Billy Graham Center
Archives

Papers of Stanley Roy Kline - Collection 477



[Note: What follows is a description of the documents in this collection which are available for use at BGC Archives in Wheaton, Illinois, USA. The actual documents are not, in most cases, available online, only this description of them. Nor are they available for sale or rent. Some or all of this collection can be borrowed through interlibrary loan. ]

Table of Contents

Brief Description of This Collection

Title Page and Restrictions

Biography of Stanley Roy Kline

An Essay on the Contents of the Collection (Scope and Content)

Lists of Audio Tapes, Photo Albums, and Photographs in This Collection (Location Records)
    Audio Tapes
    Photo Albums
    Photographs


*****

Transcript 1

Transcript 2

Transcript 3

Transcript 4

Transcript 5

Transcript 6




Brief Description.
Oral history interviews with Kline, missionary with Africa Inland Mission in the Belgian Congo/Zaire and the Seychelles Islands. Topics covered his family background in Philadelphia, conversion, Percy Crawford's influence, evangelism in Philadelphia, rescue mission work, call to missions, his wife Carmel Anthony, his evangelism and educational work in the Congo between 1940 and 1977, the transition from mission to national authority in the Africa Inland Church, work among pygmies, his work as treasurer for the Belgian Congo field, African church leaders, evacuations from Zaire in 1960 and and 1964, short-term vs. career missionaries issue, Belgian administration of the Congo, spiritual hardships of missionary work, memories of colleagues retirement in 1982. For more information, please see guide.
Vol: Audio Tapes, Photo Albums, Photograph




Collection 477
[November 18, 2007]
Kline, Stanley Roy; 1911-1999
Papers; ca. 1930s-1999; n.d.

Audio Tape, Photo Albums, Photograph (3.44 cubic feet)


Restrictions:

A portion of tape T6 is restricted until December 31, 2016.

COMPLETE TRANSCRIPTS TO INTERVIEWS T1, T2, T3, T4, & T5 OF THIS COLLECTION ARE AVAILABLE. A TRANSCRIPT OF T6, WITH A RESTRICTED PORTION REMOVED, IS ALSO AVAILABLE.






Biography
Full name: Stanley Roy Kline

Birth date: October 20, 1911, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Death Date: April 8, 1999

Family:
Parents: Hary Rusk Kline and Wilhemina Katharine (Fisher) Kline
Siblings: Ruth Estelle (Kline) Lorenz
Marital Status: Married Carmel Anthony in 1940 in the Belgian Congo
Children: Two children, Gary Kline and Coralee (Kline ) Hirst
Conversion: Saved June 11, 1932, at a street evangelistic meeting

Education:
1933-1937 Philadelphia School of the Bible

Career:
early 1930s Worked at medical publishing house
mid 1930s Involved as a volunteer in youth program of Percy Crawford in Philadelphia
1939 Joined Africa Inland Mission
1940-1945 Served at Aba and Aungba, Belgian Congo, involved in out station work and boy's school
1945-1946 Furlough to United States
1947-1953 Served at Maitulu Ruwenzori, Belgian Congo
1953-1954 Furlough in United States
1954-1957 Worked among the Wanandi, Babuba and pygmy peoples at Oicha, Belgian Congo
1957-1959 Treasurer for the Belgian Congo field, with office at Rethy
1960-1961 Served in Aba, Belgian Congo
1961-1976 Treasurer for the Belgian Congo field, with office at Rethy
1961-1964 Served in Rethy, Belgian Congo
1964 Evacuated with other missionaries to Kenya through Uganda during the conflict in the Congo
1964 Briefly assigned to Eldoret, Kenya
1965 Worked at YMCA in Kisumu, Kenya, for the first half of the year
1965-1966 Furlough to the United States
1966-1976 Served in Rethy, Zaire
1977-1980 Assisted in starting the AIM's work in the Seychelles Islands
1980 Returned to the United States
1980-1982 AIM's representative in the Middle Atlantic States of the United States
1982 Retired with his wife to AIM's media Retirement center in Florida






