Billy Graham Center
Archives

Papers of Lemuel Nelson Bell - Collection 318

[Note: What follows is a description of the documents in this collection which are available for use at BGC Archives in Wheaton, Illinois, USA. The actual documents are not, in most cases, available online, only this description of them. Nor are they available for sale or rent.
In cases where an individual document (paper record, photo, audio recording, moving image recording, etc.) is online at the Archives’ Website, either the description of a specific item is underlined, or this symbol -- -- appears next to a general description to indicate that an item covered by that description is online. Clicking on the symbol or the underlining will link to the item. If there are two or more of these symbols -- -- that appear by a description, the number of symbols indicates the number of items covered by the description that are online, such as several different photos from a photo file.]
[Note: What follows is a description of the documents in this collection which are available for use at BGC Archives in Wheaton, Illinois, USA. The actual documents are not, in most cases, available online, only this description of them. Nor are they available for sale or rent.]

Table of Contents

Brief Description of This Collection

Title Page and Restrictions

Biography of Lemuel Nelson Bell

An Essay on the Contents of the Collection (Scope and Content)

    Series I: China
    Series II: Personal
    Series III: Bob Jones Sr. controversy
    Series IV: General Correspondence
    Series V: Presbyterian Church in the United States
Other Information Which Will Be Helpful to the User of This Guide

Lists of Oversize Materials, Phonograph Records, and Photographs in This Collection (Location Records)
    Oversize Materials
    Phonograph Records
    Photographs
List of the Contents of Boxes of Paper Records in This Collection

    Series I: China
    Series II: Personal
    Series III: Bob Jones Sr. controversy
    Series IV: General Correspondence
    Series V: Presbyterian Church in the United States






Brief Description
Correspondence, minutes, newspaper clippings, reports, and other documents related to the life and ministry of Bell, first as a medical missionary in China, then as doctor, editor, and lay leader in the Presbyterian Church in the United States. Among the topics covered by the material in the collection are missions in China in the twentieth century between the two world wars; the work of Bell's son-in-law, Billy Graham; the founding and development of CHRISTIANITY TODAY and THE PRESBYTERIAN JOURNAL; the conflict between liberals and conservatives in Protestant Christianity. There are restrictions on the use of this collection. For more information, please see guide.
Vol: 79 DC, Oversize Materials, 2 Phonograph Records, Photographs




Collection 318
[July 31, 2008]
Bell, Lemuel Nelson; 1894-1973
Papers; 1923-1973

79 Boxes (79 DC; 39.5 cubic feet) Oversize Material, Phonograph Records, Photographs.


Restrictions

Anyone using the following folders until December 31 of the year fifty (50) years from the oldest document in the folder indicated must sign an agreement that he or she will maintain the confidentiality of these folders. No material in these folders may be copied.

7-2, 7-3, 7-4, 7-5, 7-6, 7-7, 8-1, 8-13, 12-22, 14-9, 15-18, 16-29, 17-11, 22-14, 23-11, 28-12, 31-12, 31-19, 34-21, 34-22, 36-8, 42-2, 47-26, 51-27, 52-14, 53-3, 54-1, 54-23, 71-5

The following folders are closed until after December 31 of the year indicated, except for persons with written permission from the person indicated

Folder Closed until the end of Person who can give permission
6-3 2023 none
6-7 2007 none
6-8 2016 none
6-9 2018 none
6-10 2019 none
6-11 2020 none
6-12 2021 none
6-13 2022 none
6-14 2023 none
8-2 2023 Mrs. Ruth Dienert
8-4 2023 none
8-5 2023 Mrs. Ruth Graham
9-3 2023 Mrs. Rosa Montgomery
9-10 2020 Mrs. Virginia Somerville
9-11 2023 Mrs. Virginia Somerville





Biography

Lemuel Nelson Bell was born July 30, 1894 in Longdale, Virginia, the third child of James Harvey and Ruth Lee McCue Bell. His older siblings were his sister Norma who was born in 1884 (and later married David Norris) and a brother McKim, who was born ca. 1887 and died in 1966. His father was the head of the commissary of the Longdale Mining Company. From both his mother and his father's sides, Nelson (as his friends called him) was descended from families with deep roots in Virginia society. His family was also a devoutly Christian one and belonged to the Presbyterian Church in the United States denomination (PCUS, popularly known as the Southern Presbyterian church).

In 1900 the Bells moved to Waynesboro, Virginia, where James was partner in a store for a while and then became a traveling salesman for men's clothes. Nelson committed his life to Christ in 1906 during an evangelistic service at his church. A few years later, in 1910, he became engaged to a high school classmate of his, Virginia Meyers Leftwich. The following year, after graduating from high school he enrolled at Washington and Lee University with the intention of becoming a lawyer. However, in December 1911 he felt a strong call from God to become a medical missionary. The next year he transferred to the Medical College of Virginia in Richmond and there joined the medical fraternity Omega Upsilon Psi. For one summer during his college years he worked as salesman of men's clothes, like his father. The following summers from 1913 to 1915 he was a player with the Richmond baseball club of the Virginia League. During his senior year he interned at the College's Memorial Hospital. Virginia enrolled in nurses' training school at St. Luke's Hospital in Richmond and took other courses in Christian work. At the beginning of June 1916, he graduated from the College and at the end of the month he and Virginia were married in Waynesboro. The following month he passed his state medical board examination.

Bell had previously become aware of a request from PCUS missionary Dr. James Baker Wood for an assistant at the hospital mission hospital in the city of Tsingkiangpu (Pinyin romanization: Qingjiangpu) in the province of Kiangsu (Pinyin romanization: Jiangsu), China. He and Virginia applied to the foreign mission committee of the church to become missionaries and were accepted. After a summer during which Nelson opened his first medical practice as resident physician for a mining company in Summerlee, West Virginia, they departed for China and arrived in Shanghai on December 4, 1916. A few days later they moved on to Qingjiangpu. The city had a population of over 100,000 and the area the hospital served contained approximately 3,000,000 people. James Baker Woods ( his Chinese name was Ling Si Hsien San, which means in English "Four Two-Trees" or "Woods") was the head of Ren Si I Uen (Benevolent Compassionate Healing Hall) Hospital. The church development and evangelistic work in the town was led by James and Sophie Graham. China Inland Mission also had workers in the city who cooperated with the Southern Presbyterian missionaries. Besides the work at Qingjiangpu, the doctors also made regular visits to the health clinic at Hwaian (Pinyin romanization: Huain), where James and Aurie Montgomery were missionaries. Over the next decades, Bell would occasionally run the hospital at Haichow (Pinyin romanization: Haizhou) when the doctor there was on furlough or otherwise absent. Among other missionaries who worked with Bell at Qingjiangpu over the years were doctors Kerr Taylor (and his wife Fannie), Sun, Chao, Chi'en, Ts'ao (last two joined staff in late 1920s), Wu (joined ca. 1930), Norman Patterson (1926-1931), Kirk Mosley (and his wife nurse Corrine, 1931-1934), Kenneth Gieser (and his wife Katherine, 1934-1941) and Chalmers Vinson (and his wife Olivert, who arrived in 1940). Other members of the staff over the years included Agnes Woods (nurse), Cassie Lee Oliver (nurse and anesthetist), Eli Liu (male nurse), and Elinor Myers Woods (lab technician from 1931 on). James Reed was an PCUS doctor at Haizhou. Other PCUS missionaries at Qingjiangpu engaged in preaching, teaching and Bible study included Ed and Rosalee Wayland. Miss M. E. Waterman, Miss A. I. Saltmarsh, and Ernest and Geneva Carlburg were all China Inland Mission workers who served in the area. Mr. Kao and Mr. Kang were elders of the church in Qingjiangpu (Kang was the Bells' Chinese language teacher). In 1923, Graham resigned as pastor of the church and a Chinese Christian took over. Every year the hospital had an evangelistic emphasis week. In 1926 the visiting evangelist was Leland Wang. In 1931 it was Andrew Gih. Ed and Gay Currie were PCUS missionaries at Haizhou, joined in 1924 by Ray and Mary Womeldorf. Special mention should be made of Virginia's activities. Besides maintaining the home and educating the children until they were high school age, she also led Bible studies and was in charge of the women's clinic, determining which cases were serious enough for the attention of the doctors. Bell, besides his medical duties, also often preached in the church and went on evangelistic missions.

In October 1917, Bell became temporary administrator of the hospital when Woods went to the United States on a long delayed furlough for two years. The next year the Bells' first child was born, Rosa Wertenbaker. On June 10, 1920 Virginia gave birth to their second daughter, Ruth McCue. Starting that same year Bell began opening dispensaries around the countryside, which increased greatly the number we were able to serve. The dispensaries sent the more serious patients to the hospital. Bell had acquired his Chinese name by this time, Chong Ai Hua, which has been translated into English as "the bell who is a lover of the Chinese people." In the summer of 1921 the missionaries briefly evacuated Qingjiangpu because of threatened violence from large gangs in the area.

In the summer of 1922, the Bells returned to the United States on furlough. One of the churches supporting their ministry in China was the First Presbyterian Church of Houston. Nelson visited there to speak and met a laymen of the church, Benjamin Clayton. Clayton was impressed by Bell's description of the work as well as Bell himself and donated large sums for new buildings and staff over the following years. The tenures of doctors Patterson, Gieser and Vinson were also financed through a fund set up by Clayton. During his furlough, Bell practiced briefly at Mayo Clinic, Massachusetts General Hospital and other institutions to hone his medical and surgical skills. He also took a course from Moody Bible Institute. By September 1923, the Bells were back at Qingjiangpu.

Once he was back, Bell took over Woods' responsibility as medical visitor to the local jail and prison. During the early 1920s, using funds supplied by Clayton, he supervised the addition of a new women's and administration wing to the hospital. Because of the increased use of the hospital by the Chinese and the improved facilities, the hospital was self supporting by the early 1930s. In 1925 the Bells' first son was born, Nelson Jr, but in October of the same year the baby died of amoebic dysentery.

The next year Woods returned to the United States because of illness and remained for some time. In his absence Bell was the superintendent of the hospital. The next year in April the missionaries evacuated the city to avoid the advancing Nationalist armies. The Bells went to Shanghai and then returned to the United States on furlough. They stayed in Waynesboro until the birth of their daughter Virginia in June. (She was nicknamed MaiMai and Giniong.) For the next six months Bell served as assistant pastor of the First Presbyterian Church in Houston. Then for four months after that he was head of surgery at a hospital in Holden, West Virginia. At the end of 1928 the family returned to China.

When he returned, Bell and Dr. Ts'ao became quite well known in the Chinese medical community for their successful treatment of cases of kala-azar (black fever) with the drug stibosan. In the summer of 1930 there was another brief evacuation of Qingjiangpu by the missionaries. Woods had returned in 1929 and was heading the medical work, while Bell headed the surgical and administrative work. In 1931, the mission closed its boys school because of the demand of the government that it be registered and the possibility that it would have to eliminate the Christian message from the curriculum. At about the same time Bell resisted efforts to turn over the hospital to Chinese nationals, feeling that Western expertise was still needed. He supported, however, the transfer of leadership positions in the local church to Chinese. At about the same time he was a leading critic of the report Rethinking Missions published by the Laymen's Foreign Mission Inquiry, which characterized medical missions as inefficient and inept. Bell's own medical reputation was high in both China and the United States. In 1934 became a fellow of the American College of Surgeons.

The Bell children were educated at home by Virginia until 1932. In that year Rosa was sent to a Christian school for Western children in Pyengyang, Korea. Ruth followed her there in 1934. In December another child was added to the family when Benjamin Clayton (nicknamed Didi) was born. The family returned to the United States on furlough in 1935 and lived in Montreat, North Carolina, where the girls went to school. In August 1936, all the Bells returned to China except for Rosa, who enrolled at Wheaton College as a freshman.

There had been fighting and "incidents" between the Japanese and Chinese for years, but all-out conflict broke out in 1937. At the insistence of the American government, the missionaries evacuated Qingjiangpu in 1937 to avoid advancing Japanese troops. In October, Ruth sailed back to the United states to enroll in Wheaton College. The next month the Bells returned to Qingjiangpu. When the city was occupied by the Japanese in February 1939, Bell was able to persuade them to allow the missionaries to continue their work. In April of the same year, the family returned to the United States for a brief furlough. When they returned in September, they took Rosa back with them, since she was having health problems and they wanted to personally care for her. Rosa returned to the United States in May the next year. The Bells enrolled their daughter Virginia in the school in Korea in September but she had to return a few weeks later when the school was closed because of wartime conditions. In May of 1941, the entire family went back to the United States on furlough.

The family settled in Montreat again, after a visit to Ruth in Wheaton. (Montreat was also the site of the conference grounds of the PCUS, called the Mountain Retreat Association. Bell served on the board of the MRA for many years.) During the summer Billy Graham, a classmate of Ruth's in whom she was romantically interested, came to Montreat to meet the family. They married in August 1943 and Ruth lived with the Bells while Graham served as the traveling vice president of Youth for Christ in 1944 and 1945. Later the Grahams bought a nearby house in Montreat. Bell, realizing that because of the possibility of war between the United States and Japan it would be unwise to return to China, opened a surgical practice in the Asheville-Montreat area, with an office in Swannanoa. He eventually became assistant chief of staff at the Asheville Memorial Hospital. For several years he had become increasingly concerned about what he saw as liberal trends within his Presbyterian denomination. To help combat these trends he founded in March 1942 with five others a publication entitled The Southern Presbyterian Journal (renamed The Presbyterian Journal in 1959 when G. Aiken Taylor replaced Rev. Henry B. Dendy as editor.) In the decades that followed he was one of the primary shapers of the Journal, which was probably the most important voice for conservatives within the denomination. Bell resigned from the Journal in 1971 because of the role Taylor and the board were taking in forming a new Presbyterian church in reaction to the ultimately successful movement of liberal elements in the PCUS to unite it with other Prsbyterian denominations.

After the end of World War II, the Bells were kept from returning to China by Nelson's bursitis and family responsibilities, as well as discouraging reports from missionaries and Chinese Christians. The 1949 victory of the Communists in the Chinese civil war put a permanent end to any hopes the Bells had of returning. In 1948 Bell was elected a member of the PCUS' Board of World Missions. (C. Darby Fulton, a former missionary and old friend, was the executive secretary.) Bell continued to serve on the board, with one brief interruption in 1957-1958, until 1966. He was chairman of the Fields Committee 1949-1950, 1958-1966 and on the Executive Committee from 1964-1966. He also served on the Committee on Overseas Relief and Inter-Church Aid from 1962-1963. During this time period, he frequently traveled to the various mission fields to visit the workers there and see conditions first hand. For example, he visited Brazil, Africa and Europe in 1949, went around the world by way of Taiwan in 1951, saw Brazil in 1956, Korea in 1959, Japan and Korea in 1962, Palestine in 1963, and the Far East in 1964. He was very active in his local church and was twice elected moderator of the Asheville Presbytery. Starting in 1941, he regularly taught a Sunday school class at the local Presbyterian church. Eventually his lessons became a radio program broadcast to North Carolina and the adjoining states. From the late 40s on Bell was one of the main leaders of the opposition to continuing efforts to effect a merger between the PCUS and the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America.

A heart attack in 1950 caused Bell to cut back on his responsibilities somewhat. However new claims on his energies soon developed. His son-in-law Billy Graham was developing a nationwide ministry as an evangelist and Bell became not only a member of the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association's board of directors, but also an extremely influential personal advisor and trouble shooter for the preacher. Bell had for some time wanted to start a journal that would serve as a mouthpiece for conservative Protestant clergy in the United States, and present articles of Fundamentalist-Evangelical views in an intellectually respectable manner to Christian clergy across the theological spectrum. Other Evangelical leaders, including Graham, were discussing similar ideas. In 1954 Bell together with Graham began planning such a journal, to be entitled Christianity Today. J. Howard Pew, was one major backer, H. Maxey Jarmen was another. Theologian Carl F. Henry was selected to be editor. The first issue was published in 1956 and sent to all Protestant clergy in the country. Bell served as executive editor until his death, for many years flying up to the Washington, D.C. office of the magazine every other week. He regularly wrote a column for the periodical called "A Layman and His Faith." Two volumes of compilations of these columns were published, Convictions to Live By in 1966 and While Men Slept in 1970. Bell received seven awards from the conservative Freedom's Foundation of Valley Forge, Pennsylvania for articles and editorials. In 1964 he was awarded an honorary doctor of laws degree by King College in Tennessee.

Bell had had another heart attack in November 1955 which caused him to retired from his medical practice. In January 1963 he suffered a slight stroke and in October of that year a fall in his home caused him to have headaches. There was a third heart attack in 1965 and a fourth together with a minor stroke in March 1966. These health problems forced him to cut back his schedule. Virginia also suffered strokes in 1968 and 1969 and Bell dedicated much of his time to caring for her. Still, he remained extremely active with his church work, magazine responsibilities, and assistance to Graham. He maintained as well an extremely wide correspondence with other Christian leaders and frequently wrote to government officials or American opinion leaders about issues related to Christianity in the United States or China or conservative political opinions. The English author John Pollock had interviewed him and gone through his papers to prepare an authorized biography of Bell entitled A Foreign Devil in China, which was published by Zondervan Publishers in 1971. (A subsidiary of the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association also published an edition of the book the same year.) Also in 1971 he was appointed to his denomination's new Council on Evangelism. The following year Bell was elected moderator of his denomination on the second ballot, with 221 for him and the 212 votes split among his three opponents. (He had previously been nominated for the position in 1953 and 1955.) He succeeded Dr. Ben Lacy Rose. As moderator Bell was the executive head of the denomination. The PCUS was split into theological factions by the merger negotiations with the United Presbyterian Church in the USA, which provoked the threatened withdrawal of conservatives (including the editorial board of The Presbyterian Journal) as a consequence. The new conservative denomination was formed as the National Presbyterian Church in 1973, renamed in 1974 as the Presbyterian Church in America. (The PCUS and UPCUSA merged in 1983 to form the Presbyterian Church (USA)). Bell attempted during his term to maintain the unity and fellowship of the denomination, as well as place a greater emphasis on evangelism. He served the customary one year in office and retired after the 113th General Assembly of the church in June 1973. He was succeeded by Dr. Charles Kraemer. Two months later he died in his sleep. Virginia followed him the next year.

Rosa married C. Donald Montgomery in 1945, an engineer who worked for the Atomic Energy Commission. Virginia married John N. Somerville and they both went to Korea as missionaries in 1953, where John became a professor at Taejon Christian College. Benjamin (usually called Clayton) married Margaret Anne Alexander in 1954 and was ordained in the Presbyterian church in 1958. He became pastor of the Highland Park Presbyterian Church of Dallas in July 1973.






Scope and Content

The materials in this collection are Bell's own files, as they were received by the Archives. They are apparently in the order in which he maintained them in the last years of his life. Although the materials have been placed in acid-free folders, the folder titles are almost all his. The archivist formally arranged the folders into five series that Bell or his secretary seem to have informally maintained: China (Boxes 1-5); Personal (Boxes 6-10); the Bob Jones Sr. controversy (Boxes 11-12); General Correspondence (Boxes 12-61); and PCUS (Boxes 61-79). As will be apparent from this scope and content description, there is a great deal of overlap between the series. The General Correspondence series has an enormous amount of material about the Presbyterian Church as well as other materials that would fit equally well in the other series. The descriptions that follow will attempt to indicate some of this overlap. Also, it must be emphasized that this is just a general guide. Bell maintained correspondence with a very wide range of people and it is impossible to do more than give a general indication of the contents of his files for the study of China missions, the Presbyterian Church in the United States, Evangelicalism, Fundamentalism, and postwar America. Only by actually going through the files can the researcher appreciate their richness and range. Most of the documents in these files are correspondence, but there are also reports; minutes; newspaper and magazine clippings; the manuscripts for speeches, articles and the book A Foreign Devil in China; medical case files, and miscellaneous items. It should be noted that there is nothing in the collection from Bell's life before 1925, that is his childhood, education, and first years in China. There are also very few letters or other records from the years between Bell's return from China in 1939 and the start of Christianity Today magazine in 1956.



