) are a useful source on BGEA activities, plans, and policies, as is correspondence with board members such as Roger Hull. The BGEA began holding Team meetings at the end of the year, starting in 1954, bringing senior staff and board members together to fellowship, pray, discuss the past year’s activities and plan for the future. Examples of correspondence and reports of these Team meetings can be found in folder 240-5.
There are a few separate folders for some of the BGEA’s ministries, such as World Wide Pictures (folders 249-13, 253-3; for the origins of WWP as a BGEA ministry, see 240-9), the Hour of Decision radio program (folder 245-3, 246-13; see also folders 241-7, 250-4), and Graham’s newspaper column, “My Answer” (folders 239-3, 257-21). For Decision magazine, see correspondence with Sherwood Wirt starting in 1959. Folder 261-12 has examples of Graham’s strong involvement in shaping the content and tone of the magazine in its early days.
• Family. There are a very few letters to family, such as the notes to Graham from his young daughter GiGi and from Graham congratulating his sister Jean on her graduation from Wheaton College in folder 234-7. See also folder 232-3 for other family letters. There are a few letters about his wife, Ruth Bell Graham, mainly relating to her assistance to her husband or charitable activities. Also see folders 231-1, 242-9, 245-5, 246-11, and 259-13.
• Graham as a Baptist. Graham perhaps has more correspondence with Baptists in this subseries than any other denomination. Some of these are just brief notes, thanking ministers for participating in a particular crusade or answering a question, but most are more substantial. And there are many that deal with Graham as a Southern Baptist, either speaking at the annual convention (see for example folder 258-11) or corresponding with SBC presidents such as Robert G. Lee (folders 229-2, 234-10) or with presidents of the Baptist World Alliance, such as Robert Denny (folder 233-22), or material relating to his membership on the Southern Baptist Foreign Mission Board (see his correspondence with Baker Cauthen and H. Cornell Goerner). On September 21, 1950, David M. Gardner wrote an editorial for the Baptist Standard criticizing Graham for claiming to be a Baptist when he was not really one. Folder 228-4 contains the editorial, Graham’s public letter of response, and letters from several clergy and laity responding to the controversy. See also Graham’s correspondence with Robert G. Lee, president of the Southern Baptist Convention in folder 229-2. Graham himself, after belonging to a Southern Baptist church in Augusta, Georgia, joined the First Baptist Church of Dallas, Texas. His correspondence with W. A. Criswell often deals with his membership in his, Criswell’s, church. See also folders 235-1, 242-2, and 251-4. Graham also had correspondence with other SBC leaders such as Duke McCall of Southern Baptist Seminary, Robert E. Naylor of Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, and Loren R. Williams of the SB Sunday School Board. Graham also kept in touch with Baptists in the Soviet Union. See folders 23817, 240-12, 252-8, 254-18, 255-11, and 258-20.
• Friendship. Graham certainly had a gift for friendship with a wide variety of people. This subseries contains many examples of long letters he exchanged with friends and co-workers, usually over periods of many years. These letters usually intermingled items dealing with specific projects in his ministry that both he and his correspondent were involved in, as well information about family, common acquaintances, advice, etc. Listed here are some examples of individuals he had such correspondence with, but they are only examples and many more could be added: Tom Allan, Jesse Bader, V. Raymond Edman, Roy Gustafson, Eric Hutchings, Jimmie Johnson, John MacKay, John Minder, Ralph Mitchell, Stephen Olford, Wilbur Smith, Charles Templeton, Robert Van Kampen, and John Wimbish.
• Contacts with clergy. Not surprising, there are probably more letters to and from clergy than any other category. Most, although not all, are from people who already knew Graham and were writing to express support or ask questions about his theology or invite him to speak. Another common type of letter describes the beneficial effects of a BGEA campaign in their city. Among the American Fundamentalist/Evangelical church leaders, evangelists and missionaries he had exchanges of letters with were W. A. Criswell, Theodore Epp, Robert Evans, Charles Fuller, Armin Gesswein, Bob Jones, Sr., Bob Jones, Jr., Henreitta Mears, Harold J. Ockenga, John R. Rice, Merv Rosell, J. Elwin Wright of National Association of Evangelicals and the World Evangelical Alliance (after 1956 see George L. Ford correspondence for material about the NAE), Jack Wyrtzen.
Special mention should be made of his strong ties with British clergy. Graham spent a great deal of time in the British Isles in 1946 and 1947 and visited and led campaigns there frequently afterwards, especially in the mid-1950s. The years he spent there had a great influence on the development of his ministry (just as he was an important influence on British Christianity in this period). He developed close friendships with many British churchman, which is reflected in the correspondence, including (besides those mentioned above under Friendship), F. Roy Cattrell, Arthur Chapple, Charles T. Cook, John Cordle, Hugh Fraser, Hugh Gough (sometimes in the B file, sometimes the G file), A. Lindsay Glegg, A. W. Goodwin Hudson, Gilbert Kirby, Tom Livermore, Tom Rees, John Stott, and D. J. WilsonHaffenden. See also folder 243-7.
• Contacts with financial supporters. Graham also kept in close touch with a number of people who were large donors or advisors to his ministry, several of whom also served on his board of directors and/or were involved with BGEA campaigns in their home cities. Those with whom there is extensive correspondence include Allyn Bell, Lowell Berry, John Bolten, Howard Butt, Jr., George Champion, Earl Hankamer, Conrad Hilton, Horace Hull, Roger Hull, H. L. Hunt, George M. Ivey, Maxey Jarman, Kenneth Keyes, Sebastian Spering Kresge, Russell McGuire, Robert K. Morgan, J. Howard Pew, Sid Richardson, E. C. Spencer, Herbert J. Taylor, and Thomas J. Watson.
• Contacts with politicians. Very early in his ministry, Graham began establishing contacts with political leaders at the local, state, and national levels, and kept up contacts with many of them. (Correspondence with people who became president or vice president (as well as letters with British royalty and aristocracy and national leaders in other parts of the world) were removed from these files and placed in special notebooks – digital copies of those materials make up Collection 685 in the BGC Archives. Graham made it a point to send copies of some of his or other people’s books or invitations to his campaign in Washington D.C. or reports on his overseas travels to all members of Congress as well as other national leaders (see folders 23121, 233-1 through 4, 233-19,21,22, 235-8, 240-11, 244-7, and 248-1,2, 250-15). The files often contain brief, friendly correspondence with the mayors and governors of cities and states where the BGEA was holding campaigns. And there are a few politicians with whom Graham had more extensive and continuing correspondence, such as Frank Boykin, Frank Carlson, Frank Clements, Mendel Rivers, George Smathers, Herman Talmadge, and Luther Youngdahl.
