Billy Graham Center

James Herbert and Winnifred Mary (Shepherd) Kane - Collection 182

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Table of Contents

Brief Description of This Collection

Title Page and Restrictions

Biography of James Herbert and Winnifred Mary (Shepherd) Kane

An Essay on the Contents of the Collection (Scope and Content)

Other Information Which Will be Helpful to Anyone Using This Guide

    Appendix 1 - Kane/Sheppherd Families
    Appendix 2 - Calendar of Correspondence
Lists of Audio Tapes, Books, and Periodicals in This Collection

    Audio Tapes

List of the Contents of Boxes of Paper Records in This Collection


Transcript 1

Transcript 2

Transcript 3

Brief Description.
Correspondence, speeches, articles, lecture notes, and oral history interviews with each of the Kanes and a second interview with Herbert Kane relating to their careers in China with China Inland Mission from 1935-1950, and Herbert's subsequent work as a writer about and professor of missions. Interviews were recorded in 1982 and 1987. For more information, please see guide.

Collection 182
[September 13,2004]
Kane, James Herbert; 1910-1988, and Winnifred Mary; 1912-1983
Papers; 1934-1976, 1982, 1987, n.d.
4 Boxes (DC; 1.65 cubic feet), Audio Tapes, Books, Periodicals


There are no restrictions on the use of this collection.



James Herbert Kane was born in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, on April 25, 1910. His parents, Robert and Ada (McCleave) Kane, had recently been won to Christ by a missionary on furlough, and they dedicated Herbert, their second child, in the Montreal Plymouth Brethren Assembly. Herbert himself became a Christian at the age of fourteen through the ministry of a Brethren evangelist and began studying the Bible via correspondence courses published by Moody Bible Institute in Chicago. During his teen years, he was involved in Christian work in Sunday School, teaching, open-air meetings, house-to-house visitation, tract distribution, and personal witnessing.

During his young adulthood in Montreal, Kane felt the call to missionary work in China through reading the periodical China's Millions, and books Borden of Yale '09 and Life and Work of Hudson Taylor, all published by China Inland Mission. On July 30, 1932, he was married to Winnifred Mary Shepherd, and a month later the couple commenced three years' schooling in Moody Bible Institute's missions course, graduating in April, 1935. From MBI, the Kanes went to China Inland Mission's candidate school for three weeks, after which they were accepted for service in China. Before departing for China, they transferred church membership to the Onward Gospel Church in Verdun, Quebec, where Winnifred had been reared; this congregation helped support them throughout their mission years.

In September, 1935, the Kanes traveled from their native Montreal to Vancouver by train and then via ocean liner to Shanghai, where they arrived at the end of that month. After intensive language study at the CIM school in Hwaining [new spelling, Huaning], Anhwei [new spelling, Anhui] province, the Kanes were assigned in April, 1936, to the CIM mission in another Anhui city, Fowyang, [new spelling, Fuyang] "one of the largest and most spiritually prosperous stations in the whole mission." Herbert's principal work was a Bible Conference ministry in the 150 rural churches in the country surrounding Fuyang. In the fall of 1936, the Kanes traveled to Shanghai seeking a hospital where Winnifred could safely have her appendix removed, after which they returned to Fuyang. A tonsillectomy for Herbert necessitated another trip to Shanghai in the fall of 1937, and the opening of hostilities at that time between China and Japan (the Sino-Japanese War) precluded Winnifred's returning to Fuyang with her husband. Herbert continued CIM work in Fuyang under the constant, imminent threat of war, and Winnifred, meanwhile, gave birth to a son, Gordon Stanley, on April 3, 1938, in Shanghai.

Six weeks later, Japan bombed Fuyang, and missionary evacuation from that city reunited the Kanes in Shanghai. Again, in autumn, 1938, Herbert went back to Fuyang, where he stayed the winter. In March, 1939, he traveled to Shanghai, and brought his wife and son "home" to Fuyang. Douglas Nelson, their second son, was born at Fuyang February 12, 1940. (A third son, Norman David, was born in America, October 31, 1954.) The Kanes continued in the city through bombings by Japan in February, July, and August, 1941; they remained there when furlough was past due since World War II had cut off the possibility of ocean travel. The family left Fuyang in the fall of 1944, only to be stranded in India several months until the close of the war opened the way home.

In September, 1946, the Kanes sailed for China, this time via the Atlantic, Mediterra-nean, Red Sea, and Indian Ocean. They enrolled Stanley and Douglas in the CIM school at Shanghai and in December returned to Fuyang to resume the mission work there. Again, civil unrest plagued the area, this time from the Communist-Nationalist China civil war. When Herbert and Winnifred took a vacation in the summer of 1947, they carefully stowed their valuables in hopes of fooling marauders. In November of that year, Fuyang fell to the Communists and CIM evacuated its missionaries. Winnifred departed for Shanghai immediately; Herbert's last view of Fuyang was in April, 1948, following the Communist recapture of the city. The family was reunited in Kuling, Kiangsi [new spelling, Jiangzi] province, where Winnifred and the boys had been since January, when the CIM school abandoned Shanghai for that mountain resort.

Kane was reassigned to Wuhu, Anhui province, and in December, 1948, Winnifred was released from her duties at the Kuling school and joined him there. Wuhu fell to the Communist troops in April, 1949, and the Kanes remained in that city for some months, endeavoring to continue their missionary work. By 1950, they felt that Communist restrictions were wholly negating their missionary effort; the Kanes arrived at this conclusion before the CIM director did and, unable to convince the latter of the hopelessness of the situation, they were forced to resign from CIM before they could prepare to leave China. This they did in July, 1950, and they left China in October, arriving in San Francisco in December.

From January through August, 1951, Herbert Kane was interim pastor of the Onward Gospel Church in Quebec, the church which had supported them in the mission field. In September, the family moved to Providence, Rhode Island, where Herbert joined the faculty of Providence Bible Institute (later Barrington College) as an instructor in missions and New Testament; he also served as associate dean of men. Winnifred spent part of their twelve years at Barrington as associate dean of women. In September, 1963, the Kanes moved to Lancaster, Pennsylvania, where Herbert was Director of Missions at Lancaster Bible College; Winnifred served as registrar, director of Christian service, and coordinator of off-campus employment at the college. The Kanes capped their professional careers at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School in Deerfield, Illinois, where Herbert taught in the School of World Mission and Evangelism from 1967 to 1980, while Winnifred was in charge of the library reserve desk at the school. In August, 1980, the Kanes retired to Oxford, Ohio.

Herbert Kane received a B.A. from Barrington College in 1954, an M.A. from Brown University in 1960, and an L.H.D. from Barrington College in 1971. He was presented with Moody Bible Institute's Alumnus of the Year award in 1981. During his tenure at Trinity, he served as president of three mission organizations: the Association of Evangelical Professors of Mission (AEPM), the Midwest Fellowship of the AEPM, and the American Society of Missiology. His articles appeared in Moody Monthly, Christianity Today, Missiology, Eternity, and Evangelical Missions Quarterly. His books included: Twofold Growth (CIM, 1946), Faith Mighty Faith (IFMA, 1956), The Progress of World-wide Missions (Harper, 1960), A Global View of Christian Missions (Baker, 1975), Christian Missions in Biblical Perspective (Baker, 1976), A Concise History of the Christian World Mission (Baker, 1978), Life and Work on the Mission Field (Baker, 1980), and The Christian World Mission: Today and Tomorrow (Baker, 1981).

NOTE: In the Scope and Content description, the notation "folder 2-5" means box 2, folder 5.]

Scope andContent

Collection 182 consists of the following kinds of written records: correspondence; articles, address and interview texts; lecture notes; Herbert Kane's master's thesis and some of the research materials he used in writing it; runs of China-related periodicals; newspaper clippings; news releases; and interviews with Dr. and Mrs. Kane. Each type of material will be expanded upon below.


The correspondence (folders 1-34 through 3-2 and 4-5) is more fully dealt with in a calendar which follows in Appendix 2 of this guide. The Kane letters, written wholly to family members at home in Quebec, document the Kanes' mission work from the time of their departure in 1935 through their arrival in California from China in 1950. There is no correspondence from March, 1945, to July, 1946, during which time the Kanes were home on furlough. It is evident from the correspondence that not all of the letters written are extant in this collection. For instance, some letters written in June, 1947, concerning the Communist occupation of Fuyang, China, are referred to in other missives, but are themselves missing.

Often the letters were written over several days' time. Such letters appear in the calendar under the earliest date noted. Recipients of the letters are not noted in the calendar, unless there are two of the same date. Many one-page notes with minimal informational value, which were enclosed in longer letters to the family in general, have not been separately noted. One interesting aspect of the earlier correspondence is the overlapping which occurs when Herbert and Winnifred Kane each report the same incidents, affording readers two separate views.

Fellow missionaries frequently mentioned in the correspondence, but not often in conjunction with any specific item worthy of calendaring, are Carl and Anne Glittenberg, George and Ruth Steed, Ruth Nowack, Gordon Dunn, Marvin Dunn, and Mr. and Mrs. Alexander Mair. Also continuously mentioned in the 1935 and 1936 correspondence are language teachers Mr. Yien and Mr. Wong.

Circular letters (folders 3-1 and 3-2) were prepared for mass distribution to the Kanes' prayer partners in North America and elsewhere. Their style is different from the personal correspondence, for obvious reasons; they describe in capsule form what the family letters discuss in great detail. It should be noted that Circular Letter #13, dated February 18, 1949, was never sent out, according to the family correspondence of that year.

Correspondence from the 1970s (folder 4-5) includes an overview of non-Caucasian membership of Overseas Missionary Fellowship (OMF), and a letter from Senator Mark Hatfield regarding revised CIA regulations for the use of missionaries as information sources. Also contained in the folder are address lists of CIM alumni and OMF personnel in the United States and an OMF position paper regarding spiritual gifts and their use, particularly in regards to speaking in tongues. Note: All the items in this folder were found in books donated by the Kanes to the BGC Library (now Evangelism & Missions Collection of the Wheaton College Archives & Special Collections.

Articles, Addresses, Interviews

The second type of record in this collection is the texts of addresses (folders 1-1 to 1-5), articles (folders 1-6 to 1-33), and interviews (folder 3-8). The addresses and articles will be considered in this guide as a unit; in some cases (eg. folders 1-11 and 1-13) it is questionable whether a text was intended for speech notes or as a draft for publication. They address a wide spectrum of religious issues and secular concerns. Some of the topics are:

The Bible Box 1, folders 2,6
China Box 1, folders 8,9,10,12,13,25,33
Christian Education Box 1, folders 5,23,29
Christian Living Box 1, folders 4,11,19
Communism Box 1, folders 9,10,12,13,25,33
India Box 1, folder 24
Missions Box 1, folders 3,6,8,10,12,20,21,22,23,24,25,30,31,32
Politics Box 1, folders 1,3,9,10,11,12,13,18,22,25,33
Theology Box 1, folders 4,7,14,15,16,17,26,27,28

Special note is given to the following addresses/articles. Folder 1-4 is a series of radio (?) addresses for the New Life Hour, all on the subject of witnessing, using Acts 1:8 as a text. Folder 1-5 appears to be the keynote address for a leadership workshop. Folder 1-6 concerns Bible translation and the American Bible Society. Folder 1-12 contains a chapter from "a new book to be published at Moody [Press]"; it is heavily edited and annotated by the Kanes' son, Douglas, who became an economist in the employ of the Illinois state government. Folder 1-24 is a research paper prepared for a class at Brown University, where Herbert Kane received his M.A.