*****

Series I: China Materials (Boxes 1-5) The materials in this series consist of two types of documents: items created between 1925 and 1941 while the Bells were in China and items relating to the book John Pollock wrote about Bell's missionary experience, including a typescript manuscript of the book and fan mail to Bell from readers. The bulk of the material that actually dates from the China years are letters by Bell or his wife Virginia (and a few by their daughters) to family, friends and supporters in the United States (folders 1-1 to 2-5). Most of the letters are typed and some are two pages or more in length. They describe in detail everyday life at the mission hospital; examples of the response of individuals to the Gospel; prison ministry; evangelistic campaigns; news about the various missionaries, hospital staff and Chinese Christians; and political and social events in China. Bell's letters to his mother also have many references to political and other events in the United States, particuarly the Great Depression and the New Deal of Franklin Roosevelt. There are also some letters to Bell from other missionaries (usually PCUS missionaries) around China describing conditions in their area. Occasionally there is an official letter to the mission board back in the United States, such as one from 1931 (folder 1-4) which requests that the board reverse a recent decision about furlough policy. One of the folders for 1938 (folder 2-1) also contains a news bulletin issued by the church about the effect on the Sino-Japanese war on the mission's work. Among the topics for which there is information in many of these letters are: the development of the church in Jiangsu province and, to a lesser extent, the rest of China; the joy, trials, and tensions of missionary life; military conflict between Chiang Kai-shek, the warlords, and the Chinese Communists; the war with Japan (including the Mukden incident of 1931, the Shanghai incident of 1932, the fighting around Qingjiangpu and its occupation in 1939); reaction of missionaries in general and Bell in particular to the criticism of the Laymen's Foreign Mission Inquiry and author Pearl Buck (folder 1-6); and the contrast in culture and outlook between the Chinese and the Westerners. Worthy of special mention is a detailed description of the murder of John and Elisabeth Stam by Communist troops in December 1934 in a letter dated January 2, 1935 by Howard Van Dyck of the Christian Alliance Mission (folder 1-8). A copy of the will of John Stam's father Peter is contained in 51-10, which includes correspondence with John's brother Jacob. Folder 2-5 contains some letters that Bell wrote when he had returned to the United States, touching on plans to continue his missionary service after the war with Japan and, later, materials dealing with the question of reparations for buildings and equipment nationalized by the Communists when they took control of the region. (Further correspondence on reparation from the 1960s is in folders 18-16 and 61-12).Folder 1-1 also contains a very early letter of Ruth McCue Bell to her grandmother. Someone has written "1923?" on the letter, but since in it Ruth refers to seeing her grandmother's house, which she probably did during the family's furlough in the United States in 1928, the letter is probably after that date.

Besides the letters, there are some other documents from the period. Folder 2-8 contains several printed annual reports for the hospital which list the staff, describe the work of the various departments, narrate the evangelism programs and recount any other relevant information. These reports usually include photographs of the activities and staff and detailed statistics on types of health problems treated. The same folder contain printed copies of the minutes of the 1935 and 1940 annual meetings of the North Kiangsu PCUS missionaries, in which reports on all the mission's activities in the area are included and decisions for the upcoming year are recorded. More specific information on the hospital's work can be found in folder 2-6. This contains the actual case records of dozens of patients, almost all of them written up by Bell. They date from 1929 to 1934. Perhaps they are files Bell took with him on a furlough to the United States to consult with other doctors or use them as samples of the kind of work done by the hospital. Each case file gives brief particulars of the patient's medical history, family background, illness, and course of treatment. Also in the folder is a manuscript of an article Bell wrote about work at the hospital and a handwritten notebook with entries on the weekly totals in columns labeled "Patients," "Injections," and "Medicine." Several pages have "Neostibosay" or a variant word at the top. Stibosan was the drug used at the hospital for black fever. The entries run from March 1934 to May 1942. The name G. N. Montgomery is written in the front cover.

The rest of the series consists of the manuscript of A Foreign Devil in China (folders 5-6, 5-7) and a voluminous set of letters from readers, along with Bell's response in most cases (folders 3-1 to 5-4). The manuscript is a photocopy. It is very close to the published 1971 version, but there are differences in style and content. The text from which the coy was made include corrections and changes in several hands, including that of Ruth Bell Graham. Correspondence of Bell with Pollock about all aspects of Bell's life up to that point and information on the plans for the book are in folder 42-13. (See also folder 9-6.) Folder 6-11 also has information on the development of the book. Information on the production of the book is in folder 55-24. The letters from readers are of many different types: little children, former China missionaries, supporters of Billy Graham. Almost all letters from readers are complimentary and many contain a good bit of information about the letter writer's own Christian experience. If the writer had any connection with China missions or with Bell's family, the writer usually described it in detail. Several writers also gave their opinion of Billy Graham's ministry, his friendship with then president Richard Nixon, and Nixon's recent visit to China. There are even a few readers who wrote asking for medical advice. Most of these letters were answered with the standard form letter contained in folder 2-9. Usually Bell would write a few comments on the envelope the letter came in which would be added to the form reply in order to personalize the letter the reader's own situation. In several cases he replied in more detail.

The personal and general correspondence series also have letters from many people who had read the book about Bell. They also contains a number of other files relating to China. For example, Bell often heard from or wrote to missionaries or Chinese Christians whom he had known in China. Most of these, by the time of this correspondence, had like Bell returned to the United States. This category of individuals included, among others, August Craig (folder 21-14), Kenneth Gieser (folder 26-17), Andrew Gih (folder 26-19), James Graham (folder 27-11, also 51-28), Nora Lam (folder 32-16), W. C. MacLauchlin (folder 35-22), James Montgomery (folder 37-8), Kirk Mosley (folder 38-21), Leland Wang (folder 53-19), Raymond Womeldorf (folder 54-39), Elizabeth Woodbridge (folder 55-2) and James Woods (folder 55-4). Several files contain letters to and from Bell about the United States' policy toward China, particularly under the Nixon administration (folders 9-11, 18-12, 31-4, 34-1, 34-3, 34-14, 39-15, 51-21 and 53-3). Also of interest is Bell's correspondence with Madam Chiang Kai-shek and the Taiwanese ambassador to the United States (folders 18-15, 51-21, 52-17). Naturally, there are also many letters about the church in China or evangelistic work among Chinese people in other parts of the world. A few examples: a letter from James Dickinson in 22-13 contains a description of missions in China immediately after the end of the war with Japan; reports from evangelist Harry Liu about his meetings in Tibet, Hong Kong and India; the work of evangelist Leland Wang among Chinese Americans (folders 33-24 and 53-19); a report about the migration of Chinese Presbyterians from China to Brazil (folder 38-20); Bell's opinion of Watchman Nee and Watchman Lee (folder 39-6); discussion of the implication for Christians of the Chinese habit of bowing to venerated persons (folder 42-6); the work of the Union Board for Christian Colleges in China after the expulsion of missions from China (folder 52-35); reports on the situation of Christian in China in the late 1950s (folder 54-27) and Yu-Tang Daniel Lew's plan for building a national cathedral Taiwan. A report in folder 52-36 describes the condition of the Hwaiyain hospital in 1946. Bell gives some examples of demon possession which he witnessed in China in folder 23-1. A few of the other files with interesting material about China include 14-15, 29-19, 41-7, 46-18, 46-19, 47-23, 51-11, 51-21, and 54-7.



*****

Series II: Personal Materials (Boxes 5-10) This series consists of the files in Bell's papers that were marked "personal." Most of them are concerned with family matters, but there are also some items relating to his medical practice, the Sunday school class he taught for over thirty years and the counseling ministry he carried on largely by correspondence with a multitude of people around the country. Many letters in the general correspondence series are also to family and close friends.

Much of the material consists of a network of family correspondence, at the center of which was Bell and his wife Virginia. Folders 6-7 to 6-14 contain their letters to their children (by which they meant as well their sons-in law, daughters-in-law, grandchildren, and very close friends). Some of these folders also include distribution lists showing to whom the letters went. Often Bell would write one master letter which would then be copied and sent off to all the children. They describe all the events going on in his and Virginia's life. As might be expected, about seventy-five percent of the contents (if not more) is concerned with family events. (Note: sometimes in the correspondence, the terms "laoniang" and "laoi" are used, the Chinese terms for "grandmother" and "grandfather".)

Numerous other folders in this series contain correspondence with a particular family members. There are several letters to and from Bell's wife, Virginia, in folder 6-5. Other family member with their own file include Clayton Bell (son, folder 6-3), J. McKim Bell (brother, 6-4), Ruth Bell Graham Dienert (granddaughter, 8-2), Ruth Bell Graham (daughter, 8-5), Charles Leftwich (brother-in-law, 8-10), Ernest Leftwich (brother-in-law, 8-10), Gillis MacKinnon (nephew, 8-11), Rosa Montgomery (daughter, 9-3), Norma Norris (sister, 9-4), David Norris (nephew, 9-4), George Raser (nephew, 9-8), Virginia Somerville (daughter, 9-10, 9-11). Folder 8-4 contains some additional family correspondence. Among others, general correspondence folders 15-3, 19-18 to 20-1, 23-10, 26-16, 35-7, 37-8, 48-17, 51-24 also contain letters to and from family and friends. Folder 31-1 contains letter about Bell's efforts to help the family maid, Zennie Jones.

Folder 8-13 contains materials relating to Bell's medical practice and professional interests. There are brochures on new drugs, schedules of fees, and articles on surgical treatment for a variety of illnesses and injuries. Also in this folder are letter to, from and about patients and former patients concerning details of their treatment when Bell was their doctor. There are also a few files with reports on Bell's own health and illnesses (folders 8-7, 8-8, 9-1). Folder 8-12 contains correspondence with the Mayo clinic about Bell's own treatment there and about people he referred there.

There are related files in the general correspondence section, such as Bell's correspondence with the American Medical Association (folder13-7) the American College of Surgeons (folder 13-5), and the Christian Medical Society (folders 18-6, 49-22, 49-62, 49-62, 50-15, 62-4). The last folder contains as well information on the origins of CMS. Also of interest is the material in folder 13-1 which deals with his irritation at the campaign against fluoridation. Bell often contacted legislators or other government officials about laws relating to medicine. Material on his opposition to Medicare in particular and "socialized" medicine in general can be found in folders 21-5, 31-2, 47-11, 48-14, and 51-35. He also was strongly opposed to what he saw as the anti-Christian bias of the World Health Organization, as illustrated by materials in 53-16. An interesting paper in folder 53-13 outlines a Christian approach to psychiatric care. Folder 54-6 contains material relating to a forward he wrote for a book about natural childbirth. Some of the other folders with materials relating to Bell's medical interests include 27-8, 28-16, 28-7, 32-8, 33-18, 35-17, 35-31, 40-15, 47-4, 49-9, 49-64, 50-30, 62-4. In addition, many of the files dealing with Presbyterian missions and the Pew Foundation touch on Bell's active involvement in efforts to provide funds, supplies and personnel for mission hospitals, particularly in Korea.

The bulk of the remaining files (folders 7-2 through 8-1) in this series are counseling letters that Bell wrote to people, generally total strangers, who contacted him to ask for advice and help with spiritual and/or moral problems. Most of these people knew of Bell from his leadership in the PCUS or from one of his speaking engagements or from reading A Foreign Devil in China. Some of them wrote about personal problems, others about questions they had about the Bible or the Presbyterian church. Some wrote to him about the way that Christians should act in a non-Christian world. In almost all cases, Bell's reply is attached to the original letter. These letters provide an interesting sample of the views and problems of average Christians. There are similar letters dealing with questions about the Bible in the files of materials relating to Bell's Sunday school class (folder 10-2, 10-3). Folder 8-5 has letters Ruth Graham received from a comparable variety of people. In addition, there are hundreds of letters in the general correspondence files of a counseling nature, again often from complete strangers.

Bell's activities as a frequent writer and speaker are also reflected in this series. Besides the material about his Sunday school class, folder 9-12 has the text of some of his speeches and folders 6-1 and 9-5 articles and pamphlets he wrote. All these files deal with religious issues such as the place of God in history, revelation, facing death, liberal vs. conservative Christianity, etc. There are also a number of speeches that deal with social and political topics as well, such as ones about the appropriateness of civil disobedience, the Church's reaction to poverty, whether a Roman Catholic should be elected president, the spiritual aspects of Watergate, the growth of government influence and power in regard to education, etc. There are also several manuscripts that deal with dissention within the Southern Presbyterian Church. There is an interesting memorandum in the Miscellaneous file (folder 9-2) that describes Bell's objections to the proposed union between the Southern and Northern Presbyterian churches. Other pamphlets, speeches or articles of Bell's can be found in 13-21, 20-11, 24-3, 25-17, 41-4,

47-12, 52-33, 53-8, 53-13, 64-16, and 65-9). In addition, almost all of boxes 49 and 50 in the general correspondence section consists of folders with information about various of Bell's speaking engagements between 1958 and 1973. Some of these folders also contain the text or a summary of his remarks. The subseries of Presbyterian Journal materials (folders 72-5 through 75-24) contains several of the articles and editorials he wrote for that magazine. Folder 54-15 contains some of the readers reaction to his book While Men Slept, which was a compilation of his articles from Christianity Today. Information about a film in which Bell participated and which contained his testimony as to his faith in Christ is contained in folder 12-23.

Although this section is mainly concerned with personal matters, it contains material on other topics as well. Here some of the subjects for which there is information: conditions, particularly for the missionary, in Korea (folders 6-7, 6-8, 9-10, 9-11), Palestine (folder 6-8), Taiwan (folders 6-5, 6-8), Japan (folder 6-8), and Hong Kong (folder 6-8); Graham's 1955 London crusade and reactions to his other crusades (folders 6-7, 6-9, 6-11, 6-12, 6-14, 8-2, 8-12, 9-10); Bell's travels across the country on various speaking engagements (folders 6-7, 6-8, 9-12); the early days of Christianity Today (folder 6-7); his involvement with and developments at his denomination's General Assemblies and Board of Missions (folders 6-1, 6-7, 6-10, 6-11, 6-14, 9-2, 9-12); visits to the White House (folder 6-8); family contacts with Nixon (folders 6-9, 6-11, 6-14, 8-2); developments at the Presbyterian Journal (folders 6-11). Folder 6-11 has an interesting description by Bell of his attendance at a Kathryn Kuhlman meeting. Ruth Graham's folder (folder 8-5) includes reports on Billy Graham's 1960 evangelistic tour of Europe and his meeting with Karl Barth as well as a letters about Graham's 1973 Korea crusade and the typescript of an article by her entitled "Homemaking is a God-appointed Task."



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Series III: Bob Jones Correspondence (Boxes 11-12) The letters and materials in these files (mostly letters and copies of letters) are almost all related to the impassioned correspondence between Bell and evangelist and educator Bob Jones Sr. Jones had long been one of the major leaders of American Protestant Fundamentalism. Billy Graham had gone to Bob Jones College for one semester as a young man and in the early days of his ministry Jones had been a supporter. However as Graham gained nationwide attention for his citywide crusades, Jones became increasing critical of him for associating with pastors and others Jones considered nonbelievers. (Graham, on the other hand, often said that he would accept support from anyone as long as no restrictions were placed upon what he could preach.) In 1957, at the time of Graham's New York crusade, his longest and one of the most heavily prepared for and publicized, Jones criticized Graham for being untrue to the faith. Bell commented on Jones criticisms in The Southern Presbyterian Journal and this led to the bitter correspondence in this series. Besides the letters between Bell and Jones, there is correspondence from co-workers of Jones at Bob Jones University, such as the members of the Bob Jones University Board of Trustees (folder 11-5) or the BJU's attorney James Price (folder 12-3). Additional letters to and from faculty, staff and students can be found in folder 12-5. Then there are several letters to Bell from students and former students of BJU supporting Jones or criticizing him for his attacks on Graham (folders 12-9 to 12-11). There are also letters from prominent Fundamentalist leaders such as William Ward Ayer (folder 11-3), Charles T. Cook (folder 11-8), R. T. Ketchum (folder 11-21), G. Archer Weniger (folder 12-13), and J. Elwin Wright (folder 12-5). The Weniger file is of interest as well because it contains a rare letter from Graham explaining his methods of mass evangelism. Some letters, such as those in folders 11-27, 11-28, and 12-6, also refer to John R. Rice's part in the controversy as an ally of Jones. Other folders, such as 11-27, 12-13 contain material on the opposition of some Fundamentalists to Graham's 1958 San Francisco Crusade. This series also contains a few letters earlier and later than 1957. For example, folder 11-27 has correspondence about the controversy stirred up by a 1966 newspaper article quoting Bell as criticizing Jones and there is some correspondence of Jones's from 1950 with Jean Graham (Billy's sister) about whether she should attend BJU.

There is a great deal of information about the criticism of Graham by Jones and other Fundamentalists in other parts of the collection. Here are some examples: reactions to Jones' comments on the 1957 New York Crusade (folder 13-1), the reaction of British Christians to the controversy (folder 22-21). Also of interest is the material in folder 26-17 which concerns criticism from John R. Rice and the material about attacks from Carl McIntire in folders 15-15, 35-20, 46-31. Other material can be found in folders 15-14, 15-15, 22-5, 26-6, 48-13, 51-1, 51-22, 51-33, 53-18, 69-12, 69-13.



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Series IV: General Correspondence (Boxes 12-61) This series contains most of the documents in the collection. The files relate to all of Bell's interests, including his involvement in and deep commitment to the Presbyterian Church in the United States, particularly on its Board of World Missions; his unofficial position as advisor and confidant to his son-in-law Billy Graham; his work at Christianity Today and The Southern Presbyterian Journal; his close involvement with businessman and philanthropist J. Howard Pew; his (Bell's) opposition to liberal political and especially liberal theological trends in the United States and elsewhere; his frequent speaking engagements; and his concern over such issues as race relations in the United States, national political campaigns, and United States foreign policy, particularly as related to Communism. For most letters of the alphabet, there is a general folder which contains all the correspondence with people whose name begins with that letter and who do not have a folder of their own. In a few cases, such as 46-18 and 46-19, theses letter were put into two or more folder because they could not comfortably fit into one. The letters in these files are arranged alphabetically by the name of the correspondent. In some case where a file only had one or two letters, the archivist put the correspondence in the general folder of the corresponding letter of the alphabet.

Materials in this series that relate to Bell's mission service in China, his participation in the PCUS (including his part in the founding and running of The Presbyterian Journal), family matters, and his controversy with the Bob Jones are described elsewhere with the other relevant series descriptions. This description will deal with the other material in series IV. The boxes 55-61 contain copies of Bell's outgoing correspondence from 1959 (with a few letters from 1955) until his death, arranged in strict chronological order. Apparently Bell's secretary kept two files, one by subject and one by date. Many of the letters in these chronological files duplicate those in other files in the series, but there are other letters that can be found only here.

A. Billy Graham and the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association (BGEA). The letters in this section reflect how much of Bell's time was taken up with assisting his son-in-law and daughter in one way or another. Bell helped look after Graham's health, advised him on his ministry, served on the Board of the BGEA, often replied to letters addressed to Graham, and dealt with some critics that Graham preferred not to respond to.

Some files contain material about Graham's early career, such as the information on his 1949 Los Angeles crusade in 33-16 and Graham's own report on his 1946 visit to Great Britain in folder 54-13. There are brief informal reports in many, many letters, either from or to Bell, on particular evangelistic crusades that Graham was holding. The following are a few examples: the 1954 and 1955 meetings in England (folder 14-12, reported by the Bishop of Barking; other materials in 6-7 and 6-9), the 1955 Scotland meeting (folder 34-2), the 1957 New York meetings (folders 15-14, 30-2, 35-2, 36-12), Graham's visit to various college campuses in 1957 (folder 64-11), the 1958 San Francisco meetings (folders 15-14, 15-15, 22-8), the 1960 tour of Europe (folder 8-5), the 1960 evangelistic rally in Rio de Janeiro (folders 15-8, 39-8), the 1962 Chicago meetings (folder 48-13), Graham's 1966 address to the American Bible Society (folder 13-4), the 1967 Tokyo crusade (folder 35-19), the Seoul, Korea meetings of 1973 (folder 29-20, also 8-5).

