Billy Graham Center
Archives

Papers of Samuel Moor Shoemaker - Collection 269

[Note: What follows is a description of the documents in this collection which are available for use at BGC Archives in Wheaton, Illinois, USA. The actual documents are not, in most cases, available online, only this description of them. Nor are they available for sale or rent.]

Table of Contents

Brief Description of This Collection

Title Page and Restrictions

Biography

An Essay on the Contents of the Collection (Scope and Content)

Lists of Audio Tapes, Books, Phonograph Records, and Photographs in This Collection (Location Records)
    Audio Tapes
    Books
    Phonograph Records
    Photographs
List of the Contents of Boxes of Paper Records in This Collection (Container List)



*****



Brief Description.
Appointment books, audio tapes, magazines, newspaper clippings, articles, a pamphlet, phonograph records, photographs, and programs covering the years of Shoemaker's career as an Episcopalian preacher, author, radio preacher, and spiritual advisor-counselor. Includes taped sermons from radio program FAITH AT WORK. For more information, please see guide.
Vol: 3 Boxes, 31 Audio Tapes, Phonograph Records, Photographs


Collection 269
[March 2, 2001]
Shoemaker, Samuel Moor; 1893-1963
Papers; 1907-1963

3 Boxes (DC; 1.5 cu. ft.), Audio Tapes, Phonograph Records, Photographs


Restrictions

Phonograph records P1, P2, and P3 cannot be used by researchers. Researchers should instead request T31 to which the contents of these records have been transferred.




Biography

Samuel Moor Shoemaker was born December 27, 1893, in Baltimore, Maryland, and lived until 1908 on the family's estate, Burnside. In that year, he entered Princeton University and graduated in 1916. The next three years were spent in China doing missionary work for the YMCA, after which he returned in 1919 to become director of the Philadelphia Society, a group with which he had been involved at Princeton.

Between 1920 and 1921, Shoemaker studied for the diaconate and Episcopalian priesthood at General and Union Seminaries in New York City and after graduation in 1921 he returned once more to Princeton to work with the Philadelphia Society until 1923. The next year he accepted a call to Calvary Episcopal Church, New York City, and began what became a twenty-eight year ministry there. He was married in 1930 to Helen Dominick Smith, staff member of Calvary Church, and their first child. Sally Falls, was born a year later; Helen Dominick, their second daughter, was born in 1942.

Programs and participation at Calvary Church increased significantly during Shoemaker's years there. Calvary House, an eighteen-story building for meetings and office staff, was added in 1928 and in the late 1930s became national headquarters for the Oxford Group, renamed Moral Re-Armament in 1936. Shoemaker's extensive involvement with this movement, however, led ultimately (in 1941) to removal of MRA's headquarters from Calvary after Shoemaker became dissatisfied with the new direction toward which MRA had moved. Calvary Chapel was transformed into Calvary Mission, a center for rehabilitation and rescue programs. Shoemaker was an important influence in the formation of Alcoholics Anonymous.

Shoemaker was awarded a D.D. from Virginia Theological Seminary in 1948 and an S.T.D. from Berkeley Divinity School the same year. About this time he also began the formation of Calvary Clergy School as the result of his lifelong interest in encouraging men to enter the ministry. In 1945, a radio ministry was added to Shoemaker's extensive pastoral ministry and he continued to use this medium, along with television, throughout the rest of his professional life and after retirement in 1962.

In 1952, when the Shoemakers were invited to accept another call to Calvary Episcopal Church, Pittsburgh, they agreed. Shoemaker's initiative and personal warmth was equally successful in the new setting and his work with young married couples of the community, businessmen, Bible and prayer groups developed into the Pittsburgh Experiment, an interdenominational evangelistic movement aimed primarily at the business community. Faith At Work, a group which published a magazine and sponsored a radio program of the same name, was also influential through its promotion of small study groups. The radio program featured a short sermon, broadcast once a week on KDKA, Pittsburgh. Shoemaker was also a frequent contributing speaker on The Episcopal Hour, WIST.

In 1955, Newsweek named him one of the ten greatest preachers in the United States and a year later, January 20, 1956, he was named "Man of the Year in Religion" by the Pittsburgh Junior Chamber of Commerce. His successful leadership resulted in his being offered rectorships in Richmond, San Francisco, and Baltimore and the offices of Dean and Bishop. However, he chose to remain at the Pittsburgh church until failing health required his retirement in 1962.