The two interviews (folder 3-8) both concern missions. One was conducted for radio station WNAC in Boston and the other for the Lancaster School of the Bible in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, when Kane was a member of the faculty there.

Lecture Notes, etc.

This series of records (box 3, folders 3 through 7 and 9 through 11) concern Kane's career as a professor of missions. While he taught at Barrington College, Lancaster College of the Bible, and Trinity Evangelical Divinity School in the course of his career, the only school specifically noted in the material as being the scene of the lectures is Trinity.

Folders 3-3 through 3-6 concern a class taught at Trinity, "Missions and the Ecumenical Movement." Topics included in the lecture notes, lecture outlines, and background articles and clippings are:

World Missionary Conference, Edinburgh, 1910

International Missionary Council (IMC)

IMC 1st World Assembly, Jerusalem, 1928

IMC Ghana Conference, 1957-58

Whitby (Ontario) Missionary Conference, 1947

Willengen Missionary Conference, 1952

Faith and Order Movement

Life and Work Movement

World Council of Churches (WCC)

National Council of Churches (NCC)

Roman Catholicism/Vatican II

WCC General Assembly, Uppsala, Sweden, 1968

Cooperation among evangelicals

Church of Christ Uniting (COCU)

United Bible Societies

Student Christian Movement

Ecumenism in Protestant missions

Ecumenism in the Roman Catholic Church

International Council of Christian Churches (ICCC)

Church Union Movement

Intermission conferences of the nineteenth century

Church of South India (a union formed from six previously independent denominations)


Southern Presbyterian (PCUS) possible merger with the Reformed Church

Overseas Missionary Fellowship and ecumenism

Visser 'T Hooft

E. Stanley Jones

Church of England

Arthur P. Johnston: addresses to WCC general assemblies, Bangkok, 1973, and Nairobi, 1975

Mission Executives Retreat, Winona Lake, 1967

WCC "Faith and Order Conference," Montreal, 1963

Faith missions

World Methodist Council

Folder 3-7 contains a syllabus for an independent study on the history of missions. While entitled a syllabus, it is in fact a textbook which brings together notes and articles on the history of Christian missions from the first century to the present day, following this order of themes: Rome; Europe; clash with Islam; Roman Catholicism; origin of Protestant missions; expansion of the same in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries; and contemporary mission endeavor in Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Indonesia, Philippines, China, Taiwan, Japan, Korea, the Middle East, Africa, South America, Central America, Oceania, and Europe.

An historical synopsis of Islam is the topic of folder 3-9; it includes copies of Evangelical Mission Information Service's publication Muslim World Pulse. Folder 3-10 concerns a course taught at Trinity on "Missionary Public Relations and Administration," which covered how missionaries should package their programs when reporting for newspaper/ magazine publicity, for speaking engagements, and for government relations. It included the topic of evangelical missions' relations to American foreign policy, colonial governments, sovereign foreign governments, the Roman Catholic Church, and each other. Another Trinity course was "Missions in a Revolutionary Age" (folder 3-11); it covered missions with respect to colonialism, nationalism, communism, and third-world developing nations. Individual case studies were made of China and the Soviet Union. Attention was also given to the question of whether humanization or salvation was the goal of mission work.

Master's Thesis

This consists of J. Herbert Kane's master's thesis and some of the research materials he used in writing it. The thesis, The Protestant Church in Communist China, 1949-1958, was completed in 1960 and presented to Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island. The Archives' copy of this book was Kane's personal copy and is available in the Rare Book Room of the Graham Center Library (see Location Record: Books).

China-related Periodicals

Also transferred to the Library were significant runs of China-related periodicals. China Bulletin was published by the Far Eastern Joint Office, Division of Foreign Missions, National Council of Christian Churches, U.S.A. It was edited by Francis P. Jones. This set of issues is nearly complete from late 1951 to the last issue published in June, 1962 (when it was replaced by China Notes), a total of 218 issues extant in this collection. Another periodical transferred to the library is The Canadian Far Eastern Newsletter

(twenty-one scattered issues, 1953 to 1962). This was edited by James G. Endicott and was published at Toronto. Endicott, one-time evangelical missionary to China, became very bitter against missions, which he perceived to be thinly-veiled imperialism.

Other materials which remain with the Archives are in box 4 of the collection. Folder 4-1 contains four Chinese paperbound books, with titles roughly translated as follows:

New Democracy, New Times Study Series, Vol. 1

The People, the Political Association, and Three Important Documents, New Times Study Series, Vol. 3

What is the United Battlefront? New Times Study Series, Vol. 7

The International View of Today's Mainland China. Overseas Publishers

[Taiwan], December, 1956.

Newspaper Clippings

Folder 4-2 contains newspaper clippings concerning the Church in China, 1957, a typescript report by Rev. R. Sommerville about his impressions of the Protestant Church in China gathered during his 1956 visit to China as part of the New Zealand Cultural Group, and two news releases from New China News Agency, London. Folder 4-3 contains pamphlets entitled:

"Christianity in Free China (Formosa)" by Hollington K. Tong

"What is Ahead for China?" by Hollington K. Tong

"New China as we Saw It" by Homer G. and Muriel J. Brown, 1956.

"The Impact of the October Revolution of 1917 on the International Missionary Movement" by James G. Endicott

"Report of the Japanese Christian Delegation to China" by Walter Freytag

"How Red China Tortures Protestant and Catholic Missionaries" by Francis Cardinal Spellman

"Quakers Visit China" by members of the British Quaker Museum

News Releases

Folder 4-4 consists of eleven "news releases" by Thomas I. Lee, former missionary and now private citizen of Minnesota. These mimeographed releases are addressed "To friends interested in the Christian Church in China," and include translations of many articles published in Peking in the Spiritual Food Quarterly (Wang Ming Tao, editor) and The New Church, a periodical published in Hankow. The issues covered are relations between the Communist state and the Protestant Church and how the Church was forced to acquiesce in government policies. The Geneva Conference of 1954 is discussed in its relation to the Church. Thomas I. Lee was a missionary under the Evangelical Lutheran Church to China 1924-27, 1929-38, and 1945-49. He severed connections with the Evangelical Lutherans in 1955 at their request when his insistence on speaking publically concerning China was held to be embarrassing and potentially dangerous to the Church.

Oral History Interviews

J. Herbert (#T1) and Winnifred M. (#T2) Kane were interviewed by Galen R. Wilson at the Billy Graham Center, April 20, 1982. J. Herbert Kane (#T3) was interviewed by Craig Alexander on November 11, 1987. The time period covered by the interviews is 1932-1950. The column to the left of the topics records the approximate time elapsed from the beginning of the tape. The indexes are keyed to the cassette copies and not to the reel-to-reel original.

Tape #T1 - Side 1 (Click to link to the transcript of this tape)

00:00 Introduction to interview of April 20, 1982

00:15 Bible Conference ministry description--three-day annual events for outstations in Fuyang district

06:45 Separate seating of men and women in churches; description of Fuyang church physically and spiritually

08:45 Chinese propriety concerning segregation of sexes

09:30 Kanes walk to church separately to avoid offending Chinese custom; several examples of adjusting own customs to avoid offense--especially in dress

13:45 Ruth Nowack's experience of returning to Fuyang after furlough wearing Western dress

15:00 No great sacrifice in giving up some customs

15:45 Herbert and Winnifred Kane forego a goodbye embrace in public so as not to offend

17:15 Rural churches: pulpit supply in dearth of ordained clergy--lay preachers and leaders; description of rural church buildings

21:00 Spiritual fervor of rural churches; reading classes in phonetic script; real Bible teaching is the province of missionaries; lack of erudition in local weekly rural services

25:30 Baptisms and communion at annual conferences

26:00 Watchman Nee and Little Flock: Kane discusses what happened in other provinces between Little Flock and CIM; Anhui province largely untouched; Watchman Nee and association with Plymouth Brethren

28:45 "Jesus Family"--charismatic sect; Kane discusses outstations' conflicts with this sect although there was not any direct conflict in Fuyang.

30:15 Rearing children in China; m.k. schools; the Kanes' effort to paint the best picture of CIM school experience so that their sons will look forward to going

34:15 Comparison of education two older sons received in China to that which their youngest son received in the United States

36:45 Closeness of family preserved even through physical separation; quality of time together; Christmas holidays spent together

39:45 Missionary children learn independence early; value of regimentation in m.k. school; achievements of m.k.s--they go largely into the professions rather than business; Kane tells what their sons are doing now

44:30 Bishop Frank Houghton

46:45 CIM China director John R. Sinton

48:15 Political situation in China, 1940s; reasons why CIM leaders in Shanghai did not realize severity of situation until long after Fuyang missionaries did; Houghton's difficulty in believing that God could allow Chiang Kai-Shek to be defeated by Communists

52:00 Experiences of staying on field during Communist takeover

52:45 Difficulty in watching ministry close in Fuyang; Herbert and Winnifred Kane separate voluntarily to keep the work alive as long as possible; memories of last time he saw Fuyang.

55:15 No contact with Fuyang after leaving China--because it would be too risky for Chinese to receive mail from a missionary

56:45 Kane's arrest in Wuhu--description of interrogation

59:45 End of side one

Tape #T1 - Side 2

00:00 Beginning of side 2

00:00 The "Manifesto" of May, 1950--how it came about, pros and cons of it, history of Christian church's relations with Chinese government, facts used to paint a black picture of missionary motives. Difficulties in trying to keep relations with Chinese Christian friends when they would be incriminated by association with missionaries

08:30 Relief of Chinese Christians when missionaries withdrew--largely misinterpreted both in China and in the West

10:15 End of interview

Tape #T2 - Side 1 (Click to link to the transcript of this tape)

00:00 Introduction to interview of April 20, 1982

00:30 Moody Bible Institute--getting an education during the Depression; jobs, etc.