As a member of the BGEA board, Bell was in frequent correspondence with other members, such as Maxey Jarmen (folder 30-16), Charles Pitts (folder 42-10), Jacob Stam (folder 51-10), and Carl Weisiger (folder 54-3). (often he was corresponding with them about other than BGEA-related matters). He also was in touch with some of the major members of the BGEA staff, such as Lane Adams (folder 12-18), Jerry Beavan (folder 14-3), advertising executives Walter F. Bennett (folder 15-9) and Fred Dienert (folder 23-10), Willis Haymaker (folder 28-17), Larry Love (folder 33-34), Bob Root (folder 46-8), soloist George Beverly Shea (folder 47-18), coordinator of BGEA films and later crusade director Walter F. Smyth (folder 48-13), evangelist John Wesley White 54-16), and business manager George Wilson (folder 54-30). Most of this correspondence is very short and deals with various details or specific problems. There is also some correspondence with the Navigators about the program they developed for the BGEA for counseling during a crusade and following up with converts afterwards (folder 39-5). Folder 55-11 contains some letter to and from the BGEA subsidiary World Wide Pictures about people's response to their films. There is additional information about the film ministry in 42-10 and 48-13.

As physician, Bell would keep an eye on Graham's health and when the evangelist was sick would advise him on treatment. People would also write to him to ask about Graham's health. Some correspondence about this aspect of their relationship can be found in 14-3, 15-2, and 26-17, among other folders.

Bell also often replied to letters for Graham. In the early years of the BGEA he would correspond with people who wrote in to ask the evangelist about spiritual questions and personal problems. (The BGEA later would develop a large and sophisticated counseling division to handle these types of inquiries.) Some of Bell's responses to this type of letter can be found in folders 15-14 and 15-15. Other times people wrote in to criticize Graham's method of evangelism. The evangelist made it a policy early on not to become involved in controversy, but Bell would sometimes act as his surrogate. Materials relating to Bob Jones Sr.'s attacks on Graham for what was called ecumenical evangelism are described above in series III. Folders 15-14 and 15-15 contain some samples of replies to other criticisms of theology or method. Some other examples of criticism to which Bell responded: an early editorial in an Asheville paper equating Graham with healing evangelist Oral Roberts and doubting the value of his work (folder 12-15); critique of Graham from the perspective of the liberal Protestant journal Christian Century (folder 18-22); William Culbertson's questions about Graham not identifying himself as a Fundamentalist (folder 22-5); an attack on Graham for perceived Arminianism (folder 34-7); the cost of Graham's home (folder 34-3); Graham's policy of holding integrated meetings and his relations with Roman Catholics (folder 41-10); Bible translator J. B. Philips' comments on his disagreement with the overuse of guilt in evangelism (folder 42-4); attack on Graham for perceived liberal theology (folder 42-6); correspondence on the same topic with W. C. Moore, editor of The Herald of His Truth (folder 38-13); correspondence with A.W. Tozer about his unwillingness to publicly defend Graham against Fundamentalist criticism (folder 52-24); the views of a moderate Fundamentalist (folder 53-24); Graham's association with U.S. presidents and his failure to oppose the war in Vietnam (folder 54-18, also 48-12).

Bell was also constantly acting as an advisor and trouble shooter for Graham. Among the many samples in his correspondence are his letters to John Bonnell about the problems that Bonnell's percieved theological liberalism might cause for the 1955 Scotland crusade (folder 16-9); his involvement with Carl Henry and others in Graham's investigation into the desirability of the founding a new Christian university (folder 23-22); consideration of the desirability of Nelson Rockefeller being involved in the 1957 New York Crusade (folder 36-12); reply to a woman who wanted to write a biography of Graham (folder 46-9); Bell's correspondence with Wilson-Haffenden about the conversion of John French at the 1954 London meetings (folder 54-35; see also 25-22, 25-23). Also of interest is folder 54-40 in which Bell talks about his policy of not using his influence to persuade Graham accept particular invitations.

A few miscellaneous items relating to Graham: forms and reports from the 1963 Asheville crusade (folder 13-23); correspondence with a seminary student who wanted to help with a Graham crusade because of the experience it would afford for practical evangelism (folder 16-31); explanation of Graham's support for prayer in public schools (folder 20-8); testimonies from people who were saved during the television broadcasts of the 1958 San Francisco meetings (folder 22-4); correspondence about Richard Wurmbrand (folder 55-13); reports on the 1966 World Congress on Evangelism (folders 24-19, 46-3, 51-10, 69-11); and Bell's part on getting financial assistance for Taejon Presbyterian College in Korea from the BGEA (folder 51-26). Other files with material about Graham or the BGEA include 16-27, 21-4, 23-15, 28-6, 29-30, 34-1, 34-2, 34-8, 38-22, 41-11, 42-11, 52-2, 55-1, 55-3, 55-25, 56-25, and 71-4.

B. Christianity Today (CT) One project on which Graham and Bell worked together for many years was the magazine Christianity Today. At about the same time in 1954, both men were struck with a need for a magazine that would present faithfully the conservative theological Protestant viewpoint in an intellectually rigorous fashion to the world, especially to pastors of all shades of theological belief. Bell was certainly influenced by his experience in creating the Southern Presbyterian Journal to represent conservative opinion within the Presbyterian Church in the United States. Bell served as the executive editor of the magazine from its first issue until his death. There is a great deal of information in the general correspondence section on the early planning for CT, the recruitment of staff and contributors, the development of policy, the raising of funds to support the magazine in its early days, and the reactions to the magazine by readers. Much of this information, particularly on the origins of the magazine, is concentrated in folders 18-29 to 19-11. This includes information on Bell's original plans for the magazine (folder 19-8), the starting up process, and lists of people who the staff and board helped would be contributors. Especially interesting are folders 18-29, 19-1 and 19-2. These contain many, many letters that Bell sent to Fundamentalist and Evangelical leaders and scholars (mostly in the United States, but a few in other countries) telling them about the new publication and asking for their help and advice. In many cases, the responses are also in these folders and they contain interesting information about the perceived strengths and weaknesses of the Evangelical movement at that time. Similar letters from 1955 and 1956 are scattered throughout the collection. Folder 14-14 contains some interesting comments by well known preacher and writer Donald Barnhouse Sr. on the new magazine. Also of interest are the letters of American Mercury publisher Ralph Maguire with his advice on starting a magazine (folder 34-11). Folders 14-12 and 51-13 contains a letter from Graham outlining what he saw as the purposes of the magazine.

Besides Bell and Graham, another person who played a major role in shaping the magazine was J. Howard Pew. who served on the board. Folders 41-17 to 41-19 contain Bell's correspondence. These letters are not all about CT, but a large portion of them are and they provide a great deal of information on the early history of the magazine. A frequent theme is Pew's strong feeling that the magazine should reflect the view that the Christian church, as an institution, should concentrate on evangelism and Christian nurture and not reforming the current social order. Besides himself giving substantially to the magazine, Pew gave Bell the names of other people to contact and Bell's letters to them and their replies can be found in many folders, such as 52-31. Folder 33-37 contains material about a fund raising luncheon organized in Lubbock Texas, one of several some events. Two other active board members whose folders contain much relevant material were Maxey Jarmen (folder 30-16) and Harold J. Ockenga (folder 40-4). Jarmen's folder contains a report he did on various administrative changes necessary. Other folders with correspondence with board members include 15-9, 16-6, 17-5, 29-28, 30-1, 30-2, 42-10, 53-5, and 54-11.

Naturally, several folders of correspondence are with CT staff members. Curiously, there are no folders for Carl Henry and Harold Lindsell, the first and second editors of the periodical. Henry in particular was a major shaper of its style. But letters and memos by and about Henry are scattered throughout the CT folders. Staff members for whom there are correspondence folders include publisher Wilbur Benedict (folder 15-5), business and advertising manager Claire Burcaw (folder 16-35), news editor George Burnham (folder 16-36), business and advertising manager Charles Claus (folder 19-17), assistant editor James Daane (folder 22-14), assistant editor Frank Farrell (folder 25-4), co-editor Frank Gaebelein (folder 26-12), British editorial associate Philip Hughes (folder 29-27), circulation manager Linda Kik (folder 31-5), circulation manager Roland Kuhnholm (folder 32-11), editor-at-large Harold Kuhn (folder 32-10), editor at large Addison Leitch (folder 33-10), assistant editor Richard Love (folder 33-35), managing editor James Deforrest Murch (folder 38-26), assistant editor Edward Plowman (folder 42-11), advertising manager and publisher David Rehmeyer (folder 45-7), and managing editor and west coast representative Larry Ward (folder 53-21; this folder also contains information on the early days of World Vision).

Of especial interest is a critique of the magazine from a Fundamentalist perspective in folder 52-1; material on the magazine's policy on dispensationalism (folder 16-6); and letters from readers, reference materials and other items dealing with the subject of the relation between church and state (folder 19-14). Some of Bell's editorials can be found in folder 72-11. As mentioned above, reader reaction to the publication of a collection of his columns in CT can be found in folder 54-15. Folders 43-17 to 45-1 contain a wide range of reader reactions to articles and editorials (not necessarily by Bell) that appeared either in CT or The Presbyterian Journal. These letters provide an interesting gauge of how the publication was being perceived. Other files with information on the magazine and its influence include 14-7, 14-12, 14-14, 14-17, 15-16, 15-19, 16-3, 16-14, 17-10, 19-17, 21-15, 22-1, 23-4, 27-5, 30-12, 31-16, 32-7, 32-18, 33-3, 33-4, 33-28, 33-31, 36-1, 35-27, 35-29, 38-14, 39-11, 39-14, 40-12, 41-15, 42-7, 46-14, 47-16, 47-19, 47-28, 48-5, 51-11, 51-39, 53-7, 53-28, 54-21, 54-37, 54-38, 54-41, 55-3, 55-16, and 55-17.

C. Political and social issues. Bell was a man very concerned with the world around him and also a man with a great deal of influence over a large number of people, through his editorships, contacts and reputation. Therefore it is inevitable that his papers should contain a great deal about major national and international issues of the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, such as the conflict between Western and Communist nations, the conflict between liberal and conservative political positions, and the civil rights movement.

Although from a Southern state, on a national level Bell tended to be most sympathetic with the Republican party, although his support was more based on the position of a particular politician rather than his label. In particular, like his son-in-law, he was an admirer of Richard Nixon. Some of his personal correspondence with Nixon can be found in folder 39-15. (See also 6-9, 6-11, 6-14, and 8-2.) During the presidential election of 1960, he was strongly for Nixon, both because he was impressed by the man and because he was afraid that the election of a Roman Catholic president could adversely effect the country. A number of files have materials on the 1960 election, including 13-19, 15-8, 18-7, 18-8, 25-7, 31-4, 32-12, 38-23, 41-13, and 69-13. Also of interest is the information in the Christian Century file about the magazine's open letter to Kennedy about the issue of his religion in the campaign and the information in folder 19-16 about the Citizens Committee for American Religious Freedom which was organized by, among others, Norman Vincent Peale. (See folders 41-12 and 55-15 for additional correspondence with and about Peale.) Information on the next election is a found in a letter in folder 72-9 in which Bell explains his preference for Barry Goldwater in 1964.

Bell also frequently wrote to congressman, senators and other officials about issues he felt were important. Samples of this correspondence can be found in folders 23-12, 23-20, 29-23, 30-22, 31-2, 31-4, 32-11, 35-17, 46-16, 47-11, 48-3, 51-35, and 53-10. There are also several folders with correspondence Bell sent or received or in some cases simply clippings or other reference material on issues of public policy relating to questions such as the place of prayer and the Bible in public schools (folder 15-13, 20-8, 42-21, 46-7), abortion (folder 46-7, 12-16), capital punishment (folder 17-9), the teaching of evolution theory (folder 24-24), the Ku Klux Klan (folder 32-9), liquor registration in North Carolina (folder 33-21), Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (folder 31-11), pacifism (folder 40-16), pornography (folder 42-16), right to work laws (folder 45-20, 49-18), and sex education in schools (folder 47-15). As mentioned above, several folders contain material on his attitude toward public health care policy, including 21-5, 31-2, 47-11, 48-14, and 51-35. Bell was also active in his efforts to support people who he thought were suitable candidates for appointed offices, such as the federal marshal for his area of North Carolina (folder 51-37) and the postmaster of Montreat (folder 42-18). Folder 20-11 has a copy of an interesting speech by Bell, "The High Cost of Low Politics." Folder 29-3 has material on the early career of future senator Jesse Helms.

The civil rights movement, particularly in the South, is a very frequent topic in the correspondence. An evolution in Bell's own views can be traced in the files, from an acceptance of segregation as a way of life (folder 73-9) to a condemnation of both forced segregation and forced integration and a belief that sometimes there was a lack of love and concern on the part of white to black Christians (folder 15-15). But he was very dubious of ministers, including Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., taking a leading role in a social-political movement, since he feared it could impede the preaching of the Gospel (folder 15-15, 18-1, 31-18, 40-11, 41-11, 52-8). Many files contain letters written to him by both supporters and opponents of the civil rights movement. The following folders are a sampling of letters and reports about race relations, particularly in the South: 23-6, 23-7, 24-4, 24-25, 26-14, 26-15, 27-5, 27-26, 30-14, 30-12, 32-4, 33-9, 32-12, 34-15, 36-10, 35-25, 38-25, 38-26, 42-15, 43-12, 47-8, 47-13, 51-2, 51-5, 54-1, 54-18. Of particular interest are folders with information about African American Christian workers in the Northern inner cities (folders 29-24, 30-11), the 1967 Newark riots (folder 30-11), Bell's participation in a symposium on segregation sponsored by Life magazine (folder 33-17), Bell's efforts to arrange a parole for a poor black man named Hooper (folder 28-19), the integration of Billy Graham's crusade meetings (folder 41-10), the 1968 Poor People's March on Washington (folder 13-13, 43-11), and the 1964 Civil Rights Act (folders 51-32, 51-35).

As a man who had been kept from returning to his work in China by the victory of the Communist forces there, Bell had strong feelings about the Cold War and what the United States in particular should do to defeat Communism. Besides the material about China mentioned above, information can be found throughout the collection about the attitude of Bell and his correspondents to such current issues as Nikita Khrushchev's 1959 visit to the United States (folder 48-10), the Vietnam war (folders 30-18, 48-12, 54-18, 65-10), the Berlin wall (folder 31-4), Communist involvement in the Congolese civil war (folder 43-8, 52-27), the influence of Marxism in public schools (folder 13-8), the House UnAmerican Affairs Commitee (folder 29-23) and loyalty pledges (folder 18-6). Also of interest are the letters in folder 73-5 reacting to an article in the Southern Presbyterian Journal suggesting that atomic weapons be used to force the Soviet Union to give up the countries it had occupied since World War II. (See also a letter to E. S. Morgan in folder 34-3 about the necessity of preventing China from acquiring nuclear weapons.) Other folders with material related to Communism and the Cold War include 14-19, 20-12, 23-13, 24-4, 24-25, 25-20, 27-14, 27-22, 28-6, 29-23, 30-19, 31-4, 33-1, 35-20, 36-10, 43-11, 46-16, 52-3, 53-10, and 53-16.

D. J. Howard Pew. In 1953, Bell made contact with Pew (a millionaire, philanthropist, and active United Presbyterian layperson) through a letter in which he (Bell) wrote about the dangers of unorthodoxy in the Presbyterian denominations. They discovered they shared many viewpoints, particularly on the need to halt the move toward religious liberalism within the Presbyterian church. Bell maintained a voluminous correspondence with Pew until the latter's death in 1970. In their letters they would discuss the magazine, the needs of various Presbyterian institutions (such as Montreat-Anderson College, Columbia Theological Seminary and Taejon Presbyterian Hospital in Korea), projects of the Pew Trust, and related matters. Folder 23-22 contains materials about a project that Bell and Pew were both briefly involved in a plan to found a new Christian university. Folders 41-17 to 41-19 contains this correspondence. Other files with information about Pew or the Pew Trust include 16-32, 20-9, 20-10, 22-8, 27-4, 30-16, 33-4, 33-10, 45-16, 45-17, 47-28, 51-26, 53-16, 55-19. Of particular interest is the folder of correspondence with Allyn Bell of the Glenmede Trust (folder 15-2), the correspondence with Pew's sister Mable Myrin (folder 38-29), and the folder containing a defence by Bell of an attack on his friend's theological position (folder 53-22).

E. Montreat. The private community and Presbyterian conference grounds of Montreat was Bell's permanent home after his return from China in 1941 and his papers reflect his deep involvement in many aspects of the life of the place. He was on the board of the Mountain Retreat Association (MRA) which ran the town. Folder 38-22 contains minutes and reports of the MRA that shows the board concern with both maintaining a comfortable home for the year-long residents (many of whom were retired) and with the programs of the conferences held on the grounds. Other folders that deal with the association, including the selection of its presidents, the management of various properties, and concern about liberal elements in some conference programs, can be found, among other places, in 13-16, 22-10, 22-11, 25-17, 30-13, 34-19, 35-9, 38-3 to 38-7, 41-5, 41-11, 42-18, 53-8, and 53-8.

Montreat-Anderson College was located near Bell's home and he took an active interest in the school. He served on the board of trustees and played an active part over the years in both helping to raise money for it and in keeping it true to what he felt was orthodox Christian belief and Presbyterian tradition. Folders 37-9 to 37-2 contain Bell's materials on the college and they are very complete, including as they do minutes of trustee meetings. Other folders of interest include 13-11, 13-15, 20-6, 22-18, 31-17, 39-16, 41-17 to 41-19, 42-1, and 54-17. The college library was named after Bell in 1972 and folder 50-40 has material on the dedication service.

F. Other Topics. Columbia Theological Seminary. Columbia was one of the schools for training ministers for his denomination and Bell was well acquainted with many of the faculty and trustees. His concern that the faculty and administrators be men committed to Biblical faith is evident in much of his correspondence. See, for example, his correspondence with president of the seminary J. McDowell Richard (folder 45-16, 45-17). He was also often the man in the middle between the Pew Trust and the school in attempts to raise money (folder 20-10). Among other folders with relevant information are 20-9, 20-10, 25-13, 31-15, 33-10, 41-8, 41-17 to 41-19, 42-5, 47-25, 48-16, 52-7, 52-11 and 61-10. Also of interest is folder 14-5, which contains Bell's correspondence with theologian Stuart Babbage, including Bell's correspondence with vice president Lyndon Johnson, asking that officials help in arranging for the Australian Babbage to have a prolonged stay in the United States so Babbage could teach at Columbia. Folder 48-6 has data on the origins of Reformed Theological Seminary of Jackson, MS.

Other schools with which Bell was involved or had a concern include Belhaven College in Mississippi (folders 14-22, 22-3, 54-5), Fuller Theological Seminary in California (folders 26-6, 26-9, 40-4 54-11), and King College in Tennessee (folders 31-20, 32-1, 49-23).

Publishing. Many of Bell's correspondents were on the staff of newspapers, magazines and publishing houses. Often he would be reviewing a manuscript, or responding to something they had printed, or asking for copies of an article, or making arrangements for reprints, etc. Among the different book publishers represented in the collection are Baker Book House (folder 55-25), Broadman (folder 16-22), Doubleday (folder 23-14), Eerdman's (folder 24-6), Fleming Revell (folders 14-10, 46-13), Harper and Row (folder 28-7), Moody Press (folder 38-8), Thomas Nelson (folder 52-5), Oxford University Press (folder 40-14), Scripture Press (folder 47-5), Tyndale House (folder 52-30), and Zondervan (folder 55-24). There is also correspondence with publishers, editors and staff of many magazines, including American Mercury (folder 34-11), Christian Herald (folder 42-12), Christian Century, (folder 18-22), Christian Life (folder 53-18), Christian Observer (folder 18-27), Life (folder 33-17), Moody Monthly (folder 38-9), Presbyterian Action (folder 43-22), Presbyterian Junior Life (folder 43-26), Presbyterian Life (folders 29-2, 43-1), Presbyterian Observer (folder 43-3), Presbyterian Survey (folder 43-4), Social Progress (folder 48-15), Sunday School Times (51-21), Time (folder 33-38, 52-16, 70-8), and U. S. News and World Report (folder 33-6).

Dwight L. Moody. Mary Moody, daughter-in-law of the evangelist Dwight L. Moody, began to write to Bell in 1961. She hoped to arrange for Billy Graham to come to speak on the campus of the Northfield schools (which Moody had founded). In the course of her correspondence with Bell, she sent him several handwritten letters of her father-in-law as well as a photo of him and a genealogical chart (folders 38-10, 38-11). These letters are mainly to Moody's son William (Mary's husband). They touch occasionally on Moody's evangelistic work but deal mainly with family matters and Moody's love and concern for his children.

