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Wheaton in Profile

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Sociology and Anthropology

Visit Department Webpage


Departmental Mission Statement


Requirements for Major

Requirements for Minor in Sociology

Requirements for Minor in Social Work

Requirements for Minor in Family Studies

Requirements for Minor in Social Action


Requirements for Major

Requirements for Minor

Gender Studies Certificate Program

Requirements for a Gender Studies Certificate

Sociology Course Descriptions (SOC)

Anthropology Course Descriptions (ANTH)

Social Welfare Course Descriptions (SWEL)

Gender Course Descriptions (GEND)


Chair, Professor Henry Allen

Professor Brian Howell

Associate Professors Henry Kim, Brian Miller, Amy Reynolds

Assistant Professors Christa Tooley, Christine Jeske


The Department of Sociology and Anthropology wants students to understand themselves as embedded within and products of social and cultural contexts. Our students are trained to have the relational and analytic tools to operate effectively within the social complexity of our dynamic world and engage people cross-culturally, both in America and abroad. Students will become critical thinkers, addressing social problems and cultural analysis through theory, data, and practical solutions.

The general goal of the department is to develop a biblical foundation for understanding social interaction both within and across cultures. The Sociology faculty recognizes the need to communicate the gospel of Jesus Christ at several levels of social interaction. The micro level involves face-to-face communication, for example, in marriage and the family; the middle-range level reflects activities in organizations or social movements; and the macro level presents issues of culture and societal structures. At each level, social processes such as socialization, stratification, urbanization, and social disorganization are examined. The Anthropology faculty emphasizes both the particularities of varying cultural systems, as well as the universal characteristics of humans made in the image of God. Recognizing culture as a set of only partial solutions to human problems, Wheaton's Anthropology faculty also examine the ways the Gospel and culture can operate jointly to explain human adaptations in different societies. Similarly, anthropology's exploration of human universals is based on a distinctively Christian perspective, combining a biblical orientation with empirical precision.


The Sociology major introduces the student to classic and contemporary literature in the study of social interaction and provides a basis for a wide range of career options. Quantitative and qualitative research methods are used for analysis and provide foundation for graduate and professional training in sociology, social work, organizational management, and allied fields. Opportunities are given to practice critical thinking, oral and written communication skills, and applied experiences. Internships in the metropolitan Chicago area are strongly encouraged. An additional focus of the department is the development of biblical advocacy in the promotion of social justice and equity.

Requirements for a major in Sociology are at least 40 hours including:

The Sociology Foundation (24 hours required):



SOC 115/116

Introduction to Sociology


SOC 376

Sociological Theory


SOC 383



SOC 482

Social Research


SOC 492

Thesis Research


SOC 494

Senior Capstone in Sociology


(A) Required Core Electives (at least 8 total hours , take at least 2 out of 3 courses)


SOC 337

Racial and Ethnic Relations


SOC 347

Gender and Society


SOC 355

Social Class and Inequality




(B) Electives (At least 8 total hours- must include at least 1 course in Anthropology)



Anthropology Elective (Must have 1 class) (2 or 4 )


SOC 228

Sociology of Sexuality (2)


SOC 238

Contemporary Social Concerns (2)


SOC 241

Social Psychology


SOC 251

Culture, Media, & Society


SOC 321

Sociology of Economic Life


SOC 341

Social and Political Movements


SOC 356

The Family


SOC 359

American Suburbanization


SOC 364

Urban Sociology


SOC 366

Sociology of Religion


SOC 367

Crime and Delinquency


SOC 371

Asians in America


SOC 373

Sociology of Education


SOC 385

Social Change


SOC 399

Social Network Analysis


SOC 496

Internship in Sociology (4, 8 [1/2 counts toward major])




(C) Social Work Emphasis (4 hours required courses, 4-8 hrs internship, don't need to take required core electives)


SWEL 331

Intro to Social Welfare (2)


SWEL 332

Human Services Practice (2)


SWEL 496

Internship in Social Work (4,8)


Sociology offers four minors for persons with other majors:

Requirements for a minor in Sociology are 20 hours of sociology course credit including SOC 115/116 and at least one course from among SOC 376, SOC 383, SOC 482 and at least one course from SOC 337, SOC 347, or SOC 355.