02:30 Chinese church services--description of lack of decorum

04:30 Giving up bits of own culture to be an effective missionary; husband-wife relationship in public; going separately to church and not conversing in public

06:45 Older missionaries give hints and tips concerning what is acceptable and what is not in Chinese custom; examples of mistakes and unintentional breaches of propriety; care to be used in avoiding a wrong impression

09:45 Reasons for choosing China as a mission field

12:00 Recent deaths of John and Betty Stam no deterrent to their going

13:30 Language school; women's school separate from men's in accordance with Chinese custom

15:00 Madam Chiang at Kuling, 1948

16:15 Chiang Kai-shek's relations with CIM

17:30 Missionary children

19:00 Chefoo School operated by CIM [later moved to Kuling]--quality of education, dedication of teachers

21:00 Faculty of school--headmaster Stanley Houghton; list of several teachers; Mrs. Kane discusses own experiences as matron at Kuling

22:00 Preparing selves and children for the break coming when children went to school--they tell children this is THEIR contribution to the mission work, and describe the opportunities for fun there; acknowledgement that separation from children was the one real sacrifice they made for the mission work

24:45 Experiences as a matron at Kuling school, especially how she saw children adjusting to the new environment away from home; keeping close ties via mail; enclosures in letters

27:00 Stanley Kane's run-ins with a bully at school

28:15 Stanley Houghton--description of him and how he dealt with children at school

29:15 Children's relations with teachers at CIM school

30:15 Special opportunities she had to be a mother to her sons while they were all together at Kuling

31:15 Separation from husband Herbert: "when you do it for the Lord's sake, He takes care of it." She compares their own separations to those of Rudolph Bosshardt and Arnolis Hayman and their wives

34:30 Jail evangelism not the most fruitful of their ministries

35:15 The fruitful ministries: (1) evangelism done by Chinese in bands, (2) an old woman with bound feet who walked all over countryside telling the gospel, (3) Bible Conference ministry, (4) phonetics school which enables Chinese to read the Bible. Chinese do the evangelistic work, and the missionaries do the teaching

38:00 United Nations relief supplies distributed through missionaries

40:15 Case studies of home visitation

42:00 Husband-wife relations among Chinese; response to love from missionaries always excellent

43:15 Communists come to Fuyang; reasons for her evacuation--they do not wish to leave children orphans

44:15 Soldiers come into Kanes' home in Fuyang during occupation

46:00 Wuhu: conditions for mission work decline after Communist occupation; missionaries become an embarrassment to local church

49:15 No word at all from Christian friends since coming home in 1950; desire to go back to China IF they could go to old haunts; recent bits of information about Fuyang area--lots of house-churches operating

52:30 Difficulties in leaving China and in giving up the work; joy in recent word that the work did not die

55:45 End of interview

Tape #T3 - Side 1 (Click to link to the transcript of this tape)

00:00 Beginning of tape

00:15 Introduction to interview of September 11, 1987

00:45 Policy of CIM for the work in China; Sino-Japanese War; neutrality of CIM

02:15 History of upheavals in China; exposure of missionaries during upheavals; policy to stay no matter what happened

04:15 The Kanes' return to China in fall of 1946 after World War II; 400 missionaries returned to China on one ship

05:00 Expectations of missionaries after war; Nationalists and Chiang Kai-Shek's unification of China

07:00 City of Fuyang, where Kane's were working, falls to Communists for the first time six months after their return

08:00 Communists take over, set up "soviets"

09:15 Poor people strip public buildings at behest of Communist guerrillas; Nationalists return and seek to punish poor people; Kane intervenes with mayor on behalf of the poor people

10:30 Fuyang falls to the Communists a second time who stay for six days; strip rich people of everything they own and give it to the poor people

12:15 Purpose for being in China was to help people; people changed by Christianity made good citizens. Communists claimed they had the same purpose but were much faster

16:45 Chinese Nationalists never fought to keep Fuyang. U.S. gave many gifts to Chiang Kai-Shek but could not give knowledge nor will to fight

18:45 Communists take Fuyang for the third time and set up government there.

20:00 CIM policy during Chinese civil war: "We are going to stay." CIM's work confined to China so they had no retreat outside of that country

21:15 Bishop Frank Houghton's belief that God would not permit Chiang Kai-Shek to be defeated by Mao Tse-tung; Houghton's illness; leadership of John Sinton

23:00 Feeling of missionaries toward CIM policy. Concern about two month separation from children at school in Kuling caused by civil war

25:15 Start of the Korean Conflict; affect on missionaries; battles on the Yalu River

27:00 Reasons the Kanes left China: U.S. number one enemy to Communists; local Chinese Christians ask American missionaries to leave

31:15 Christian work was stopped; "Singing Standing on the Promises while sitting on the premises." Consequences of missionary visit to Chinese churches, homes; Christian Manifesto, Three-Self Patriotic Movement

33:00 Isolation of CIM headquarters; reasons for their resignation; reasons for CIM withdrawal from China just two months after Kanes' resignation

36:00 CIM withdrawal for financial, not political, reasons. Money frozen in bank due to Korean Conflict

42:00 Search teams sent to other countries to continue CIM work elsewhere; gift from Sudan Interior Mission; decision to work with Chinese in other Asian countries

45:15 All missions pulled out when money gave out. Communists against religion, which resulted of loss of people; story of planting opium in Pastor Chung's pillow, his arrest and disappearance

47:00 Explanation of comity arrangement between various mission organizations

48:00 Reputation of missionaries in China

50:00 End of side one

Tape #T3 - Side 2

00:00 Beginning of tape

00:05 Overlap from side one

04:15 Reputation of the Christian church in Fuyang

05:15 Nature of Chinese in North China: honest, open, and friendly

06:00 Work among Muslims most difficult. Mission work among peasants difficult due to their view of government

09:15 Communists win over peasants because they provide things for them: education, medical service. Communists fear intellectuals and students

12:15 Lessons derived from missionary service: establish indigenous churches; go into countries only by invitation

14:15 Difficulty of decision to leave China; guidance seen upon receipt of passage money from home church

18:30 Guidance found when individuals and teams come together; commitment to China

21:15 No hard feelings between Kanes and CIM. "Our rapport has been beautiful ever since."

21:30 End of interview



The materials in this collection were received by the Center from Dr. and Mrs. J. Herbert Kane in April 1980, April and June 1981, March and April 1982, November 1987 and March 1994.

Accession #80-54, 81-41, 81-60, 82-38, 82-39, 82-53, 87-126
November 2, 1981
Galen R. Wilson

March 18, 1982, revised
Galen R. Wilson

May 28, 1982, revised
Galen R. Wilson

February 11, 1988, revised
J. Nasgowitz

June 3, 1992, updated & revised
Janyce H. Nasgowitz
M.L. Wohlschlegel
D. Tamte-Horan

Accession #94-21
July 27, 2004, updated
Christian F. Sawyer


5190 Coolbrook Avenue

Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Robert James KANE b. Jan 7, 1897 Ada McCleave KANE b. Apr 10, 1878
d. Apr 1943 d. Oct 10, 1974
m. Jun 11, 1903
1. Wilfred Robert KANE b. Sep 15, 1904
m. Nov. 23, 1929 Jenny LOVE
2. James Herbert KANE b. Apr 25, 1910
m. Jul 30, 1932 Winnifred Mary SHEPHERD
-----1. Gordon Stanley KANE b. Apr 3, 1938
-----2. Douglas Nelson KANE b. Feb 12, 1940
-----3. Norman David KANE b. Oct 31, 1954
3. Robert Arthur KANE b. Jan 28, 1912
d. Dec. 21, 1976
4. Gordon Frederick KANE b. Nov 28, 1914
d. Dec 31, 1980
m. Apr 30, 1949 Mildred

717 Riverview

Verdun, Quebec, Canada

Thomas Frederick SHEPHERD b. Jul 28, 1881 Ethel Winnifred SHEPHERD b. Jun 11, 1885
d. Sep 1962 d. Jul 13, 1967
m. Oct 1910
1. Winnifred Mary SHEPHERD b. Jun 9, 1912
m. Jul 30, 1932 James Herbert KANE
2. Margaret May SHEPHERD b. May 10, 1914
m. Sep 13, 1941 Harry BEACHAM
3. John Edward SHEPHERD b. Feb 8, 1918
m. Margaret JOHNSTON
4. Edna Victoria SHEPHERD b. May 24, 1920
m. Kenneth ARCHIBALD
5. Hettie Irene SHEPHERD b. Jun 27, 1922
m. 1947 Allen MAGEE
6. Frances Beatrice SHEPHERD b. Oct 23, 1924
m. 1948 John MORAN




This calendar lists all of the correspondence found in Collection 182, folders 1-34 through 2-14. Abbreviations used: JHK = J. Herbert KANE, WSK = Winnifred Shepherd Kane. (Please note. The modern spellings replace the old spellings of Chinese place names mentioned in the following correspondence as follows: Chekiang = Zhejiang; Honan = Henan; Hupeh = Hubei; Hwaining = Huaning; Kiangsi = Jiangxi; Kweichow = Guizhow; Nanking = Nanjing.)

 Folder Date Place Writer Subject
1-34 1934

Jul 15

[Chicago]  WSK  Preparing to leave Chicago purchase of a car
1-34 1935


[Chicago]  WSK  Billy Sunday to speak at Moody Church; Moody Bible Institute; work at a Jewish mission.
1-34 1935 Mar 31 [Chicago]  WSK  Preparing for mission work; news of China missions.
1-34 1935

