This service is intended for Wheaton College students, faculty and staff; people who live in convenient driving range to campus; or people who will be visiting Wheaton's campus. Every month, this Bulletin Board will highlight a new document or set of documents that are available in the Archives. Come on over and have a look!
|The above map (found in Collection 231, OS24) was created in 1948 by China Inland Mission. The image above was scanned in sixteen sections before being pieced together here, more or less corresponding to the sixteen panels of the map. To see greater detail of the map, click here or on the map.|
Among the documents in the Archives' collections are a perhaps infrequently used but valuable resource: maps of countries or locations where missionaries have worked. Usually these maps come in the midst of other administrative documents which tell the story of a mission agency's history. The map featured here, created in 1948, identifies Chinese cities and stations (villages, towns, rural centers) at which China Inland Mission (CIM) workers were based, quickly showing the breadth of the mission's activity throughout China's interior. Older maps of China such as this are particularly useful to staff and researchers because they allow them compensate for the evolution of Chinese placenames which occured during the 1900s, often due to or in response to the Romanization of names by Westerners. A placename referred to in a missionary letter like Anhwei may have only evolved slightly to Anhui, or from Peking or Peiping to Beijing, and most of China's current provincial names bear some resemblance to those on this map. But also possible is the change from Chowkiakow, where CIM missionary Helen Anderson who donated this map to the Archives worked in the early 1940s, to Zhoukouzhen. Compare a current map of China with this one and you will discover many other differences.
To read and understand Archives documents and the events behind them, researchers, staff, historians and living family members are now confronted with the task of crossing the bridge between currently and previously used placenames, which is how missionaries working in China referred to the locations as they were called when they lived there. This map therefore becomes not only a tool to envision the scope of CIM work and comprehend geographical location and proximity, but is also a link through time to identify previously used names for locations.
And the Archives has maps of many other countries too. So far, here is the list of maps found in Archives collections waiting for your exploration:
Also see the digital version of Africa Inland Mission's map of East Africa.