Requirements for a minor in Social Work are 20 hours, including SWEL 331, 332, and 496; plus 12 hours from SOC 228, 238, 337, 347, 356, 367, PSYC 317. This minor is designed for persons interested in a career in social welfare.

Requirements for a minor in Family Studies are 20 hours with at least 12 hours of sociology credit, including SOC 347 and 356; plus 12 elective hours from SOC 228, 238, 337, 355, COMM 221, ENGL 326, or PSYC 317. This minor is designed for persons interested in family life in the community and church.

Requirements for a minor in Social Action are 20 hours with at least 12 hours of sociology credit, including 8-12 required hours from SOC 341, 355, and 482 (482 required if the student does not have a methods course in their major); plus 8-12 elective hours from SOC 238, 337, 364, 366, 367; PHIL 215; PSCI 385; and COMM 363.


The Anthropology major introduces students to insights into human behavior from a comparative, cross-cultural perspective. As an intrinsically cross-cultural form of inquiry, anthropology offers its own, inherent benefits that students acquire as they encounter ways of thinking and behaving that may be unfamiliar to them. Opportunities for cross-cultural ministry, for careers in business and as consultants, and for Christian citizenship in the world of the twenty-first century can be enhanced greatly for students completing an anthropology major.

Requirements for a major in Anthropology are at least 36 hours including:

The Anthropology Core (20 hours)



ANTH 116

Introduction to Anthropology


ANTH 376

Culture Theory


ANTH 482

Ethnographic Theory & Method


ANTH 494

Senior Capstone


SOC 383





Anthropology Electives

In addition to the 20 credits required in the core, anthropology majors will choose another 16 credits in Anthropology, at least 4 of which must be at the 400 level. Students may take up to four (4) credits of SOC, at the 300 level or higher towards their Anthropology elective total. In addition to the courses listed below, the Anthropology department frequently offers experimental courses, which are listed in the course schedule.



ANTH 261

ANTH 262

ANTH 282

ANTH 319

Stimulants and Culture (2)

Latin American Borders and Frontiers (2)

Culture, Travel & Tourism (2)

Colonialism & Redemption (2) (BITH 319)


ANTH 324

ANTH 341

Anthropology of Global Christianity (2)

Consumption & Material Culture (2)


ANTH 353



ANTH 354

Culture in the Contemporary World


ANTH 361

Medical Anthropology (2)


ANTH 362

Globalization (2)


ANTH 363


ANTH 383x

Anthropology of Energy

Politics of Veiling in the Modern Middle East (2)

Cities in the Global South (2) (URBN 383)


ANTH 385x

ANTH 393x

ANTH 421

Field Research Methods (HNGR 385)

Placemaking in Urban Context (2) (URBN 393)

Images of the Middle East & the Muslim World (2)


ANTH 435

Power and Gender in Southeast Asia


ANTH 478

ANTH 481

ANTH 495

Anthropology Through Film (2)

Anthropological Writing (2)

Independent Study (2,4)


ANTH 496

Internship in Anthropology (4, 8)


In addition to the 36 credits in the department, students completing an anthropology major must include:

Archaeology (4 credits)

*       As one of the traditional four subfields of anthropology, majors should have some exposure to archaeological theory or method. To meet this requirement students may take 4 credits from the following ARCH courses at Wheaton College. ARCH 211, 213, 317, 325, 326, 345, 366, 411, 412. This requirement may also be satisfied by transfer credit upon departmental approval.