Apr 14

[Chicago]  WSK  Medical exam for mission.
1-34   1935 May 18   Toronto   WSK   Acceptance by CIM; projected departure date. 
 1-34   1935 May 23   [Toronto]   WSK   Sailing plans settled. 
 1-34   1935 Sep 1   Toronto   JHK   Sleeping in train; emotions of parting from family; worshipping in People's Church (Oswald J. Smith's church). 
 1-34   1935 Sep 3   Chapleau, ON   JHK   Difficulty in parting from family. 
 1-34 1935 Sep 4 Brandon, MB JHK [Written to Shepherd family].
1-34 1935 Sep 4 Brandon, MB JHK [Written to Kane family].
1-34 1935 Sep 5 Banff, AB JHK Train travel.
1-34 1935 Sep 6 Vancouver,BC WSK Description of Canadian Rockies.
1-34 1935 Sep 7 nr. Vancouver JHK Departing Canada. Description of ship, Heian Maru.
1-34 1935 Sep 10 On board ship JHK Description of ship; other missionaries on board; seasickness; Huey Long's assassination; missionary to Jews in Palestine; pingpong.
1-34 1935 Sep 26 Shanghai JHK Chinese river-traffic. Arrival in Shanghai; declaration of goods; language classes.
1-34 1935 Sep 27 Shanghai WSK Language study; CIM personnel; vaccinations.
1-34 1935 Oct 3 Shanghai JHK Vaccinations.
1-34 1935 Oct 7 Shanghai WSK Preaching the gospel to American Marine; JHK and WSK's new Chinese names; language school, Chinese laundry woman.
1-34   1935 Oct 12  Shanghai JHK "Door of Hope" mission; preaching to American Marine; mission evacuation of 1927; preparing to go to Huaning; reasons for packing in Chinese-style trunks.
1-34 1935 Oct 19 Huaning, Anhui WSK CIM Huaining station; water journey, Shanghai to Huaning (Yangtze River); description of Nanjing and Wuhu and Huaning; description of Chinese houses; language classes; Americans as objects of curiosity.
1-34 1935 Oct 22 Huaning JHK Purchasing medicines; evangelism among Marines; journey from Shanghai to Huaning; river travel; description of Huaning; reaction to death of MBI professor Dr. Gray
1-34 1935 Oct 25 Huaning WSK Language study; Americans as objects of curiosity; cemetery; customs; description of Huaning and defense towers left over from "Red Scare"; food; death of Dr. Gray.
1-34 1935 Nov 1 Huaning WSK Laundry; food; Chinese idea of schedules; new missionaries arrive; electricity; language classes
1-34 1935 Nov 4 Huaning JHK Dr. Gray's death; communists take over Kansu province and effect on missionaries; philosophy of letter-writing; language study.
1-34 1935 Nov 10 Huaning WSK [To sister] Loneliness in being away from home.
1-34  1935 Nov 10  Huaning WSK [To father] She tries to win him to Christ
1-34 1935 Nov 16 Huaning WSK Billy Sunday's death; Language teacher; an English missionary who wanted to go to Africa.
1-34 1935 Nov 16 Huaning JHK Weekly bath; Chinese way of heating rooms and water for bathing.
1-34 1935 Nov 23 Huaning WSK Visit to Chinese home; language teacher Mr. Yien; variety of nationalities in compound; Pickens of the "Friends of Moslems' mission; haircut.
1-34 1935 Nov 28 Huaning JHK Capture of missionaries Bosshardt and Hayman by bandits; release of Hayman; laundry.
1-34 1935 Dec 1 Huaning WSK Language study; Bosshardt/Hayman affair; mission work fares badly in Yunnan province.
1-34 1935 Dec 7 Huaning WSK An "old-fashioned Methodist" in compound; Chinese way to tell time; history/geography lesson re New Zealand; lessons in Chinese script; scarlet fever epidemic at MBI
1-34 1935 Dec 9 Huaning JHK Chinese winter. Billy Sunday's death; difficulties in mailing packages overseas; MBI scarlet fever; Communist gains in Jiangxi province; Chinese Christmas cards; Chinese grammar; lessons in script-writing.
1-34 1935 Dec 14 Huaning WSK Singing Chinese hymns; winter; 19th century Scotland revivals; volleyball & basketball; writing lessons; food; MBI scarlet fever.
1-34 1935 Dec 21 Huaning WSK Death of Robert Hockman, Abyssinia Red Cross.
1-34 1935 Dec 26 Huaning JHK Basketball injuries; Christmas.
1-34 1935 Dec 28 Huaning WSK Pu kais (Chinese bedding); Christmas decorations; dinner, gifts, entertainments. 
 2-1 1936

Jan 4

Huaning WSK Chinese church services (unintelligible to them).
2-1 1936

Jan 7

Huaning JHK Accordion; packages from home; Christmas; death of John & Betty Stam in 1934.
2-1 1936

Jan 11

Huaning WSK Mission-compound pranks; language study; Mr. Mair's experiences on field since 1907 and Chinese evangelism; acne a serious health problem in Chinese context.
2-1 1936

Jan 18

Huaning WSK Influenza; difficulty in finding onion-skin paper.
2-1 1936 Jan 19 Huaning JHK Lack of heating in bath houses & elsewhere; deck tennis; pranks; CIM finances; winter clothing, Chinese-style.
2-1 1936 Jan 25 Huaning WSK Chinese winter dress; food; Chinese New Year; language study; death of George V
2-1 1936 Feb 1 Huaning WSK Open-air evangelistic meetings; clothing customs; airplane drops leaflets re anniversary of day in 1927 when China held off Japanese troops at Shanghai; Bosshardt's torture by communists
2-1 1936 Feb 5 Huaning JHK Importance of sports diversions; snowball fight; language tests.
2-1 1936 Feb 8 Huaning WSK MBI scarlet fever; language study; reading secular literature; Chinese laundry; haircut; communists in Guizhou province; 1936 USA presidential election.
2-1 1936 Feb 15 Huaning WSK Chinese church service; birthday party; history lecture re 40 years of China--especially Communist strides and faithfulness of Chinese Christians. Chinese minister Mr. Ch'eng; theft.
2-1 1936 Feb 17 Huaning JHK Walk outside compound sickens him (he sees the REAL China); excellent description of Huaning and living conditions.
2-1 1936 Feb 22 Huaning WSK Methodist mission to Australia; walk outside compound; American Church compound; George V and Edward VIII of England.
2-1 1936 Feb 29 Huaning WSK Chinese dialects; walk through Huaning; wearing engagement ring attracts ideas of wealth; George V and Edward VIII.
2-1 1936 Mar 1 Huaning JHK American Church compound; walk outside city.
2-1 1936 Mar 7 Huaning WSK Communion service; language exam; German missionary Mr. Troster gives testimony.
2-1 1936 n.d.(after Mar 6) Huaning JHK "Designation day"; director Mr. Gibb visits school to

missionaries to posts; Kanes assigned to Fuyang, "one of the largest and most spiritually prosperous stations in the whole of the mission."

2-1 1936 Mar 14 Huaning WSK Gibb's visit and designation; description of Fuyang; a Brethren missionary assigned to a Presbyterian station; George V; Hitler; Mussolini; German missionaries admire Hitler.
2-1 1936 Mar 19 Huaning JHK Gibb's visit; Fuyang discussed; status of women in mission; missionary abandons mission to please fiancee.
2-1 1936 Mar 21 Huaning WSK Language study; description of Wuhu; CIM rules re engagements; missionary Miss Reid describes her family's emigration from Scotland to New Zealand, 1867, and hard times.
2-1 1936 Mar 28 Huaning WSK Death of Mrs. Mair, wife of school director; preparations for funeral/burial; description of unembalmed body; street urchins beg money; Miss Reid breaks up street fight; missionary near nervous breakdown; Communists in Hungtung.
2-1 1936 Apr 4 Huaning WSK Mrs. Mair's funeral
2-1 1936 Apr 12 Huaning JHK Language exams; missionaries leave for stations.
2-1 1936 May 1 Fuyang, Anhui JHK Description of two Fuyang compounds; language study takes precedence over keeping house; Glittenbergs--missionaries; typewriter repair; contents of package from home.
2-1 1936 May 9 Fuyang WSK Chinese Sunday School; conduct of Chinese in church; nursing mothers; culture shock; whitewashing methods; language problems--pronunciation/dialects; food; description of mission compound home; missionaries' views of Hitler and Mussolini.
2-1 1936 May 10 Fuyang WSK -----
2-1 1936 May 10 Fuyang JHK Chinese food.
2-1 1936 May 19 Fuyang JHK Chinese evangelist Hsie Meng Tseh; dental supplies; travel by bicycle; wicker furniture.
2-1 1936 [May] [Fuyang] [WSK] Language barrier with people; CIM 70th anniversary. [Pp.3-4 of an incomplete letter.]
2-1 1936 Jun 2 Fuyang JHK Domestic labor; food. Encloses 2 ms. charts of their apartment and the compound grounds.
2-1 1936 Jun 22 Fuyang JHK Playing accordion for mission work; missionary has a nervous breakdown; death from typhoid; Chinese customs re death.
2-1 1936 Jun 27 Fuyang WSK -----
2-2 1936

Jul 6

Fuyang JHK Church music; graduation exercises; sleeping arrangements with visiting missionaries (to make all above board).
2-2 1936 Jul 20 Fuyang JHK Church of England evangelical spirit; Fundamentalism; bus travel; buying fruit in open market; selling Bibles; church discipline re deacon in polygamy.
2-2 1936 Aug 1 Fuyang WSK -----
2-2 1936 Aug 3 Fuyang JHK Bird & frog in house; frog's use as medicine; Chinese cruelty to animals; jail evangelism; theology of church music; problem of using pagan tunes with immoral associations.
2-2 1936 Aug 8 Fuyang WSK Church music; dickering with Chinese suppliers over wood prices; sawing up whole trees into planks for furniture.
2-2 1936 Aug 15 Fuyang WSK Murder; torture to get accused to confess; treatment of an alleged spy; Kanes' relations with servant girl; Depression economy in Canada.
2-2 1936 Aug 22 Fuyang WSK Evangelism bands sent out by the Fuyang church; release of Bosshardt by Communists
2-2 1936 Aug 29 Fuyang WSK Communion service; Chinese Christians impose on Kanes' good will; Chiang Kai-Shek's politics.
2-2 1936 Sep 5 Fuyang WSK Bandits kidnap a boy; bedbugs & silverfish; oriental custom--reticence about public show of affection; Chinese distaste for exercise.
2-2 1936 Sep 12 Fuyang WSK Child bitten by donkey; fears of war; servant.
2-2 1936 Sep 24 Fuyang JHK Instructions re mailing of "Circular."
2-2 1936 Sep 28 Fuyang JHK Quality of Chinese doctor; death of mission superintendent Mr. Hanna.
2-2 1936 Oct 12 Fuyang JHK Communist encroach in Anhui; government military training program; pagan customs re death; fire in Fuyang.
2-2 1936 Oct 17 Fuyang WSK Republic's 25th anniversary; pagan customs re dying child; fire in Fuyang; market cheating.
2-2 1936 Oct 26 Fuyang JHK Chinese post office inaccuracies/unreliability; pandemonium of Chinese church service; music.
2-2 1936 Oct 31 Shanghai [WSK] [Incomplete] Deacon's boy dies; bus trip, Fuyang to Pengpu.
2-2 1936 Nov 2 Shanghai JHK Chinese weddings; trip Fuyang to Shanghai via bus, launch; car-sickness; Pengpu coolies' exorbitant rates; Winnie's medical exams.
2-2 1936 Nov 7 Shanghai WSK Chinese army; English church service; medical exams; possibility of remaining in Shanghai alone; F.D. Roosevelt's election victory.
2-2 1936 Nov 9 Shanghai WSK Her appendix has to go.
2-2 1936 Nov 12 Shanghai JHK Winnie's operation. [Two letters: one to Kanes and one to Shepherds.]
2-2 1936 Nov 16 Shanghai JHK Winnie's operation; hospital bill; FDR's election victory; shopping in Shanghai; plans to return to Fuyang.
2-2 1936 Nov 21 Shanghai WSK Convalescence; Bert returns to Fuyang; Border clashes in north; mission evacuation.
2-2 1936 Nov 28 Shanghai WSK Bert's departure; her stitches come out.
2-2 1936 Dec 5 Shanghai WSK Post-office inefficiency; description of hospital; Edward VIII and Mrs. Simpson and Winnie's reaction to the affair.
2-2 1936 Dec 9 Fuyang JHK Post-office inefficiency; transcribing music for Chinese to sing; visiting evangelist.
2-2 1936 Dec 19 Shanghai WSK Edward VIII abdicates; dentistry.
2-2 1936 Dec 20 Fuyang JHK Wearing Chinese clothing; trip to Peng-pu called off when bus fails to make the run.