Miscellaneous. There are many, many other topics that Bell and his correspondents touch on besides what has already been mentioned. Here are a few examples: condemnation of anti-Semitism (folder 48-2, 48-19); the Auca Indians and their murder of five missionaries in 1956 and President Eisenhower's planned meeting with one of the widows, Elizabeth Elliot (folder 51-19); Bible translation (folders 13-4, 26-7, 45-14, 39-11); Bill Bright and Campus Crusade for Christ (folders 17-17, 38-24, 54-28); the British Israel movement (folder 16-21); the charismatic and healing movement (folders 6-11, 34-3, 52-18, 54-16); Christian radio stations in North Carolina (folder 29-6); Christian Science (folder 18-28); Mickey Cohen and Bell's endorsement of an attempt to arrange for a parole for him (folders 27-17, 53-9); God's nature (folder 51-25); interdenominational cooperation (folder 29-13); the Jesus People (folder 42-9); Lyndon Johnson (folders 14-5, 30-22, 52-2) Robert Kennedy (folder 31-11); liberalism in other denominations (folders 27-22, 30-4, 51-25, 54-10); the Libertarian Party (folder 39-17); Lutheran Church Missouri Synod (folder 27-22); Presbyterian educator and John Mackay (folders 28-15, 31-4); Masons (folder 55-15); evangelist David Morken and his meetings in India, Indonesia and southeast Asia (folder 38-17); athlete and evangelist Donn Moomaw (folder 38-24); National Association of Evangelicals (folders 39-2, 49-2, 49-6, 49-27, 68-15); National Council of Churches (folders 39-3, 41-17 to 41-19); the worldwide evangelistic campaigns of J. Edwin Orr (folder 40-11); Palestine and Presbyterian involvement in the roots of the modern state of Israel (folder 31-10); Pentecostalism (folders 34-3, 46-3, 52-18, 54-16); evangelist Oral Roberts (folder 46-3); Sunday observation, including sports (folders 18-20, 39-16, 46-20); Seventh Day Adventism (folder 32-3); social implications of the Gospel (folder 54-10); sports and Christianity (folder 18-20, 39-16, 46-20) theologian Paul Tillich (folder 18-9); World Council of Churches (folder 55-8); World Evangelical Fellowship (folders 49-14, 55-9, 55-12); World Vision (folders 26-20, 42-7, 53-21, 55-10, 61-9). One final type of material that one finds all through out this series, as well as in series I, are counseling letters that Bell would send to the many, many people who would write him for personal and/or spiritual advice.



*****

Series V: Presbyterian Church in the United States Materials (Boxes 61-79) The letters, minutes, reports, clippings and other documents in this series are all related to Bell's deep involvement in the life of his denomination, an involvement that climaxed with his election for a one year term as moderator in 1972. Most of the files in this series are concerned either with his service on the Board of Missions, his involvement with The Presbyterian Journal, or his term as moderator. However another theme that permeates these documents is Bell's continuing struggle against theological and social liberal trends within the denomination. This topic shows itself in the letters and reports that document his leadership in the fight against union with the Northern Presbyterians, in his recommendations to various church pulpit committees on where they could find reliable conservative pastors, and his concern with the curriculum and faculty at Presbyterian colleges and facilities.

In some cases, folder titles in this section duplicate folder titles in series IV, the general correspondence section. For example, folders 43-4 and 69-7 both have material on the Presbyterian Survey and folders 21-9 and 66-7 have material on the Council of Evangelism. Also, hundreds of folders in the series IV deal solely or in large part with PCUS matters. Because this is the way that Bell or his secretary set up the files, the archivist maintained them in that way. However, in this guide, all relevant material will be described in the same place. Therefore all the material related to the Presbyterian church will be dealt with in this section of the Scope and Content description. A large number of folders were grouped together by Bell and/or his secretary under the headings "Board of World Missions" (folders 61-5 to 64-5) and "General Assembly" (folders 64-12 to 70-15) and this order was maintained by the archivist. Hundreds of clippings about the very end of Bell's term as moderator and events during the 113th General Assembly are grouped together in boxes 76 through 79.

General. Bell's continuing involvement in his own Asheville Presbytery is documented in folders 61-3 and 34-28, among others. He was deeply, deeply concerned as well about the spiritual life of his church as a whole and this is reflected in documents throughout the collection. In his Sunday school lessons (folders 10-2, 10-3) as well as through articles, speeches, and correspondence, he urged the need for the church to stay true to traditional orthodox positions on the infallible authority of Scripture (folders 15-13, 40-9, 43-3, 75-24) and the need for greater emphasis on evangelism (folders 21-9, 42-4, 42-9, 49-35). Folder 24-17 has an interesting paper with his views on eschatology. Also of interest are the materials he gathered on syncretism (folder 51-25) and universalism (folder 52-38). He was particularly distressed by what he saw as the emphasis of social action over evangelism (folders 20-14, 21-2, 21-3, 30-3, 39-3, 48-4, 41-17, 48-15). There are many folders that deal with the conflicts of liberals and conservatives within the church, such as the debate over a proposed new confession of faith in 1967 (folder 21-14). But perhaps the major focus of the debate between the late 1940s and early 1970s was the issue of union. Again and again the proposal was made that the Presbyterian Church in the United States unite with the United Presbyterian Church in the United States of America (UPCUSA). Conservatives like Bell were deeply opposed to the move, because they felt it would centralize power in the hands of a liberal denominational headquarters staff, despite the basic orthodoxy of most of the members of the denomination. The Presbyterian Journal grew out of one such fight and Bell was a consistent opponent to union. Evidence of the continuing debate over union can be found, among other places, in folders 9-2, 15-20, 17-9 (defeat of a union plan in 1955), 21-2, 31-15, 41-10, 48-4, 51-4, 51-19, 52-33, 52-37, 61-4, 65-9, 75-19, and 75-24. Bell's concern over liberal trends in the church also showed in his desire that people who were firmly committed to the infallibly of Scripture and other tenets of orthodox belief be nominated for church office and chosen as pastors of individual congregations (folders 12-17, 16-32). Others shared Bell's concern. There is a great deal of information in the collection about the formation and work of such conservative groups as Concerned Presbyterians (folders 21-13, 23-3, 31-15). Other topics for which there is information: the Auburn Affirmation (folder 48-4), the investigation of charges of Communist influence at the University of Tennessee Presbyterian Center (folder 53-1), the formation of the Westminster World Fellowship (folders 45-9, 54-8, 54-9), sexual ethics (folder 61-4). This last is in the Board of Christian Education files. Other files with information about the work of this board include 13-13, 18-24, 23-3, and 25-8 (purpose of Sunday School). Much of Bell's correspondence was with past, present or future moderators, including Warren Benfield (folder 15-6), Marion Boggs (folder 16-4), Charles Kraemer (folder 32-8), and Benjamin Lacey Rose (folder 69-15). Other files with information on Bell's work within the church, and particularly the continuing struggle between liberals and conservatives, can be found in folders 16-8, 18-27, 20-6, 20-9, 20-10, 21-3, 21-10, 21-11, 23-16, 26-10, 26-21, 26-22, 28-1, 28-14, 29-28, 30-1, 30-2, 30-14, 31-17, 33-11, 34-27, 37-5, 41-8, 41-17 to 41-19, 42-22 to 43-4, 45-16, 45-17, 46-18, 46-31, 53-11, 53-29, 53-30, 54-4, 54-17, 54-28, 54-34, 54-40, 56-23, 68-9 (Presbyterian News Service), 69-11, 72-11.

Board of Missions. In 1948 Bell was elected to the mission board of his denomination and he served on it, with one brief interruption, until 1966. Folders 61-5 to 64-5 contain the bulk of the material in the collection about his service on the Board, including minutes of meetings; correspondence with the other Board members, staff and missionaries; and reports on trips he made to visit missionaries. In the general correspondence section there is also correspondence with the field secretary Hugh Bradley (folders

16-16) and other board members (folders 15-18, 16-18, and 32-19, among others). Major concerns were finding suitable candidates; supplying missionaries in the field, especially medical missionaries; setting policy on such questions as furloughs and retirement; making sure the churches, schools, and other institutions run by missionaries maintained an orthodox position; and training national leaders. Especially interesting is the correspondence with C. Darby Fulton (folder 61-10) who served as executive secretary of the board until 1961. Folder 29-15 has information on the search for his replacement. T. Watson Street became executive secretary in 1962 and his correspondence with Bell is in folders 63-6 and 63-7. Other material about the function of the board can be found in folders 6-1, 6-7, 6-10, 6-11, 6-14, 9-2, 9-12, 14-13, and 35-22. A sampling of the kind of questions that came up at board meetings can be found in the field committee materials in folder 61-9. Among the topics covered were relations with World Vision, Japan International Christian University, reports from various fields, and candidate applications. Also of interest are the board minutes and reports in folder 62-5, which were from what was apparently the last meeting Bell attended as an official member of the Board.

As mentioned above, Bell was very active in recruiting personnel and raising funds and supplies for Presbyterian medical missions. Some of the folders with information on his efforts are 13-24, 15-2, 19-18 to 20-1, 21-16, 23-19, 33-18, 41-17 to 41-19, 52-19, 52-20. Of particular interest are the reports of the Medical Benevolence Foundation in folder 62-4. The MBF was started by independent group of doctors to assist medical missions with funds, equipment, supplies, and training. See folder 27-9 for a manuscript history of medical missions.

There are reports in the Bell papers on Presbyterian missions in many countries. Of particular interest to those interested in descriptions of mission work and governance are Bell's report on his trips to various fields which can be found in folders 63-10 to 64-3. (See also 6-7, 6-8, 9-10, 9-11, 53-15.) Here are folders to look in for information on specific countries:

Brazil (folders 15-8, 22-13, 26-16, 29-4, 33-30, 37-2, 41-4, 43-14, 47-29, 55-6, 55-7)
Iran (folder 36-11)
Japan (folders 30-15, 34-23, 35-19, 35-22, 35-24, 37-2)
Korea (folders 13-12, 20-1, 20-4, 21-16, 23-9, 28-4, 29-20, 31-4, 31-8, 33-18 to 33-20, 34-10, 37-2, 37-4, 37-7, 46-19, 47-7, 51-20, 51-28, 51-33, 52-19, 53-15)
Mexico (folders 16-13, 35-21, 46-10)
Taiwan (folders 22-10, 27-11, 28-1, 31-13, 37-2, 37-8, 47-9, 51-30
Zaire, formerly the Belgian Congo (folders 13-12, 36-5, 37-2, 43-8, 46-13, 48-7, 52-20, 52-27)

Also of interest is the Presbyterian evangelism work among Chinese people living in Japan. This is documented in folders 35-22 and 35-24. There are as well several files with information about particular institutions, such as the Presbyterian Medical center in Chonju, Korea (folders 20-1, 21-16), Taejon Presbyterian College in Korea (folders 9-10, 9-11, 51-28, 51-33), and Taiwan Christian College (folders 27-11, 51-30).

Many letters deal with the activities of Carl McIntire and the International Christian Churches Council he organized. He and his associates in various fields accused Presbyterian missionaries or at least their denomination of having become so liberal that they were no longer propagating the Christian faith. Material on this controversy can be found, among other places, in folders 13-12, 33-7, 35-20, 39-13, 46-19, 55-7. Other folders that deal more generally with conflicts between liberals and conservatives on the mission field include 23-9, 30-15, 31-13, 35-19, 43-14 and 51-20.

There is some information in this collection about national Presbyterian churches, apart from missionary activity. Folder 55-6 has some information about plans in Brazil to integrate missionaries into the national church. There is also information about the relationship between missionaries and the national church in Bell's letters from China, particularly 1-6. Several files contain Bell's correspondence with Presbyterian pastors and laypersons from other countries, including 28-4, 34-10, 38-28, 43-8, 51-20, 51-26.

There are a few other topics related to missions which should be mentioned: the Congolese civil war (folders 13-12, 52-27), Methodist missions (folder 48-5), Christian Reformed missions (folder 53-4), a plan to start a journal for medical missionaries (folder 17-4), and support for independent missionaries (folders 31-12, 48-1). Other files with information on missions include 22-17, 24-25, 25-10, 25-11, 33-5, 35-1, 41-9, 49-29, 49-45, 49-47, 49-52, and 49-56.

The Presbyterian Journal (PJ). Some of the earliest material in the collection (apart from the China documents) deals with Bell's key role in starting and running the PJ. The documents in this collection present a very full picture of the work of the magazine, including the setting of editorial policy; finances and fund raising; participation in the life of the denomination, particularly in the debates over union with other Presbyterian churches and the ongoing conflict between liberals and conservatives; governance; and Bell's resignation in 1971. Boxes 72 to 75 contain most of these records, but of course there are hundreds of relevant items in other parts of the collection as well.

There are a number of folders that contain information on the first days of the PJ. See, the letters of the first editor Henry Dendy in folder 72-11 (although there is relatively little for the period after 1944), the finances file in folder 72-15, general correspondence in folder 72-16, and miscellaneous tax records, including withholding forms and in some cases returns, in folders 74-6 to 75-15, which covers the years 1945 to 1968. The meetings and exchanges of opinions of the board of directors, most of whom were well-to-do laymen concerned about liberal trends in the PCUS, can be traced in the minutes of their meetings (folders 72-7, 72-13, 72-14, 73-4) as well as in the voluminous correspondence that Bell maintained with individual board members (folders 12-20, 14-2, 16-8, 16-18, 17-18, 21-11, 23-7, 26-2, 26-10, 27-2, 27-3, 27-10, 27-23, 27-33, 28-15, 29-28, 30-1, 30-23, 31-15, 33-7, 33-16, 35-11, 35-16, 35-26, 36-14, 38-25, 42-3, 47-3, 47-17, 47-28, 53-20, 54-2, 54-17, 54-32, 54-33, 69-12, 69-13, 69-25, 72-11). In 1963, the Presbyterian Journal Foundation was incorporated to publish the magazine. The transaction is documented in 72-7, 73-1, 73-4, and 73-7, among others. (Folder 71-7 also has material on the name change from Southern Presbyterian Journal to Presbyterian Journal.) Folders 41-9, 72-16 and 73-1 contain copies of internal studies done on ways to improve the magazine's outreach and cost effectiveness.

Articles by Bell for the periodical are in several folders: 13-21, 24-3, 72-11, and 73-5, among others. Letters from readers reacting to particular articles or editorials can be found throughout the collection, including folders 43-17 to 44-5, 72-9, 72-16, 73-1, and 73-5. Most responses were favorable, but there are sample of critical feedback from liberals (for being divisive) as well as Bell's replies in folders 33-27, 42-5, 43-4. Several conservative churches had an annual Journal day to show support for the magazine and to help raise funds for it to continue. Information about some of these events can be found in folder 73-2. Bell spent much of his time fund rasing and trying to enlarge the list of subscribers, as is documented in folders 73-7, 74-5, 75-19.

In 1959, G. Aiken Taylor replaced Dendy as editor. Material about this change can be found in folders 51-35 and 75-16, among others. Taylor and Bell worked together amicably, but over the next decade it became clear that they differed on the question of whether the leadership of the denomination had become so theologically corrupt that conservatives should leave it. Bell wanted to continue to work for reform from within, Taylor came to feel that separation was necessary. As Taylor and the PJ began to take a more and more active role in the separation movement, Bell felt that he had no choice but to resign from the periodical he had founded. The letters and reports in numerous files document these events. Complaints about divisive comments and actions by Taylor can be found in folders 51-32 and 75-16. In 1971 a meeting of conservative Presbyterian groups was held in Atlanta to evaluate the last General Assembly and to plan for withdrawal from the denomination. This meeting, which Taylor participated in, proved to be a catalyst for Bell's resignation. Folder 72-6 contains reports and clippings about the Atlanta meeting. A copy of Bell's letter of resignation is in folder 74-1. Copies of the executive committee's response to it are in folder 72-13. After the press release about the resignation, Bell received hundreds of letters, almost all sympathetic, from readers and friends. These can be found in folders 72-4 to 72-4. An interesting follow-up to the resignation is the letter in folder 18-27 in which Bell wrote to the publisher of the Christian Herald to explore the possibility of buying the magazine to oppose the editorial policy of the Journal.

Among the other files with information about the magazine are 15-1, 15-2, 15-18, 16-14, 18-23, 23-7, 27-33, 28-16, 30-17, 31-5, 34-20, 35-11, 41-3, 47-2, 52-29.

Moderatorship and the 112 and 113th General Assemblies. Most of the material in boxes 64 to 72 is from the period from June 1972, when Bell was elected moderator at the 112th General Assembly to June 1973 when he turn over the post to Charles Kraemer. (There is material in folder 35-22 about his nomination for moderator in 1953). Much of his time as moderator was spent dealing with the split that had developed in the church because of the withdrawal of many of the conservatives. Bell himself was of course a conservative and he attempted in his open letters to the church (folders 69-3, 69-21, 71-8), speeches (folders 50-42, 64-15, 65-9, 67-10, 61-11, 67-14, 69-17), a statement to Time magazine (folder 53-16) and articles (folder 69-7) to stress the need for unity and greater orthodoxy and a greater emphasis on evangelism (folder 66-7). It was the dominant issue in most of the material in these boxes. Some of the specific struggles caused by the split are illustrated by the material in folder 70-4, which concerns the efforts of the Tabb Street Church in Atlanta to leave the denomination. Also of interest is Bell's notebook (folder 72-1) which contains program notes for the 112th Assembly and information on some of his other activities during the year. Also of interest as reflecting the range of opinion in the church are the folders with the letters of congratulations (folders 65-16 to 66-2), complaint (folders 55-25, 65-9, 65-15), and advice (folders 66-5, 66-6, 70-1) which he received. One major project that occurred during his tenure was the creation and staffing of the General Executive Board (GEB), a new administrative structure which had been approved earlier. All earlier boards were put into one of four divisions (International Mission, National Mission, Corporate and Social Mission, and Professional Development) and all divisions were under the GEB. Folders 70-16 to 71-2 contain minutes of the provisional board and the permanent board that replaced it, applications for staff positions, schedules of interviews and notes on the interviews that Bell and others conducted with possible staff members. There are also some press releases about the purpose of the new board. Bell's doubts about the effectiveness of organizational answers to the denomination's problems are described, among elsewhere, in a letter in folder 71-3. Another issue was a proposed new confession of faith. Folder 68-17 contains the many negative reactions to it which Bell received from conservatives. Also during Bell's term of office the denomination participated in a nationwide evangelism effort called Key 73. Folders 65-3 has information on the program. Boxes 76 through 79 have newspaper clippings about Bell's election and events during his year as moderator.

Provenance

The materials in this collection were given to the Archives in March 1988 by Rev. Benjamin Clayton Bell, the executor of his father's estate. Some materials, such as duplicate copies, two files about Bell's own insurance and insurance forms he filled out for patients and some patients' medical reports, were returned to the donor.

Accession #87-34

March 17, 1992
Robert Shuster
K. Cox





LOCATION RECORD
Accession 87-34
Type of material: Oversize Material

The periodicals and scrapbook are located in the OS FILE; request by Folder Title. The posters were given to the BGC Museum.


PERIODICALS; 1932-1969 (OS 6). Copies of the North-China Sunday News, February 28, 1932; Christian Observer, January 16, 1935; Tempo, July 15, 1969. The News contains reports on the fighting between the Japanese and Chinese in Shanghai and has a few annotations by Bell.

POSTERS. Two poster produced by the Overseas Relief Department of the Board of World Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the United States. Both posters were produced for the 1967 Easter Offering. Each is 1' 5" x 1' 10". One with orange and black letters and four photos of destitute people, has a text which reads "For God loved the world/ so much../1967 Easter offering,/"One Great hour of sharing"/Department of Overseas Relief, Board of World Missions,/Presbyterian Church in the United States, Box 330, Nashville, Tennessee 37202". The other, with green and black lettering, has a large photo of a flooded refugee camp with a little girl in the foreground. In the upper right corner the text reads, "Form: The Easter Offering/Presbyterian Church in the United States" In the upper left corner is a drawing of a stamp with a cross in the center and the text, We care/ we share". The text at the bottom reads, "through the "one Great hour of sharing,'/your dollars reach men, women, children in need around the world./Department of Overseas Relief, Board of World Missions,/Presbyterian Church in the United States, Box 330, Nashville, Tennessee 37202"

SCRAPBOOK; 1954 (OS 6). Scrapbook of newspaper clippings of clippings of articles by George Burnham of the Chattanooga News-Free Press about Billy Graham's 1954 London crusade and the evangelistic tour of France, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden and Finland that followed. There are also articles about contacts with Christians in the Soviet Union.



