Billy Graham Center

Interviews with Ian M. Hay - Collection 503

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Table of Contents

Brief Description of This Collection

Title Page and Restrictions


An Essay on the Contents of the Collection (Scope and Content)

List of Audio Tapes in This Collection (Location Records)

Collection 503 [December 13, 2002]
Hay, Ian Moreland; 1928-
Interviews; 1994
Audio Tapes

Brief Description. Two interviews in which Hay describes his childhood, missionary parents and their work in Nigeria, comparisons between generations of missionaries, Hay's spiritual growth and call to missions, education and training for missionary work, Sudan Interior Mission (later renamed SIM International) for which he worked (as a missionary, administrative executive and director), missionary work in Nigeria, indigenous church administration (particularly in the Evangelical Church of West Africa or ECWA), African church leaders (most notably Byang Kato, Tokunboh Adeyemo, Panya Baba), transition to national leadership, emergence of ECWA's own missionary agency (Evangelical Missionary Society of EMS), paternalism of earlier missionaries and nationalism, his leadership of SIM, previous SIM leaders, organizational restructuring of SIM, wife's role, Evangelical mission leaders, his own management philosophy, and integrity in ministry. Events in the interviews cover the time period 1910-1994.

Restrictions: None

Full name Ian Moreland Hay
Birth December 19, 1928, in Miango, Nigeria
Parents John and Sarah Elisabeth McFarland Hay, Scottish missionaries with Sudan Interior Mission in Nigeria
Siblings Agnes Gwendolyn "Gwen" Hay Wyllie, born 1924
Marital Status Married to June in 1951
Children Unnamed still-born son, Brenda, twin sons, one of whom died at age four of cerebral malaria and the other (Alan) at age eight of leukemia, and Bob
Elementary and secondary education in Canada and US, including at Gowans Home for missionary children in Collingwood, Ontario
1946 Graduated from high school in Iowa
1950 Bryan College, BA, cum laude, English major, history minor
1951 Columbia Graduate School of Bible and Missions, MA in Biblical Education, summa cum laude
1976 Bryan College, Honorary Doctorate of Divinity
1984 Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, Doctorate of Missiology
1951-1993 Served SIM International: joined (1951), missionary to Nigeria in evangelism and church planting in rural Kuta (1952-1956), Hausa language school and administrative assistant in Jos (1957-1958), mission Field Secretary for West Africa in Jos (1958-1965), mission Director for North America (1965-1972), mission Deputy General Director (1972-1975), mission General Director (1975-1993), mission General Director Emeritus (1993- ). Furloughs in 1956, 1961.
Other significant information
Served on and chaired the boards of the Evangelism Missions Information Service (EMIS), Interdenominational Foreign Missions Association (IFMA), and Bryan College. Chairman of the Board of Columbia International University where he is also an adjunct professor.
Authored or contributed to books and articles on missions, evangelism and the African church

Scope and Content

Ian Hay was interviewed by Paul A. Ericksen on August 31 and September 1, 1994, at the SIM headquarters in Charlotte, North Carolina. The events described in the interview cover the time period 1910-1994.

T1 (69 minutes). Introduction, growing up as a child of missionaries in Nigeria, father's history and conversion during James M. Gray's preaching in Glasgow, education at Bible Training Institute in Glasgow, mother's emigration to the US, parents' joining SIM and being assigned to Kuta in central Nigeria among the Gbari people, assignments, father's diabetes the cause of return to US from 1936-1946, returning to Kuta to rebuild their work, Hay's assignment to Kuta, father's personality, parents' feelings about 1936-1946 absence from the field, mother's role as a missionary, father's assessment of mission problems and strategies, negative impact of conflict between two men missionaries, meeting Roland Bingham, sister Gwen attending Gowans Home for missionary children in Canada, father's near death surgery during furlough, parent's struggle over sending children away to boarding school, Gowans Home, learning about SIM's pioneering mission work in Nigeria through his father's presentations, father's resignation from SIM to pastor churches, personal spiritual journey, influence of Dr. Andrew Stirrett, mother's guiding him to faith, commitment to missionary work, preparation at Bryan College and Columbia, meeting wife June, joining SIM and arriving in Nigeria, seeing parents' imprint on him, his parents as missionaries, father's observations about changes in missions and younger missionaries, parents' love for the Nigerians, father's interaction with British government officials,, observations about colonial history, SIM's access to the Muslim Hausas in northern Nigeria, Bingham's stratagem in forcing British change of policy, leprosy as a door to northern Nigeria, parents' work in Kano, John Hall as first SIM missionary among the Muslims with few results, father's negotiations and frustrations with the British