Material on presidential politics. Graham was a supporter and personal friend of President Dwight D. Eisenhower and many, many letters refer to meetings he had with Eisenhower. There are also several referring to meetings with Vice President Richard Nixon. Digital copies of notebooks of correspondence with these two men as well as with other presidents and vice presidents are in Collection 685. There were four presidential elections in the period covered by the correspondence in this subseries and for two, 1952 and 1960, there is a great deal of commentary in the correspondence about the election itself and its anticipated effects, (but for the 1956 election see folder 243-7). For 1952, see folders 231-19,22,23 232-7,8,11,18,24, among others. For 1960, see 256-9, 257-3,13,16,22,23, 258-1,5, 259-1, 260-7,19, among others.
• Contacts with the media. Graham, very early in his ministry, became convinced that publicity was of vital importance to reach the largest possible audience. He developed his own radio and television broadcasts, film studio and magazine, but he also maintained close contacts with many channels of public communication, including magazine and newspaper publishers, editors and reporters, and radio, television and movie producers and personalities. He would write suggesting the coverage of a campaign or expressing thanks for coverage received, responding to questions and comments and, very rarely criticizing coverage of himself or his meetings. The requests Graham received to write articles for religious and secular publications are not as numerous as the invitations to speak, but they are still plentiful for almost every year of the subseries, especially the later years. Texts of articles Graham wrote for a variety of publications can be found in folders 239-2, 242-5, 245-7, 250-2, 257-17, 258-2,3,22, and 2608. Correspondence about coverage of Graham in the media can e found in, among other places, folders 237-1,6,8,9, 238-2, 239-4,15,19, 240-4,5, 241-4, 243-6, 244-12, 245-7,8, 248-9,11, 250-2, 253-7, 255-17, 257-16,17, 258-15, 259-4, 260-17, and 261-1. Among the prominent secular media figures with whom Graham had extended correspondence over the years are Kenneth DeCourcy, Ralph Edwards, Paul Harvey, William R. Hearst, Jr., David Lawrence, Henry Luce, Ralph McGill, and DeWitt Wallace. Graham also had extensive correspondence with Robert Walker of the magazine Christian Life. See for example 244-14 about the publication of a portion of Graham’s diary. See also folder 245-12 for a typescript of Graham’s diary from the 1957 New York Crusade and correspondence from Kenneth Taylor about negative reactions in India to the publication of excerpts from Graham’s diary of his trip to India in 1956.
• Testimonies and thank-yous. Especially numerous through the correspondence are letters from people in all parts of the world who were converted to faith in Jesus Christ or whose life was improved in some way by Graham’s ministry or (in the case of pastors) reports on the beneficial results of the BGEA’s campaigns in their congregations. Some of these were people known to Graham, while most were not. See, for example, folders 225-5, 249-7, and 255-12. Not quite as common are letters from people telling Graham their troubles and asking for prayer. Most such letters would have been sent on to Ralph Mitchell and later Victor Nelson and L. Nelson Bell, who often sent counsel and advice in response. Somewhat similar are the thank you notes that Graham or his staff wrote to people who gave him books, cars, clothes, food, donations, and other gifts because of their appreciation of his work, which often had a direct impact on their lives. Samples of this correspondence can be found in 241-12, 246-9,10, 249-8, 255-16,25, 258-13, and 261-7. These gifts, almost all from strangers, also give some idea of Graham’s celebrity.
• Involvement in other Christian institutions. Graham served on many boards and was otherwise involved in several ministries and was importuned to be involved in many more. This is reflected in the correspondence. Early in his ministry he had to begin to severely limit the time he could spend on anything outside of the work of the BGEA. Even with organizations where he was a board member, he usually was unable to attend board meetings and in some cases could lend little support beyond his name. But there were several organizations that he did feel he needed to work with.
Starting in 1954, Graham and his father-in-law L. Nelson Bell were deeply involved in starting a new journal (named Christianity Today), which would present the conservative position on theological and social issues in an intellectually respectable way, a Evangelical counterpart to the liberal The Christian Century. In its beginning years, it was meant to reach liberal as well as conservative clergy especially. The magazine received financial assistance from J. Howard Pew especially. Graham’s correspondence with Pew; Carl Henry, the first editor, Harold Ockenga; John Bolten, among others, help tell much of the story of this publication, one which Graham continued to be involved with during his ministry, although it was never part of the BGEA. Christianity Today - see also James DeForrest Murch’s letter in folder 237-4, correspondence with J. Howard Pew in folders 240-7 and 244-4, correspondence with Charles Fuller in folder 242-1, and with Carl Henry in folder 242-10. Also of interest is George Wilson’s 1957 note about complaints against the magazine in folder 239-12, and letter to Harold Ockenga in folder 255-9.
Graham served on the board of Gordon College in Massachusetts and had frequent correspondence with Harold J. Ockenga and Hudson Taylor Armerding about the school. See for example folders 240-6, 242-4, 244-2, and 255-9. This correspondence in this series ends before the creation of Gordon-Conwell Seminary, but the start of the process can be seen in J. Howard Pew’s correspondence in folder 255-10.
Radio evangelist Charles Fuller founded the Fuller Theological Seminary in 1947, with Harold J. Ockenga as its first president. It quickly became one of the major Evangelical seminaries. Graham joined the board in 1956 and his involvement is reflected in his correspondence with Fuller, Ockenga, and Harold Lindsell, among others. See folders 251-3, 259-11 and 260-18.
Youth for Christ, which Graham joined in 1945 as its first full-time employee, was also the context for his earliest national ministry. He traveled all over the country and to Europe, speaking at YFC rallies and setting up the YFC organizations in many cities. (See the Early Years subseries) He remained close to the organization, although in later years could devote only a relatively small amount of time to it. The early correspondence of this subseries contain hundreds of letters from YFC directors in different cities across the United States, giving Graham updates on their activities and usually asking him to come and speak. Graham’s correspondence with YFC presidents Robert Cook and Ted Engstrom, and with other YFC national staff such as Frank Phillips, Hubert Mitchell, Jack Daniel, and Sam Wolgemuth demonstrate his continuing interest. See especially folders 220-7,8, and 235-15.
