Billy Graham Center

Interview with Ruby B. (Arnold) Maynard - Collection 530

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Table of Contents

Title Page and Restrictions

Brief Description of This Collection

Biography of Ruby B. (Arnold) Maynard

An Essay on the Contents of the Collection (Scope and Content)

List of Audio Tapes in the Collection

Collection 530
[December 15, 2015]
Maynard, Ruby: 1912-1998
Interview: 1996
3 audio tapes (0.12 cubic feet)

Brief Description:

Oral history interview with Ruby Beatrice (Arnold) Maynard, medical missionary in Tanzania from 1938-1984 with Africa Inland Mission. Topics discussed include Maynard's childhood; conversion; education at Moody Bible Institute; managing the hospital and leprosarium in Tanzania; the development of the African Inland Church in Tanzania; Dr. Nina Maynard's work at the Kolo Ndoto hospital; Ruby Maynard's marriage to station supervisor, William Maynard; challenges of missionary life; relationship between AIM and the British colonial government; Tanzanian independence in 1961; Tanzanian culture; and changes in AIM missionary service during her 46 years as a missionary. The interviews cover the time frame 1912-1984.


There are no restrictions on the use of this collection.


Full name Ruby Beatrice Arnold Maynard
Birth September 25, 1912 in Arnold Station, KY
Death July 28, 1998
Parents Fred and Lillian Arnold
Marital Status married William Maynard on January 15, 1948 in Tanzania.
1925 Converted due to the influence of Sunday School teacher, Leota Beck at age 13.
1931-1935 Moody Bible Institute, Medical Missions diploma
1937 Toronto Bible College, Nursing at Home diploma
1938 Sailed to Africa on April 1. First station at Ukerewe Island on Lake Victoria in Tanganyika under station supervisor Frank Manning.
1943 Revival on Ukerewe Island.
1944-1946 First furlough in the United States, arriving in 1945 due to travel delays caused by WWII.
1946 Transferred to Kola Ndoto station after returning from furlough to oversee the leprosarium. Hospital supervisor Dr. Nina Maynard died from stomach cancer the same year.
1948 Married William "Nangi" Maynard.
1951-1952 Furlough
1961 Administration of mission operations turned over to the African Inland Church in Tanzania following independence from Great Britain that same year.
1969 William Maynard died on June 15.
1971-1972 Furlough
1974-1976 Furlough
1983 Returned from Tanzania to the United States
1984 Officially retired from AIM mission work and moved to AIM Media Retirement Center in Clermont, FL.
Other Significant Information:
After retiring from the mission field, Maynard lived in the AIM Media Retirement Center with another former AIM missionary, B. Renee Paul. Paul, who served in Congo and Kenya, is heard speaking at the end of Tape 3.


Scope and Content:

Ruby Maynard was interviewed by Robert Shuster on April 19, 1996 at the Africa Inland Mission Retirement Center in Clermont, FL. The events described in the interview cover the time period from 1912 to 1996.

T1 (73 minutes).
Family background; parents' religious beliefs and evangelical conversions later in life; growing up in the middle of six siblings in a non-religious home; childhood desire to be a nurse; description of father and mother; influence of school teachers on her character; Christian conversion through the influence of a Sunday school teacher Leota Beck [?] at age 13; impressions of church as a new Christian; inspiration to be a missionary after hearing about missions in Africa in Sunday school; attending Moody Bible Institute through the Beck's sponsorship; her parents' conversions to Christianity shortly before her own; combining her desire to be a missionary and a nurse; learning basic doctrine and reliance on God's provision at Moody; adjusting to the urban context of Chicago; street meetings and hospital visitation at Cook County Hospital; Dr. H.A. Ironside; hearing about Africa Inland Mission (AIM) at Moody Bible Institute; applying to AIM and studying missionary medicine at Toronto Bible College; leaving for Africa in 1938; first impressions of Tanzania; medical work on Ukerewe Island; learning the Kijita language; station supervisor Frank Manning and his evangelistic efforts; typical day at the hospital; evangelizing during medical work; visiting villages and learning cultural customs; description of AIM annual conference; collaborating with Mennonite and Swedish Free missionaries; living conditions of nearby tribes and the missionaries; Tanzania known as "The White Man's Grave" due to deaths from malaria.

T2 (77 minutes).
Overlap from T1; comparison of British and German administration in Tanzania; relationship between missionaries and the British colonial authorities; different roles of male and female missionaries on the field; revival on Ukerewe Island in 1943 influenced by Keswick's theology of victorious living; first furlough and deputation work in the United States; the autonomy AIM missionaries had compared to other missions agencies; moving to AIM station at Kola Ndoto after furlough to work at the leprosarium among the Basakuma people; African view of leprosy as a curse and opposition to the leprosarium; Christian witness to patients suffering with leprosy; Dr. Nina Maynard's ministry at Kola Ndoto and later death; development of the African church at Kola Ndoto; typical church and prayer services at Kola Ndoto; description of William Maynard's and the source of his nickname "Nangi" (Teacher). Arthur and William Barnett assisting at the hospital after Dr. Maynard's death; effect of a new sulfa drug on the African population; support from the British colonial government for the leprosy work; administration of the leprosarium; tensions among different tribal groups; new treatments developed for leprosy; transition to Tanzanian independence under President Julius Nyerere in 1961; successful reforms under Nyerere; development of the African Inland Church (AIC) in Tanzania.

T3 (25 minutes).
Overlap from T2; involvement in village evangelism; strengths and weaknesses of AIM; changes in missionary work over time; thoughts on AIM's emphasis on evangelism over education; commendation of missionary Renee Paul; Paul's thoughts on educational efforts in Kenya and Rift Valley Academy.

*The two pieces Robert Shuster reads to Ruby Maynard during this interview are excerpts from an oral history interview with William Barnett found in CN 248, T2 and from pages 90-91 of A History of Christianity in Africa: From Antiquity to the Present (1995) by Elizabeth Isichei.



The oral history interviews in this collection were given to the Billy Graham Center Archives by Ruby Maynard in April 1996.

Accession 96-28
October 24, 2012
Brittany Adams

Revised and updated
December 15, 2015
Katherine J. Graber


Accession: 96-28
Type of Material: Audio Tapes
The following items are located in the AUDIO TAPE file.

# Length Contents Dates
T1 72 min Interview of Ruby Maynard by Robert Shuster April 19, 1996
T2 77 min Continuation of interview with Ruby Maynard by Robert Shuster April 19, 1996
T3 25 min Continuation of interview with Ruby Maynard by Robert Shuster April 19, 1996


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Last revised: 12/15/15
Expiration: indefinite

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