Billy Graham Center
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Interview with Horst Marquardt - Collection 216


[Note: What follows is a description of the documents in this collection which are available for use at BGC Archives in Wheaton, Illinois, USA. The actual documents are not, in most cases, available online, only this description of them. Nor are they available for sale or rent. Some or all of this collection can be borrowed through interlibrary loan. ]

Table of Contents

Brief Description of This Collection

Title Page and Restrictions

Biography of Horst Marquardt

An Essay on the Contents of the Collection (Scope and Content)

List of Audio Tapes in This Collection (Location Records)


Brief Description.
Oral history interview in which Marquardt discusses his childhood in Germany under the Nazi government, his work for the Communist party in east Germany, his conversion to Christianity, and his career as director of Evangeliums-Rundfunk, the German branch of Trans World Radio.

Collection 216 [March 23, 2000]
Marquardt, Horst; 1929-
Interview; 1982

1 Reel of Audio Tape

Restrictions

There are no restrictions on the use of this collection.


Biography

Horst Marquardt was born to Christian parents in Berlin, Germany, in 1929. He was four years old when Hitler came to power in Germany. When he was ten, his parents moved to Breslau, the capital of the province Silesia (Silesia became a part of Poland after World War II and Breslau became known by its Polish name of Wroclaw). He received his grade school education in Breslau and joined the Hitler Youth. He was fifteen when the Russian armies occupied the Breslau area. His mother and brother fled, but he joined a para-military corps designed to protect the city. Marquardt escaped from Breslau just prior to its being closed, and was one of the last to get out before the city was nearly destroyed. He met his family in mid-Germany and there completed his public school education.

With the fall of Hitler, Marquardt attached himself to the victors in East Germany, and soon joined the Communist Party, working as a journalist on the Party's behalf. He was converted to Christianity through the private reading of a New Testament; after his conversion, he realized he could not continue in the employ of the Party, and left his position to take a job with a Methodist congregation in Berlin. He later studied theology in Frankfurt and was ordained as a minister, working in Berlin and Vienna.

While he was studying in Vienna, the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 occurred, and Marquardt was heavily involved in relief work for the refugees that came into Austria. In the late 1950s, he was given an opportunity to utilize his long-standing interest in radio when he was invited to join a group of men endeavoring to form a German branch of the newly-established Voice of Tangiers (now known as Trans World Radio). This German branch of TWR was officially founded under the name Evangeliums-Rundfunk (which translates "Gospel Radio"), and Marquardt became its director.

Marquardt and his wife Irene were the parents of four children: Christiane, Ulrich, Susanne, and Bettina. They were members of the Evangelical Methodist Church, where Horst served on several national boards. He authored three books: Tips for Radioprediges, Wer Bin Ich, Herr?, and Sprache der Graber. He founded and served as chairman of IDEA, the Information Service of the Evangelical Alliance in West Germany.


Scope and Content

Horst Marquardt was interviewed in his suite at Fischer Dormitory, Wheaton College, by Galen R. Wilson on May 26, 1982. The events described in the interview cover the time period 1929 to 1982. Time elapsed in minutes and seconds is recorded to the left of the topics discussed in the interview.

T1 - side 1
00:00 Beginning of tape
00:30 Introduction
01:00 Personal background: birth, parents
01:45 Childhood during Hitler era; involvement with Hitler "youth movement"; Russian invasion and collapse of Third Reich
05:15 Russian anti-fascist propaganda
06:45 Marquardt's home and upbringing
08:00 Early career in East German radio network and communist propaganda; his early misgivings about communism
10:45 Christian conversion; early days of his Christianity
13:00 He resigns journalism post with communist party; begins work with Methodist Church in Berlin
15:15 First ideas of putting radio to evangelism work in Europe
16:15 Seminary (theological study) career
18:15 Pastorate in West Berlin; opportunities for radio work in 1950s to the present
21:15 Diversity in theological views
22:00 Paul Freed heads American initiative for short wave radio evangelism in Tangiers, 1954
24:45 Voice of Tangiers (Trans World Radio)--early days
25:45 Beginnings of German branch of TWR: Evangeliums-Rundfunk
29:00 Problems in planning schedule to fill available radio time
32:15 Radio education of German ministers
36:15 Fund raising in European radio compared to that in the United States
39:30 Early 1970s: beginning of broadcasting in other languages
43:00 Relationship between Evangeliums-Rundfunk and Trans World Radio
44:45 End of tape

T1 - side 2
00:00 Beginning of tape
00:05 Overlap from side 1
00:30 Continuation of side 1
02:30 Marquardt's personal philosophy of Evangelical radio work
03:45 Child evangelism
06:30 Case studies: listener response and conversion stories
15:30 Break in interview
22:00 Continuation of interview
22:15 Government regulations in Germany governing use of radio
22:30 Evangeliums-Rundfunk programming
25:00 More stories of individuals' coming to Christ through radio, etc.
33:00 Connections with Billy Graham: 1960--Nuremburg and Hamburg; Hour of Decision; Euro '70
37:30 Marquardt's comments on Graham's 1982 visit to the Soviet Union
40:45 Relief work in Hungary
43:45 End of tape

T1 - side 3
00:00 Beginning of tape
00:05 Overlap from side 2
00:15 Continuation of side 2
01:00 Social responsibility in radio work
03:15 Relief work that is uniquely Christian
07:00 Lausanne Continuation Committee
08:00 Radio as an evangelism tool
10:15 End of tape

Provenance

This tape was given to the Archives by Horst Marquardt in May 1982.

Accession 82-79
October 13, 1982
Gerald P. Lynch
G. Wilson


LOCATION RECORD
Accession 82-79
Type of material: Audio Tape

The following items are located in the AUDIO TAPE FILE. Request by the T# at the beginning of each entry below.

T1 - Reel-to-reel, 3-3/4 ips speed, approximately 90 minutes. Two sides. Interview with Horst Marquardt, director of Evangeliums-Rundfunk, by Galen R. Wilson, May 26, 1982.


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Last Revised: 9/05/02
Expiration: indefinite