Graham also had a strong interest in the evangelistic organization The Navigators (shown in his correspondence with Dawson Trotman and Lorne Sanny in folders 235-5, 249-2) and with the Wycliffe Bible Translators/Summer Institute of Linguistics (shown in his correspondence with W. Cameron Townsend, folders 244-11, 261-5).
• Wheaton College. Wheaton College was Graham’s alma mater and he remained in close contact with it. President V. Raymond Edman was a friend and mentor to Graham until his death in 1966. Every year of correspondence contains many letter exchanged between them, dealing with personal, ministry, and educational concerns. See, for example, folder 246-4. Graham often wrote to endorse potential students, including Leighton Ford (folders 224-6,8), Graham’s sister Jean, and various family members, and Edman would write to Graham for assistance for students. Enoch Dyrness, Wheaton’s registrar, was often consulted by Graham when he was president of Northwestern Schools for detailed recommendations on college administration. Later, he headed up an extensive project for Graham in the late 1950s to bring together several educators and wealthy Christians to determine if the time was ripe for a new Christian university and if so, where. (For more on this project, see Graham’s letter to Carl Henry in folder 254-9, to R. C. Kelre in folder 254-18, and Graham’s letter to Harold Ockenga in folder 255-9 and to Stephen Paine in folder 255-10, and especially all the contents of folder 256-14, which shows the predominant part played by Dyrness as a kind of staff person for the project and the response of many of the people Graham consulted, such as Carl Henry and Paul Harvey. Also related is his letter to Percy Crawford in folder 256-13 and Dyrness’s letter to
Fred Tuerk in folder 259-3. Graham also exchanged occasional correspondence with former professors such as Mortimer Lane, Hawley Taylor, Merrill Tenney, and Alexander Grigola (folder 257-7). Donald Brown, a classmate of Graham’s, has correspondence in folder 227-5. See too Graham’s letter to S. S. Kresage in folder 247-5 with its praise of Edman and Wheaton. Graham held a crusade in Wheaton in 1959. For more information on this campaign, see folders 254-6,8 and 256-4 and Evan Welsh correspondence in folder 256-3.
• Attitudes on Race, Segregation and Integration. Relations between blacks and whites, particularly in the American South, became the topic of debate, strife, and legislation during these early years of Graham’s ministry. He wrote articles, by invitation, for the Reader’s Digest and the UPI wire service, giving what he felt was the Christian perspective on racial harmony and justice. The background to these articles and the response to them can be found in folders 253-3 and 258-2. Other files with material about race relations in the United States include folders 241-6, 242-2, 243-6,10, 244-10, 247-16, and 251-11, Drew Pearson correspondence in folder 252-6, Cunnigham correspondence in folder 256-13, Stanley High’s correspondence in folders 257-9, 258-2,3, 258-3,15, and Wolfe’s correspondence in 261-10.
• Criticism. From 1954 to 1958, a major theme in Graham’s correspondence is the criticism he was receiving from Protestant fundamentalists for not being separated from the world and for allowing theologically liberal pastors and theologians to participate in his crusades. Graham, on the other hand, had come to the conclusion that he would allow all the churches of a city to sponsor and participate in his campaigns, provided no restrictions were placed on what he could preach. Critics also complained that the campaigns sent new converts to liberal churches for their orientation into the first steps in Christian life. Most prominent among Graham’s critics were men with whom he had previously had very close personal relations, such as Bob Jones, Sr., Jr., and John R. Rice. There is abundant material on these topics through the middle years of the ‘50s, including: letters of complaint sent to Graham and replies from Graham (to a small extent), L. Nelson Bell, Grady Wilson and others. See, for example, folders 240-9, 241-4,6,13, letter to Phil Foxwell in folder 242-1, letter to E. C. James in folder 243-1, Jones’ correspondence in folders 243-1,10, including letter from Carl McIntire, John R. Rice’s correspondence in 244-6, Robert Van Kampen’s in folder 244-13, T. W. Wilson letter to Bob Jones 244-13, letter from Graham to Jack Wyrtzen in folder 244-14, folder 246-2, Evon Hedley in folder 246-12, correspondence with Sarah Moore in folder 247-9 and 248-7, Bob Shuler’ correspondence in 249-2, letters to and from G. R Weniger, J. Elwin Wright, and Jack Wyrtzen correspondence in folder 249-11, Culbertson correspondence in folder 250-8, V. Samuel Jones’ correspondence in folder 254-17, letter to O. Doenges in folder 257-1. See also folders 227-6 and 251-12,15.
There are also some criticisms of Graham from liberal churchmen. See, for example, folders 236-15, 246-4, 246-12, 250-3, and 251-15
• Preparation of Graham’s books and sermons. Graham’s first book, Calling Youth to Christ, was basically a collection of sermons and it was brought out by Zondervan Publishing in 1947. After that, he was usually working on a book or had one in prospect. There is a significant amount of correspondence about books that were in progress, are in prospect, or the distribution and reaction to books that have been published. There is probably the most information about Peace with God, published by Doubleday and Company in 1953. Graham sent out many, many copies, including to members of Congress and the U.S. Government, ministers, businessmen, civic leaders, etc. Box 233 has much correspondence in several folders about these gifts, as well as about the writing and publishing of the book. See also folders 23522 and 236-1, Graham’s correspondence with Doubleday editors, Robert Van Kampen (of Van Kampen Press and Hitchcock Press, folder 230-2), W. B. Eerdman Publishing, Fleming H. Revell Company (folder 226-3), and Zondervan Publishers. See also folders 227-5 and 229-10. Over the years Graham had assistants who helped him with the preparation of sermons, manuscripts, and his spiritual-advice newspaper column, My Answer. Some examples of this assistance can be found in his correspondence with Donald G. Barnhouse, Jr., Bob Ferm, Lee Fischer, Mel Larson, Mark Lee (up to 1951), Hubert Mitchell, Victor Nelson, and Calvin Thielman. See also folders 239-3,15, 242-1,8, and 246-6. Not as a research assistant but as a friend and advisor, Graham’s correspondence with Wilbur H. Smith bears testimony to how he liked to discuss with him question of biblical knowledge, theology and church history.