Human Origins/Evolutionary Theory (2 or 4 credits)

*       Human origins is a significant area of physical anthropology and a topic with which a Wheaton anthropology major should have some exposure/familiarity. Toward that end anthropology majors need to take one course covering some aspect of origins and/or evolutionary theory to complete the major. The preferred course is SCI 311. Students seeking to satisfy this requirement through other courses or transfer credit should seek departmental approval.


Study Abroad/Cultural Immersion Experience

*       As part of the anthropology major requirements, students will be required to satisfy a field experience requirement involving immersion in an unfamiliar cultural context and/or significant use of anthropological methods and knowledge in a new social/cultural context. Students may use Wheaton (e.g., HNGR, Wheaton-in-Chicago) or non-Wheaton programs to satisfy the requirement, but all programs must be pre-approved by the department to be considered as meeting the requirement. A maximum of 8 credits earned through such an experience may be applied towards the major elective requirements. Core requirements (with the exception of ANTH 116) may not be satisfied through the study abroad credit. Summer study travel programs typically will not satisfy this requirement for cultural immersion.


Foreign Language (4 credits)

*       The foreign language requirement in anthropology may be satisfied through one of the following:


*       4 credits of a modern language offered at Wheaton beyond 201.

*       4 credits (or its equivalent) of a modern language not offered at Wheaton, taken as a part of a study-abroad program.


*       NOTE: This requirement will be considered satisfied for those students with demonstrated advanced proficiency in a modern language other than English acquired through previous study or life experience, or those for whom English is a second language. Competency is not sufficient to meet this requirement for anthropology.



A minor in Anthropology is granted to students completing 20 credits in ANTH, including ANTH 116 and either ANTH 376 (Culture Theory) or ANTH 482 (Ethnographic Theory and Methods) and at least 4 elective credits at the 400 level. No more than four hours may be applied from 495 or 496. The minor gives students an opportunity to learn about the field, integrate anthropology with Christian concerns, and provide a basis for further graduate study.

In the event that required major courses are unavailable due to faculty or curricular changes, the anthropology department will work with students on a case-by-case basis to find substitutionary courses.

Gender Studies Certificate Program

Coordinator, Amy Reynolds

The certificate in gender studies is an interdisciplinary program designed to help students investigate national and international questions related to gender. One of the primary goals of the program is to strengthen critical thinking skills through the study of global sociopolitical gender concerns, biblical and historical approaches to femininity and masculinity, relationships between men and women, and the complex cultural processes involved in gender construction. The interdisciplinary focus of the program prepares students to become proactive participants in the world by exposing them to economic, political, and cultural realities at home and around the world. Responsible Christian inquiry coupled with increasing cultural sensitivity can help create effective ambassadors for Christ in our rapidly changing world.

The program’s academic home is the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, providing a foundational understanding of sociocultural factors related to gender. The program assumes that solid Christian inquiry is foundational to productive scholarship and problem solving regarding issues that face our world today. As such, we strive to provide students with resources from our Christian heritage that will equip them for local and global leadership in all areas that pertain to human diversity.

Students from any major are eligible for the 24-hour gender studies certificate. Students will complete a ten-hour core of courses that investigate sociological and theological approaches to gender issues, and end their study with a capstone course designed to integrate approaches from several key disciplines. In addition, students will select 14 hours of classes from a variety of offerings from different departments. These classes will be distributed among three main areas: theology and theory; social and historical context; and cultural considerations of everyday life.

Requirements for a Gender Studies Certificate and Courses Offered


Core (10 hours)





BITH 383

Gender & Theology (2)


GEND 494

Gender Studies Capstone (2)


GEND 495

Gender Studies Independent Study (2)


SOC 347

Gender and Society


Content Units (14 hours) Students select courses from each of the following areas. At least three different disciplines need to be represented in courses selected.