*****

LOCATION RECORD
Accession 87-34
Type of material: Phonograph Records

The following items are located in the Phonograph Record File.


P1 - Vinyl, 33-1/3 rpm. The Billy Graham International Crusade Choirs. Each side is 19.5 minutes long. Contains choral singing and solos by George Beverly Shea from the 1954 London Crusade, 1955 All-Scotland Crusade, the 1955 Frankfort rally, the 1955 Gothenburg rally, the 1956 Louisville Crusade, the 1957 New York Crusade, the 1958 San Francisco Bay Cities Crusade, the 1958 Charlotte Crusade, the 1959 Melbourne Australia Crusade, and the 1959 Sydney, Australia Crusade. The album jacket contains photos and information from these meetings. Produced by RCA Victor. 1960.

P2 - Vinyl, 33-1/3 rpm. Billy Graham Euro '70/Where East Meets West/ A Glimpse of the Christian Church in Eastern Europe. Contains music from choirs led by Cliff Barrows in Yugoslavia in 1967, Czechoslovakia and Germany in 1970. The album jacket contains photos and additional information. Produced by World Wide Recordings. 1970.



*****

LOCATION RECORD
Accession 87-34
Type of Material: Photographs

The following items are located in the PHOTO FILE; request by Folder Titles at beginning of each entry below:


ADAMS, LANE. Two portrait photos of Adams sitting at what appears to be the desk in his study. Ca. 1963. 2 b&w.

BELL, LEMUEL NELSON. Bell with Carl F. Henry and J. Marcellus Kik of the Christianity Today staff, ca. 1956; Bell handing a set of keys to C. Darby Fulton's at dinner commemorating Fulton's retirement as executive secretary of the Southern Presbyterian Board of World Missions in 1961; Bell posing for a group picture with Korean and Western church leaders at a meeting in Korea (possibly Seoul) in 1964; Bell with several other Westerners posing for a group picture with Chiang Kai-shek and Madame Chiang; passport photos of Bell; Bell talking to four young men, possibly students; Bell speaking at a Korean church (picture has been cut in half); 9 b&w.

BGEA: ALL-SCOTLAND CRUSADE, 1955. Crowd scenes, audience watching closed circuit television, outdoor advertising. 1955. 3 b&w.

BGEA: LOUISVILLE CRUSADE, 1956. Scenes of crowds attending crusade services, platform guests on the last night of the crusade, Graham preaching at the Kentucky State Reformatory. 1956. 5 b&w.

BGEA: CHARLOTTE CRUSADE, 1958. The Charlotte Coliseum, crowd scenes, over flow crowds in Ovens Auditorium, Cliff Barrows directing choirs, Graham talking to an outdoor group. 1958. 9 b&w.

BGEA: FORT JACKSON, SC, 1958. Soldiers praying, Graham meeting people. 1958. 2 b&w.

BGEA: NEW YORK WORLD'S FAIR, 1964. Aerial shot of the area where the fair building are being constructed. Ca. 1964. 1 color.

GRAHAM, WILLIAM FRANKLIN. Graham in tuxedo with three unidentified men. n.d. 1 b&w.

KENNEDY, JOHN FITZGERALD. Kennedy talking with Billy Graham. n.d. 1 b&w.

MISSIONS-KOREA. Shots of the additions being made to the Kwangju Christian Hospital. 1966. 2 b&w.

MOODY, DWIGHT L. Portrait photo of Moody in later life. On the back of the photo in ink is an inscription from Moody's daughter-in-law, Mary, to Dr. L. Nelson Bell. N.d. 1 b&w.

MOYNAN, MARY GOFORTH. Moynan and her husband Robert at a tea for Lillian Dickson in Taiwan. October 1971. 1 color.

PRESBYTERIANS. Picture of the men of the Knoxville Presbytery meeting at theTennessee Military Institute on October 16, 1955. 1 b&w.

SHEA, GEORGE BEVERLY. Shea singing into a microphone on an outdoor grandstand. N.d. 1 b&w.

VOLKEL, HAROLD. Volkel receiving the Public Welfare Medal from President Pusun Yun of Korea. 1961. 2 b&w.

WILSON-HAFFENDEN, D. J. Wilson-Haffenden shaking hands with other unidentified leaders in the Boys' Brigade. 1958. 1 b&w.

YUAN, MICHAEL. Yuan with wife and friends. 1960. 1 color.