• Reports on the church in different parts of the world. These are not too numerous, but there are letters and reports to Graham on the activities and condition on the Christian church outside of the United States. Sometimes these were letters from friends and acquaintances who were missionaries, sometimes they were from people who wanted him to come to their country to hold an evangelistic crusade and sometimes they wrote for other reasons. To see examples of these kinds of letters, look at letters and reports from missionaries Bob Savage (Ecuador), Tom Rees (Ireland), Andrew Gih (China), Leland Wang (China), James Graham (Taiwan), Noel Lyons (France), Howard Moffett (Korea), Dick Hillis of Orient Crusades (Japan, Taiwan, the Phillippines, Hong Kong), Phil Foxwell (Japan), V. Lavell Seats (Nigeria in 1956), Rochuunga Pudaite (India-Burma, folder 248-16), and Cyril Thompson (India, folder 249-4).
Correspondence with Curtis Akenson of the First Baptist Church of Minneapolis, a church which Northwestern Schools had a close relationship with; copies of correspondence by Leland Wang about a visit Bob Jones, Sr., and Billy Graham planned to make to China in 1949. Graham and Akenson maintained a constant correspondence over the years about First Baptist and also about Northwestern Schools.
Entire file consists of reference and other information, mostly from 1947, on Jerry Beaven, Graham’s registrar at Northwestern Schools who later managed media relations at the BGEA. Includes a reference from John Walvoord and correspondence between Beaven and W. B. Riley; correspondence from Donald Grey Barnhouse, Sr., about whether Graham should call himself “Billy”; correspondence with Beaven about the running of Northwestern Schools and the publicity for Graham’s evangelistic meetings.
J. D. Carlson (who took over Charles Templeton’s church in Toronto after his departure); history of the Filipino mission Christian Mission in the Far East; Percy Crawford about the death of W. B. Riley and the honorary degree Graham was to receive from The King’s College; Graham letter of congratulations to William Culbertson when he became president of Moody Bible Institute
Information on Horace Dean and the Christ for America movement; detailed letter to Henry Dougherty of The Charlotte Observer about Graham’s activities and honors in 1948
Copy of a letter from David Otis Fuller to Torrey Johnson on the need for YFC leaders to fight apostasy in Christian churches
List of pastors in various British cities; also typed notes (by Graham?) briefly describing several British leaders who supported the work of Youth for Christ, perhaps for use by Torrey Johnson or some other YFC leader traveling to Great Britain
Correspondence detailing the negotiations between Graham and the Christ for Greater Los Angeles Committee about Graham holding a campaign in that city in 1949 and Graham’s detailed description of what he required in preparation; Ben Jennings on the plans for the Modesto, California meetings; correspondence with Bob Jones, Jr., and Bob Jones, Sr., about ways they can work together, including a 1948 evangelistic trip to England undertaken by Graham and Jones, Jr.
L. W. Ketcham on the 1948 Baltimore campaign
Detailed reports from Graham to Mel Larson on his campaigns in Des Moines and Augusta, Georgia; extensive correspondence with T. Livermore about the British YFC and Graham plans for a tour of Great Britain in early 1948; Graham’s letter to A. O. Look suggesting new members for the Northwestern Schools board of trustees
Letters with David Morken about Graham’s planned visit to China in 1948, which had to be canceled
Extensive correspondence with Stephen Olford about Graham’s plans to leave YFC and start his own ministry; J. Edwin Orr on the possibility of inviting C. S. Lewis to speak at the YFC International congress to be held in Beatenberg, Switzerland
Graham’s correspondence with William Park about Northwestern School’s reputation for divisiveness and separateness
John R. Rice on being a trustee of Northwestern Schools and the plans for a nationwide conference of evangelists
Folder consists of correspondence between Graham and William B. Riley covering 1945-1947, mostly concerned with Riley’s strong efforts to get a reluctant Graham to serve as his successor at both the First Baptist Church of Minneapolis and of Northwestern Schools; also in the folder are memorial publications about Riley’s life and ministry
Letter to George Beverly Shea asking him to join Graham in evangelistic work
Schedule planner showing Graham’s speaking engagements for May-December, 1947
Form letters sent to supporters of Northwestern Schools, asking for funds. A few have attached letters or postcards received in response. All of boxes 222 and 223 consist of letters thanking donors for gifts received in 1948 and 1949.
Letter from Lloyd Doctor to Graham listing the press people who had given valuable support during the 1949 Los Angeles campaign
Robert Evans writing about his plans to move to Europe and his talk at a conference on the mission field in Europe
Correspondence with Lloyd Fesmire, his former roommate, about the Western Spring Baptist Church; letter from Phil Foxwell with suggestions for a Youth for Christ ministry in Japan
Thank you letter to William Randolph Hearst for his coverage of the Los Angeles campaign; correspondence with Don Householder about the arrangements for the Los Angeles meetings (see also correspondence with C. C. Jenkins in folder 225-2)
Letters of advice from Bob Jones, Sr., to Graham on the running of Northwestern Schools
Letter to Rev. William F. Long’s relating to Long’s criticisms of Walter Maier’s views on baptism and stressing the need for Christian unity; correspondence with Norman Lyon about, among other things; the 1949 Forest Home conference and the Los Angeles campaign, supportive telegram from Joe Louis; several letters from Graham to Henry Luce with reports about his meetings
Materials about the 1949 Los Angeles campaign including the list of Graham’s sermons, statistics, testimonials from I. A. Moon, Colleen Townsend, several Los Angeles pastors
Correspondence from Bill Mann about the decision of the Christ for Los Angeles committee to re-extend an invitation to Graham to hold meetings. On preparations for the campaign, see also Lionel Mayall’s correspondence, Vernon McGee’s correspondence in folder 225-7 and Clifford Smith’s in folders 226-4 and 229-11; Hubert Mitchell’s letters about YFC’s work in Calcutta, India.