 2-3 1937

Jan 2

Fuyang WSK Dentist; Christmas in Shanghai; train trip; Christmas in Fuyang; Chinese Sunday School; Fuyang celebrates Chiang's release from rebels.
2-3 1936 Jan 5 Fuyang JHK Christmas parcel.
2-3 1937 Jan 18 Fuyang JHK Scheme for writing carbon letters home instituted and defended; mission work in an outstation; Chinese attraction to color; he is shown a $5 bill he suspects was originally stolen from him; capture/ release of Chiang; "Europe seems to be turning away from God. I believe God will turn to the East..."
2-3 1937 Feb 1 Fuyang JHK Quality of Chinese carpentry; lack of coal--heating with wood; abdication of Edward VIII.
2-3 1937 Feb 15 Fuyang JHK Headmaster of boy's school attempts resignation; Chinese carpentry; Chinese New Year; winter
2-3 1937 Feb 28 Fuyang WSK Chinese seamstress.
2-3 1937 Mar 1 Fuyang JHK Chinese cook; plans for vegetable/flower garden.
2-3 1937 Mar 14 Fuyang WSK Letter preaching gospel to Winnie's father.
2-3 1937 Mar 15 Fuyang JHK Chinese food; Short-Term Bible School; woman healed through prayer. [Incomplete.]
2-3 1937 May 27 Fuyang WSK Language exams; cook; problems conversing with natives; Jimmy Kester, missionary with appendicitis.
2-3 1937 Apr 10 Fuyang WSK Photographing Bible School; walk on city wall; Kester dies; poorly disciplined Chinese children; order of groceries from Western Supply Co. arrives smashed up; Bible sale.
2-3 1937 Apr 17 Fuyang JHK Fuyang's "Main Street." Western food-stuffs.
2-3 1937 Apr 17 Fuyang WSK Prison evangelism; teaching in girl's school.
2-3 1937 Apr 27 Fuyang JHK Efficiency/quality of bus lines; servant woman beaten by husband; gatekeeper's wife goes insane; overhauling portable organ; coolie's dish-washing with filthy rag.
2-3 1937 May 17 Fuyang JHK Chinese feast/customs; teaching hymns to Sunday School; unreliable public transportation; garden; nightmare; George VI coronation.
2-3 1937

Jun 7

Fuyang JHK Jail evangelism; theft at Chinese post-office; bike ride through wilderness to tent meeting; Dr. Parry gives capsule history of his 54 years' service in China.
2-3 1937

Jun 19

Fuyang JHK,


Italians order Sudan Interior Mission to evacuate Ethiopia; eye patients; blindness; a Chinese man tries to swindle them.
2-3 1937 Jul 23 Fuyang JHK,


Chinese singing; Chinese funeral; mildew.
2-3 1937 Aug 7 Mokanshan,


JHK Typhoon; description of Mokanshan; China-Japan relations.
2-3 1937 Aug 8 Mokanshan WSK Typhoon; exploring mountain vacation spot.
2-3 1937 Aug 23 Mokanshan JHK China and Japan at war; instructions re emergency cabling; Chinese evangelist arrested as spy.
2-3 1937 Aug ? Shanghai JHK War; travel via public highway in wartime; serious accident on bus trip.
2-3 1937 Sep 10 Shanghai JHK [Original of previous letter, which is a carbon. Both dated in ink, hence the discrepancy.]
2-3 1937 Sep 27 Shanghai JHK Tonsillectomy; war news.
2-3 1937 Oct 12 Shanghai WSK Difficulty of travel in wartime.
2-3 1937 Oct 23 Fuyang JHK Travel over war-torn countryside.
2-3 1937 Oct 25 Shanghai WSK Travel over war-torn countryside.
2-3 1937 Nov 7 Fuyang JHK Summer weather ruins house; teaching singing; world news at compound depends on Winnie's letters from Shanghai; war news; Dr. Song, "the Billy Sunday of China."
2-3 1937 Nov 14 Fuyang JHK War; protecting compound from air attack with Union Jack and U.S. flag on roofs; Bert's opinion re international intrigue.
2-3 1937 Nov 15 Shanghai WSK Refugees pour into city; filth of refugee camps; rice shortages; Armistice Day memorial service.
2-3 1937 Nov 20 Fuyang JHK Farm crops fail--possible famine; flags protect from Japanese bombs.
2-3 1937 Nov 22 Shanghai WSK Food shortages; refugee camps.
2-3 1937 Dec 6 Shanghai WSK Communications cut with Fuyang; a wedding.
2-3 1937 Dec 13 Shanghai WSK Sharing mission quarters; radio programs; war.
2-3 1937 Dec 27 Shanghai

No communication with Fuyang; Christmas in Shanghai; war; evacuating missionaries come to Shanghai; blind school.
2-4 1938 Jan 1 Fuyang JHK War; effect on mail; supply shortage; encloses railroad map.
2-4 1938 Jan 13 Fuyang JHK War; effect on mail; necessity of moving to other compound to maintain female/ male separation since he is single with Winnie in Shanghai; radio.
2-4 1938 Jan 24 Shanghai WSK Evacuation; looting.
2-4 1938 Jan 26 [Shanghai] WSK -----
2-4 1938 Jan 29 Fuyang JHK Communications cut; battle in North Anhui; Japanese/Russian military equipment.
2-4 1938 Feb 14 Shanghai WSK Personal inter-missionary relations; war.
2-4 1938 Feb 21 Fuyang JHK War; Presbyterian mission at Hwaiyaun--ill treatment by Japanese; planes overhead; digging bomb shelter; plans for surviving possible attack.
2-4 1938 Feb 28 Shanghai WSK Mail disruption.
2-4 1938 Mar 5 Fuyang JHK War; Japan advances; economic stand-still; supply shortages; Japanese casualties unburied.
2-4 1938 Mar 14 Shanghai WSK As phyxiation in servant quarters.
2-4 1938 Mar 28 Shanghai WSK A servant shoots another; servant and post office boy exposed as criminals; first remark in letters about Winnie's pregnancy.
2-4 1938 Apr 2 Fuyang JHK War; hardships of being separated from Winnie.
2-4 1938 Apr 4 Fuyang JHK Gordon Stanley Kane, born April 3.
2-4 1938 Apr 10 Shanghai WSK Birth of son.
2-4 1938 Apr 16 Fuyang JHK -----
2-4 1938 Apr 27 Shanghai WSK Birth of son.
2-4 1938 Apr 29 Shanghai WSK -----
2-4 1938 May 6 Shanghai WSK Civil law re enclosures of notes in letters.
2-4 1938 May 7 Fuyang JHK Soldiers try to steal goods from mission compound; language exam; war.
2-4 1938 May 26 Kaochuang Anhui JHK Japs have bombed us out of house and home"; air home"; air raids; decision to evacuate; bombing of Fuyang; description of city and refugees.
2-4 1938 Jun 7 Shanghai WSK -----
2-4 1938 Jun 26 Hankow, Hubei JHK Destruction of Fuyang; all possessions gone.
2-4 1938 Jul 3 On board S.S.Teiresias,nr Hong Kong JHK Description of travel out of Fuyang area to Hong Kong

in war-torn countryside; reunited with Winnie in Shanghai.

2-4 1938 Jul 12 Shanghai JHK Contemplates separation from Winnie; plans to return to Fuyang; detailed account of finances after losing all in Fuyang.
2-4 1938 Aug 3 Shanghai JHK,


Stanley; dentist.
2-4 1938 Aug 17 Shanghai JHK Preaching at mission; Russian woman converted; Stanley's birth registered at British consulate; clothes, medicines, to go to Fuyang.
2-4 1938 Sep 1 Shanghai JHK Gordon Dunn--new head of Fuyang mission; preparation for return behind enemy lines.
2-4 1938 Sep 15 Shanghai WSK Stanley.
2-4 1938 Sep 18 Hankow, Hubei JHK En route to Fuyang; description of country; comments re Chamberlain's visit with Hitler.
2-4 1938 Sep 26 Chowchiakow,


JHK Travel in wartime; stockpiling supplies to take to Fuyang.
2-4 1938 Sep 29 Shanghai WSK Stanley.
2-4 1938 Oct 13 Shanghai WSK Travel in wartime.
2-4 1938 Oct 15 Fuyang JHK Description of journey Chowchiakow to Fuyang; war-torn countryside; Fuyang destroyed and little refugee villages about it are now flooded by river; encloses map of his travel route, Shanghai to Fuyang. [Excellent.]
2-4 1938 Oct 27 Shanghai WSK War; news of Bert; Stanley.
2-4 1938 Oct 30 Fuyang JHK Mail routes cut by war; Canton falls.
2-4 1938 Oct 30 Fuyang JHK [To brother] Fuyang sights.
2-4 1938 Nov 6 Fuyang JHK Fuyang falls to Japan; soldiers forage on mission property; Japanese try to take church for quarters; Chinese puppet government tries to take church for police training school; diplomacy necessary to avoid either.
2-4   1938 Nov 6  Fuyang JHK [To brother] Maniac visits compound--a fellow who "snapped" under war tensions?
2-4 1938 Nov 10 Shanghai WSK Stanley; supplies in short quantity.
2-4 1938 Nov 13 Fuyang JHK Tale of maniac; war nerves.
2-4 1938 Nov 22 Shanghai WSK War; "China seems to have lost heart at last."
2-4 1938 Nov 24 Shanghai WSK Stanley.
2-4 1938 Nov 27 Fuyang JHK Chamberlain and Hitler; language study.
2-4 1938 Dec 8 Shanghai WSK -----
2-4 1938 Dec 9 Cheng Tsuen Chi JHK War; Japan abandons Linan and Communists come in; missionaries accused as spies; bad omens for China missions in general.
2-4 1938 Dec 24 Fuyang 




Map of home and ground [at Fuyang], letter in which enclosed unknown.