Scope and Content


Series: Audio tapes
Arrangement: Chronological in the order in which they were recorded
Date range: Tapes were all recorded January 1993; topics cover the period of 1911-1982
Volume: 7 reels of tape, .14 cubic feet
Geographic coverage: Philadelphia, Congo, Kenya, Seychelles Islands
Type of documents: Oral history interviews
Notes: Stanley Kline was interviewed by Paul Ericksen on January 18-20, 1993, at Africa Inland Mission's retirement center (also known as Media) in Clermont, Florida. The events described in the interview cover the time period 1911-1982.

T1 (71 minutes). (Click to link to the transcript of this tape) Childhood in Philadelphia; lack of religious beliefs in his home; churches in his area; first jobs and returning to school; the effect of Prohibition and the Great Depression on his family; Percy Crawford and the Young People's Church of the Air; conversion through a church meeting and first steps in Christian life; Samuel Boggs; changes in his behavior; attending
Crawford's Bible studies; Merrill T. Macpherson; working on the staff of a rescue mission; dedicating his life to Christian service; personality and ministry of Percy Crawford; Bible teachers and pastors associated with Percy Crawford and the Pinebrook conferences; attending Macpherson's Presbyterian church; split in church over supporting Pearl Buck as a missionary; Macpherson locked out of his church and organizing the Church of the Open Door in Philadelphia; development of the Independent Board of Presbyterian Missions; Philip Howard; description of Crawford's radio program; other radio broadcasters (Donald Barnhouse, George Palmer); strength of Evangelicalism and Fundamentalism in the Philadelphia area; interest in becoming a missionary; father's depression because of being out of work.

T2 (68 minutes). Carmel Anthony's evangelistic work and interest in missions; her work with gypsies in Philadelphia; witnessing to his parents and sister; family attitude toward Kline becoming a missionary; Carmel's plan to go to Africa as a missionary; courtship of Carmel by Stanley; Austin Paul; AIM's policy toward missionaries marrying; preparation for the mission field; Ralph Davis as general secretary of AIM; traveling to the Congo for the first time; first assignment to Aungba; events leading up to Stanley and Carmel's marriage; Harry Stam's assistance; language study in Aba; duties as a new missionary; duties at Aungba - working with boys and village work; Austin Paul as supervisor of the station; living in a mud hut and Carmel's construction of new house despite opposition; starting a boys school (ages up to age forty-five)

T3 (32 minutes). Starting a boys school continued, introducing the wearing of shorts; the printing press run; introducing change slowly; more on introducing skirts and shirts and shoes; development of new schools; further development of the school system; the plan for developing churches and training pastors, Bible teachers, elders and deacons; description of the facilities and character of the church at Aungba; efforts of AIM missionaries to turn over control to African leaders; the administrative hierarchy of the AIM mission churches in the Belgian Congo; the creation of mission and church councils; teaching African leaders financial bookkeeping and statistics.

T4 (60 minutes). Furlough in the United States in 1945-47; assigned to work at Ruwenzori; Florence Stauffacher; climate at Ruwenzori; mission duties there; beauty of the mountain and streams in the area; work with the Wanandi (pronounced Rwandi on the tape) and Babuba (pronounced Rawuba on the tape) peoples; characteristics of the two peoples and relations between them; characteristics of the pygmies; animism among the Wanandi and Babuba; the boys and girls school at Ruwenzori; traveling in the area; difficulty of sending children away to boarding school; replacement of George Van Dusen by John Buyse as field director and comparison of them as field directors; difficulty of studying Swahili; description of several African pastors (Andrew Kasali, Paul Kitambala, Andrew Mokonjo); assigned to Oicha in 1954 in the forest region; staff at Oicha; work at the baby clinic; different types of work at Oicha and evangelistic outreach; move to Rethy to take over the bookshop; becoming treasurer for the field and moving back to Oicha just before the death of Van Dusen in 1958; field directors after Van Dusen; furlough in 1959; duties of the field treasurer in the Congo, including paying the bills of missionaries, handling large sums of money; confusion over Van Dusen's accounts; Paul Stough's involvement; techniques for handling the financial problems; Grace Barth; whether missionaries should have left during the time of rebellion and conflict in 1964; fleeing from Rethy in 1964 to Uganda; how the Charles Davises got caught in the Congo conflict.