Letter from Dawson Trotman about Robert Evans’ ministry in France
Correspondence with Robert Wells, president of the International Association of Evangelists; letters from Leland Wang about his return to China
William Ward Ayer on the possibility of a campaign in New York City (see also Jack Wyrtzen’s correspondence in folder 230-3, Jesse Bader’s in folder 230-6 and Jesse Wimbish in folder 231-15)
Correspondence with Morgan Blake, a columnist with The Atlanta Journal about Graham’s policy with “love offering” and Graham’s plans to form a non-profit corporation to support his work; John Bolten on feuds between American Evangelicals and Fundamentalists and his report on attitudes toward Graham in Germany (Bolton’s letters throughout all the years of this subseries usually contain information on the religious situation in Germany); letter from Donald R. Brown includes some reminiscences about their days together as students in Wheaton; correspondence with Joseph Bryson, Representative from South Carolina, about Graham’s coming to Washington DC
Correspondence from advertising executive John Camp soliciting Graham’s business and encouraging to use television; letter to David Cowie about his relationship to the American Council of Churches (ACC)
Report from Peter Deyneka, Sr., on the activities of the Slavic Gospel Association in 1949
Letter from Allan C. Emery, Sr., suggesting financial practices for Graham’s campaign
Letter from Dwight Ferguson about Graham’s interest in buying a farm in North Carolina (see folders 232-2 and 234-15)
Folder contains several different brief biographies of Graham prepared for the press
Graham correspondence with Henry Luce about coverage in Time and Life magazines
Eugene Bertermann thanking Graham for his condolences on the death of Walter Maier of The Lutheran Hour
Letter from Graham to J. Vernon McGee describing the influence on Graham of Mel Trotter and Homer Hammontree; letter to L. P. McClenny about Graham’s membership in the Curtis Baptist Church of Augusta, Georgia
Victor Nelson about the Minneapolis Crusade; correspondence with J. Frank Norris about Norris’ support for Graham
Harold Ockenga on the arrangements for the Boston and New England crusades, and the Rose Bowl rally in Los Angeles, California
John R. Rice on his desire to publish a book of Graham’s sermons; letter from evangelist Oral Roberts about his attendance at the Portland Crusade; Dick Ross of Great Commission Films on doing a promotional film for Northwestern Schools
Letter of encouragement from Al Smith; transcript of a broadcast by Graham over KTIS on whether there was a need for “old-time religion”
Louis Talbot of BIOLA to Graham, giving reasons why he should not resign as president of Northwestern Schools (see also Dawson Trotman’s letter in the same file); letter to Strom Thurmond encouraging him in the 1950 senatorial race he was running
Jim Vaus on Mickey Cohen
Response by Graham to a inquiry from E. W. Watkins as to whether he had had a baptism of the Holy Spirit
Letter from Graham to Luther Youngdahl, endorsing him in his run for reelection as governor of Minnesota
Richard E. Day on a biography he was writing about William Bell Riley (see also folder 232-15)
Letter from Graham to the religious editor of the Charlotte Observer explaining the financial arrangements of his campaigns
Sheet of instructions on how to prepare for a Billy Graham/Cliff Barrows campaign; long lists of all the churches, cities, and other groups that wanted Graham to hold meetings for them or address their group
Graham to Mordecai Ham with advice on his ministry; Carl Henry to Graham with advice on his ministry, with a mention of Charles Templeton; H. L. Hunt on a constitutional amendment for a two-term presidency
Letter and cable from David Morken in Japan to Graham giving him missionary reaction to the firing of General Douglas MacArthur by U.S. President Truman; letter from Graham to J. Palmer Muntz about the criticism Graham had received from Fundamentalist leaders
Graham to Harold J. Ockenga about Graham’s hopes for a campaign in England and his scheduled appointment with Winston Churchill
Correspondence with Stephen Scholey of RCA about producing phonograph records of Graham’s sermons
Folder contains the texts of several of Graham’s sermons that he sent to Wesley Hartzell of the Chicago Herald-American newspaper
Brief notes from several U.S. senators and congressmen thanking Graham for sending them the book Communism and Christ by Charles Lowry
Text of an article by Graham on the minister and his wife
Brian Green’s letter and Graham’s lengthy response about a possible London campaign (see also letter to Stephen Olford in folder 232-16)
Letter from Graham to Earl Hankamer seeking support for his new television program, The Hour of Decision (see similar letter in folder to H. L. Hunt); sample of the counseling letter Graham had sent out on alcoholism; letter from Graham to Philip Howard concerning the Catholic Church
Transcript of speech given by Congressman Walter Judd on the 100th anniversary of the First Baptist Church of Minneapolis
Folder contains mostly thank you notes to various military officers who helped him during his 1952 trip to Korea and notes to various reporters, informing them about the trip
Transcript of speech of Ralph Mitchell to the board of Northwestern Schools, defending Billy Graham
Minutes of the board of Northwestern Schools for the entire period of Graham’s leadership, as well as reports and other supporting materials
Letter from Dick Ross of Great Commission Films about the movie that became Mr. Texas
Letter to C. Stacey Woods giving’s Graham’s views on whether America is especially blessed by God
233-1 to 233-14
The materials in these folders consist mainly of thank you notes from a wide variety of American religious, political, business, and civic leaders for the copy of Graham’s book, Peace With God, which they received and which the BGEA sent out to a wide range of people; among the people sending letters were Cecil B. DeMille (folder 233-1) and Carl F. H. Henry (folder 233-9). Folder 233-4 also has some of the advertisements for the book. There are also a few advertisements in folder 233-8, as well as letters from people for whom the book had a major impact on their lives. Folder 233-8 also has some reviews of the book, as does folder 233-12.
Letter from John Bolten expressing concern over the liberalism found in seminaries
Letter from Graham giving his views on the new Revised Standard Version translation of the Bible
Folder contains Graham’s correspondence with several congressional leaders, especially Frank Boykin of Alabama and L. Mendel Rivers of South Carolina
Letter from Secretary of State John Foster Dulles endorsing Graham’s 1954 London campaign; see also folder 235-21
Memo from Ernest S. Marks to Graham and James Rayburn of Young Life about evangelism among young people; letter from Graham to Stanley Kresge about a recent meeting with President Eisenhower (see also folder 234-14)
Letter from President Eisenhower’s pastor in Washington, Edward Elson; see also folder 236-3
Correspondence about Graham’s plans to speak at Union Seminary in New York City in December 1953; correspondence about Daniel Poling’s desire to have a farewell dinner for Graham in New York City before he left for his crusade in London, with suggestions from Graham as to who to invite
Correspondence and reports and list of possible donors concerning the possibility of the BGEA buying the Glen Eyrie Conference Center in Colorado as a spiritual retreat center. Correspondence shows a wide range of political, business, and religious supporters, almost all of whom took a negative view of the project and which Graham finally rejected. Folders 234-18,19 contain information on the original proposal, with Graham’s letters to many people outlining the project, the replies received, and many supporting documents. Eventually Glen Eyrie became the headquarters for the Navigators. See also the Dawson Trotman correspondence in folder 235-5.