Theology and Theory (4-6 hours)




BITH 332

Ruth and Esther (2)


BITH 354

Women in the World of the NT (2)


BITH 357

Women in the Early Church (2)


BITH 373

Marriage, Sex and Family in the Christian Tradition


ENGL 434

Modern Literary Theory


PHIL 347

Feminist Philosophy (2)


PSYC 431

Psychology of Human Sexuality



Social, Historical, & Global Context (4-6 hours)





ANTH 381

Politics of Veiling in the Modern Middle East (2)


ANTH 435

Power and Gender in Southeast Asia


HIST 346

Renaissance and Reformation Europe


HIST 355

History of Women in the U.S.


PSCI 337

Women and Politics (2)


PSCI 355

Race and Welfare Politics (2)


SOC 228

Sociology of Sexuality (2)


SOC 356

The Family





Gender in Life and Culture (4-6 hours)




ART 319

Documentary Photography (3)


ART 329

Community Art (2)


BIOL 318

Global Health


COMM 221

Interpersonal Communication


COMM 476

Theatre and Culture


ENGL 326

Children's Literature


ENGL 328

Young Adult Literature


ENGL 379

African American Literature


ENGL 375

Woman Writers (2)




Flexible Course Additions (2-4 hours). On a case-by-case basis, the Gender Studies Certificate can include courses and independent study work in which students participate in a class with gender-related topics and/or pursue work directly related to the issues addressed in the Gender Studies program. This can occur in one of two ways.



Special Topics Courses that are offered on an occasional basis and address gender-related topics may be petitioned for acceptance as partial fulfillment of the Course Content Units in either the Social, Historical, and Global Context or Gender in Life and Culture. Examples include, but are not limited to, COMM 424 (Special Topics in Communication) or PSYC 481 (Advanced Seminar in Psychology).



With permission of the professor and Gender Studies program, students could take a course in which they pursue gender issues as a significant part of the course. An example is BITH 393 (Theological Anthropology) in which a student would focus on gender as an aspect of personhood.

Sociology Courses (SOC)

SOC 115. Introduction to Sociology. An overview of the theory, methodology, and conceptualizations of the discipline of sociology. Offers the opportunity to develop an understanding of American society and the diversity within it. Legacy diversity designation. Meets legacy general education requirement. DUS, SI

SOC 116. Introduction to Sociology. An overview of the theory, methodology, and conceptualization of the discipline of sociology. Offers opportunity to develop an understanding of society in the United States and beyond. SI

SOC 228. Sociology of Sexuality. This class will explore issues of identity as sexual individuals, the role of sexuality in our broader society, and the linkages between sexuality and violence. As sexuality affects both individuals and the larger society, this class aims to equip and challenge students in building a positive and God-honoring conception of sexuality in their own lives and their engagement in the world. Prerequisite (or requisite): Open to sophomores, juniors, and seniors. (2)

SOC 238. Contemporary Social Concerns. An in-depth seminar focusing on major concerns of society, such as: problems of youth, the elderly, AIDS, homelessness, human rights, prison reform, and toxic waste. (2)

SOC 241x. Social Psychology. See PSYC 241.

SOC 251. Culture, Media, & Society. Americans are surrounded by the culture and media: television, movies, music, stories and narratives, the Internet and Facebook, cultural norms and values, advertising and more vie for our attention each day. How are these social forms generated and sustained? How do we make sense of them from a sociological and Christian perspective? Students will learn and apply three analytic approaches to culture (repertoires, production, and narratives) as they consider how everyday interactions with culture and media affect Evangelical life. Legacy diversity designation. Meets legacy general education requirement. Note: This course does not fulfill the entire VPA theme and covers only the domain of visual arts. SI, VPAV

SOC 321. Sociology of Economic Life: In an era of growing economic inequality, this course employs a sociological approach to ask questions about social construction of markets and the moral meanings within them. The goal of the course is to empower students in their roles as economic agents, as well as help them understand the broader structures in which they are engaged.