During this entire period, Shoemaker was also a prolific writer, contributing to many denominational and national magazines and authoring at least thirty-eight books. Some of these were: Religion That Works, Beginning Your Ministry, Children of the Second Birth, How You Can Find Happiness, With the Holy Spirit and with Fire, and By the Power of God. His sermons were printed and mailed to subscribers in forty-six states and twelve foreign countries. In addition to his regular pastoral ministry, he also was in great demand for speaking engagements across the country.

After retirement, Shoemaker was appointed Canon to the Bishop of Pittsburgh, but maintained his residence in the family home in Baltimore, where he died October 30, 1963, at sixty-nine years of age.




Scope and Content

[NOTE: In the Scope and Content description, the notation "folder 1-1" means box 1, folder 1.]

The materials in this collection include audio tapes, phonograph records, photographs, newspaper clippings, magazine articles, and appointment books, as well as a small number of published works which will be found in the Graham Center Library.

Audio tapes T1 to T29 are almost entirely recordings from Shoemaker's Pittsburgh radio series, Faith at Work, and range in length from twelve to fifteen minutes. They are listed in the Audo Tape Location Record of this guide, with the sermon topics and a one-sentence synopsis of content. One tape (T30) is an hour-long address delivered by Shoemaker to the Anglican Fellowship of Prayer Conference, held at Calvary Church, Pittsburgh, in 1963, the year of his death. Tape T31 is a re-taping of the contents of P1, P2, and P3. The phonograph records are radio transmissions of three broadcasts. The records are not available for use by researchers. Titles and content of each phonograph record will be found in the Location Record for audio tapes, T31.

Most of the photographs are portraits of Shoemaker. Others show him with Bishop Austin Pardue and with Billy Graham and some members of his team. Three are of Shoemaker with young adults, both ministerial students and study groups.

There is a collection of appointment books, some of which also contain brief diary entries and notes. The earliest of these, 1907, dates from his fourteenth year. The book of 1908 contains a football schedule of St. George's and Shoemaker's class schedule at that school. Those years which also contain brief handwritten notes include 1926-1934 and 1937-1940. Notes are usually found at the end of each book.

The collection of magazine articles (folders 3-1 to 3-4) dates between 1958 and 1961 and includes a small sample of the publications to which he contributed. Folder 3-3 contains a letter from Shoemaker to the editor of Christian Century protesting a previous editorial on Billy Graham. The newspaper clippings (folders 3-5 to 3-8) cover the years between 1957 and 1961 and include reports of Shoemaker's activities at Calvary Church, Pittsburgh; digests of sermons, articles and radio broadcasts; reviews of his books; and reports from around the country on his speaking engagements.

Folder 3-9 is a pamphlet presenting Shoemaker, his career and qualifications, in nomination for the position of Suffragan Bishop for the Diocese of New York in 1949. The programs in Folder 3-10 include a broadcast schedule for The Episcopal Hour, luncheon program agenda, and church bulletins.

Researchers interested in Shoemaker's career will find the major concentration of his papers in the Archives of the Episcopal Church, Austin, Texas.

Provenance

The materials in this collection were received by the Center on July 21, 1982.

Accession 82-106

June 12, 1984
Frances L. Brocker
J. Nasgowitz




LOCATION RECORD
Accession: 82-106
Type of material: Audio Tapes

The following items are located in the AUDIO TAPE FILE. Request by the T# at the beginning of each entry below.


T1 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 14:30 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, January 1, 1960. Sermon topic: "Real Treason of Casual Christians;" indifferent acceptance of benefits of Christian principles in America betray Christ. One side.

T2 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 13:50 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, February 3, 1961. Sermon topic: "Commandment 'As Thyself';" healthy self-love frees from debilitating doubt, discouragement. One side.

T3 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, August 13, 1961. Sermon topic: "Christian Humility;" description of qualities which are fruits of removing self from behavior. Side 1, about 22 minutes. August 20, 1961. Sermon topic: "Jesus Christ and Mental Health;" Christ's role in motivating realistic encounter with life for emotional balance. Side 1, about 15 minutes.

T4 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 15 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, September (?), 1961. Sermon topic: "What'll I Do About My Life?"; religion is penetration of all life, freedom is for obedience to God. One side.