John Mackay about Graham’s 1953 visit to Princeton Seminary
Letter from Graham to Ralph Gill of The Atlanta Constitution newspaper giving Graham’s views on racial segregation
Correspondence between Graham and Jim Rayburn of Young Life about Rayburn’s participation in Graham’s 1953 Detroit campaign; correspondence with Alan Redpath about his appointment as pastor of Moody Church in Chicago; transcript of Homer Rodeheaver’s comments at the 1953 Detroit campaign; there is also correspondence about the Rainbow Ranch in Palatka, Florida, which Graham briefly bought from Rodeheaver and then sold back. See also correspondence with Harry Westbury in folder 235-8.
Long letter to Tim Spencer of the Hollywood Christian Group on disillusionment in ministry and the responsibilities of Christian workers to each other
Letter from Graham to Rev. Max Weniger responding to his concerns about Graham’s willingness to speak before the theological liberal American Baptist Convention. This was an early indicator of the opposition of fundamentalist leaders to Graham’s willingness to preach anywhere if no restrictions were placed on his message. See also G. Merrill Lennox’s letter in folder 236-15 for a view from the liberal perspective (also his letter in folder 251-15 and correspondence through the years with Harold Fey, editor of The Christian Century) and Graham’s 1955 exchange of correspondence with Carl McIntire in folder 240-1and an unsent 1957 letter in folder 247-12.
BBC inviting Graham for an interview during his London crusade; Jacques Blocher on behalf of French pastors asking Graham to speak in Paris; correspondence with John Bolten about Graham’s meetings in Germany and the founding of a conservative Christian magazine, which became Christianity Today
Stationary, listing crusade committees and other information, from most of Graham’s crusades from 1950 through 1959
Graham’s notes to US congressmen and senators, as well as some other government officials, inviting them to attend his 1954 Washington DC meetings, as well as some notes throughout to a variety of legislators, including Congressman Mendel Rivers
This folder contains correspondence, mainly from Graham and Robert Evans, on the arrangements for Graham’s meetings during his tour of several European countries in the summer of 1954, including an invitation to speak to a World Council of Churches assembly and letters from various sources on the spiritual condition of various countries. Folder 235-30 contains a detailed prospectus on the tour, including information on the spiritual and political situation in each country and a day-by-day schedule of events.
Correspondence of Kenneth DeCourcy covering a variety of topics, including his effort to have Prime Minister Winston Churchill attend Graham’s meetings in London and to arrange a meeting between Graham and Churchill. See also Graham’s correspondence with John McKay in folder 237-5 and De Courcy correspondence in folder 239-7, also letter to George Wilson in folder 241-2 and to Peter Hemery in folder 242-10 and to DeCourcy in 250-15
Letter from Graham to V. Raymond Edman describing his feelings after the first day of the London Crusade; letter to William Elliot about Charles Templeton; initial letter to Graham from Werner Burklin that marked the beginning of their long association
Letter to Harry Hager in which Graham talks about the difficulties of having a campaign in Chicago (see also partial copy of letter to Herbert Taylor in folder 238- 8 and Taylor’s letter in 244-11, Alan Redpath’s letters in folder 240-9 and 248-18, John W. Harms’ letter in 242-10, Robert Walker’s correspondence in 252-19, William Pannell’s correspondence in folder 260-19); Graham’s correspondence with A. T. Houghton about England’s Keswick convention
Invitations that Graham received from around the United States and many other countries for single meetings and citywide campaigns in 1955. Folder 236-11 contains a typed list of the different communities sending invitations.
Continuing correspondence between Graham and Mel Larson about a possible Graham biography. See also folders 220-3 and 234-8, among others; there is also biographical material in Graham’s letter to Herbert Lockyear about Graham’s relationship to the work of D. L. Moody and Graham’s future evangelism plans. In the mid-1950s, Stanley High of the magazine Reader’s Digest was brought in to be a co-author. Stanley published a biography under his sole authorship in 1956. See also folders 226-3, 239-15, 239-19, 242-10, 243-3.
Several letters here, as elsewhere in the 1953-1954 folders, indicating Graham’s efforts to involve as many individuals and groups as possible in praying for his 1954 meetings in London
Chart of the statistics for the London meetings; list of the major committees and their members
Folder contains a prospectus and supporting documents for the London crusade, stressing the need for a moral and spiritual awakening in England and giving a description of the background of the campaign and the extent of its support among leaders in the British Isles and the United States
Letter from Paul Mickelson to Graham describing his activities after the London Crusade ended
John MacKay about the possibility of Graham attending the World Council of Churches meeting in Evanston, Illinois. See also Willis Haymaker’s letter in folder 237-11 and W. A. Visser’t Hooft’s in folder 238-12.
Responses to an article about Graham in McCall’s magazine which many of his supporters felt was unfair and inaccurate
Letters from Graham to many newspaper editors and publishers, including William Randolph Heart, Jr., thanking them for their coverage and describing recent and upcoming evangelistic meetings. There is similar material in folder 237-1
Beginning of the correspondence between Graham and philanthropist J. Howard Pew; correspondence between Graham and Bible paraphraser J. B. Phillips about evangelistic methods appropriate for England; initial letter from Graham’s future biographer John Pollock
Correspondence with Abraham Vereide about the 1953 and 1954 National Prayer Breakfasts in Washington, DC
Graham’s letter to Alan Redpath on what a Christian’s attitude should be toward movies and television; Graham’s defense in a letter to Tom Rees of his use of statistics; correspondence with actors Roy Rogers and Dale Evans, urging them to be part of the London Crusade because of their popularity among British young people
Letter of Clyde Taylor of the Evangelical Foreign Missions Association (EFMA), just one example of many letters illustrating Graham’s efforts to organize a worldwide prayer effort behind his London crusade (see other examples in folder 237-5). See similar materials organizing prayer for his 1955 All-Scotland in folders 240-10,11, and 241-2, and for the 1957 New York City meetings 245-14, 246-8 (Gesswein), 248-10, and Graham’s request to seminary and Bible school presidents to have prayer for his 1960 Africa tour.
Text of a sermon by English minister Leslie Weatherhead defending Graham against criticisms of his ministry; letters from TEAM missionary Tom Watson, Jr., describing plans to broadcast Christian messages into China
Graham correspondence with George Wilson in this folder give examples of Graham as a company president and of the kind of financial and administrative policies he set down for the day-to-day functioning of his organization. See similar material in folder 249-12. See also Graham’s letter to Lorne Sanny in folder 258-5 for changes in the governance of the BGEA. See also Roger Hull’s memo in folder 246-12.