SOC 337. Racial and Ethnic Relations. Sociohistorical and cultural aspects of race and ethnicity in America. Through class discussion, films, and research about minority cultures, students explore and examine such sociological concepts as assimilation, conflict, and pluralism. Prerequisite: SOC 115/116 and sophomore standing or above, or consent of the instructor. Legacy diversity designation. DUS

SOC 341. Social and Political Movements. Social movements challenge political, economic, and social systems through collective action. We will discuss why social movements occur, how actors become involved, their relationship with the state, and the resources needed to sustain and grow such movements. Using a case study approach, students examine particular social actors and differing views of justice, while being encouraged to further develop their own conception of biblical justice in society. Legacy diversity designation.

SOC 347. Gender and Society. What does it mean to be male or female? Why do we have these categories? How does gender matter in society? In this class, we focus on unpacking the concept of gender, and investigate the role of social institutions in constructing gender roles and contributing to gender inequalities. There is also an emphasis understanding how issues of gender intersect with those of class, race, and culture.

SOC 355. Social Class and Inequality. An examination of the theories and explanations of the origins and perpetuation of social inequality, class, and stratification. Consideration of both classical and modern perspectives, as well as explanations of the relationship among stratification, status, occupation, and mobility; descriptions of various class characteristics and an examination of selected relationships between class and other areas of social participation. Legacy diversity designation.

SOC 356. The Family. A sociological approach to the practices that exist within families, the relationships between family members, and the social influences that shape the decisions of families. This course will challenge students to think about how religious institutions and politics can strengthen families and individuals within them. Legacy diversity designation. Meets legacy general education requirement.

SOC 359. American Suburbanization. This course examines how and why American suburbs became the home of a majority of Americans and important centers for economic and cultural life. Emphasis will be placed on understanding and researching nearby suburbs (Wheaton and surrounding communities) and how Christians might respond to suburbia. Legacy diversity designation.

SOC 364. Urban Sociology. Growth and patterning of city life; social relations and social institutions in the city; examination of urban problems and proposed solutions. Prerequisite: SOC 115/116 or consent of the instructor.

SOC 366. Sociology of Religion. Religion as a social phenomenon and its functions for the individual and society. Focus upon religious socialization, measurement of religious behavior, and variety of religious roles; includes organizational forms and relationships to other social institutions. Prerequisite: SOC 115/116 or consent of the instructor.

SOC 367. Crime and Delinquency. The incidence, nature, and development of crime and delinquency in America; methods of control, treatment, and prevention, including current research and innovations in approaching juvenile and adult offenders. Prerequisite: SOC 115/116 or consent of the instructor.

SOC 371. Asians in America. This course is designed to help students understand the diversity and histories of “Asian” Americans with a focus on the post-1965 waves. In addition to understanding Asian Americans from sociological and historical categories, we will also examine religion in the Asian American experiences. Legacy diversity designation. DUS

SOC 373. Sociology of Education. Examines the social role of education in postindustrial societies. Different types of schools and their effects on academic achievement are examined, and students are encouraged to participate in the growth and development of schools where possible. Christian perspectives on education, learning, and schools are emphasized. Prerequisite: SOC 115/116 or consent of the instructor.

SOC 376. Sociological Theory. A survey of social thought of classical theorists, such as Weber, Durkheim, and Marx, as well as an overview of contemporary social theory. Addresses the various theoretical perspectives, as well as the current lack of consensus in social theory. Legacy diversity designation.

SOC 383. Statistics. An introduction to statistics common in social research. Topics include descriptive and inferential statistics, hypothesis testing, significance, correlation, analysis of variance, and multiple regression. Emphasis is on application and effectively using a common statistical program (SPSS). AAQR

SOC 385. Social Change. What forces contribute to social change? In this class, we examine some of the changes that have occurred and are occurring throughout the world that impact the ability of people to live lives of human flourishing. We will explore some of the socio-historical contexts related to social change, such as political forces, economic markets, technological innovation, and demographic and population changes. Students will have an opportunity to focus on contemporary issues related to social change in a specific country of interest. Students will also reflect on a number of different Christian theological documents on globalization, and develop their own faith perspective on what it means to follow Christ in a globalized world. Meets legacy general education requirement for HNGR students only. GP, SI

SOC 399. Social Network Analysis: Theory and Methods. Social Network analysis is at the core of sociology in the 21st century, with international implications in education, law enforcement, and many other fields. A vast arena of research possibilities currently exists for using social networks to study churches, denominations, parachurch ministries, academic institutions and communities of all kinds. This course examines the history, components, and applications of social network analysis. Using Mathematica, students will complete supervised research projects using methods in social network analysis.