CONTAINER LIST
Box Folder Title
I. China Materials
Letters
1 1 1925-1928
1 2 1929
1 3 1930
1 4 1931
1 5 1932
1 6 1933
1 7 1934
1 8 1935
1 9 1936
1 10 1937
2 1 Jan.-June 1938
2 2 July-Dec. 1938
2 3 1939
2 4 1940
2 5 1941-1949
2 6 Medical histories and statistics; 1929-1942; n.d.
2 7 Passports; 1941, 1949
2 8 Reports; 1932-1940
Foreign Devil in China
Correspondence
2 9 Form letter response; n.d.
Readers
3 1 1971-1972
3 2 1972
3 3 1972
4 1 1972
4 2 1972
4 3 1972
4 4 1972
5 1 1972
5 2 1972-1973
5 3 1973
5 4 1973
5 5 Handbills; n.d.
Manuscript
5 6 Chapters I-XIX; n.d.
5 7 Chapters XX-XXXIII; n.d.
II. Personal Records
6 1 Articles; 1960-1973
6 2 Awards; 1972-1974
6 3 R Bell, Clayton; 1959-1973
6 4 Bell, McKim; 1956-1968
6 5 Bell, Virginia; 1964-1974
6 6 Biography Sheet; 1961-1965
Children, Letters to
6 7 R 1955-1957
6 8 R 1962-1966
6 9 R 1968
6 10 R 1969
6 11 R 1970
6 12 R 1971
6 13 R 1972
6 14 R 1973
Class Reunions
6 15 Medical College of Virginia; 1966-1971
6 16 Washington and Lee University; 1962-1973
7 1 Condolence; 1963-1973
Counsel, Suggestions
7 2 R 1960-1963
7 3 R 1964-1965
7 4 R 1966-1968
7 5 R 1969-1970
7 6 R 1971
7 7 R 1972
8 1 R 1973
8 2 R Dienert, Ruth; 1967-1973
8 3 Dinner for Dr. Bell; Oct. 1965
8 4 R Family Correspondence; 1972-1973
8 5 R Graham, Ruth Bell; 1950-1973
8 6 Identification Badges; 1965-1973
8 7 Illness; 1963
8 8 Injury to leg; 1965
8 9 Leftwich; 1972-1973
8 10 Leftwich, Earnest; 1955-1967
8 11 MacKinnon, Gillis and Luther; 1955-1972
8 12 Mayo Clinic; 1963-1973
8 13 R Medical Materials; 1943-1953
9 1 Medical Reports of LNB; 1963-1964
9 2 Miscellaneous; 1946-1973
9 3 R Montgomery, Rosa and Don; 1955-1973
9 4 Norris, David; 1956-1973
9 5 Pamphlets; 1951-1967
9 6 Pollock, John; 1971-1973
9 7 Protest Letter; 1960
9 8 Raser, Commdr. and Mrs. George; 1962-1973
9 9 Real Estate LNB; 1949-1956
Somerville, Virginia and John
9 10 R 1955-1970
9 11 R 1971-1973
9 12 Speeches LNB; 1958-1967
10 1 Study Renovation; 1966
Sunday School
10 2 1962-1965
10 3 1966-1973
Thank-you Letters
10 4 1956-1971
10 5 1972-1973
10 6 Wedding Anniversary; 1966
III. Bob Jones Correspondence
11 1 Addresses; 1957
11 2 Arnold, O. Carroll; 1957
11 3 Ayer, Wm. Ward; 1957
11 4 Bisset, Tom; 1959
11 5 Board of Directors; 1957
11 6 Bustard, Eugene; 1957
11 7 Comstock, Mrs. W.F. and Janet; 1957
11 8 Cook, Charles T.; 1957
11 9 Craig, J. Edward; 1957
11 10 Freeman, Wayne; 1957
11 11 Hanson, Elvin; 1957
11 12 Hassell, J. Woodrow; 1957
11 13 Hemphill, Joseph; 1957
11 14 Hines, Wm. W.; 1959
11 15 Hoiriis, Rev. Alexander; 1957
11 16 Hough, R. E.; 1957
11 17 Hough, Robert S.; 1957
11 18 Johnson, Jimmy; 1957
11 19 Jones, Bob (Sr.); 1950-1966
11 20 Jones, Bob (Jr.); 1968
11 21 Ketcham, R.T.; 1957
11 22 Kilgore, Woodard; 1957
11 23 McClintock, Donald E.; 1957-1961
11 24 McCoy, Cece; 1957
11 25 Miller, Lew; 1957
11 26 Michael, David; 1957
11 27 Miscellaneous; 1957-1961
11 28 Nicoderm, Frank D.; 1957
11 29 Noe, Edward T.; 1957
11 30 Patterson, Vernon; 1957
11 31 Peterson, J.A. "Bud"; 1957
11 32 Phillips, Preson Jr.; 1957
11 33 Piper, Bill; 1958
11 34 Plath, May H.; 1957
12 1 Pledge for Evangelists; 1957-1958
12 2 Post Office Department; 1957
12 3 Price, James H.; 1957
12 4 Savage, H.H.; 1958
12 5 School Officials, Teachers, etc., Letters from; 1957
12 6 Scoggin, Alden A.; 1957-1960
12 7 Stanis, Leo; 1957
12 8 Stevey, John E.; n.d.
Student Letters
12 9 Appreciation; 1957-1958
12 10 Criticism; 1957-1958
12 11 Student "X"; 1957
12 12 Thornton, Rev. Alfred; 1960
12 13 Weniger, G. Archer; 1957
12 14 Williams, Hayden G.; 1957
IV. General Correspondence
12 15 A; 1953-1973
12 16 Abortion; 1970-1973
12 17 Adams, Alfred T.; 1955-1956
12 18 Adams, Lane G.; 1955-1972
12 19 Akenson, Dr. Curtis; 1955-1965
12 20 Akers, Frank; 1955-1965
12 21 Alexander, James H.; 1969-1973
12 22 R Alexander, Jeanie; 1972
12 23 Alexander, John M.; 1955-1957
12 24 Alexander, Mary Ellen (Mrs. Frank); 1969-1973
12 25 Allen, Everett; 1955-1956
13 1 Allis, Oswald T.; 1955-1964
13 2 Alloby, Rev. James Spurgeon; 1963-1964
13 3 Alston, Dr. Wallace M.; 1961-1965
13 4 American Bible Society; 1953-1971
13 5 American College of Surgeons; 1955-1973
13 6 American Council of Christian Laymen; 1959-1963
13 7 American Medical Association; 1963-1971
13 8 America's Future, Inc.; 1959-1961
13 9 Anders, Hedi; 1958-1959
13 10 Anderson, Elizabeth (Mrs. Emmett); 1961-1969
13 11 Anderson, George A.; 1955-1958
13 12 Anderson, Dr. H. Ray; 1959-1966
13 13 Anderson, Dr. John F., Jr.; 1968-1972
13 14 Anderson, R.B., Sr.; 1956-1957
13 15 Anderson, Robert C.; 1956-1963
13 16 Andrews, E.A., Jr.; 1965-1973
13 17 Anonymous; 1962-1963
13 18 Appleby, James; 1956-1973
13 19 Archer, Dr. Glen; 1960
13 20 Arnold, Isabel; 1962-1972
13 21 Articles; 1956-1968; n.d.
13 22 Asheville Citizen-Times; 1963-1973
13 23 Asheville Crusade; 1963
14 1 Austin, James A.; 1964-1967
14 2 Ayers, Richardson; 1955-1969
B
14 3 1952-1954
14 4 1955-1973
14 5 Babbage, Dr. S. Barton; 1962-1968
14 6 Baker, Clinton C.; 1955-1962
14 7 Baker, David W.; 1957-1970
14 8 Baptist World Alliance; 1960
14 9 R Barbee, Mr. and Mrs. Ben; 1956-1964
14 10 Barbour, Wm. R.; 1955-1961
14 11 Barger, P.M.; 1964-1972
14 12 Barking, Bishop of; 1956-1966
14 13 Barnhardt, T.M. Jr.; 1957-1967
14 14 Barnhouse, Donald Gray; 1954-1962
14 15 Bartel, Paul H.; 1958-1973
14 16 Batchelor, Jean B. (Mrs. Alex); 1956-1957
14 17 Bateman, Carolyn; 1956-1961
14 18 Baum, Janet M.; 1961-1964
14 19 Beam, Lewis R.; 1958-1970
14 20 Bear, James; 1953-1969
14 21 Beckett, Wm. W. and Kathryn S.; 1957
14 22 Belhaven College; 1965-1970
15 1 Belk, Henderson and Mrs.; 1959-1968
15 2 Bell, Allyn R.; 1960-1972
15 3 Bell, J.G.; 1967-1970
15 4 Bell, Mrs. J.H.; 1959
15 5 Benedict, Wilbur; 1962-1973
15 6 Benfield, Dr. W.A., Jr.; 1966-1970
15 7 Ben Lippen School; 1947-1972
15 8 Bennett, Stanley; 1956-1972
15 9 Bennett, Walter F.; 1954-1972
15 10 Berner, Dr. Carl Walter; 1960
15 11 Berwick, Mrs. W.P.; 1963-1964
15 12 Betts, Mrs. Bill; 1962-1963
15 13 Bible in Public Schools; 1971-1973
Billy Graham Evangelistic Association, Letters answered by Dr. Bell
15 14 1957-1958
15 15 1959-1973
15 16 Bisbee, Dorothy (Mrs. Elmer); 1959
15 17 Bishop, Mrs. Cecille P.; 1972-1973
15 18 R Bixler, Reverend Alfred L.; 1959-1973
15 19 Blackwood, Andrew W.; 1955-1963
15 20 Blake, Carson; 1960-1963
16 1 Blake, Dr. Howard Carson; 1965-1973
16 2 Board of Education, Chauncey, Kadel, Jones, etc.; 1970
16 3 Boettner, Loraine; 1955-1957
16 4 Boggs, Dr. Marion A.; 1956-1972
16 5 Boggs, Wade H.; 1956-1960
16 6 Bolten, John; 1955-1972
16 7 Bonclarken Bible Conference; 1959
16 8 Boney, Henry T.; 1956-1964
16 9 Bonnell, John Sutherland; 1956-1961
16 10 Boone, Pat; 1962
16 11 Borchert, Reverend Harold; 1964-1968
16 12 Bouldin, W.O.; 1957-1971
16 13 Boyce, Dr. James Reid; 1963-1972
16 14 Boyd, Robert F.; 1956-1971
16 15 Bradley, Lina E.; 1955-1957
16 16 Bradley, S. Hugh; 1955-1972
16 17 Bradwell, Marion G.; 1961-1968
16 18 Branton, Peter; 1964-1973
16 19 Brazil; 1956-1960
16 20 Bridgman, Harold T.; 1959-1970
16 21 British-Isreal Theory; 1969-1970
16 22 Broadman Press: Book The Second Coming; 1963-1964
16 23 Brobeck, John R.; 1965
16 24 Bromwell, Rev. Harold; 1961-1971
16 25 Brown, Earnest L.; 1962
16 26 Brown, Frank A.; 1958-1967
16 27 Brown, Harold O.J.; 1969
16 28 Brown, Dr. Milton P., Jr.; 1963
16 29 R Brown, Paul J.; 1957
16 30 Brown, R.R., M.D.; 1968-1970
16 31 Brown, Dr. Walter; 1954-1958
16 32 Broyles, Vernon S.; 1958-1970
16 33 Brush, Clinton E.; 1955-1957
16 34 Bryant, Marvin F.; 1958
16 35 Burcaw, Clair C.; 1958-1967
16 36 Burnham, George; 1955-1972
17 1 Burnside, May; 1972-1973
17 2 Burnum, Mrs. H.O.; 1957
17 3 Burrows, Clara; 1957-1958
17 4 Bush, Dr. Jimmie W.; 1962-1964
17 5 Butt, Howard E.; 1955-1971
17 6 Butt, Victor; 1973
17 7 Byrd, Andrew Jr.; 1956-1963
17 8 C; 1948-1973
17 9 Cadigan, Robert; 1965
17 10 Cailliet, Emile; 1955-1972
17 11 R Cain, Benson; 1968-1973
17 12 Caine, W. Archie; 1963-1964
17 13 Caldwell, Frank H.; 1957-1970
17 14 Calvin's Institutes; 1963-1967
17 15 Camblos, Joshua; 1964-1970
17 16 Camden, Alabama; 1958-1960
17 17 Campus Crusade; 1958-1973
17 18 Cannon, Chas. and Wm. (Foundation); 1955-1971
17 19 Capital Punishment; 1960-1965
17 20 Cappel, Rev. Sam; 1964-1973
17 21 Carlson, Lois; 1965
18 1 Carter, June "Race"; 1957
18 2 Carson, McAlister Sr.; 1955-1973
18 3 Carty, Col. and Mrs. D.F.; 1969
18 4 Castleman, Mrs. Breck; 1972-1973
18 5 Cashwell, D.H.; 1961-1972
18 6 Catholic Freedom Foundation; 1961
18 7 Catholic Issue: Misc.; 1960
18 8 Catholic Issue: Misc.; 1960-1961
18 9 Chalmers, Dr. Dwight M.; 1957-1965
18 10 Chamber of Commerce of the U.S.; 1961-1962
18 11 Champion, George; 1970-1971
18 12 Chang, Dr. Lit-sen; 1971-1973
18 13 Chao, Calvin; 1956-1973
18 14 Chao, Rev. Charles H.; 1964-1971
18 15 Chiang, Kai-shek; 1956-1973
18 16 China Reparations; 1965-1968
18 17 Chinese Christian Crusade; 1962-1966
18 18 Cho, Joo Haeng; 1966-1967
18 19 Christian Anti-Communism Movement; 1958-1961
18 20 Christian Athletes, Fellowship of; 1960-1971
18 21 Christian Business Men's Committee International; 1966
18 22 Christian Century; 1949-1972
18 23 "Christian Doctrine" by Guthrie; 1969
18 24 Christian Education; 1963-1965
18 25 Christian Freedom Foundation; 1958-1970
18 26 Christian Medical Society; 1956-1971
18 27 Christian Observer; 1956-1973
18 28 Christian Science; 1965
Christianity Today
18 29 Contributing Editors; 1955-1957
19 1 Correspondence Highlights and Originals; 1955
19 2 Correspondence Highlights and Originals; 1955
19 3 Division of Staff Responsibility; n.d.
19 4 Finances; n.d.
19 5 Dr. Kirk's Outline; n.d.
19 6 Miscelleaneous; 1957-1963
19 7 Offices, Description of; n.d.
19 8 Original; 1936
19 9 Prospectus of Dr. Bell; 1957; n.d.
19 10 Publishing Companies/Printing Companies; 1955-1956
19 11 Text of the Month; n.d.
19 12 Work Sheets; n.d.
19 13 Chumbley, George L., Jr.; 1963-1964
19 14 Church and State; n.d., 1962-1963
19 15 Church Youth Program; 1957
19 16 Citizens Committee for American Religious Freedom; 1960
19 17 Clark, Gordon H.; 1955-1958
19 18 Claus, Charles; 1957-1960
Clayton, Benjamin
19 19 1955-1969
19 20 1970-1973
20 1 Gift to Medical Center; 1962-1965
20 2 Cleland, Dr. Howard J.; 1964-1971
20 3 Clippings; 1959-1973
20 4 Codington, Herbert; 1957-1969
5 Colleges: Conditions in Faculty and Student Body; 1963-1965
20 6 Collegiate Home Property Committee; 1963
20 7 Collins, Linton M.; 1956-1971
20 8 Columbia Broadcasting System; 1947-1964
Columbia Theological Seminary
20 9 1955-1970
20 10 Pew Trust; 1963-1964
20 11 Committee of One Hundred; 1958-1960
20 12 Communism; 1959-1970
20 13 Concerned Presbyterians, Inc.; 1964-1967
20 14 Confession of 1967; 1965-1967
21 1 Congo; 1949-1964
21 2 Consultation on Church Union; 1966
21 3 Consultation in the Interest of Reconciliation; 1967-1968
21 4 Cook, Harold; 1958-1971
21 5 Coover, Darrell; 1959-1965
21 6 Coppedge, Dr. Lewellyn J.; 1962-1970
21 7 Corcoran, Dr. E. Emmons; 1955-1958
21 8 Cornell, George; 1957-1967
21 9 Council on Evangelism; 1963-1964
21 10 Cousar, James English; 1955-1959
21 11 Cousar, R. Wilbur; 1955-1972
21 12 Covenant Fellowship of Presbyterians; 1971-1973
21 13 Covenant Life Curriculum; 1963-1970
21 14 Craig, Rev. Augustus R.; 1963-1966
21 15 Craig, Samuel G.; 1955
21 16 Crane, Paul S.; 1955-1971
21 17 Crawford, Mrs. Vernon; 1959-1973
21 18 Cropper, Raymond C.; 1971
22 1 Crosby, George; 1956-1957
22 2 Crowe, R. McFerran; 1955-1973
22 3 Crowe, William; 1957-1960
22 4 Crusade News; 1958
22 5 Culbertson, William; 1955-1958
22 6 Cumming, D.J.; 1957-1971
22 7 Cumming, Wm. Cooper; 1957-1961
22 8 Cunningham, John R.; 1955-1973
22 9 Currell, Susan; 1957-1968
22 10 Currie, Edward S. and Gay; 1955-1957
22 11 Currie House; 1958-1966
22 12 Currin, Mr. H. R.; 1960
22 13 D; 1946-1973
22 14 R Daane, James; 1961-1965
22 15 Dain, Jack; 1956
22 16 Dale, Mrs. Hal; 1958-1959
22 17 Dallas Physicians for Presbyterian Missions; 1960-1961
22 18 Davis, C. Grier; 1956-1973
22 19 Davis, Ray; 1957
22 20 Dead Letters; 1971-1972
22 21 DeCourey, Kenneth; 1955-1958
22 22 DeFiece, Frank W., Jr.; 1968-1972
22 23 DeHaan, M.R.; 1957
23 1 Demon Possession; 1962-1969
23 2 DeMoss Associates; 1960-1972
23 3 Dendy, Marshall; 1955-1968
23 4 Dennis, S.S.; 1957
23 5 DeVisser, Peter; 1958-1963
23 6 Dewitz, Ludwig R.; 1960
23 7 Dickinson, Charles C.; 1947-1964
23 8 Dickson, Hugh; 1953-1957
23 9 Dietrick, Ronald B.; 1961-1973
23 10 Dienert, Fred; 1955-1972
23 11 R Diggle, Edward; 1963-1965
23 12 Dirksen, Everett; 1966
23 13 Doak, H.M.; 1961-1962
23 14 Doubleday Publishers; 1969-1972
23 15 Douglas, Earl; 1956-1961
23 16 Douglas, Mr. and Mrs. Lawerence Y.; 1960-1972
23 17 Drinking in Theological Seminaries; 1961
23 18 DuBose, Pierre; 1962
23 19 Drug Samples; 1956-1957
23 20 Dulles, John Foster; 1955
23 21 Dunaway, Allie Merle; 1957-1965
23 22 Dyrness, Enock; 1959-1960
23 23 E; 1948-1973
24 1 Earls, Evelyn; 1961-1962
24 2 Eckert, Daniel; 1961-1972
24 3 Editorials; n.d.
24 4 Edmonds, James E.; 1962-1965
24 5 Edman, Victor Raymond; 1953-1967
24 6 Eerdman's Publishers; 1964-1969
24 7 Eichelberger, Robert L.; 1958-1961
24 8 Eisenhower, Dwight D.; 1952-1960
24 9 Elliott, Ellen Lee; 1967-1972
24 10 Elliott, William M.; 1956-1973
24 11 Elson, Edward L.R.; 1955-1956
24 12 Enright, John; 1955
24 13 Ensor, Jim and Dorothy; 1966-1973
24 14 Epp, Theodore; 1957-1967
24 15 Erdman, William J.H. II; 1959-1960
24 16 Ervin, Sam J.; 1956-1972
24 17 Eschatology Paper; 1962
24 18 Estlet, W.S.; 1959-1970
24 19 Evangelism, World Conference on; 1966-1973
24 20 Evans, B. Hoyt; 1957-1972
24 21 Evans, Louis H.; 1955-1960
24 22 Evans, Robert W.; 1957-1966
24 23 Everett, Mr. Glenn D.; 1959-1960
24 24 Evolution; 1966-1970
24 25 F; 1950-1973
25 1 Fanlconer, C. Newman; 1956-1958
25 2 Fanlkner, L. E.; 1956-1961
25 3 Fain, John; 1959-1973
25 4 Farrell, Frank; 1961-1965
25 5 Farrier, Hugh; 1957-1964
25 6 Farrier, S. C.; 1958-1970
25 7 Ferguson, Thomas W.; 1960
25 8 Field, Arthur M. Jr.; 1960
25 9 Fifer, Duane; 1955
25 10 Finley, Robert V.; 1956-1966
25 11 Firor, Warfield; 1962-1972
25 12 Fisher, Sam; 1972-1973
25 13 Fleece, G. Allan; 1961-1963
25 14 Fleming, George; 1961-1966
25 15 Floyd, William; 1960-1961
25 16 Fogartie, James; 1958-1972
25 17 Foreman, Kenneth; 1956-1972
25 18 Fowler, Frederick; 1961-1968
25 19 Frazier, Claude; 1971-1973
25 20 Freedom's Foundation; 1955-1971
25 21 Freeland, Paul; 1954-1959
French, John
25 22 1955-1958
25 23 1959-1973
26 1 Freundt, Albert H. Jr.; 1962-1973
26 2 Friend, Robert M.; 1960-1967
26 3 Frist, J. Chester; 1956-1970
26 4 Frist, Thonas; 1961-1962
26 5 Fry, Thomas; 1964-1965
26 6 Fulgrath, Logan; 1956-1972
26 7 Fuller, David Otis; 1969-1971
26 8 Fuller, George; 1965-1970
26 9 Fuller Seminary; 1961-1965
26 10 Fulton, J. Wayne; 1953-1971
26 11 G; 1953-1972
26 12 Gaebelein; Frank; 1955-1969
26 13 Gahan, F. J.; 1963-1966
26 14 Gallimore, J. F.; 1956-1968
26 15 Gamble, W. A.; 1953-1962
26 16 Gartell, Richard; 1958-1972
26 17 Gieser, Kenneth; 1955-1963
26 18 Gift subscriptions; 1958-1971
26 19 Gih, Andrew; 1956-1960
26 20 Gill, Donald; 1955-1965
26 21 Gill, Theodore; 1960
26 22 Gillespie, G. T.; 1955-1958
27 1 Gilmer, William; 1948-1966
27 2 Glasgow, Samuel; 1955-1961
27 3 Glasgow, Tom; 1953-1972
27 4 Gasure, Alan; 1954-1961
27 5 Goertson, Henry A; 1962-1966
27 6 Goforth, Jonathan; 1972
27 7 Goodpasture, Hnery; 1961-1965
27 8 Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary; 1972-1973
27 9 Goulooze, William; 1954-1955
27 10 Graham, Donald; 1954-1972
27 11 Graham, James; 1953-1970
27 12 Graham, Jean; 1957-1959
27 13 Graham, Melvin; 1967-1968
27 14 Grass Roots League; 1958-1959
27 15 Gray, Robert; 1961-1965
27 16 Greene, Robert; 1960-1969
27 17 Gregory, Charles; 1971-1973
27 18 Gribble, Robert; 1954-1964
27 19 Grissett, Charles; 1957-1961
27 20 Grissett, Finley; 1954-1973
27 21 Groves, Ella; 1961-1972
27 22 Guess, Roy; 1966-1970
27 23 Guille, Getty; 1953-1970
27 24 Gustavson, Luverne; 1955-1965
27 25 Gutzke, Manford G.; 1957-1971
27 26 Ha-Hea; 1953-1972
27 27 Haden, Benjamin; 1965-1971
27 28 Hall, David; 1959
27 29 Hall, James; 1956-1958
27 30 Halverson, Richard; 1960-1964
27 31 Ham, Mordecai; 1955
27 32 Hamblen, Stuart; 1949-1970
27 33 Hamilton, Andrew C.; 1953-1972
28 1 Hamilton, E. H.; 1955-1973
28 2 Hammond, E. C.; 1953-1967
28 3 Hampden-Sydney College; 1961-1968
28 4 Han, Kyung Chik; 1963-1973
28 5 Hankamer, Earl C.; 1956-1967
28 6 Hargis, Billy James; 1961-1968
28 7 Harper and Row; 1963-1972
28 8 Harris, Robert; 1962-1969
28 9 Harrison, William K.; 1961-1967
28 10 Hart, William Melville; 1960-1969
28 11 Harvey, Paul; 1956-1972
28 12 R Harvey, Ray; 1960-1973
28 13 Hassel, A. Van; 1957
28 14 Hassell, Harry S.; 1955-1971
28 15 Hastings, Paul D.; 1953-1962
28 16 Hayes, Robert G.; 1957
28 17 Haymaker, Willis; 1954-1958
28 18 Havner, Vance; n.d.
28 19 Hed-Hy; 1947-1973
29 1 Heikkila, R. Gary; 1968-1972
29 2 Heinze, Robert; 1953-55
29 3 Helms, Jesse; 1968
29 4 Henderlite, Langdon; 1956-1960
29 5 Henderson, Robert T.; 1956-1972
29 6 Hestir, Bluford; 1964-1972
29 7 High, Stanley; 1955-1960
29 8 Higley Commentary; 1965-1971
29 9 Hill, David; 1971-1973
29 10 Hill, William; 1954-1970
29 11 Hillis, Dick; 1964-1968
29 12 Hitt, Russell; 1956-1957
29 13 Hobbs, Hersechel; 1955-1971
29 14 Hoffman, Robert; 1956-1958
29 15 Hoke, Donald; 1955-1972
29 16 Holt, Mary; 1958-1969
29 17 Home of Peace; 1956-1972
29 18 Homosexuals; 1964-1970
29 19 Hopkins, M. A.; 1953-1963
29 20 Hopper, Joe; 1954-1973
29 21 Hotels; 1955-1965
29 22 Hough, R. E.; 1954-1962
29 23 House Un-American Affairs Committee; 1961
29 24 Howard, John R.; 1968-1972
29 25 Howard, Matt; 1956-1971