T5 (31 minutes). The attempt to execute Chuck Davis and two other missionaries in Stanleyville; death of Dr. Paul Carlson from the Swedish Mission; the process and paperwork of fleeing Rethy and the Congo to Uganda;; opening a Christian bookstore in Eldoret and move to Kisumu; trauma of the evacuation; hostility in Kenya to Americans and Europeans because of the war in the Congo; President Jomo Kenyatta's support of missionaries; Russian involvement in Kisumu; running a guesthouse in Kisumu; attitudes of Africans to women caretakers; condition of Rethy after the rebellion; helping in opening an AIM work including a ceramics center in the Seychelles Islands; reason why the government allowed Protestant missionaries to enter; description of the development of Bible studies and other programs; retirement to the United States in 1980; development of the Bible study program in the Seychelles.

T6 (70 minutes). Kline's work as a caretaker at the YMCA in Kisumu and the difficulty some missionaries had to adjusting to changes in African society; Margaret Clapper's friendship with Africans; the cultural characteristics of the Seychelles as a mission field; comparison of colonial regimes in British Africa and the Belgian Congo; Richard Anderson and methods of cooperating with the Romans Catholic and Anglican churches in the Seychelles; resistance to a new mission work in the Seychelles; relations between Catholics and Protestants in the Seychelles; remaining with Dr. Harry Wilcke in Congo in 1964 because he was not allowed to leave; description of the life in the area during the conflict and the evacuation of Kline and Wilcke through Blukwa; visiting stations as field treasurer; growing African control of money in churches and training them in keeping financial records; Maurice Watum as church treasurer; description of the 1950s when the missionaries started giving direct control of the churches and schools and hospitals to the Congolese; working with Africans as a team; difference in attitudes between Africans and African-Americans; effect of agitation for independence on AIM missions in Congo.

T7 (35 minutes). Memories of Ralph Davis; comments on Charles Hurlburt; story of one missionary who didn't wear shoes; conflict over lipstick and earrings among different generations of missionaries; Maxine Faye Rowlee and Don McFarland of the Pocket Testament League; the financial support of the work in the Seychelles; government support of the AIM's work in the Seychelles; return to the United States in 1980 and serving as the mission's representative in the Middle Atlantic states; nondenominational missions unsuccessful in the American South; mission policy on retirement; the experience of the Klines' children as missionary kids and later life; difference between missions in the 1940s and 1990s; higher expectations of modern missionaries; Kline on submitting to the will of the missions' leaders.


Series: Photo albums
Arrangement: Alphabetical by folder title
Date range: Actual documents are from ca. 1930s to 1999, but the mission careers of the people described cover the 1890s to the 1990s
Volume: 22 folders
Geographic coverage: Central African Republic, Congo, Kenya, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda
Type of documents: Photos, magazine or newspaper clippings or Xeroxes of clippings, brief biographic notes
Notes: Stanley Kline, apparently in retirement, kept a visual record of what appears to be all or almost all of the AIM staff from at least the 1930s on, from all the various sending fields, not just the United States. Also included a few African AIC leaders and home staff as well. Pasted onto loose notebook pages in several loose-leaf notebooks are clippings, photographs, programs, typed and handwritten notes and similar material for each missionary. Husbands and wives are together, but if a child of missionaries grew up to become an AIM missionary, they would have their own page. Most of the clippings came from Inland Africa or other AIM publications. Sometimes there is just one or two pictures of a missionary, while in other case there are several pages of pictures, brief texts, and notes apparently by Kline on the AIM worker's biography. This is an extremely valuable record of AIM missionaries.