SOC 482. Social Research. Introduces students to techniques and methods for scientific research in the social sciences including surveys, experiments, field research, coding, and more. A cumulative project follows the steps of producing social science research including developing a research question, writing a literature review, and explaining the use of data and methods. Corequisites or Prerequisites: SOC 115/116, 376, 383, or consent of the instructor.

SOC 492. Thesis Research. Students will work closely with the faculty advisor to collect and analyze data, write a senior thesis paper, and present their research in a public setting. They will also work with other students to workshop papers. Required for the sociology major. Prerequisite: SOC 494

SOC 494. Senior Capstone. A capstone seminar focusing on the integration of sociology and Christianity. Examination of the philosophies, literature, and research of selected problem areas in the discipline. Recommended for seniors. Prerequisites: SOC 115/116, 376 or consent of the instructor.

SOC 495. Independent Study. Guided reading and research for the advanced major or research internship in ongoing institutional or faculty research. Formal student proposal required. (1-4)

SOC 496. Internship in Sociology. Credit given in connection with internship assignment in social research, criminal justice, law, urban ministries, urban planning, or social policy. Offered as a block placement for an entire semester on or off campus (in the Chicago area). Sociology majors may apply eight hours of internship credit toward one sociology elective course. See department for details, including course prerequisites. (4, 8)

Anthropology Courses (ANTH)

ANTH 116. Introduction to Anthropology. This course is an introduction to the discipline of anthropology, with particular focus on the methods, theory and conceptual framework of socio- cultural anthropology. All topics will be addressed in anthropological and Christian terms, including such issues as race, gender, language, globalization, and marriage. Freshmen and Sophomores only, except by consent of instructor. Legacy diversity designation. Meets legacy general education requirement. GP, SI

ANTH 261. Stimulants and Culture. This course looks at legal stimulants and other "drug foods" (e.g., coffee, tea, chocolate, sugar, tobacco, yerba mate) in a time-frame bounded by the European colonial project in the Americas to the present in order to explore both personal affect, consumption, and identity construction as well as the development of systems of production and economic markets. (2)

ANTH 262. Latin American Borders and Frontiers. Margin making has been fundamental to the project[ion] of the nation state, although the lines that divide national boundaries are a recent construction. This is a class about what borders and frontiers mean and do. This course considers a range of themes - gender, race, nation-making, economics, aesthetics, geographic imaginary- as we move through a series of Latin American frontiers including Chicago itself. Legacy diversity designation. (2)

ANTH 282. Culture, Travel and Tourism. Tourism and other forms of international travel have become important sites of anthropological inquiry as increasing numbers of people have their most significant cross-cultural experiences through the travel industry, either as participants or providers. This course will explore the anthropological literature around these phenomena, with a focus on the consequences of such travel for the construction of culture and cultural differences. (2)

ANTH 319. Colonialism and Redemption: Native American Culture and Theology from 1492 to Wounded Knee. An interdisciplinary course designed to explore the Native American experience through the lens of historical anthropology and theology. The course explores the experience and perspectives of the Native inhabitants of "Turtle Island" from the beginning of the colonial era up to the present day. The course also examines the role of Scripture, theology, and the Church during the time of European expansion across North America and the current relationship between First Nations peoples and Christianity, including developments in Native Christian theology. Meetings with Native Americans are part of the course. The themes of "colonialism" and "redemption" will bind together this theological, anthropological, and personal exploration. Legacy diversity designation. Meets legacy general education requirement. (2)