T2 (64 minutes). Continuation on British colonialism and its impact to the present, British accommodation of Muslims, comparing his father's with his own attitudes about colonial rule, impact of world revolutions on missionary thinking, valuing his education at Bryan and Columbia, anti-scholastic attitude of the era among missions, starting over with SIM, first impressions of Nigeria and orientation, brief chronology of first two terms, SIM as a family, subsequent assignments in Kano and Jos and New York while on furlough, declining requests to be SIM's North America director, structure of SIM's North America organization, aspects of SIM administration in US and Africa, affinity for administration, addressing management deficiencies among senior administrators, Guy Playfair as general director, evolution of SIM's organizational structure in 1915, Playfair as first field director of Nigeria, difficulty in replacing Roland Bingham in 1942, Playfair's strong spirituality but lack of administrative skills and leadership, dissatisfaction among mission membership threatened breakup by 1957

T3 (42 minutes). Evolution of SIM's organizational structure from Roland Bingham to Hay, Playfair's inability to replace Bingham and resulting dissatisfaction, 1957 restructuring, SIM's administration and role of general director, Hay's additional restructuring, general council, Hay's dependence on colleagues to develop changes, Ken Hansen as a resource, Hay's responsibilities as field secretary and changes in Nigerian field structure and procedures, corresponding changes in East Africa field, Ray Davis as a colleague and administrator, Albert Helser as interim director, ECWA's (Evangelical Church of West Africa) origins, character and structure, formal structuring of the church prior to Nigerian independence in 1960

T4 (69 minutes). Father's response to changes in missions, changes in Nigeria since the pioneering days, Robert C. McQuilkin, assessing his orientation as a new missionary, developing effective candidate screening process, founding and structure of ECWA (local practices, church government, divisive issues, anti-denominational feeling among missionaries, hierarchy, fears about nationals' power, transition of authority, legal establishment, bureaucratic layers, relationships between churches), developments (1956-1976), need for central leadership, SIM relationship with ECWA and initiative to encourage leadership and development, detrimental social and political developments in Nigeria, paradigm shifts in Evangelical missions, SIM's transfer of property and responsibility for ministries to ECWA in 1976 while maintaining distinctiveness, politicking in ECWA for power, Panya Baba as ECWA leader, solidifying relationship between SIM and ECWA, ECWA emergence on its own in context of social changes, reconciling grievances presented to Hay, Panya Baba as an evangelist and leader, ECWA's missions emphasis, Baba's contribution to EMS (Evangelical Mission Society) and reflections on colonial period, cooperation between ECWA and SIM

T5 (65 minutes). Distinctives in Ethiopia, tensions between evangelistic arm and churches illustrated in Ethiopia, Byang Kato, Tekumboh Adeyemo, wide influence in African Evangelicalism, Gin Maigari, David Olatayo, Kato's input to the Americans' addressing the church-missions relations issue, Kato's recognition of role of independent Nigerian missionaries, EMS history and missionaries, interaction between ECWA and EMS, future of EMS, SIM's recognition of African church leaders, emerging presence of African missionaries, Panya Baba's leadership of ECWA, SIM's contribution to mission momentum in Africa, changes in SIM, partner relationships, EMS missionaries in the US, learning through writing his dissertation, encouraging SIM to develop international character, SIM's history of mergers (Abssynian Evangelism Mission, radio station ELWA, Andes Evangelical Mission), role of IFMA-EFMA discussions on cooperation and mergers, aborted merger with North Africa Mission, merger with AEM, SIM's expansion into other continents, lessons and benefits from mergers, TEAM's merger with Sudan United Mission, attitudes to and history of SIM's internationalization, merger with ICF (International Christian Fellowship) and comparison with other mergers

T6 (55 minutes). Benefits and disadvantages of merger with small unnamed South African mission in 1980s to establish work among Muslims, Phil Parshall's role in merging ICF and SIM, key factors, his own and Jim Plueddeman's becoming general director, comparing his leadership with Ray Davis's and Plueddeman's, Hay's interest in motivation, need for devotional life to maintain integrity, financial temptations, wife's role (women's work, managing the home, administrative and secretarial duties, traveling with Hay), addressing the stress of travel and leadership on marriage and productivity, admired or appreciated Evangelical leaders, future trends in missions (role of national leadership, partnering), American church's decreased vision and self-centeredness, advice to new missionaries, the benefit of enduring hardship



The interviews in this collection were given to the Archives of the Billy Graham Center by Ian Hay in September 1994.

Accession: 94-75
December 13, 2002
Paul A. Ericksen

Accession: 94-75
Type of Material: Audio Tapes
The following items are located in the AUDIO TAPE file.

The interviews in this collection were originally recorded on audio cassettes and later transferred to reel tape as preservation masters. The following were all recorded on reel masters at 3-3/4 ips on one side only.

# length Contents Dates
T1 69 min. Oral history interview with Ian Hay by Paul Ericksen. 08/31/94
T2 64 min. Continuation of oral history interview from T1 08/31/94
T3 42 min. Coclusion of oral history interview from T2 08/31/94
T4 69 min. Oral history interview with Ian Hay by Paul Ericksen 09/01/94
T5 65 min. Continuation of oral history interview from T4 09/01/94
T6 55 min. Conclusion of oral history interview from T5 09/01/94

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Last Revised: 12/13/02
Expiration: indefinite