Provenance

The materials in this collection were given to the Archives of the Billy Graham Center by Stanley and Carmel Kline in 1993 and 1999.
Accession: 93-9, 93-98, 99-70

March 21, 2000
Robert Shuster
R. Williams




LOCATION RECORD
Accession: 93-9, 93-98
Type of Material: Audio Tapes

The following items are located in the AUDIO TAPE FILE:


T1 - Reel, 3 3/4 ips, 71 minutes on one side only. Interview of Stanley R. Kline by Paul Ericksen, recorded on January 18, 1993.

T2 - Reel, 3 3/4 ips, 68 minutes on one side only. Continuation of T1. Interview of Stanley R. Kline by Paul Ericksen, recorded on January 18, 1993.

T3 - Reel, 3 3/4 ips, 32 minutes on one side only. Conclusion of T2. Interview of Stanley R. Kline by Paul Ericksen, recorded on January 18, 1993.

T4 - Reel, 3 3/4 ips, 60 minutes on one side only. Interview of Stanley R. Kline by Paul Ericksen, recorded on January 19, 1993.

T5 - Reel, 3 3/4 ips, 31 minutes on one side only. Conclusion of T4. Interview of Stanley R. Kline by Paul Ericksen, recorded on January 19, 1993.

T6 - Reel, 3 3/4 ips, 70 minutes on one side only. Interview of Stanley R. Kline by Paul Ericksen, recorded on January 20, 1993.

T7 - Reel, 3 3/4 ips, 35 minutes on one side only. Conclusion of T6. Interview of Stanley R. Kline by Paul Ericksen, recorded on January 20, 1993.


*****

LOCATION RECORD
Accession: 99-70
Type of material: Photo Albums

The following items are located in the PHOTO ALBUM FILE; request by Folder Titles (in bold) at the beginning of each entry below.


KLINE, STANLEY I - Loose-leaf notebook with clippings, photos and other materials about individual AIM missionaries whose career fell between the 1890s and 1990s. The series is in alphabetical order. This is the notebook for names starting with the letter A.

KLINE, STANLEY II - Loose-leaf notebook with clippings, photos and other materials about individual AIM missionaries who career fell between the 1890s and 1990s. The series is in alphabetical order. This is the notebook for names starting with Ba-.

KLINE, STANLEY III - Loose-leaf notebook with clippings, photos and other materials about individual AIM missionaries whose career fell between the 1890s and 1990s. The series is in alphabetical order. This is the notebook for names starting with Be- through those starting with Bo-.

KLINE, STANLEY IV - Loose-leaf notebook with clippings, photos and other materials about individual AIM missionaries whose career fell between the 1890s and 1990s. The series is in alphabetical order. This is the notebook for names starting with Br- through those starting with By-.

KLINE, STANLEY V - Loose-leaf notebook with clippings, photos and other materials about individual AIM missionaries whose career fell between the 1890s and 1990s. The series is in alphabetical order. This is the notebook for names starting with the letter C.

KLINE, STANLEY VI - Loose-leaf notebook with clippings, photos and other materials about individual AIM missionaries whose career fell between the 1890s and 1990s. The series is in alphabetical order. This is the notebook for names starting with the letter D.

KLINE, STANLEY VII - Loose-leaf notebook with clippings, photos and other materials about individual AIM missionaries whose career fell between the 1890s and 1990s. The series is in alphabetical order. This is the notebook for names starting with the letter E.

KLINE, STANLEY VIII - Loose-leaf notebook with clippings, photos and other materials about individual AIM missionaries whose career fell between the 1890s and 1990s. The series is in alphabetical order. This is the notebook for names starting with the letter F.

KLINE, STANLEY IX - Loose-leaf notebook with clippings, photos and other materials about individual AIM missionaries whose career fell between the 1890s and 1990s. The series is in alphabetical order. This is the notebook for names starting with the letter G.