ANTH 324. Anthropology of Global Christianity. This course explores the diverse manifestations of Christianity around the globe. Using anthropological theory and method, particular attention will be paid to the non-Western church, exploring the relationship between the Gospel and culture around the world. Legacy diversity designation. (2)

ANTH 331. Cultural Immersion Experience. A department approved cultural immersion experience. (0)

ANTH 341. Consumption and Material Culture. This class integrates the relationships between people and the things they consume. In particular, it is interested in the ways in which identities and relationships are generated through the processes and events of consumption. Case studies will be drawn from multiple national and international contexts and will highlight the embeddedness of these processes within the larger social and cultural systems. (2)

ANTH 353. Biculturalism. Principles of anthropology that highlight understanding of, and adapting to, other cultures, with focus on the problems of cross-cultural adaptation and ministry for the Christian. Relevant for HNGR interns, missions, C.E., and Biblical Studies majors, and all who are interested in cross-cultural work. Legacy diversity designation. Meets legacy general education requirement. DUS, GP

ANTH 354. Culture in the Contemporary World. Exploring how “culture” relates to identity, interpretation of Scripture, and the practice of the Christian life, this course provides students with an understanding of basic anthropological approaches to culture and how those approaches relate to contemporary issues such as racialization, language ideology, conceptions of gender, neocolonialism, and missions. Requires sophomore standing and above or consent of instructor. Legacy diversity designation. Meets legacy general education requirement.

ANTH 361. Medical Anthropology. Cultural differences in conceptions of illness and health care, and the processes of change in medical systems throughout the contemporary world. Relevant for health care professions, missions, HNGR. Legacy diversity designation. (2)

ANTH 362. Globalization. The rapid increase in information and transportation technology has made Americans more aware than ever of the flow of culture around the world; Thai students can dine on Mexican food while listening to U.S. hip-hop. But what does it really mean? Is globalization a new stage of global culture or an old process in new garb? This class will explore the definition, phenomenon, and impact of globalization as it relates to the concept of culture. Legacy diversity designation. (2)

ANTH 363. Anthropology of Energy. In this class, we will look at the ways the production of energy has shaped the development of societies throughout the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. We incorporate geography and anthropology to explore how energy ties together hopes of prosperity, politics, and financial flows. Throughout the entire course, we return to the themes of "creation care" and "stewardship," loving our neighbor, and seeking to live the kingdom of God.

ANTH 376. Culture Theory. The culture concept has gone through numerous transformations since it was first introduced into anthropology in the nineteenth century, and this course briefly surveys historical theories in anthropology, but highlights structuralist, poststructuralist, postmodernist, Marxist, feminist, postcolonial, and transaction theories.

ANTH 381. Politics of Veiling in the Modern Middle East. This course approaches the diversity of life in the modern Middle East through the practices of veiling. Rather than a singular model or symbol, the veil emerges as a material object invested with various meanings through the complex intertwining of political, religious, and social life in societies from North Africa to Central Asia, and increasingly, the rest of the world. Legacy diversity designation. (2).

ANTH 383X. Cities in the Global South. See URBN 383. (2)

ANTH 385x. Field Research Methods. See HNGR 385.

ANTH 393X. Placemaking in Urban Contexts. See URBN 393. (2)

ANTH 421. Images of the Middle East in the Muslim World. The Arab Spring. 9/11. Islam. The Holy Land. Wars in Iraq, Afghanistan. There are very few places that are more controversial and more misunderstood than the Middle East. Ironically, the news reports we see on a daily basis only serve to make this part of the world more confusing. We will read canonical texts that help us engage and analyze how the Middle East and the Muslim world have been understood and misunderstood in Europe and the Americas. (2)