29 26 Huddleston, Samuel; 1959-1961
29 27 Hughes, Phillip E.; 1961-1972
Hull, Horace
29 28 1953-1961
30 1 1962-1972
30 2 Hull, Roger; 1957-1972
30 3 Humanist Manifesto; 1966
30 4 Huntley, Martha; 1968
30 5 Hutcherson, J. Kenneth; 1960-1973
30 6 Hyde, William; 1967-1969
30 7 I; 1953-1972
30 8 Information; 1965-1972
30 9 Internal Revenue; 1963-1966
30 10 Iverson, Daniel; 1966-1972
30 11 Iverson, William; 1966-1969
30 12 J; 1953-1973
30 13 Jackson, Frank L.; 1955-1959
30 14 Jackson, Toney B.; 1967
30 15 Japan International Christian University; 1956-1961
30 16 Jarman, Maxey; 1955-1973
30 17 Jemison, Frank Z.; 1963-1967
30 18 Jepson, Al; 1958-1960
30 19 John Birch Society; 1961
30 20 Johnson, William L.; 1960-1962
30 21 Johnson, Don; 1963-1972
30 22 Johnson, Lyndon Baines; 1962-1975
30 23 Johnson, Russ M.; 1958-1970
30 24 Jones, Edward; 1957-1960
30 25 Jones, F. Stanley; 1960
30 26 Jones, Loren; 1957-1958
30 27 Jones, Pearl; 1964-1971
30 28 Jones, William L.; 1959-1968
31 1 Jones, Zennie; 1957-1970
31 2 Jordan, B. Everett; 1958-1972
31 3 Joynes, Trudy; 1959-1960
31 4 Judd, Walter; 1953-1969
31 5 K; 1954-1973
31 6 Keefe, Carolyn; 1970
31 7 Keesee, T.M.; 1954-1967
31 8 Keller, Frank; 1957-1967
31 9 Kellersberger, E.R.; 1953-1966
31 10 Kelso, James; 1972-1973
31 11 Kennedy, John F,: 1962-1964
31 12 R Kennington, Robert; 1967
31 13 Kepler, Kenneth M.; 1956-1970
31 14 Kershner, Howard E.; 1954-1968
31 15 Keyes, Kenneth; 1953-1973
31 16 Kielmun, Martha; 1968-1972
31 17 King, Charles; 1953-1973
31 18 King, Martin Luther; 1965
31 19 R King, Mary Lyle; 1972-1973
31 20 King College; 1955-1970
32 1 King College; 1971-1973
32 2 Kiwanis; 1953-1964
32 3 Knechtle, Emilio; 1962-1964
32 4 Knight, John R.; 1955-1966
32 5 Knight, Mary; 1973
32 6 Kolmodin, W.A.; 1959
32 7 Koons, Charles; 1955-1956
32 8 Kraemer, Charles E.; 1956-1965
32 9 Ku Klux Klan; 1964-1965
32 10 Kuhn, Harold; 1955-1963
32 11 Kuniholm, Roland; 1958-1968
32 12 L; 1953-1973
32 13 Lacy, Benjamin R.; 1955-1960
32 14 Lacy, Catherine; 1958-1965
32 15 Ladies Home Journal article; 1958-1959
32 16 Lam, Nora; 1971
32 17 Lindsey, Albert J.; 1953-1961
32 18 Lamont, Robert J.; 1956-1971
32 19 Lancaster, Lewis H.; 1953-1956
32 20 Landers, Ann; 1972-1973
33 1 Langtry, Walter; 1954
33 2 Larson, Mel; 1954
33 3 Lasser and Company; 1961-1962
33 4 Latham, Sydney 1956
33 5 Laubach Literacy Mission; 1964-1966
33 6 Lawrence, David; 1962-1969
33 7 LeCraw, Roy; 1953-1970
33 8 Lee McRae College; 1973
33 9 Leinster, Richard; 1960-1962
33 10 Leitch, Addison; 1955-1969
33 11 Leith, John H.; 1957-1972
33 12 Lennon, Alton; 1954
33 13 LeSourd, Leonard; 1960-1962
33 14 Lewis, C.S.; Article on Capital Punishment
33 15 Lewis, Sharon Love; 1971-1972
33 16 Lewis, T. Walker; 1949-1963
33 17 Life Magazine; 1956-1957
33 18 Linton, Eugene; 1963-1966
33 19 Linton, Hugh; 1957-1971
33 20 Linton, W.A.; 1954-1960
33 21 Liquor Registration; 1966
33 22 Liston, Robert T.L.; 1968-1972
33 23 Little, James; 1961-1973
33 24 Liu, Harry; 1955-1973
33 25 Llewellyn, Thomas; 1959-1967
33 26 Lloyd-Jones, Martin; 1961-1963
33 27 Logan, C. Sumter; 1956-1957
33 28 Loidolt, Rudolph; 1963
33 29 Long, George; 1953-1973
33 30 Long, Paul; 1957-1970
33 31 Loomis, Jack; 1965-1966
33 32 Lopez-Fresquet, Peedie; 1962-1963
33 33 Lord's Day Alliance; 1959
33 34 Love, Larry; 1953-1955
33 35 Love, Richard; 1970
33 36 Lu, Maynard; 1964-1966
33 37 Lubbock, Luncheon; 1957
33 38 Luce, Henry; 1958-1963
33 39 Lyon, Taft; 1964-1969
33 40 Lyons, Jimmy; 1967-1973
33 41 Lyons, Pitser M.; 1953-1972
34 1 Ma-McC; 1953-1973
34 2 McD-Mis; 1953-1973
34 3 Mit-My; 1948-1973
34 4 Maakestad, John L.; 1960-1962
34 5 Macartney, Clarence E.; 1955
34 6 Macaulay, William A., Jr.; 1957
34 7 Mackay, Malcolm; 1955
34 8 Maconchie, Hartley; 1958
34 9 Maddox, Samuel; 1961-1966
34 10 Maeng, Yong Gil; 1971
34 11 Maguire, Russell; 1953-1956
34 12 Mahon, Katherine L.; 1966-1968
34 13 Management Research Institute; 1962
34 14 Martin, John H.; 1959
34 15 Mason, H. Norton; 1957-1965
34 16 Mason, J.B. (Fishers of Men); 1954-1956
34 17 Mathes, Frank Alford; 1954-1968
34 18 Matthews, Arthur; 1964-1973
34 19 Matthews, John V.; 1956
34 20 Mauze, J. Layton, Jr.; 1966-1969
34 21 R Maxwell, Jack; 1959-1971
34 22 R Maynard, Jeannie; 1966-1970
34 23 McAlpine, James A.; 1953-1965
34 24 McCain, James Ross; 1953-1955
34 25 McCall, Daniel; 1966-1972
34 26 McCall, Dukek; 1955-1958
34 27 McCallie, J. Park; 1950-1973
34 28 McClure, R.E.; 1956-1973
35 1 McColl, William; 1962
35 2 McComb, John Hess; 1957
35 3 McCorkle, William; 1955-1966
35 4 McCormick, Fred C.; 1954-1972
35 5 McCormick, Morgan S.; 1957-1961
35 6 McCrossan, Esther; 1961-1971
35 7 McCue, Sarah; 1955-1969
35 8 McCutchen, Alex; 1965-1968
35 9 McDonald, Harry; 1958-1965
35 10 McDonald, M.A.; 1955
35 11 McEachen, Dan; 1959-1970
35 12 McElroy, W.F.; 1964-1971
35 13 McElveen, Caroline E.; 1963
35 14 McGowan, Charles; 1965-1971
35 15 McGowan, Frank P.; 1953-1954
35 16 McGowan, Matthew; 1968-1971
35 17 McGregor, John Rupert; 1956-1971
35 18 McGukin, Emmett; 1956-1967
35 19 McIlwaine, William A.; 1960-1972
35 20 McIntire, Carl; 1952-1970
35 21 McKinney, Richmond; 1949
35 22 McLauchlin, W.C.; 1953-1970
35 23 McHahan, Tom; 1956-1960
35 24 McNeil, Elizabeth; 1965-1968
35 25 McNeil, Robert B.; 1957-1959
35 26 McPheeters, T. S.; 1953-1966
35 27 McQuilkin, J. Robertson; 1951-1971
35 28 McSween, John; 1958
35 29 Mead, William; 1956-1957
35 30 Mellor, Ernest H.; 1958-1969
35 31 Memorial Mission Hospital; 1956-1972
35 32 Memphis Second Presbyterian Church; 1964
35 33 Meng, Katherine; 1954-1972
35 34 Metcalf, Robert M.; 1964-1973
36 1 Metzger, Bruce; 1956
36 2 Meza, Herbert; 1963-1966
36 3 Michealis, Ernest; 1956-1963
36 4 Millender, Charles; 1962
36 5 Miller, A. Hoyt; 1954-1956
36 6 Miller, James Francis; 1955-1962
36 7 Miller, John Reed; 1956-1969
36 8 R Miller, Nada; 1961-1964
36 9 Miller, Patrick; 1956-1963
36 10 Miller, Thomas R.; 1956-1961
36 11 Miller, William McElwee; 1953-1972
36 12 Miner, Manly F.; 1957-1973
36 13 Ministers to be Recommended to Churches; 1966-1973
36 14 Miree, Aubrey S.; 1955-1962
Miscellaneous
36 15 1958-1959
36 16 1959-1965
37 1 1966-1973
37 2 Missionary Letters; 1955-1973
37 3 Mitchell, Donald; 1972-1973
37 4 Mitchell, H. Petrie; 1954-1963
37 5 Mitchell, T.H.; 1954-1972
37 6 Mobley, Henry P.; 1957-1964
37 7 Moffett, Samuel; 1955-1971
37 8 Montgomery, James N.; 1953-1972
Montreat-Anderson College
37 9 1958-1971
38 1 1971-1973
38 2 1949-1973
38 3 Montreat Church Pulpit Committee; 1959
38 4 Montreat Conference; 1949-1972
5 Montreat Development Committee; 1962-1965
38 6 Montreat Presbyterian Church; 1949-1971
38 7 Montreat: Year Round Residents; 1959
38 8 Moody Monthly; 1955-1969
38 9 Moody Press; 1963-1968
38 10 Moody, Dwight L.; 1884-1897; 1933
38 11 Moody, Mary; 1961-1963
38 12 Moore, Ray A.; 1961-1962
38 13 Moore, W.C.; 1957
38 14 Moraes, Benjamin; 1956
38 15 Morgan, Jimmy; 1972-1973
38 16 Morgan, Robert; 1956-1969
38 17 Morken, David; 1957-1963
38 18 Morrison, John; 1956-1973
38 19 Mosher, Paul; 1965
38 20 Mosley, E.H.; 1956-1958
38 21 Mosley, Kirk; 1955-1973
38 22 Mountain Retreat Association; 1953-1971
38 23 Mowbray, T.K.; 1954-1959
38 24 Munger, Robert; 1955-1961
38 25 Munson, Donald; 1968-1973
38 26 Murch, James DeForrest; 1955-1962
38 27 Murdock, Jenny; 1957-1959
38 28 Musumba, Hannington James; 1961
38 29 Myrin, Mable; 1965-1971
39 1 N ; 1953-1973
39 2 National Association of Evangelicals; 1959-1969
39 3 National Council of Churches; 1947-1972
39 4 National Layman's Council of the Church League of America; 1959
39 5 Navigators; 1957-1973
39 6 Nee, Watchman; 1969
39 7 Nevda, Paul M.; 1957
39 8 Neville, William G.; 1962-1964
39 9 Newspaper Clippings; 1960-1973
39 10 Newsweek; 1972
39 11 New Testament in Four Versions; 1963-1971
39 12 Newton, John; 1965-1970
39 13 Newton, M.D.; 1956-1957
39 14 Nicholson, Roy; 1955
39 15 Nixon, Richard Milhous; 1959-1973
39 16 Norris, George R.; 1955-1966
39 17 Nymeyer, Frederick; 1960
40 1 O; 1953-1972
40 2 Oates, Jackie; 1955-1972
40 3 O'Brien, James; 1958-1972
40 4 Ockenga, Harold John; 1955-1970
40 5 Odds and Ends of Quotes; 1960-1973
40 6 Oglesby, William B.; 1956-1958
40 7 Olson, Erling C.; 1957-1960
40 8 Olson, Stanley W.; 1955-1957
40 9 Open Letter to the Ministers of the Prebyterian Church of the U.S.; 1962-1963
40 10 Orr, James; 1956-1958
40 11 Orr, J. Edwin; 1958-1972
40 12 Outlaw, Charles; 1957
40 13 Outten, Burnet; 1968-1972
40 14 Oxford University Press; 1959-1970
40 15 P; 1954-1973
40 16 Pacifism; 1963-1972
40 17 Painter, T.A.; 1957-1967
40 18 Palmer, Edwin H.; 1970-1971
41 1 Pamphlets by Bell; 1951-1958
41 2 Parker, J. Kenton; 1955-1967
41 3 Parkhill, R. Ross; 1954-1956
41 4 Pate, Robert A.; 1966-1973
41 5 Patrons of Montreat; 1966-1972
41 6 Patterson, George; 1965
41 7 Patterson, Norman; 1956-1971
41 8 Patterson, Samuel C.; 1963-1972
41 9 Patterson, Vernon; 1956-1971
41 10 Payton, Tyler W.; 1954-1963
41 11 Peake, R.H.; 1956-1966
41 12 Peale, Norman Vincent; 1957-1964
41 13 Pearson, Drew; 1960
41 14 Periconi, Eugene A.; 1972
41 15 Petticrew, C.R.; 1956-1957
41 16 Pew, Ether; 1964-1971
Pew, J. Howard
41 17 1954-1960
41 18 1961-1965
41 19 1966-1972
42 1 Pharr, Jones Y.; 1958-1960
42 2 R Philips, Bob; 1957-1961
42 3 Philips, V.G.; 1955-1971
42 4 Philips, J.B.; 1955-1962
42 5 Phillips, J. Davidson; 1955-1973
42 6 Phillips, Preson; 1955-1957
42 7 Pierce, Bob; 1961-1968
42 8 Pike, Bishop James (Newspaper Clippings only); 1960-1969
42 9 Pitman, Robert A.; 1964-1971
42 10 Pitts, Charles; 1955-1971
42 11 Plowman, Edward; 1971
42 12 Poling, Daniel; 1954-1965
42 13 Pollock, John; 1955-1969
42 14 Pond, J.A.; 1956-1957
42 15 Pope, Margaret; 1963-1964
42 16 Pornography; 1971
42 17 Porter, John; 1970-1973
42 18 Postmaster, Montreat; 1956-1973
42 19 Potter, Daniel; 1962
42 20 Pottinger, Robert; 1962
42 21 Prayer in Public Schools; 1964-1972
42 22 Presbyterian Action; 1961-1961
42 23 Presbyterian Church, Misc.; 1962-1971
42 24 Presbyterian College; 1962
42 25 Presbyterian Congress on Evangelism; 1970
42 26 Presbyterian Junior Life; 1962
42 27 Presbyterian Lay Committee; 1968-1973
43 1 Presbyterian Life Magazine; 1959
43 2 Presbyterian News; 1969
43 3 Presbyterian Outlook; 1955-1971
43 4 Presbyterian Survey; 1959-1973
43 5 Preston, J. Fairman; 1954-1968
43 6 Price, Eugenia; 1955-1959
43 7 Programs; 1928-1973
43 8 Pruitt, Virginia; 1961-1971
43 9 Quattlebaum, Lois; 1958
43 10 Quotes; n.d.
43 11 R; 1949-1973
43 12 Race Problem; 1958-1972
43 13 Radcliffe, Arthur; 1960-1969
43 14 Rader, Datson; 1967
43 15 Ramm, Bernard; 1955
43 16 Ray, George W.; 1961-1962
Reader's Comments
43 17 1948-1960
44 1 1961-1964
44 2 1965-1967
44 3 1968-1969
44 4 1970
44 5 1971
45 1 1972-1973
45 2 Reader's Digest; 1961-1968
45 3 Reaves, Henry L.; 1963
45 4 Reed, John H.; 1953-1971
45 5 Rees, Paul; 1955-1972
45 6 Reformed Theological Seminary; 1973
45 7 Rehmeyer, David; 1969-1971
45 8 Reid, Paul; 1960
45 9 Reid, W. Stanford; 1967
45 10 Religious Heritage Of America; 1961-1973
45 11 Religious News Service; 1959-1972
45 12 Republican Party; 1964
45 13 Revell, Fleming H., Publishing; 1961-1964
45 14 Revised Standard Version; 1962-1973
45 15 Rice, Charles; 1957-1959
Richards, J. McDowell
45 16 1955-1964
45 17 1965-1972
45 18 Richards, John E.; 1958-1970
45 19 Richardson, Frank R.; 1960-1970
45 20 Right to Work Laws; 1955-1961
46 1 Riverside Bank; 1958
46 2 Roadcap, Swinton; 1967-1970
46 3 Roberts, Oral; 1966-1972
46 4 Robertson, A. Willis; 1959
46 5 Robertson, Kenneth D.; 1951-1956
46 6 Robinson, R.K.; 1957-1973
46 7 Robinson, William Childs; 1953-1972
46 8 Root, Bob; 1968
46 9 Rose, E.N.; 1960-1962
46 10 Ross, J. Hervey; 1955-1970
46 11 Roush, Pat; 1972-1973
46 12 Rowland, Charles; 1954-1963
46 13 Rule, William; 1961
46 14 Rumsey, Arthur; 1967-1968
46 15 Russell, Henry Edward; 1954-1972
46 16 Russell, Richard; 1961-1964
46 17 Rutledge, J. Carlyle; 1956-1958
S
46 18 Sa-Sl; 1953-1973
46 19 Sm-Sy; 1953-1973
46 20 Sabbath Keeping; 1961
46 21 Salvation Army; 1964-1973
46 22 Sampson, Frank; 1956-1958
46 23 Sanden, O.E.; 1956-1961
46 24 Sanders, Ralph D.; 1964-1968
46 25 Sangster, W.E.; 1956-1960
46 26 Saturday Evening Post; 1956-1963
46 27 Saunders, Manford H.; 1963-1969
46 28 Schaumburg, George A.; 1955-1958
46 29 Schuller, Robert; 1963
46 30 Schum, Henry; 1962-1972
46 31 Scotchmer, George; 1956-1957
46 32 Scott, Charles E.; 1953-1959
47 1 Scott, E.C.; 1956-1969
47 2 Scott, Julius; 1958-1964
47 3 Scott, Milton; 1953-1963
47 4 Scott, W. Rerr; 1956-1957
47 5 Scripture Press; 1962
47 6 Scripture Union; 1970-1972
47 7 Seel, David; 1955-1973
47 8 Segregation; 1956-1958
47 9 Sells, Margaret; 1958-1973
47 10 Sells, Sam; 1956-1963
47 11 Senators, Congressman; 1956
47 12 Sermons and Speeches
47 13 Sevareid, Eric; 1968
47 14 Seventh Day Adventism; 1963-1972
47 15 Sex Education; 1970-1972
47 16 Shafer, Donald; 1961-1966
47 17 Shaw, August; 1953-1973
47 18 Shea, George Beverly; 1956-1963
47 19 Sheafe, J.S.; 1956-1957
47 20 Sheldon, Benjamin E.; 1965-1973
47 21 Shepperson, Flournoy; 1955-1957
47 22 Shields, Randolph; 1957-1970
47 23 Shinn, William; 1968
47 24 Shoemaker, Samuel; 1955-1970
47 25 Sibley, William A.L.; 1953-1972
47 26 R Simpson, Henry; 1954-1973
47 27 Sims, H. Hirchiel; 1962-1964
47 28 Singer, Gregg; 1953-1969
47 29 Sloop, Stephen; 1953-1956
48 1 Small, Dwight S.; 1962
48 2 Smalley, Herbert M.; 1957
48 3 Smather, George A.; 1962-1963
48 4 Smith, C. Ralston; 1951
48 5 Smith, Eugene L.; 1956-1957
48 6 Smith, Morton H.; 1964-1973
48 7 Smith, Tinsley; 1953-1958
48 8 Smith, Wade; 1958-1959
48 9 Smith, Wilbur; 1953-1955
48 10 Smith, William Albert; 1959-1960
48 11 Smithwick, Gladys; 1958
48 12 Smylie, James H.; 1965-1972
48 13 Smyth, Walter H.; 1953-1971
48 14 Socialized Medicine; 1948-1949, 1970
48 15 Social Progress ; 1962-1963
48 16 Solomon, Bill; 1963-1972
48 17 Somerville family; 1955-1970
48 18 Sommerer, Lyn; 1967-1968
48 19 Sons of the American Revolution; 1962-1971
Speaking Engagements
48 20 Invitations Declined; 1947-1973
49 1 Bethany Reformed Church, 10-14-58; 1958-1960
49 2 National Association of Evangelicals, 4-10-59; 1958-1960
49 3 Rock Eagle Conference, 4-19-59; 1958-1961
49 4 Asheville Toastmistress Club, 5-2-59; 1959
49 5 Presbyterian Men of South Carolina Conference, 5-14,15-59; n.d.
49 6 National Association of Evangelicals, 5-22-59; 1959
49 7 Doctor's Meeting, Chattanooga, 10-24-59; 1959
49 8 Presbyterian Strategy Committee, 10-27-59; 1959
49 9 International Conference on Medical Missions, 12-27-59; 1959-1960
49 10 Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, 12-10-64; 1964
49 11 Southwestern College, n.d.; 1963-1964
49 12 Spearman, Mrs. Walter, n.d.; 1960
49 13 Layman's Leadership Institute, 1-13-60; 1959-1960
49 14 World Evangelical Fellowship, n.d.; 1959-1960
49 15 The Midway Society, 4-24-60; 1960
49 16 Bethany Bible Church Weekly Radio Broadcast; 1960
49 17 West Rowan High School, Salisbury, N.C., 6-5, 6-60; 1960
49 18 National Right to Work Committee, n.d.; 1960
49 19 Congo Protestant Relief Agency in America, n.d.; 1960
49 20 Lookout Mt. Presbyt. Church, Chattanooga, TN; 10-30-60; 1960
49 21 Reformed Church`s Men Convention, Atlantic City, 11-5-60; 1960
49 22 Christian Medical Society, Philadelphia 12-2-60; 1960
49 23 King College, Hendersonville, 12-7-60; 1960
49 24 Rotarians and Kiwanians Joint Meeting, 12-22-60; 1960
49 25 Layman's Leadership Institute, 1-18-61; 1960-1961
49 26 Norfolk Presbytery, 1-29-61; 1959-1961
49 27 National Association of Evangelicals, 1-31-61; 1955-1961
49 28 World Missions Conference, 2-2-61; 1960-1961
49 29 Rivermont Presbyterian Church, 2-12-61; 1960-1961
49 30 Women of the Church, Fairlington Presbyt. Church, 2-15-61; 1961
49 31 Munson Hill Presbyterian Church, 3-1-61; 1961
49 32 Brevard-Davidson River Presbyterian Church, 3-5-61; 1961
49 33 Intervarsity Group (U. of Va.), 3-23-61 or 3-30-61; 1960-1961
49 34 Rutherfordton Presbyterian Church, 3-29-61; 1961
49 35 Division of Evangelism Meeting, 4-7-61; 1960-1961
49 36 Government Street Presbyterian Church, 4-23-61; 1960-1961
49 37 Synod of Appalachia Men's Conference, 6-4-61; 1961
49 38 First Baptist Church, Men's Fellowship, 9-61; 1961
49 39 Darby Fulton Dinner, 9-7-61; 1961
49 40 Second Presbyterian Church, 9-26-61; 1961
49 41 Augusta Stone Presbyterian Church, 10-29-61; 1961
49 42 Covenant Presbyterian Church, 11-61 or 12-61; 1961
49 43 Pastor-Layman Institute, 1-62; 1961
49 44 Christian Layman's Workshop, 1-13-62; 1961
49 45 Bible Missions Conference, 2-25-62; 1961
49 46 Christian Business Men`s Crusade for Christ, 3-14-62; 1961
49 47 Laurel Presbyterian Church School of Missions, 3-62; 1962
49 48 First Presbyt. Church, Men of the Church Meeting, 4-2-62; 1962
49 49 Christian Mission to Men, Petersburg, TN, 4-11,12-62; 1961
49 50 Intervarsity (U. of Va.), 5-10-62; 1961-1962
49 51 Biblical Protestantism and Christian Responsibility Conference, 1962; 1961
49 52 World Missions Conference, n.d.; 1962
49 53 U. of Va. Christian Fellowship, 11-8-62; 1962
49 54 Franklin St. Presbyterian Church, 12-6-62; 1962
49 55 Women of Trinity Presbyterian Church, 1-14-63; 1962-1963
49 56 World Missions Conference, 1-23-63; 1962-1964
49 57 First Presbyterian Church, Platteville, Ala., 1-14-63; 1962
49 58 Women of the Church Meeting, Dothan, Ala.,1-15-63; 1962-1963
49 59 Women of the Church World Missions Study, 2-13-63; 1962-1963
49 60 Grace Covenant Presbyterian Church, Ashville, 2-24-63; 1962
49 61 Hazelwood Presbyterian Church, Hazelwood, N.C., 2-27-63; 1962
49 62 Christian Medical Society, Chicago Chapter, 4-27-63; 1962-1963
49 63 Christian Medical Society, Chattanooga, 4-63; 1962-1963