 2-5 1939 Jan 4 Shanghai WSK -----
2-5 1939 Jan 7 Fuyang JHK Huang He flood recedes; effect on farming; destruction of Fuyang; government policy re city walls.
2-5 1939 Jan 15 Fuyang JHK Refugees; photographing Fuyang; overland travel.
2-5 1939 Jan 19 Shanghai WSK Stanley; movements of mission personnel.
2-5 1939 Feb 5 Fuyang JHK Language study; movements of mission personnel; church reopens; distribution of American Committee relief funds.
2-5 1939 Feb 9 Shanghai WSK Assembling goods to take back to Fuyang.
2-5 1939 Feb 19 Fuyang JHK Chinese New Year.
2-5 1939 Mar 7 Shanghai WSK Stanley; language study; rebuilding material possessions after loss in Fuyang.
2-5 1939 Mar 22 Shanghai WSK Bert returns; Stanley dislikes him!
2-5 1939 Mar 23 Shanghai JHK Same as above.
2-5 1939 Mar 31 Shanghai JHK Overland travel in mud.
2-5 1939 Apr 14 Shanghai [WSK] Stanley; enclosing a letter of Apr 5 describing a missionary wedding.
2-5 1939 Apr 14 Shanghai JHK -----
2-5 1939 Apr 19 Shanghai JHK Threat of world war; enclosing map of Fuyang area, showing war progress.
2-5 1939 May 8 Fuyang WSK -----
2-5 1939 May 25 Fuyang WSK Family routine; sermon to sister re style and its unimportance.
2-5 1939 Jun 10 Fuyang WSK Stanley; making Chinese shoes for Stanley; relief funds.
2-5 1939 Jun 18 Fuyang JHK Relief funds; harvest; Fuyang pulls down city walls; George VI visits America.
2-5 1939 Jul 1 Fuyang WSK Floods; crops destroyed.
2-5 1939 Jul 15 Fuyang JHK Floods threaten Fuyang; British-Japanese relations; "WASP" superiority.
2-5 1939 Aug 2 Fuyang JHK Floods/dikes; accordion draws crowds to chapel services.
2-5 1939 Aug 12 Fuyang WSK Chinese Christian wedding. [Incomplete.]
2-5 1939 Aug 19 Fuyang WSK ampering with mails; language study.
2-5 1939 Sep 4 Fuyang JHK World War II breaks in Europe; implications for the East; poor sanitation and dysentery.
2-5 1939 Sep 17 Fuyang WSK -----
2-5 1939 Sep 23 Fuyang WSK Stanley; Air-raid alarms.
2-5 1939 Oct 7 Fuyang WSK Teaching English to post office employees.
2-5 1939 Oct 21 Fuyang WSK Censorship of mails; church catches on fire; pastor badly burned; robbers/kidnappers ambush a friend of the Kanes.
2-5 1939 Nov 8 Fuyang JHK Preaching at "country meetings"; assessment of country folk ignorance; fear of bombing.
2-5 1939 Dec 2 Fuyang WSK Stanley; Baptism--sprinkling vs immersion; bandits; Winnie is pregnant again.
2-5 1939 Dec 27 Fuyang WSK Christmas.
2-5 1939 Dec 30 Fuyang WSK Christmas.
2-6 1940 Jan 13 Fuyang JHK, WSK Stanley; description of Chinese costume; language exams; local civil government prepares for local defence--Bert asked re military experience.
2-6 1940

Jan 20

Fuyang WSK Stanley; winter weather.
2-6 1940 Feb 14 Fuyang JHK Douglas Nelson Kane, born Feb 12.
2-6 1940 Feb 24 Fuyang JHK Children.
2-6 1940 Mar 8 Fuyang WSK Children; doctor remains three wks after birth of Doug.
2-6 1940 Mar 22 Fuyang WSK Children; unsatisfactory Chinese servant.
2-6 1940 Apr 1 Fuyang WSK -----
2-6 1940 Apr 10 Fuyang WSK Children; meetings at outstations; charismatic sect, "Jesus Family" thriving in outposts.
2-6 1940 Apr 22 Fuyang WSK Streets of Fuyang; war in China; war in Europe.
2-6 1940 Apr 26 Fuyang JHK Bedbugs; outpost meetings.
2-6 1940 May 2   Fuyang JHK, WSK Children. 
  2-6 1940 May 18   Fuyang JHK, WSK Children; language study; demon-possessed woman; war; German Christians support Hitler. 
  2-6 1940 Jun 4   Fuyang WSK Children; summer dust; smallpox. 
  2-6    1940 Jun 11   Fuyang WSK Children; Chinese summer's effect on kids. 
  2-6     1940 Jun 14   Fuyang JHK Dearth of missionaries, especially men. 
  2-6    1940 Jun 19   Fuyang WSK War. 
  2-6    1940 Jun 29   Fuyang JHK Summer heat; "nasty affair with the servants"--cook/goatherd quit; goat is lost. 
  2-6    1940 Jul 13 Fuyang JHK Doug is ill; boiling water to purify it; milk sours in hot weather; quality of Chinese eggs; summer heat. 
  2-6 1940 Jul 22 Fuyang JHK Doug takes turn for worse.
2-6 1940 Aug10 Fuyang JHK Doug improves. Scouting plane; bomb scare; invasion of England anticipated; prediction re China's fate in war.
2-6 1940 Aug19 Fuyang JHK Fuyang an island in Huang He flood; editorial comments re England and Chamberlain; European war; poor leadership in China re preparing for floods.
2-6 1940 Aug24 Fuyang JHK European war; garden tomatoes are a failure.
2-6 1940 Sep 9 Fuyang WSK -----
2-6 1940 Sep 12 Fuyang WSK -----
2-6 1940 Sep 18 Fuyang WSK Doug dedicated at church.
2-6 1940 Sep 28 Fuyang JHK Language exams; war in Asia
2-6 1940 Oct 25 Fuyang JHK Bookstore opened; war in Asia.
2-6 1940 Oct 28 Fuyang WSK Children.
2-6 1940 Nov 4 Fuyang WSK Children; language classes; milk "over-supply"; fear of cook & goatherd cheating them; daughter born to friends--editorial on value of daughter vs son; CIM general director Mr. Gibb loses mind, Frank Houghton takes over.
2-6 1940 Nov 25 Fuyang WSK Bert fires cook; Mr. Gibb dies.
2-6 1940 Nov 29 Fuyang JHK Contents of package from home.
2-6 1940 Dec 23 Fuyang WSK Children; annual conference at church; bandits; murder of Americans.
2-6 1940 Dec 27 Fuyang JHK Christmas. 
 2-7 1941 Jan 21 Fuyang WSK Winter; no fire indoors; new cook; Chinese New Year; Chinese clothing
2-7 1941 Jan 29 Fuyang WSK Chinese New Year; cooking; church held in secret to avoid bandits; civil law re opium.
2-7 1941 Feb 8 Fuyang JHK Bombing/burning of Fuyang; fire-fighting; Otto Schoerner; stowing things in bomb shelter. [Excellent letter.]
2-7 1941 Feb 14 Fuyang WSK Bombing aftermath; officer in charge of invading army visits; servant trouble. 
 2-7 1941 Mar 1 Fuyang WSK Bandits.
2-7 1941 Mar 9 Fuyang WSK Delivery man tries to cheat her; servants.
2-7 1941 Mar 17 Fuyang WSK Travel in bandit-infested land.
2-7 1941 Mar 22 Fuyang JHK Report on conference at Cha Hua Miao; huge rats in bedroom (and on bed); Chinese minister at Wang Lau Ren Chi (Mr. Wang)
2-7 1941 Apr 5 Fuyang JHK -----
2-7 1941 Apr 15 Taichao JHK [To WSK] Mission business and progress.
2-7 1941 Apr 19 Fuyang WSK Overabundance of milk; birthday celebration.
2-7 1941 Apr 26 Fuyang WSK War; "Jesus Family" charismatic sect.
2-7 1941 May 3 Fuyang WSK Cherries and other fruits/vegetables.
2-7 1941 May15 Fuyang WSK Bert returns from country evangelism, brings lice, fleas, and bedbugs; war; general news of CIM missionaries.
2-7 1941 May 17 Fuyang JHK Springers (missionaries) go to Taiho to be there should the Japanese come through; plans to move to other Fuyang compound; rats; "if the U.S. and Japan comes to blows then we can say 'goodbye' to everything."
2-7 1941 May 31 Fuyang WSK Children; cook; church organizes preaching bands; bookroom closes--cannot get stock from Pengpu due to war.
2-7 1941 Jun 7 Fuyang WSK Great mission work in "Gospel Hall" at Nanchiaochih; praising God for Allied victories.
2-7 1941

Jun 21

Fuyang JHK, WSK Move to other compound; JHK editorializes on trying to raise Canadian children in China.
2-7 1941 Jun 27 Fuyang WSK War in Europe.
2-7 1941 Jun 29 Fuyang JHK Tommy Springer (m.k.) very ill; discussion re medicines; Italian Catholics; infectious diseases.
2-7 1941

Jul 5

Fuyang WSK Children; preaching gospel in heathen homes; Chinese language explained.
2-7 1941

Jul 12

Fuyang JHK -----
2-7 1941

Jul 19

Fuyang WSK Fuyang bombed again; tale of bombing and aftermath; citizens' reactions; church money stolen; Japanese embargo; Chinese shoes.
2-7 1941 Aug 2 Fuyang WSK More bombings; Christians killed; Kanes build bomb shelter; difficulty of buying produce on street when city is deserted.
2-7 1941 Aug 9 Fuyang WSK Air raid practice; language study; Fuyang newspaper moves out to country so no current news to be had in city.
2-7 1941 Aug 12 Fuyang JHK -----
2-7 1941 Aug 16 Fuyang WSK Enclosing note from JHK written on back of letter 7/24/41 George [Steed] to JHK, Hwokiu, inviting Kanes to leave Fuyang for Hwokiu. War news and rumors.
2-7 1941 Aug 23 Fuyang WSK Chinese bread; WSK learns from fellow missionary Ruth Nowack how to make bread.
2-7 1941 Aug 31 Fuyang WSK Language study; CIM members killed in bombings. 
 2-7 1941 Sep 6 Fuyang WSK, JHK Language exams.
2-7 1941 Sep 14 Fuyang WSK -----
2-7 1941 Sep 15 Fuyang JHK Paper shortages (and they begin to write on the backs of old letters); fear of US-Japan war.
2-7 1941 Sep 22 Fuyang WSK Mission's "provincial committee."
2-7 1941 Sep 30 Fuyang WSK Price inflation. [On back of JHK undated letter, ca. 1937, giving views on Stanley Jones and modernism/fundamentalism.]
2-7 1941 Oct 11 Fuyang WSK Difficulty in getting cod liver oil; war; US-Japan relations.
2-7 1941 Oct 26 Fuyang JHK Conference report--visitations/meetings. Chinese Christian school; bookstore stock arrives; Japan confiscates mission stores in Pengpu.
2-7 1941 Nov 8 Fuyang WSK 800 boxes of bookstore stock arrives; fear of US-Japan war stopping mails completely.
2-7 1941 Dec 29 Fuyang WSK, JHK War cuts off mail via Shanghai; conference results; Henry Guinnes preaches in Fuyang; missionary families split with some in occupied territory and others not, no communication
2-8 1942 Jun 1 Fuyang WSK, JHK Voice of China discussed; Japanese policy regarding China.
2-8 1943 Mar 21 Fuyang JHK War has interrupted furlough plans.
2-8 1943 Jun 1 Fuyang JHK JHK's father dies; news received in Fuyang.
2-8 1943 Jun 2 Fuyang WSK Sympathy letter to Mrs. R.J. Kane.
2-8 1943

Jul 16

Fuyang JHK Sermon to mother about death, etc.
2-8 1943 Aug18 Fuyang JHK Difficulty of travel in war-torn China; floods and locusts destroy crops
2-8 1943 Sep 20 Fuyang JHK Floods; folks move bag and baggage onto dikes ten feet wide; "Work Promotion Committee" has formed to revitalize Fuyang church which has steadily declined since 1938 bombing.
2-8 1943 Oct 22 Fuyang WSK, JHK No mail getting through; bomb scares; home visitation work (women).
2-8 1943 Dec 27 Fuyang WSK, JHK JHK: gives schedule with mission work.