ANTH 435. Power and Gender in Southeast Asia. Anthropologists generally have made conceptions of power and gender key concepts in their work around the globe. Anthropologists working in Southeast Asia have made particular contributions to these discussions, through cultural examples that are frequently quite distinct from European and Euro-American conceptions. From traditional sultanates in Java, to the modern urban megacities of Thailand and Malaysia, this course will explore, through historical investigations and contemporary cultural forms, questions of how power and gender intersect in this region of the world. Legacy diversity designation. GP, HP

ANTH 478. Anthropology Through Film. The medium of film can provide a window into the heart of a society, giving the viewer a chance to see inside the culture and minds of a people. This course will use commercial (“Hollywood”) films as opportunities to explore themes and theories in anthropology, in order to gain insight into anthropological concepts and the society(ies) or subcultures from which the films originate. Legacy diversity designation. (2)

ANTH 481. Anthropological Writing: Writing in History and the Social Sciences. This is a course for students who want to write for scholarly and general audiences. It is an opportunity to strengthen writing skills and analytical techniques. In this intensive writing course, advanced anthropology (and related disciplines) students will get a hands-on experience of gathering and/or using original data (ethnographic, archival, statistical, geo-spatial, etc.), transforming it into evidence (by analyzing it using relevant theoretical methods) and then writing a compelling analytical argument that connects the research findings to important social scientific questions. The course is particularly relevant for those who have previously collected data (such as HNGR or other study abroad students) they are prepared to use in a substantial writing project. (2)

ANTH 482. Ethnographic Theory and Method. This course analyzes anthropological research and writing on fieldwork, while cultivating students’ skills in the practice of ethnography. The production of knowledge, problems of evidence, experience and ethics, as well as issues of power and representation are discussed. Students frame and address theoretical problems through the development of an ethnographic research project, and through the processes of peer review, they refine this project throughout the semester, culminating in an original piece of anthropological research. Legacy diversity designation.

ANTH 494. Senior Capstone. A capstone seminar which evaluates contemporary issues within anthropology to address the relationship between Christianity and anthropological epistemologies, theories, and methods. Prerequisite: ANTH 116.

ANTH 495. Independent Study. Guided reading and research for the advanced students, or research internship in ongoing institutional or faculty research. Prerequisite: Permission of department chair. (1-4)

ANTH 496. Internship in Anthropology. Credit given in connection with an internship assignment in medical anthropology, missions, HNGR, cross-cultural settings which involve education, development, business, or family life with participation of a faculty anthropologist. Majors may apply eight hours of internship credit toward one anthropology elective course. See department for details, including course prerequisites. (4, 8)

Social Welfare Courses (SWEL)

SWEL 331. Introduction to Social Welfare. Examination and critique of the social welfare institution in America; its history, value orientation, issues past and present, and the agencies through which social welfare is administered. Christian perspective, agency visits, and field trip. (2)

SWEL 332. Human Services Practice. Development of self-awareness for the human services professional. Introduction to methods used in social work practice, interviewing, assessment, and treatment planning. Professional social workers as guest speakers. (2)

SWEL 496. Social Work Internship. A field experience providing opportunities for observation and participation in selected welfare agencies. Knowledge of community resources; skill and technique development; theory-in-practice experience. Offered as a block placement for an entire semester. Placements are made in the Chicago area. Sociology majors may apply eight hours of internship credit toward one sociology elective course. Prerequisites: SWEL 331, 332. See department for details. (4, 8)

Gender Courses (GEND)

GEND 494. Gender Studies Capstone. This course pulls together students’ exploration of gender through the perspectives of theology, the social sciences, and humanities. The Gender Studies Capstone course promotes the mission statement of the Sociology/Anthropology department: to develop a biblical foundation for understanding social interaction both within American society and across cultures. Prerequisites: SOC 347 and BITH 383. Legacy diversity designation. (2, lin)

GEND 495. Gender Studies Independent Study. Guided reading and research for the advanced major or research internship in ongoing institutional or faculty research. (2)

Revision Date: June 1, 2017



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Wheaton College

501 College Ave.

Wheaton, IL 60187


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