49 64 Memorial Mission Hospital Alumni Assn. Homecoming, 6-29-63; 1963
49 65 Sioux City S.S. Assn. Fall Rally, 10-63; 1962-1963
49 66 Mexico Trip to Mexico Mission, 10-63; 1963
49 67 First Presbyterian Church, Florence, S.C., 11-8-63; 1963
50 1 Park St. Church Men`s Club, 2-12-64; 1963-1964
50 2 Old Presbyterian Meeting House, 11-64; 1964
50 3 Central Florida Junior College, 1-1-65, 4-1-65; 1962-1965
50 4 National Freedom Education Center, 2-5-65; 1964-1965
50 5 First Presbyterian Church, Marion, N.C., 2-22-65; 1964
50 6 Christian Business Men`s Committee, 6-25-65; 1965
50 7 L. Nelson Bell Dinner, 10-29-65; 1965
50 8 S.C. Men of Second Presbytery (Greenville), 11-16-65; 1965
50 9 Daughters of the American Revolution, 12-8-65; 1965
50 10 Christian High School of Charlotte, 6-2-66; 1966
50 11 American Business Club, Ashville, 7-26-66; 1966
50 12 Christian Endeavor Int`l., 10-15-66; 1966
50 13 Miami Presbytery Evangelism Retreat, 10-21-66; 1966
50 14 First Presbyterian Church, Charleston, W. Va., 4-14-67; 1967
50 15 Christian Medical Society (Duke U.), 5-5-67; 1967
50 16 Pleasant Gardens Baptist Church (Baccalaureate), 5-21-67; 1967
50 17 First Methodist Church, Lenoir, N.C., 7-9-67; 1967
50 18 Grassy Creek Presbyterian Church Men's Meeting, 7-19-67; 1967
50 19 Kiwanis Club (Marion, N.C.), 9-5-67; 1967
50 20 Reformed Theological Seminary, 9-5-67; 1967
50 21 Savannah Presbytery Fall Rally, 9-19-67; 1967
50 22 Shearer Presbyterian Church, Mooresville, N.C., 9-24-67; 1967
50 23 Government Street Presbyterian Church Father-Son Banquet, 10-18-67; 1967
50 24 First Presbyt. Church, Women of the Church, 2-4-68; 1967-1968
50 25 Synod of S.C. Men of the Church, 5-19-68; 1968
50 26 Lord`s Day Alliance Consultation, 10-7,8,9-68; 1968
50 27 Reatherfordton Preb. Church, Fall 1968; 1968
50 28 Civitan Club, Ashville, 9-17-68; 1968
50 29 Lees-McCrae College 68-69 School Year; 1968
50 30 U.N.C. Chapel Hill, FOCUS, 5-4-69; 1969
50 31 Radio Interview on WFBC, Greenville, S.C., 6-6-69; 1969
50 32 Wytheville Presb. Church, Conf. of the Synod of Appalachia; 1968-1969
50 33 Board of National Ministries, 8-10-69; 1969
50 34 Philadelphia Presbyterian Church, Charlotte, N.C., 10-21-69; 1969
50 35 Raeford Presbyterian Church, Raeford, N.C.; 3-17-70; 1969-1970
50 36 William Penn Award Dinner, 5-21-70; 1970
50 37 First Presb. Church, Hendersonville, N.C., Men of the Church, 6-1-70; 1970
50 38 Dedication Wytheville Community Hospital, 5-13-72; 1972
50 39 Church Library Conference, Ridgecrest, 6-20-72; 1972
50 40 L. Nelson Bell Library Dedication Ceremony, 7-30-72; 1972
50 41 FDIC Autograph Party, Board of World Missions, 7-31-72; 1972
50 42 Council on Evangelism, 8-12-72; 1972
50 43 Spach, Jule: Visit 4-27-73; 1972-1973
51 1 Spence, Hilda; 1954-1957
51 2 Spencer, E.G.; 1957
51 3 Spenser, Tracy N., Jr.; 1967
51 4 Split in the Presbyterian Church, U.S.; 1968-1972
51 5 Sprinkle, P.; 1955-1957
51 6 Sprunt, James; 1956-1972
51 7 St. Andrews College; 1962-1969
51 8 Stafford, Ivan; 1963-1967
51 9 Stair, Fred; 1957-1961
51 10 Stam, Jacob; 1963-1967
51 11 Starr, Charlotte; 1956
51 12 Stegall, Carroll R.; 1953-1965
51 13 Stewart, James; 1955-1956
51 14 Stewart, Richard B.; 1959-1966
51 15 Stimson, Edward W.; 1965-1968
51 16 Stott, John; 1956
51 17 Stuke, T.H.; 1963
51 18 Sun, Ae Chou; 1960
51 19 Sunday School Times; 1955-1964
51 20 Sutcliffe, Martha; 1968
51 21 Swayze, Richard; 1972
51 22 Swets, William; 1962
51 23 Syncretism; 1968
51 24 T; 1948-1973
51 25 Taber, Marcius; 1959-1972
51 26 Taejon Presbyterian College; 1968-1970
51 27 R Tait, Edith and Jean; 1968-1973
51 28 Taiwan Christian College; 1956
51 29 Talbot, George Bird; 1956-1972
51 30 Talmage, John B.; 1970
51 31 Talmage, John E.; 1954-1973
51 32 Taylor, Clyde W.; 1964-1967
51 33 Taylor, G. Aiken; 1953-1958
51 34 Taylor, H. Kerr; 1953-1973
51 35 Taylor, Roy A.; 1961-1972
51 36 Taylor, Thomas Hart; 1953-1955
51 37 Teal, J. Paul; 1968-1969
51 38 Templeton, Charles; 1956-1958
51 39 Tenney, Merrill C.; 1955-1966
52 1 Thayer, Delas; 1957-1958
52 2 Thielman, Calvin; 1955-1972
52 3 Thomas, Leota; 1966-1970
52 4 Thomas, John Newton; 1953-1959
52 5 Thomas Nelson Publishers; 1959-1973
52 6 Thomison, John B.; 1954-1970
52 7 Thompson, Ceil; 1953-1965
52 8 Thompson, Howard H.; 1959-1965
52 9 Thompson, J.W.; 1952-1961
52 10 Thompson, W. Taliaferro; 1956
52 11 Thomson, J.G.S.S.; 1956-1968
52 12 Thornberry, Mike; 1971
52 13 Thurman, Annie; 1963-1966
52 14 R Thuston, Warren; 1956-1963
52 15 Tillich, Paul; 1965
52 16 Time Magazine; 1962-1973
52 17 Tong, Hollington; 1956
52 18 Tongues Movement; 1963-1972
52 19 Topple, Stanley; 1964-1973
52 20 Toureille, P.C.; 1956-1973
52 21 Townsend, Scottie; 1957-1963
52 22 Townsend, W. Cameron; 1967-1973
52 23 Toynbee, Arnold; 1959-1966
52 24 Tozer, A. W.; 1958-1964
52 25 Treasury Depatment; 1959
52 26 Trueblood, D. Elton; 1955-1968
52 27 Tshombe, Moise; 1967
52 28 Turner, Fred; 1954-1970
52 29 Twyman, Iverson; 1963
52 30 Tyndale House; 1968-1970
52 31 Tyson, Allan; 1957
52 32 U; 1955-1972
52 33 Union; 1949-1968
52 34 Union Theological Seminary; 1958-1962
52 35 United Board for Christian Colleges in China; 1953-1954
52 36 United Nations; 1946-1963
52 37 United Presbyterian/ Presbyterian Church USA; 1959-1965
52 38 Universalism; 1962-1971
52 39 University of South Florida; 1963
53 1 University of Tennessee Presbyterian Student Center; 1963-1965
53 2 V; 1956-1973
53 3 R Van Deusen, Henry; 1952-1958
53 4 Van Halsema, Richard; 1958-1968
53 5 Van Kampen, Robert; 1959-1971
53 6 Van Pelt, Fred; 1956-1967
53 7 Van Vranken, R.G.; 1955
53 8 Vaughn, Silas; 1972-1973
53 9 Vaus, James; 1957-1973
53 10 Velde, Harold; 1954
53 11 Vick, George H.; 1953-1972
53 12 Vinson, T. Chalmers; 1954-1970
53 13 Virginia Conference of Social Work; 1959
53 14 Volker Fund; 1956-1962
53 15 Voelkel, Harry; 1954-1966
53 16 W; 1953-1973
53 17 Waggoner, Alfred; 1961
53 18 Walker, Robert; 1957-1958
53 19 Wang, Leland; 1962-1969
53 20 Ward, John M.; 1955-1968
53 21 Ward, Larry; 1955-1959
53 22 Wardlaw, Don; 1966
53 23 Ware, Winthrop; 1962
53 24 Warnaar, A.; 1955
53 25 Warren, Paul; 1968-1970
53 26 Washington Pilgrimmage; 1956-1957
53 27 Watson, Austin; 1971-1973
53 28 Watts, J. Wash; 1955
53 29 Wayland, J.E.; 1955-1971
53 30 Weaver, H. Sanford; 1963-1965
54 1 R Webb, Marvin; 1969
54 2 Weis, H. Mahlon; 1959-1966
54 3 Weisiger, Carl N.; 1955-1973
54 4 Wells, Samuel; 1965-1970
54 5 Wells, W. Calvin; 1957-1960
54 6 Wessel, Helen; 1963-1973
54 7 West, D. Kirkland; 1960-1964
54 8 Westminster Fellowship, Texas University; 1960
54 9 Westminster World Fellowship; 1967
54 10 Wetsel, A.W.; 1951-1956
54 11 Weyerhauser, C. Davis; 1960-1962
54 12 Wheaton College; 1948-1970
54 13 Wheeler, Estelle; 1947-1971
54 14 Whetstone, Margaret T.; 1955-1959
54 15 While Men Slept (Book); 1970-1972
54 16 White, Henry Martin; 1958-1963
54 17 White, Steve A.; 1962-1971
54 18 White, Zan; 1965-1972
54 19 Who's Who in America; 1964
54 20 Wiley, Sam; 1961-1973
54 21 Wilkinson, F.H.; 1965
54 22 Williams, David; 1963-1970
54 23 R Williams, Donald; 1968-1972
54 24 Williams, Joseph O.; 1971-1973
54 25 Williamson, Jack; 1972-1973
54 26 Williamson, Rene de Visme; 1959-1970
54 27 Willis, Christopher; 1954-1973
54 28 Wilson, Carl W.; 1955-1973
54 29 Wilson, Elizabeth; 1955-1971
54 30 Wilson, George; 1953-1955
54 31 Wilson, Kenneth; 1962
54 32 Wilson, Mark; 1954-1970
54 33 Wilson, Rollin; 1960-1968
54 34 Wilson, Talmage; 1966-1970
54 35 Wilson-Haffenden, D.J.; 1955-1957
54 36 Winn, Albert C.; 1956-1966
54 37 Winn, H.E.; 1957-1958
54 38 Wise, Paul E.; 1956-1957
54 39 Womeldorf, Raymond; 1953-1973
54 40 Wood, Ferguson; 1955-1959
54 41 Wood, Robert; 1956-1962
55 1 Woodbridge, Charles; 1958
55 2 Woodbridge, Elizabeth; 1957-1963
55 3 Woods, C. Stacey; 1955-1968
55 4 Woods, James B.; 1955-1966
55 5 Woods, Lily U.; 1961-1972
55 6 Woodson, J.R.; 1957
55 7 Woody, Joseph R.; 1957-1970
55 8 World Council of Churches; 1961-1964
55 9 World Evangelical Fellowship; 1956
55 10 World Vision; 1960-1969
55 11 Worldwide Pictures; 1955-1958
55 12 Wright, J. Elwin; 1955-1961
55 13 Wurmbrand, Richard; 1972
55 14 Wycliffe Bible Translators; 1966-1973
55 15 Y; 1954-1973
55 16 Yates, Kyle; 1955-1966
55 17 Young, Edward J.; 1955
55 18 Young, Robert W.; 1957
55 19 Young Life; 1963
55 20 Yuan, Michael; 1960
55 21 Yune, H.Y.; 1961-1962
55 22 Z; 1955-1971
55 23 Zitzmann, Fred; 1973
55 24 Zondervan; 1957-1973
55 25 Zylstra, Cornelius; 1957-1958
Chronological File
55 26 Feb. 11- Mar.19, 1955
55 27 July 8- Sept. 9, 1959
55 28 Sept. 14- Oct. 31, 1959
55 29 Nov. 2- Dec. 30, 1959
56 1 Jan. 1-Mar. 23, 1960
56 2 April 2- May 24, 1960
56 3 May 25- June 30, 1960
56 4 July 1- Aug. 17, 1960
56 5 Aug. 22- Sept. 30, 1960
56 6 Oct. 1- Nov. 7, 1960
56 7 Nov. 8- Dec. 31, 1960
57 1 Jan. 1- Feb. 25, 1961
57 2 Feb. 27- Mar.28, 1961
57 3 Apr. 3- May 31, 1961
57 4 June 1- Aug. 7, 1961
57 5 Aug. 8- Dec. 30, 1961
57 6 Jan. 1- Mar. 29, 1962
58 1 Apr. 3- June 30, 1962
58 2 July 2- Sept. 26, 1962
58 3 Oct. 1- Nov. 14, 1962
58 4 Nov. 15- Dec. 29, 1962
58 5 Jan. 2- Mar. 27, 1963
58 6 Apr. 2- June 29, 1963
58 7 July 1- Dec. 28, 1963
59 1 Jan. 2- Mar. 31, 1964
59 2 Apr. 2- Dec. 31, 1964
59 3 Jan. 5- Dec. 27, 1965
59 4 R Jan. 3- June 10, 1966
59 5 R June 11- Dec. 27, 1966
59 6 R Jan. 3- July 29, 1967
59 7 R Aug. 3- Dec. 30, 1967
59 8 R Jan. 3- June 29, 1968
59 9 R July 1- Dec. 31, 1968
60 1 R Jan. 2- May 31, 1969
60 2 R June 3- Dec. 22, 1969
60 3 R Jan. 2- June 30, 1970
60 4 R July 1- Dec. 30, 1970
60 5 R Jan. 2- Dec. 31, 1971
60 6 R Jan. 3- July 26, 1972
60 7 R Aug. 1- Dec. 29, 1972
60 8 R Jan. 2- Mar. 14, 1973
61 1 R Mar. 16- April 30, 1973
61 2 R May 1- Sept. 29, 1973
V. Presbyterian Materials
61 3 Asheville Presbytery; 1950-1951, 1966-1967
61 4 Board of Christian Education; 1960-1972
Board of World Missions
61 5 Candidate Sec.; 1946
61 6 Consultation; 1962-1963
61 7 Daniel, Eugene; 1955-1965
61 8 Far East Secretary; 1961-1966
61 9 Field Committee; 1956
61 10 Fulton, C. Darby; 1953-1973
61 11 Jones, James A.; 1955-1966
61 12 Kitchen, James R.; 1963-1966
62 1 McColgan, W.L.; 1957-1965
62 2 McMullen, John S.; 1948-1972
62 3 McNeil, Elizabeth; 1966-1967
62 4 Medical Benevolence Foundation; 1954-1973
62 5 Meeting Notebook; 1966
62 6 Melton, John; 1966-1971
62 7 Minutes; 1965
62 8 Miscellaneous; 1956-1972
62 9 Moffett, Harry M.; 1953-1962
63 1 Nominating Committee; 1960-1972
63 2 Patterson, C.H.; 1955-1973
63 3 Resignation; 1966
63 4 Shepard, Walter D.; 1955-1973
63 5 Stitt, David L.; 1954-1973
Street, T. Watson
63 6 1955-1967
63 7 1968-1972
63 8 Taylor, David; 1959-1966
63 9 Treasurer; 1947-1969
Trips
63 10 1956 Korean Trip; 1956
63 11 1959-1960 Korean Trips; 1959-1962
64 1 1962 Japan-Korea Trip; 1962, n.d.
64 2 1963 Palestine Trip; 1963
64 3 1964 Far East Trip; 1964
64 4 Weersing, Marc; 1957-1972
64 5 Witherspoon, Ethel; 1960-1971
64 6 Church Extension, Board of; 1962-1964
64 7 Dispensationalism; 1944-1957
64 8 Edwards, Dale; 1973
64 9 Fraiser, J.B.; 1963-1971
64 10 Gates, Felix; 1964-1972
64 11 Gates, Sydney; 1955-1960
General Assembly
64 12 103rd General Assembly; 1963
64 13 112th General Assembly; 1972
64 14 113th General Assembly; 1973
64 15 113th General Assembly; 1973
64 16 113th General Assembly; 1973
64 17 Andrews, James; 1973
64 18 Black Churches in PCUS; n.d.
65 1 Benfield, William; 1972-1973
65 2 Board of Annuities and Relief; 1972-1973
65 3 Board of National Ministries; 1972-1973
65 4 Board of Woman's Work; 1972-1973
65 5 Brown, G. Thompson; 1973
65 6 Cabinet for Reconciliation; 1972-1973
65 7 Carr, Mike; 1973
65 8 Chairpersons of Standing Committees; 1973
65 9 Charlotte Remarks (Church Union Committee); 1972
65 10 Chauncey, George; 1973
65 11 Commission on the Minister and His Work; 1972-1973
65 12 Committee on Inter-Church Relations; 1973
65 13 Committee on Unhappiness and Division; 1973
65 14 Committees; 1958-1972
65 15 Complaints or Dissension; 1972-1973
65 16 Congratulations; 1972
65 17 Congratulations; 1972
66 1 Congratulations; 1972
66 2 Congratulations; 1972
66 3 Consultation on Church Union; 1972
66 4 Cortez, Cooper; 1973
66 5 Counsel and Advice; 1972-1973
66 6 Counsel and Advice; 1973
66 7 Council on Evangelism;; 1972-1973
66 8 Cummings, Thomas; 1972-1973
66 9 Ecumenicism; 1971-1973
67 1 Faculty Forum; 1972-1973
67 2 Fellowship of Prayer; 1972
67 3 Gaston, Dora; 1973
67 4 General Council; 1972
67 5 Grier, Joseph W.; 1972
67 6 Hart, A.M.; 1973
67 7 Huffman, John Jr.; 1973
67 8 Insurance; 1972
67 9 Inter-Agency Committee; 1965-1970
67 10 Invitations Accepted; 1972
67 11 Invitations Accepted; 1973
67 12 Invitations Declined; 1972-1973
67 13 Invitations Tentative; 1972-1973
67 14 Invitations - Synod E; 1972-1973
68 1 Ireland; 1973
68 2 Jansen, Vernol R.; 1973
68 3 Jennings, John S.; 1973
68 4 Joint Committee on Church Union; 1972
68 5 Jones, Robert F.; 1973
68 6 Jumper, Andrew; 1967-1973
68 7 Keels, John T.N.; 1973
68 8 Kuykendall, W.B.; 1973
68 9 Lamkin, Bill; 1961-1973
68 10 Littlefield, Leona; 1972-1973
68 11 McClure, Hugh W. III; 1972-1973
68 12 Mexico; 1973
68 13 Miscellaneous; 1972-1973
68 14 Miscellaneous; 1972-1973
68 15 National Association of Evangelicals; 1972-1973
68 16 National Presbyterian and Reformed Fellowship; 1970-1972
68 17 New Confession; 1967; 1972-1973
69 1 Nominating Speech by Dale Edwards; 1972
69 2 Northern Church, Omaha; 1973
69 3 "Open Letter" Response; 1973
69 4 Permanent Committee on Assembly Operation; 1973
69 5 Permanent Nominating Committee; 1973
69 6 Philips, J. Davidson; 1973
69 7 Presbyterian Survey; 1972-1973
69 8 Program Committee; 1972
69 9 Proyer Fellowship; 1972
69 10 Reese, J.A.; 1973
69 11 Rice, J. Sherrard; 1961-1973
69 12 Richardson, John R.; 1953-1958
69 13 Richardson, John R.; 1957-1972
69 14 Rockefeller-Mosely (Population Center); 1972
69 15 Rose, Ben Lacey; 1953-1973
69 16 Spach, Jule; 1972-1973
69 17 Speeches; 1973
69 18 Standing Committee; 1973
69 19 Standing Committee on Judicial Business; 1973
69 20 Stated Clerk; 1962-1973
69 21 "A Statement and a Plea"; 1973
69 22 Steering Committee for the Continuing Church; 1972-1973
69 23 Stell, Lawrence; 1973
69 25 Strong, Robert; 1957-1973
70 1 Suggestions to Dr. Bell; 1972-1973
70 2 Swannanoa Presbyterian Church; 1973
70 3 Synods; 1972-1973
70 4 Tabb Street Church; 1972-1973
70 5 Taylor, John Randolph; 1972-1973
70 6 Thanks; 1972-1973
70 7 This Week in the Presbyterian Church; 1972
70 8 Time Magazine; 1972
70 9 Tittsworth, Lem; 1973
70 10 Watson, Richard; 1973
70 11 White, Hugh L.; 1973
70 12 Wilson, Stanton; 1973
70 13 Withdrawal of Churches; 1973
70 14 Women; 1972
70 15 Worship Book; 1973
70 16 General Executive Board; 1972
70 17 General Executive Board (Provisional); 1972-1973
71 1 General Executive Board; 1973
71 2 General Executive Board, Minutes; 1972-1973
71 3 Grant, Edward; 1958-1973
71 4 Howerton, Philip; 1955-1973
71 5 R Kenilworth Presbyterian Church; n.d.
71 6 Matthews, Lynn; 1953-1973
Moderator
71 7 Expenses; 1972-1973
71 8 Letters From; 1972-1973
72 1 Notebook; 1972-1973
72 2 Nominating Committee; 1967
72 3 Patterson, Merle; 1957-1961
72 4 Patterson, Samuel J.; 1960-1967
Presbyterian Journal
72 5 Agenda; 1970
72 6 Atlanta Meetings; 1971
72 7 Board of Directors; 1953-1971
72 8 Bolus, William G.; 1972
72 9 Comments on Articles or Policies; 1964-1970
72 10 Contributors of Articles; 1958-1961
72 11 Dendy, Henry; 1944-1973
72 12 Editorial Committee; 1957, 1971
72 13 Executive Committee; 1960-1971
72 14 Finance Committee; 1954-1967
72 15 Finances; 1944-1970
72 16 General; 1944-1958
73 1 General; 1959-1971
73 2 Journal Day; 1963-1973
73 3 Journal Improvement Committee; 1955-1956
73 4 Minutes; 1954-1971
73 5 Newsweek Article; 1948
73 6 Permission to Reprint; 1958-1968
73 7 Presbyterian Journal Foundation; 1961-1969
73 8 Proposed Changes; 1959-1960
73 9 Race Relations Policy; n.d.
74 1 Resignation Materials; 1971
74 2 Resignation - Reactions; 1971
74 3 Resignation - Reactions; 1971
74 4 Resignation - Reactions; 1971
74 5 Solicitation and Contribution; 1960-1973
Tax Materials
74 6 1945
74 7 1946
74 8 1947
74 9 1948
74 10 1949
74 11 1950
75 1 1951
75 2 1952
75 3 1953
75 4 1954
75 5 1955
75 6 1956
75 7 1957
75 8 1958
75 9 1959
75 10 1960
75 11 1961
75 12 1962
75 13 1965
75 14 1967
75 15 1968
75 16 Taylor, G. Aiken; 1959-1973
75 17 Thompson, Earnest Trice; 1959-1963
75 18 Trust Fund for the Children of the Sommervilles; 1967
75 19 United Presbyterian Subscribers; 1961
75 20 Unsolicited Articles; 1963-1971
75 21 Ramsey, William; 1961-1964
75 22 Speed, James O.; 1972
75 23 Westminster Presbyterian Church, Greensboro, N.C.; 1948
75 24 Wilson, Frank Price; 1953-1962
Clippings
76 1 April 20, 1973
76 2 May 8, 1973
76 3 May 9, 1973
76 4 May 10, 1973
76 5 May 11, 1973
76 6 May 12, 1973
76 7 May 13, 1973
76 8 May 14, 1973
76 9 May 15, 1973
76 10 May 16, 1973
76 11 May 17, 1973
76 12 May 18, 1973
76 13 May 19, 1973
77 1 May 20, 1973
77 2 May 21, 1973
77 3 May 22, 1973
77 4 May 23, 1973
77 5 May 24, 1973
77 6 May 25, 1973
77 7 May 26, 1973
77 8 May 27, 1973
77 9 May 28, 1973
77 10 May 29, 1973
77 11 May 30, 1973
77 12 May 31, 1973
77 13 June 1, 1973
77 14 June 2, 1973
77 15 June 3, 1973
77 16 June 4, 1973
77 17 June 5, 1973
78 1 June 6, 1973
78 2 June 7, 1973
78 3 June 8, 1973
78 4 June 9, 1973
78 5 June 10, 1973
78 6 June 11, 1973
78 7 June 12, 1973
79 1 June 13, 1973
79 2 June 14, 1973
79 3 June 15, 1973
79 4 June 16, 1973
79 5 June 17, 1973
79 6 June 18, 1973
79 7 June 19, 1973
79 8 June 20, 1973
79 9 June 21, 1973
79 10 June 22, 1973
79 11 June 23, 1973
79 12 June 24, 1973
79 13 June 25, 1973
79 14 June 26, 1973
79 15 June 27, 1973





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