WSK: Christmas; depressing work re home visitation; Chinese custom re wife selection--source of many woes

2-8 1944 Feb 4 Fuyang WSK Teaching illiterates to read by phonetics.
2-8 1944 Mar 3 Fuyang JHK Hopes for furlough; War news good.
2-8 1944 Mar 4 Fuyang WSK Phonetic school successes.
2-8 1944 Apr 30 Fuyang JHK US Embassy urges evacuation; WSK and children leave; 25 mile walk barefoot through mud; Japan launches offensive on Fuyang; selling goods; burying valuables to hide them.
2-8 1944 Jun 6 Fuyang JHK Japan launches "major offensive" on Henan; furlough granted.
2-8 1944 Jun 22 Fuyang JHK Recap of Apr 30 and Jun 6 letters. 
  2-8 1944 Nov 6 Fuyang JHK [Telegram]: "Flying Calcutta tomorrow."
2-8 1944 Nov 6 Kungming,


JHK Plans and hopes for getting home; furlough plans.
2-8 1944 Nov 13 Calcutta JHK Enjoying foodstuffs impossible to get in China
2-8 1944 Nov 19 Bombay JHK Same as above; English church contrast to Chinese.
2-8 1944 Dec 9 Bombay JHK Sailing plans fall through; life in Bombay.
2-8 1944 Dec 20 Bombay JHK -----
2-9 1945 Jan 7 Bombay JHK Capsule history of Apr 1944 to present--how they got to Bombay and why they're still there. [Excellent letter re horrors of war travel.]
2-9 1945 Jan 27 Bombay JHK Travel plans.
2-9 1945 Feb 7 Bombay JHK Travel plans.
2-9 1945 Feb 24 Bombay JHK Travel plans; furlough may be canceled.
2-9 1945 Mar 1 Bombay JHK Travel plans shattered; possibility of having to remain in India for duration of war.
2-9 1945 Mar 5 Bombay JHK Hope of returning to Canada.
2-10 1946

Jul 6

Lachute, PQ WSK -----
2-10 1946

Jul 21

Lachute WSK Travel plans.
2-10 1946 Sep 5 Montreal --- Mimeo letter re preparations to sail
2-10 1946 Sep 10 ----- WSK Reflections on furlough.
2-10 1946 Sep 12 On board ship JHK Description of ship.
2-10 1946 Sep 13 On board ship JHK Description of travel
2-10 1946 Sep 14 On board ship JHK Description of travel.
2-10 1946 Sep 21 On board ship JHK Description of travel; St. John's, Newfoundland.
2-10 1946 Sep 27 Nr Gibraltar JHK Description of travel.
2-10 1946 Sep 28 Nr Gibraltar WSK Description of travel.
2-10 1946 Oct 1 Mediterranean JHK Description of travel.
2-10 1946 Oct 8 On board ship JHK Description of travel.
2-10 1946 Oct 10 Red Sea WSK Description of travel.
2-10 1946 Oct 24 Nr Colombo JHK Description of travel.
2-10 1946 Oct 28 Indian Ocean JHK, WSK Description of Colombo; Doug has an accident; lack of good doctors in India.
2-10 1946 Nov 5 On board ship JHK Description of Singapore.
2-10 1946 Nov21 Shanghai WSK, JHK Reaction to being back in China; description of travel.
2-10 1946 Nov 25 Shanghai JHK Kids in school (they will stay in school in Shanghai while parents return to Fuyang).
2-10 1946 Nov29 Shanghai JHK Customs duties; CIM school for missionary children; Australian dentist.
2-10 1946 Dec 5 Shanghai WSK CIM school; currency inflation.
2-10 1946 Dec 8 [Shanghai] JHK -----
2-10 1946 Dec 10 Shanghai JHK Difficulties making travel arrangements.
2-10 1946 Dec 11 Shanghai WSK ----- 
 2-10 1946 Dec 17 Fuyang WSK Train trip, Shanghai to Fuyang; plus other modes of transportation en route--rickshaw, bus, foot.
2-10 1946 Dec 28 Fuyang JHK Christmas.
2-11 1947 Jan 7 Fuyang WSK Cooking; Fuyang Sunday School; New Years Day church service.
2-11 1947 Jan 8 Fuyang JHK -----
2-11 1947 Jan 14 Fuyang WSK Mails; "Women's Work" cf. Ladies Society; speaking to Chinese audiences.
2-11 1947 Jan 15 Fuyang JHK Taking children back to Shanghai CIM school.
2-11 1947 Jan 21 Fuyang WSK Editorial [excellent] on missionary parting with children; Chinese-style clothing.
2-11 1947 Jan 21 Shanghai JHK Trip to Shanghai; parting with children.
2-11 1947 Feb 2 Fuyang JHK Train travel.
2-11 1947 Feb 9 Fuyang WSK Chinese New Year; natives fascinated by Kanes' foreign goods; Chinese clothing; Phonetics school; Communist scare; ex-Buddhist
2-11 1947 Feb 10 Fuyang JHK Field work in country; philosophizing re toll exacted on missionary children by mission service.
2-11 1947 Feb 19 Fuyang WSK -----
2-11 1947 Feb 23 Linschuichi, Anhui JHK Country meetings.
2-11 1947 Feb 25 Fuyang WSK Missionaries killed in plane wreck; pagan Chinese wedding; status of women; teaching English.
2-11 1947 Mar 9 Fuyang WSK Visit from UNNRA representative, a non-Christian; visitation work in Chinese homes; inflation.
2-11 1947 Mar 10 Chang Chai JHK CIM code for letters.
2-11 1947 Mar 16 Fuyang JHK -----
2-11 1947 Mar 17 Fuyang WSK Chinese church service; home visitation bears fruit; saga of a phonetics school student.
2-11 1947 Mar 19 Fuyang JHK Business meeting of "Second District" churches; inflation; bandits.
2-11 1947 Mar 25 Fuyang WSK Chinese dinner; home visitations; Chinese family life; customs--tipping spectacles instead of hat to show honor.
2-11 1947 Apr 3 Fuyang JHK UNNRA Day Care Centers, seventy kids each.
2-11 1947 Apr 7 Fuyang WSK Crops; UNNRA "relief schools"; Chinese drop in to practice speaking English.
2-11 1947 Apr 10 Wang Lao Ren Chi JHK US currency is contraband.
2-11 1947 Apr 13 Fuyang WSK Native Christians; beggars; she is asked to pray for dying child in Chinese home.
2-11 1947 Apr 23 Fuyang JHK -----
2-11 1947 Apr 27 Fuyang WSK UNNRA; paragraph about a physically attractive military man.
2-11 1947 Apr 30 Fuyang JHK Conference meetings in country; Baptism candidates; poor sanitation in country.
2-11 1947 May 11 Fuyang WSK Bandits; Communists; thief caught in compound; jails; home visitation; status of women.
2-11 1947 May 12 Fuyang JHK -----
2-11 1947 May 17 Fuyang JHK, WSK -----
2-11 1947 May 22 Fuyang JHK Complimentary copies of his book; order for Christmas gifts for children.
2-11 1947 May 25 Fuyang WSK Communist advances; fire in Fuyang north suburbs; jail evangelism.
2-11 1947 Jun 1-2 Fuyang JHK, WSK Whitewashing home & redecorating; Chinese home construction; contents of package from home.
2-11 1947 Jun 5 Fuyang WSK -----
2-11 1947 Jun 8 Fuyang WSK Redecorating; UNNRA; home visitation; Chinese farming.
2-11 1947 Jun 15 Fuyang JHK Description of new compound house.
2-11 1947 Jun 21 Fuyang WSK Typhoon; UNNRA; redecorating; Chinese holidays; home visitation; jail visitation. 
 2-11 1947 Jun 24 Fuyang JHK Communists; deacons' meeting at church.
2-11 1947 Jun 30 Fuyang JHK Communists; UNNRA foodstuffs stolen; Fuyang falls to Communists; inflation; uncertain future.
2-11 1947

Jul 6

Fuyang WSK Fuyang falls; refugees; pandemonium in city.
2-11 1947

Jul 8

Fuyang JHK Communists.
2-11 1946

Jul ?