Press releases, speeches, working papers, directory, reports from the Second Assembly of the World Council of Churches meeting in Evanston, Illinois, August 15-31, 1954. Graham was invited but did not attend. Also in the folder is a 1958 WCC study paper on the theology of evangelism.
Letter from Baptist World Alliance president Theodore F. Adams about his visit to Baptists in Russia
Brief letter to Cliff Barrows indicates the various pressures on Graham’s time in 1955; first letter from Joe Blinco, who became one of Graham’s associate evangelist (see letter to W. E. Sangster in folder 244-9)
A. Jack Dain on arrangements of a tour of India in 1956
Folder contains many brief notes to a variety of people in several countries who helped facilitate Graham’s 1955 European tour
Contains a letter from Graham’s sister, Jean Graham Ford
Folder contains correspondence about the planning and results of the All-Scotland Crusade, statistics, background material on evangelism in Scotland, many thank you notes and lists of who should be thanked
Letter from Graham to a member of a teenage gang in Glasgow who had come forward at one of his meetings
Correspondence and other material relating to a possible cruise that Graham was considering leading that would visit mission fields throughout the Caribbean with about 700 businessmen and their wives. He evidently eventually decided against it. The list of people Graham wrote to about the cruise includes many of his supporters.
Correspondence with Harold J. Ockenga about Graham becoming a trustee of Gordon College, and his plans for beginning a new Christian magazine; Graham’s suggestions to Arnold Ohrn for the upcoming Baptist World Alliance meeting
Dick Ross on the negotiations that eventually resulted in the BGEA taking over Great Commission Films that eventually becoming World Wide Pictures. See also folder 240-14 and Paul Short and Leon Sullivan correspondence in folder 244-9 and Bob Pierce in folder 244-4 and folder 249-13.
Letter from Graham to I. E. Zedkov of the Evangelical Baptist Union of Russia about Graham’s hopes to visit Russia soon. See also letter from Charles Crutchfield in folder 250-8 and birthday greetings from the Russian Baptists in folder 252-8
First letter in collection from John Stott, about his participation with Graham in a preaching mission at Cambridge and Graham’s anxiety about the event. See Graham’s endorsement of Stott in 1956 letter to H. W. Sutherland in folder 244-9.
Supportive statement by Graham about Louis Zamperini. See also folder 261-15.
Long letter to Donald Barnhouse about an article Graham, Barnhouse, and John Bonnell were planning to write together about race relations in the United States
A wide selection of invitations for Graham to speak at denominational, ministry, and civic occasions, including one from Charles Templeton. See the text of Graham’s speech at the Presbyterian General Assembly to which Templeton invited him in folder 244-5. See also related Templeton correspondence in folder 244-11.
Correspondence with Leighton Ford about the copyright to the hymn “How Great Thou Art”. See letter written April 2, 1956 to Timothy Spencer in folder 244-9 for Graham’s evaluation of the hymn.
Letter about the logs from old log cabins in the Montreat area Ruth Graham was buying for the construction of their home there
A letter to S. S. Kresge in which Graham summarizes the major elements of his current ministry
Telegram from Graham from Graham to the editor of News of the World (London), responding to a request from the editor for Graham’s view on the 1956 Suez crisis and American-British relations
Response from Duke McCall to the public exchange between Graham and Reinhold Niebuhr about evangelism and the church’s social responsibility; see also folder 242-1
Manuscript of the book The Hour Had Come by Go Puan Seng about the American, Filipino, and Chinese struggle against the Japanese occupation of the Philippines during World War II
Material from the Navigators about the death of Dawson Trotman. See also Lorne Sanny correspondence in folder 244-9 and correspondence with Trotman and Lila Trotman about Dawson’s death in folder 244-11 and a memorial book in folder 2494 as well as some material in folder 252-15
Letter from Graham to Stephen Olford about the upcoming New York Crusade
Correspondence with Frank Phillips about the BGEA’s relationship with the organization World Vision
Letter from R. Kenneth Strachan of the Latin America Mission encouraging Graham to hold campaigns in the Caribbean and South America
Letter from W. Cameron Townsend describing the work of the Summer Institute of Linguistic (Wycliffe Bible Translators) in Peru
C. Stacey Woods of InterVarsity about a mission to Yale University, using Graham and John Stott; see also folder 246-5 and Sidney Lovett’s letter in folder 247-6
Letter from Graham about his friendship with a number of political leaders
Letters from Harry Albus who wanted to write a book about Ruth Graham; letter from Graham responding to an article which critiqued his sermon content
Letter from Grady Wilson to Stephen Barabas of Wheaton College denying that Graham had ever spoken in tongues; letter from Mrs. Boylston who was Graham’s teacher in the seventh grade
Several copies of letters sent to new members of the BGEA board (which apparently was first formed in 1957, although the Association was incorporated in 1950), describing their duties and the meetings of the board. See also folder 249-5. Other files of board materials: folders 250-5, 253-13. See also correspondence to board members such as Roger Hull.
Correspondence from Bob Cook about his resignation as president of Youth for Christ to join Scripture Press
Several letters from people in various parts of the country expressing support for Graham’s ministry, telling him how he had helped them, and enclosing small contributions to its work. See also folders 254-3, 259-6.
Letter from George Dempster includes an appreciation by war hero Alvin York of Billy Graham (see also folder 249-14); sermon by George Docherty on Billy Graham and the Roman Catholic Church
Series III. BGEA.
1. Team files. Materials relating to the indiviudal members of the Team involved in Evangelistic work. These files were retained by the BGEA and not deposited in the BGC Archives
2. Office and Department files. Materials relating to the work of the various geographic and/or administrative divisions of the BGEA.
Series: III. BGEA
Subseries: III.A.2.a. Argentina
Arrangement: (Note: the files are in the same reverse-chronological order in which they were kept in the Montreat office)
Date Range: 1987-1994
Volume: .4 cubic feet (2 folders)
Geographic coverage: Argentina
Type of documents: Cables, memos, correspondence
Correspondents: Billy Graham, Dan Nuesch
Notes: The few documents in this series are concerned entirely with the 1987 retirement of the head of the BGEA office in Argentina, Dan Nuesch, the closing of the office upon his retirement, and Graham’s correspondence with him after Nuesch’s heart attack in 1991 and his heart surgery in 1994.