T5 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, October 29, 1961. Sermon topic: "Why Not Secular Missionaries?"; lay professionals as potential missionaries commissioned for work in other countries. Side 1, 15 minutes. November 5, 1961. Sermon topic: "Being Subject One to Another;" receptivity to God's guidance from all sources and people. Side 1, about 13 minutes.

T6 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 13:10 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, April 9, 1962. Sermon topic: "Resurrection-Fact;" resurrection as one of the best attested facts, a preview of God's final sovereignty and present new life. One side.

T7 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 13:35 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, September 18, 1962. Sermon topic: "Conservatives Are Destroying Themselves;" fear of dynamic religion, love of status quo, failure to put obligation to God first paralyzes Christian progress. One side.

T8 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 13:15 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, October 15, 1962. Sermon topic: "The Bible Today;" biblical records will meet even skeptical inquiry, can by judged by all categories, are meant to be used, not worshipped. One side.

T9 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 14:15 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, November 4, 1962. Sermon topic: "Built-in Referee;" God, as referee of our battles of personal will, needs to be listened to. One side.

T10 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 14:05 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, November 25, 1962. Sermon topic: "People Under Conviction;" Christ as incarnation of world's conscience spawns organized inferiority as opposition. One side.

T11 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 13:20 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, December 2, 1962. Sermon topic: "Suppose He Did Come Back!"; many unanswered questions about details, but would we be ready for the reality and changes? One side.

T12 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 13:25 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, December 16, 1962. Sermon topic: "The Tragedy of What Might Have Been;" willful rejection removes choice; humiliation also teaches. One side.

T13 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 13:25 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, "Faith at Work," by Shoemaker, December 23, 1962. Sermon topic: "The Meaning of Christmas;" God is a person involved in relationships, not just a fact. One side.

T14 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 14:15 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, December 30, 1962. Sermon topic: "Your God--Dogmatic or Dynamic?;" dogma underlies obedient experience beginning in honest appraisal. One side.

T15 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 14:05 minutes. Recording of radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, January 17, 1963. Sermon topic: "The World and the Church Today;" a new Reformation is needed to counteract man's self-deification, spiritual demoralization, and religious organizational paralysis. One side.

T16 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 13:35 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, January 20, 1963. Sermon topic: "Family Rows Can Be Good;" miserable "peace" sometimes needs honesty, shock treatment of quiet truth. One side.

T17 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 14:00 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, January ?, 1963. Sermon topic: "Marks of a Backslider;" conditions of "early retirement" from vital Christian life. One side.

T18 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 12:35 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, February 24, 1963. Sermon topic: "Faith to Move Mountains;" removal of interior mountains makes it possible to act as if God existed. One side.

T19 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 13:30 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, March 3, 1963. Sermon topic: "Jesus' Temptation and Ours;" match means and ends in successful Christian life. One side.

T20 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 12:55 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, March 10, 1963. Sermon topic: "God and Reconciliation;" pride only in Christ allows Christians common ground for reconciliation and understanding. One side.

T21 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 13:15 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker,March 17, 1963. Sermon topic: "Jesus and Zaccheus;" reach for the worst to let Christ's power change people. One side.

T22 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 13:15 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, March 24, 1963, 1963. Sermon topic: "Optimism and Pessimism, Pagan and Christian;" Christian optimism is founded on God's reality, not wishful thinking. One side.

T23 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 13:55 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, March 31, 1963. Sermon topic: "Broken by Choice or Crushed by Fate;" self-will is broken by choice when Christian option is chosen. One side.

T24 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 13:40 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, April 21, 1963. Sermon topic: "Relish;" fresh excitement and creativity come from Christ's stream of power to awaken the dull and mundane. One side.

T25 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 13:15 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, April 28, 1963. Sermon topic: "What is Christian Conversion?"; God breaks through all levels of man's nature to make basic changes. One side.

T26 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 13:50 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, June 23, 1963. Sermon topic: "Five Kinds of Forgiveness;" believing and accepting forgiveness includes honesty with God about forgiving Him. One side.

T27 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 14:30 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, October 13, 1963. Sermon topic: "Meaning for Life;" nihilism, atheism have no answers to evil, man's professions limited to processes, speculations; only Christ explains the world. One side.