KLINE, STANLEY X - Loose-leaf notebook with clippings, photos and other materials about individual AIM missionaries who career fell between the 1890s and 1990s. The series is in alphabetical order. This is the notebook for names starting with Ha- through those starting with He-.

KLINE, STANLEY XI - Loose-leaf notebook with clippings, photos and other materials about individual AIM missionaries who career fell between the 1890s and 1990s. The series is in alphabetical order. This is the notebook for names starting with Hi- through those starting with Hy-.

KLINE, STANLEY XII - Loose-leaf notebook with clippings, photos and other materials about individual AIM missionaries who career fell between the 1890s and 1990s. The series is in alphabetical order. This is the notebook for names starting with the letter I through those starting with J.

KLINE, STANLEY XIII - Loose-leaf notebook with clippings, photos and other materials about individual AIM missionaries who career fell between the 1890s and 1990s. The series is in alphabetical order. This is the notebook for names starting with the letter K.

KLINE, STANLEY XIV - Loose-leaf notebook with clippings, photos and other materials about individual AIM missionaries who career fell between the 1890s and 1990s. The series is in alphabetical order. This is the notebook for names starting with the letter L.

KLINE, STANLEY XV - Loose-leaf notebook with clippings, photos and other materials about individual AIM missionaries who career fell between the 1890s and 1990s. The series is in alphabetical order. This is the notebook for names starting with the letter M.

KLINE, STANLEY XVI - Loose-leaf notebook with clippings, photos and other materials about individual AIM missionaries who career fell between the 1890s and 1990s. The series is in alphabetical order. This is the notebook for names starting with the letter N.

KLINE, STANLEY XVII - Loose-leaf notebook with clippings, photos and other materials about individual AIM missionaries whose career fell between the 1890s and 1990s. The series is in alphabetical order. This is the notebook for names starting with the letter O.

KLINE, STANLEY XVIII - Loose-leaf notebook with clippings, photos and other materials about individual AIM missionaries whose career fell between the 1890s and 1990s. The series is in alphabetical order. This is the notebook for names starting with the letter P.

KLINE, STANLEY XIX - Loose-leaf notebook with clippings, photos and other materials about individual AIM missionaries who career fell between the 1890s and 1990s. The series is in alphabetical order. This is the notebook for names starting with the letter Q through those starting with the letter R.

KLINE, STANLEY XX - Loose-leaf notebook with clippings, photos and other materials about individual AIM missionaries who career fell between the 1890s and 1990s. The series is in alphabetical order. This is the notebook for names starting with the letter S.

KLINE, STANLEY XXI - Loose-leaf notebook with clippings, photos and other materials about individual AIM missionaries whose career fell between the 1890s and 1990s. The series is in alphabetical order. This is the notebook for names starting with the letter T.

KLINE, STANLEY XXII - Loose-leaf notebook with clippings, photos and other materials about individual AIM missionaries whose career fell between the 1890s and 1990s. The series is in alphabetical order. This is the notebook for names starting with the letter U through those starting with the letter V.

KLINE, STANLEY XXIII - Loose-leaf notebook with clippings, photos and other materials about individual AIM missionaries whose career fell between the 1890s and 1990s. The series is in alphabetical order. This is the notebook for names starting with the letter W.

KLINE, STANLEY XXIV - Loose-leaf notebook with clippings, photos and other materials about individual AIM missionaries whose career fell between the 1890s and 1990s. The series is in alphabetical order. This is the notebook for names starting with the letter Y through those starting with Z.





LOCATION RECORD
Accession: 93-98
Type of material: Photographs

The following items are located in the PHOTO FILE; request by Folder Titles (in bold) at the beginning of each entry below.


KLINE, STANLEY ROY. Informal snapshot of Stanley and Carmel Kline. May 1993. 1 color.





Send us a message

Return to BGC Archives Home Page
Expiration: indefinite