Series: III. BGEA.
Subseries: III.A.2.b. BGEA - Inactive - Office and Departments - Atlanta Team files
Arrangement: Reverse chronological order. When there are more than one file for a particular year, they are arranged alphabetically
Date Range: 1964-1978
Volume: .6 cubic feet
Geographic coverage: Mainly the United States, but many reports relating to BGEA work in Europe, Africa, Asia, South America
Type of documents: Memos, reports, correspondence, budgets, lists, newspaper and magazine clippings
Correspondents: Don Bailey, Russ Busby, Robert Ferm, Sterling Huston, Arthur Matthews, Jimmie McDonald, W. Stanley Mooneyham, Don Piatt, Eva Prior, Charlie Riggs, Walter Smyth, Martha Warkentin, Harry B. Williams, Stephanie Wills
Notes: In 1964, the BGEA opened a new office in Atlanta, Georgia, exclusively for the BGEA’s Team staff, who were concerned with the scheduling, planning, operation, and follow-up of the Association’s evangelistic rallies and campaigns around the world. Previously the Team staff, under Walter F. Smyth, had been based at the main BGEA headquarters in Minneapolis. Smyth continued to be in charge of crusade activities and Donald Bailey served as the Atlanta office manager. The office continued to function thirteen years, until it was closed in June 1977, apparently for cost-saving reasons. Most of the staff moved back to Minneapolis, although some went elsewhere, such as photographer Russ Busby who established his office in Burbank, California.
The materials in this subseries date from the Atlanta office era, except for some documents from late 1977 and 1978 in box 84 which cover the first year back in Minneapolis. They cover the same topics as can be found in the Minneapolis Team files: scheduling of crusades in the United States and overseas, reports on the preparations for particular crusades, various special projects that senior BGEA staff did for Graham, the day-to-day functioning of the Atlanta office, the increasing formalization of the Association’s budgeting and personnel policies, and the Association’s press and public relations policies. Particularly in the later years, the documents indicate an everincreasing need for great control of expenses and more organizational efficiency. The documents reflect the 1974 organization change when Sterling Huston took over the responsibility for North American crusades and Walter Smyth supervised the foreign meetings.
There are many letters, reports and memos from Graham in this subseries, although the great majority of documents are ones that were copies sent for information purposes. Some items from folder 84-4 were removed and put in Russ Busby’s personnel file.
Correspondence from Walter Smyth for 1977-1978, (now based in Minneapolis) about various international meetings and similar reports from Sterling Huston relating to domestic crusades, including reasons for choosing one or another for a crusade at a particular time. This folder also has correspondence of Graham’s photographer Russ Busby (subjects: particular photos Graham wanted matted and framed, a1976 letter with Busby’s suggestions for improving the creative quality of Graham’s holiday television specials and his upcoming Bicentennial broadcast). There is also an interesting critique by Charlie Riggs of another counselor training program that the BGEA had used experimentally. File also contains a card on the closing of the Atlanta office and the moving of the staff to Minneapolis, but no other information on the move. Some items from this folder were removed and put in Russ Busby’s BGEA personnel file.
Packet of material relating to controversy about Evangelical leaders attending a 1972 White House briefing that was interpreted as a backing of Nixon for re-election; letter of appreciation from Charlie Riggs to Graham; Norman Mydske in 1975 and 1976 on the need for greater direction on BGEA’s work in South America and Graham’s response
Don Bailey. Mainly small details of everyday operation of Atlanta office, including a 11/14/74 letter from Graham on the need to reduce office expenses and have closer control on Team travel and the number of people at a crusade; report by Bailey on his trip to Nairobi, Kenya in 1976 and the various African ministers and ministries with BGEA connections
Sterling Huston. December 12/1966 letter to Graham shortly after Huston joined the Team, thanking him for the opportunity; reports on the status of various upcoming crusades, including any problems; 5/6/74 letter to Graham about a site in Wisconsin that could become a BGEA Bible conference grounds/school; 2/74 suggestions on cutting costs and raising income; 2/11/76 letter from Graham detailing his philosophy of the BGEA’s work and co-operation with other ministries, specifically its relationship with Campus Crusade and areas of friction that had arisen in relation to Here’s Life America, and also talks about his friendship with Bill and Vonnette Bright; 3/17/76 memo about comments of Leo Goodman on nuclear proliferation; 4/16/76 memo to Walter F. Bennett explaining Huston’s policy of allowing local crusade committees to choose local ad agencies if they desire, following guidelines supplied by Bennett agency; 11/24/76 memo with suggested revisions in crusade policy, to use auditoriums instead of stadiums and make greater use of television
Walter Smyth. Regular reports from Smyth on ongoing details of crusade planning and points on which Graham needed to make a decision. Memos to Team staff about crusade schedules, policies and procedures, etc.; planning of Team meetings; 12/27/65 letter from Graham emphasizing that he makes final decisions as to crusades; prayer requests for the Team; memo about request from James Kennedy that Graham help provide access to J. Howard Pew for a request for funds; 9/10/1971 letter from Smyth endorsing Bill Gothard to the Team; ironing out questions of responsibility and reporting with George Wilson; 12/31/1973 memo to Graham about shifting responsibilities in domestic crusades because of Smyth’s new responsibilities for overseas crusades; letter from Graham about the need to stop subsidies to overseas editions of Decision magazine as a recession-protection measure for the BGEA; Graham speaking engagements in Germany; location of a Chinese congress on evangelism
Arthur Matthews. Became press aide to Graham in 1972, left BGEA in 1975. 11/26/74 memo to Graham about Catholic reaction to the 1974 Lausanne congress and what Graham’s position should be on “the hunger issue”; 6/9/75 letter from Graham about Matthews going to Christianity Today magazine and also describing his public relations staff in the early years of his ministry; long detailed letter in response from Matthews on what the general public relations policy of an Evangelical ministry should be and what the policy and structure of the BGEA’s press organization in particular should be; analysis by Matthews of National Council of Churches 1976 statement on evangelism
List of all invitations received in 1971 that provides good insight into the type and number of invitations Graham received yearly
(1973) Allen Emery’s letter on achieving a balance in the responsibilities of the Minneapolis office and providing assistance to George Wilson, John Corts as a possible staff member there; Forrest Layman’s resignation letter
Listing of office expenses and accounts, as appeared also in previous folders
Policy and practices on sending of birthday cards and greetings to Team members