T28 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 14:30 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, November 10, 1963 (posthumous). Sermon topic: "Our Two Selves;" saint/devil in each man requires honesty, discrimination of real and false to conquer pride, self-will. One side.

T29 - Reel-to-reel, 7-1/2 speed, 14:50 minutes. Recording from radio broadcast, Faith At Work, by Shoemaker, November 17, 1963 (posthumous). Sermon topic: "What Is Humility?"; all abilities from God, recognition of which saves from false, self-centered inferiority. One side.

T30 - Reel-to-reel, 3-3/4 speed, about 55 minutes. Anglican Fellowship of Prayer Conference, Calvary Episcopal Church, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, n.d. Address by Shoemaker; conversion needed for prayer of our desires to acceptance of God as senior partner in cooperation. Guidelines for group prayer, dangers for and implementation of groups. One side.

T31 - Reel-to-reel, 3-3/4 speed. Tape is a copy of P1-3. P1: "National Moral Defense," radio address by Shoemaker, June 25, 1940, about 15 minutes. Christian responsibility to face facts, conquer personal fear, set aside individualistic needs, listen to God for learning and all behavior, face future with confident faith (poor quality recording). P2: Travel session with Lorraine Sherwood and Shoemaker, October 20, 1951, about 15 minutes. Interview discussing Shoemaker's travels to Maryland and the eastern shore, Niagara Falls, campuses; advantages of train travel; reactions of students; brief history of Calvary Episcopal Church, New York. P3: "Message of the Great Seal of the United States," radio address by Shoemaker, n.d., about 10 minutes. God needed at apex of all society for true government; citizens need honesty, acknowledgement of need for God's help, each to begin with self for stable confident society (poor quality recording).





LOCATION RECORD
Accession: 82-106
Type of material: Books

The following items have been given to the BGC LIBRARY.


The Book of Common Prayer, together with The Psalter (New York: The University Press, 1892).

The Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America. The Hymnal, Revised and Enlarged (New York: The University Press, 1892).

The New Covenant, commonly called The New Testament of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, Newly edited. Standard edition (New York: Thomas Nelson and Sons, 1900).

Shoemaker, Samuel Moor. Beginning Your Ministry (New York, Evanston, and London: Harper and Row, 1963).

. By the Power of God (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1954).

. How to Become a Christian (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1953).

. How You Can Find Happiness (New York: E.P. Dutton and Company, Inc., 1947).





STRONG>LOCATION RECORD
Accession: 82-106

Type of material: Phonograph Records


The following items are located in the PHONO RECORD FILE. Request by the P# at the beginning of each entry below.

P1 - Radio recording of address, "National Moral Defense," by Shoemaker; June 25, 1940. About 15 minutes. See T31 for content. Record may not be used.

P2 - Radio recording of travel session interview with Lorraine Sherwood, Shoemaker. October 20, 1951. About 15 minutes. See T31 for content. Record may not be used.

P3 - Radio recording of address, "Message of the Great Seal of the United States," by Shoemaker; n.d. About 10 minutes. See T31 for content. Record may not be used.





LOCATION RECORD
Accession: 82-106

Type of material: Photographs

The following items are located in the PHOTO FILE. Request by the boldfaced folder titles at the beginning of each entry below.


SHOEMAKER, SAMUEL MOOR. Includes pictures of Shoemaker with Harry Golden, Bishop Austin Pardue, and Billy Graham, Jerry Beavan, and Sidney Lovett. Also, Shoemaker with ministerial students from Calvary Episcopal Church, New York, and Shoemaker with Pittsburgh study groups.





CONTAINER LIST
Box Folder Item
Appointment Books
1 1 1907-1908
1 2 1909-1910 (?)
1 3 1911-1912
1 4 1913, 1921
1 5 1922-1924
1 6 1925-1927
1 7 1928-1930
2 1 1931-1933
2 2 1934-1936
2 3 1937-1939
2 4 1940-1942
2 5 1943-1945
2 6 1946-1948
2 7 1949-1951
2 8 1952-1954
2 9 1955-1958
Magazine articles
3 1 1958, n.d.
3 2 1959
3 3 1960
3 4 1961
Newspaper clippings
3 5 1957, 1958
3 6 1959
3 7 1960
3 8 1961
3 9 Pamphlet: Diocese of New York; 1949
3 10 Programs: 1958-1961



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Last Revised: 3/2/01
Expiration: indefinite