Billy Graham Center

Interview with Ruby B. (Arnold) Maynard - Collection 530

[Note: What follows is a description of the documents in this collection which are available for use at BGC Archives in Wheaton, Illinois, USA. The actual documents are not, in most cases, available online, only this description of them. Nor are they available for sale or rent. Some or all of this collection can be borrowed through interlibrary loan . ]

Table of Contents

Title Page and Restrictions

Brief Description of This Collection

Biography of Ruby B. (Arnold) Maynard

An Essay on the Contents of the Collection (Scope and Content)

List of Audio Tapes in the Collection

Collection 530
[August 14, 2012]
Ruby B. Maynard; 1912-1998
Interview; 1996

3 audio tapes (.06 cubic feet)

Restrictions: None.

Brief Description:
Oral history interview of Maynard, a medical missionary with Africa Inland Mission in Tanginyika/Tanzania from 1938-1984. Topics covered include: her education at Moody Bible Institute; managing a hospital and a leprosarium in Tanzania; the development of the Africa Inland Church in that country; Dr. Nina Maynard; her marriage to William Maynard; the realities of missionary life; British colonial government and Tanzanian independence; Tanzanian society and culture.


Full name: Ruby Beatrice (Arnold) Maynard

Birth: September 25, 1912 in Arnold, KY

Death: July 28, 1998


Parents: Fred Alloway Arnold and Lillie Marian (Graves) Arnold

Siblings: Edna (Arnold) Southard, C.N. Arnold, two other sisters, two other brothers

Marital Status: William J. “Nangi” Maynard (June 26, 1876-June15, 1969) in Kola Ndoto, Tanzania on January 15, 1948 (second wife)

Conversion: Age 13, due to influence of Leota Beck, her Sunday school teacher who later supported her in missions


1931-1934 Moody Bible Institute, Chicago, USA
1937 Graduated from Nursing-at-Home Mission through Toronto Bible College, Canada


1938-1945 First station with AIM on Ukerewe, Tanzania, running the hospital
1945-1946 Furlough
1946-1951 Second station in Kola Ndoto, Tanzania, working at the leprosarium
1951-1952 Furlough
1952-March 1971 Return to Kola Ndoto, Tanzania
March 1971-September 1971 (or 1972?) Unknown
September 1971 (or 1972?)-1975 Return to Kola Ndoto, Tanzania
1975 Left mission field for unspecified emergency
1975?-1983 Return to Kola Ndoto, Tanzania
1984 Retirement

Other significant information:

William Maynard’s first wife was Dr. Nina Maynard, a physician with AIM in Kola Ndoto, Tanzania. She passed away in 1946.
During her retirement Ruby lived with B. Renee Paul, another former AIM missionary who worked in Kenya and the Congo. Renee is heard speaking at the end of tape three.

Scope and Content:

Ruby Maynard was interviewed by Robert Shuster on April 19, 1996, at the Africa Inland Mission Media Retirement Center in Clermont, Florida. The events described in the interview cover the time period 1938-1996.

T1 (72 minutes). Family background; childhood spent moving often (Arnold, KY; Lansing, MI; West Virginia; Evansville, IN); conversion at age 13; studied at Moody Bible Institute (MAI); tutelage under Dr. Wilbur Smith; impressions of Chicago; involvement in street meetings and visitation at Cook County Hospital while at MBI; membership at Moody Church with pastor H. A. Ironside; application to Africa Inland Mission (AIM); medical training at Nursing-at-Home program through Toronto Bible College; departure for Africa on freighter; first impressions of Africa; first assignment on Ukerewe Island in Tanzania; performing medical work in Tanzania; description of the hospital; daily services and conversions; importance of ancestral history among the Tanzanians; local customs, including: snake worship, superstition, agriculture, and family structure; annual conferences among missionaries; arrival of Mennonite and Swedish Free missionaries; living condition of missionaries in Tanzania.

T2 (78 minutes). Fairness of British government after taking over Tanzania as a protectorate from Germany; contact with loved ones back home; positive rapport with colonial government; background on William and Dr. Nina Maynard in Africa; subordination of female missionaries to male; revival at Ukerewe; first furlough; administration of AIM; the leprosarium in Kola Ndoto, Tanzania; perception of leprosy by the Africans; work and life of Dr. Nina Maynard; church services in Kola Ndoto; death and legacy of Dr. Nina Maynard; life and work on William “Nangi” Maynard, including his marriage to Ruby in 1948; overview of Ruby’s work in Tanzania, including the consequences of the release of the sulfone drug and the contribution of the British Mission to Lepers; administration of the leprosarium; tensions among the tribes; independence movement in Tanzania/Tanganyika; thoughts on President Julius Nyerere.

T3 (25 minutes). Organization of the African Inland Church (AIC); involvement in village evangelism; strengths and weaknesses of the church in Tanzania; changes in missionary work over time; comments by Renee Paul on work in Kenya, especially education and Rift Valley Academy.


The materials in this collection were given to the Archives of the Billy Graham Center by Ruby Maynard in April 1996.

Accession: 96-28

October 24, 2012
Brittany Adams

Accession: 96-28
Type of Material: Audio Tapes

The following items are located in the AUDIO TAPE file:

# R/C Speed Length Sides Contents Dates
T1 R 3-3/4 ips 72 min. 1 Oral history interview with Ruby Maynard by Robert Shuster April 19, 1996
T2 R 3-3/4 ips 78 min. 1 Continuation of the oral history interview with Ruby Maynard by Robert Shuster April 19, 1996
T3 R 3-3/4 ips 25 min. 1 Conclusion of the oral history interview with Ruby Maynard by Robert Shuster April 19, 1996

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Wheaton College 2012