Fuyang JHK Communists; hiding UNNRA foodstuffs behind false walls.
2-11 1947

Jul 29

Shanghai JHK Hiding goods in Fuyang before departing; trip to Shanghai.
2-11 1947 Aug ? Shanghai JHK -----
2-11 1947 Aug25 Shanghai JHK Communists.
2-11 1947 Aug28 Shanghai JHK -----
2-11 1947 Sep 3 Shanghai JHK CIM school at Shanghai.
2-11 1947 Sep 13 Fuyang WSK -----
2-11 1947 Sep 14 Fuyang WSK,JHK Stanley puts up with bully roommate at school; overcrowding in school; trip, Shanghai to Fuyang; Communists.
2-11 1947 Sep 22 Fuyang JHK Retrieving goods from hiding places.
2-11 1947 Sep 29 Fuyang WSK, JHK Buddhist vegetarian becomes Christian; fruits of evangelism; moon worship; Communists.
2-11 1947 Oct 20 Fuyang WSK Communists take Fuyang again; church compound ransacked; plundering by army and by looters; confrontation with a soldier; anti-Americanism; Kanes begin plans to get out.
2-11 1947 Oct 26 Fuyang JHK Trouble with Communists.
2-11 1947 Nov 4 Shanghai WSK Evacuation from Fuyang; confused journey to Shanghai.
2-11 1947 Nov 6 Shanghai JHK Communists thrusts; JHK returns to Fuyang.
2-11 1947 Nov13 Fuyang JHK Death of pastor Wu Tze Heng; fate of church in balance.
2-11 1947 Nov 21 Fuyang JHK Fuyang political and social conditions.
2-11 1947 Nov 27 Shanghai WSK Communists in Fuyang; CIM school to move to Kuling (mountain resort); radio broadcast of Princess Elizabeth's wedding.
2-11 1947 Dec 24 Shanghai JHK Trip, Fuyang to Shanghai.
2-12 1948 Jan 2 Shanghai JHK Christmas; mission statistics.
2-12 1948 Jan 24 Kuling Jiangxi JHK Travel to Kuling with 22 students in tow [excellent description]; political situation.
2-12 1948 Feb 9 Fuyang JHK Trip, Kuling to Fuyang; police search an inn; Communists; Christmas packages; Chinese New Year.
2-12 1948 Feb 17 Kuling WSK Sermon to sister who has just gotten engaged, concerning love and priorities.
2-12 1948 Feb 29 Hsin Tien Tze, Anhui JHK Bandits & Communists both versus the Bible School; church evacuates.
2-12 1948 Mar 7 Kuling WSK Instructions re mailing parcels; bad accidents to school kids; dentures flushed down toilet.
2-12 1948 Mar 14 Fuyang JHK Time in Fuyang running out; JHK sells possessions; Communists at the gates; Nationalist government builds observation tower in mission compound.
2-12 1948 Mar 18 Kuling WSK Evacuation of Fuyang
2-12 1948 Mar 22 Fuyang JHK Evacuation of Fuyang; farm crops.
2-12 1948 Mar 27 Kuling WSK -----
2-12 1948 Mar 30 [Fuyang] JHK Fuyang in siege; city walls cannonaded; city set on fire. [Continued April 4]: Siege lifted. [Excellent observations/ description.]
2-12 1948 Apr 4 Kuling WSK -----
2-12 1948 Apr 10 Pengpu, Anhui JHK Description of post siege Fuyang.
2-12 1948 Apr 30 Kuling WSK CIM school activities.
2-12 1948 May 2 Nanjing JHK Departure from Fuyang; future mission plans; war news.
2-12 1948 May 10 Huaning JHK Uncertain future.
2-12 1948 Jun 1 Kuling JHK,WSK Mission given new quarters at Kuling, specifically a commercial hotel.
2-12 1948 Jun 20 Kuling JHK,WSK War news.
2-12 1948

Jul 4

Kuling WSK -----
2-12 1948

Jul 18

Kuling JHK Fuyang situation; union services at Kuling.
2-12 1948 Aug 5 Kuling WSK -----
2-12 1948 Aug15 Kuling JHK -----
2-12 1948 Aug22 Kuling JHK Chiang Kai-shek attends Union church service at Kuling; CIM hosts tea for Gen. & Mme. Chiang.
2-12 1948 Sep 4 Kuling JHK -----
2-12 1948 Sep 12 Kuling JHK Slight bit of Fuyang news.
2-12 1948 Sep 13 Kuling WSK School news; Fuyang news.
2-12 1948 Sep 21 Kuling JHK Fuyang news.
2-12 1948 Sep 30 Kuling WSK -----
2-12 1948 Oct 4 Wuhu, Anhui JHK Ministering to outposts; future plans now that Fuyang is gone. 
 2-12 1948 Oct 24 Huaning, Anhui JHK Boat travel; mission policy of missions bereft of gospel (seeking temporal gain only); uncertainty of future.
2-12 1948 Nov 1 Kuling WSK -----
2-12 1948 Nov10 Huaning JHK "The whole situation here in China is rapidly going from bad to worse."
2-12 1948 Nov20 Wuhu JHK Meetings in out-districts; open-air meetings abandoned due to "unsettled conditions"; US citizens advised to leave China; evacuation of missionaries
2-12 1948 Dec 6 Suancheng, Anhui JHK Mission's fate being decided; "There are times when it wouldn't take much encouragement to make me pack up and go home"; "The element of uncertainty is the hardest to bear."
2-12 1948 Dec 19 Wuhu JHK Bishop Houghton announces mission policy--NO ONE is to evacuate; JHK editorializes on doubtful wisdom of policy--effect on missions/missionaries when supply lines cut.
2-13 1949 Jan 6 Wuhu JHK Trip, Kuling to Shanghai; political situation: "As for the bishop, he lives in a world of unreality." Missionaries unaware of how to deal with Communists; JHK decides to keep children out of school and with them.
2-13 1949 Jan 16 Wuhu WSK Domestics of setting up housekeeping; war.
2-13 1949 Jan 20 Wuhu JHK War.
2-13 1949 Feb 2 Wuhu JHK War; rapid inflation.
2-13 1949 Feb 9 Wuhu JHK Wood/coal shortages.
2-13 1949 Feb 14 Wuhu JHK War; trying to decide whether to return children to school.
2-13 1949 Feb 21 Wuhu JHK -----
2-13 1949 Feb 24 Wuhu JHK Trying to take children back to Kuling school.
2-13 1949 Mar 4 Nanjing JHK Trip back to Kuling; unsettled conditions.
2-13 1949 Mar 28 Wuhu JHK "Modernist" missionaries lack the spirit; war.
2-13 1949 Apr 6 Wuhu JHK Army desertion.
2-13 1949 Apr 11 Wuhu JHK Peace talks fall apart.
2-13 1949 Apr 18 Wuhu JHK Theological arguments between CIM and "Little Flock" faction.
2-13 1949 Apr 23 Wuhu JHK "The end has come... We are waiting for the Red to enter the city anytime."
2-13 1949 May 1-29 Wuhu WSK,JHK Description of Wuhu being taken by Communists; mission reacts to new regime; Kuling falls, JHK arrested; church asks JHK as foreigner to stay away; church begins to crumble.
2-13 1949 Jun 10 Wuhu JHK Current situation: "We are well and continue to live in peace though the general atmosphere is oppressive... The church work drags heavily." War news.
2-13 1949 Jun 17 Wuhu WSK Church work.
2-13 1949

Jul 2

Wuhu WSK Unrest among farmers; Fuyang news.
2-13 1949

Jul 17

Wuhu JHK Kuling school on short rations; supply cut.
2-13 1949

Jul 26

Wuhu WSK War brings missionary to nervous collapse; thief.
2-13 1949 Aug 22 Wuhu WSK War.
2-13 1949 Aug 29 Wuhu JHK Life under Communist regime.
2-13 1949 Oct 3 Wuhu JHK Communist regime; anti-American sentiment; armed bandits.
2-13 1949 Oct 16 Wuhu JHK [Incomplete, p.1 only] Canada's nonrecognition of government makes Kanes' situation precarious.
2-13 1949 Oct 27 Wuhu WSK -----
2-13 1949 Nov 1 Wuhu JHK Promise of a pass to see kids at Kuling; travel and moving heavily restricted.
2-13 1949 Nov 8 Wuhu WSK Christmas plans; inflation.
2-13 1949 Nov 14 Wuhu JHK -----
2-13 1949 Dec 7 Wuhu JHK Fuyang news.
2-13 1949 Dec 26[1949 n.d.] Wuhu WSK, JHK Trying to get family together for Christmas. [Incomplete, p.2 only.]
2-14 1950 Jan 14 Wuhu JHK Great Britain recognizes Communist China.
2-14 1950 Jan 26 Wuhu JHK Effect of war situation on their children's nerves; JHK's tirade against CIM official statements painting China picture as rosy.
2-14 1950 Feb 17 Wuhu JHK Children have measles.
2-14 1950 Mar 20 Wuhu JHK Children's illnesses.
2-14 1950 Mar 30 Wuhu JHK -----
2-14 1950 Apr 10 Wuhu JHK Prices and affordable commodities.
2-14 1950 Apr 20 Wuhu JHK Run-in with police over bicycle license.
2-14 1950 Apr 28 Wuhu JHK -----
2-14 1950 May 4 Wuhu JHK -----
2-14 1950 May 16 Wuhu JHK Floods.
2-14 1950 May 25 Wuhu JHK -----
2-14 1950 Jun 2 Wuhu JHK Chow En-lai calls meeting to discuss mission future; future is clear--they will have to leave.
2-14 1950 Jun 7 Wuhu JHK Fate of missionaries still discussed in government
2-14 1950 Jun 14 Wuhu JHK -----
2-14 1950 Jun 20 Wuhu JHK Drought; difficulty in getting pass to Kuling; missionaries will doubtless have to leave. 
 2-14 1950 Jun 27 Wuhu JHK Missionary slandered by Communist newspaper.
2-14 1950

Jul 5

Wuhu JHK Finances a source of trouble in leaving China.
2-14 1950

Jul 13

Wuhu JHK They consider withdrawing from CIM; finances of leaving.
2-14 1950

Jul 18

Wuhu JHK Hope for exit permit.
2-14 1950

Jul 27

Wuhu JHK Stanley Houghton, headmaster at Kuling school, dies suddenly; CIM refuses to help pay their travel costs home.
2-14 1950 Aug 4 Wuhu JHK Plans for going home.
2-14 1950 Aug 7 Wuhu JHK Plans for going home.
2-14 1950 Aug 14 Wuhu JHK -----
2-14 1950 Aug 24 Wuhu JHK Discusses circular that never got sent. [See folder 3-2.]
2-14 1950 Aug 31 Wuhu JHK Awaiting exit visas.
2-14 1950 Sep 5 Wuhu JHK Same.
2-14 1950 Sep 11 Wuhu JHK Same
2-14 1950 Sep 23 Wuhu JHK Exit visas granted; they have to advertize departure in paper and be given no objection from "the people."
2-14 1950 Sep 29 Wuhu JHK "Manifesto" released by forty church leaders in China, knuckling to new regime; Ch'eng Tsung Kwei, CIM protege, now a "big disappointment. He has gone in for the new regime, hook, line & sinker." Selling goods in preparation for leaving.
2-14 1950 Oct 5 Wuhu JHK Preparing to leave; public executions.
2-14 1950 Oct 24 On board the Heinrich Jessen JHK Description of trip out of China thus far.
2-14 1950 Oct 30 Hong Kong WSK Travel plans go astray; visa mess.
2-14 1950 Nov 6 Hong Kong JHK Visa mess; Korean War; anti-American sentiment; posing for movie film by Lutheran Mission "as a family living in the home."
2-14 1950 Nov18 Yokohama JHK Travel again delayed. Description of state-rooms on Mandeville.
2-14 1950 Dec 5 On board the Mandeville near San


JHK Stormy passage across Pacific; plans to visit Chicago, en route home; Korean War.

Accession 82-53, 87-126
Type of Material: Audio Tapes

The following items are located in the AUDIO TAPE FILE











70 min.


Interview of J. Herbert Kane by Galen Wilson.

April 20, 1982




55:45 min.


Interview of Winnifred Mary (Shepherd) Kane by Galen Wilson.

April 20, 1982




71:30 min.


Interview of J. Herbert Kane by Craig Alexander.

November 11, 1987


Accession 82-53
Type of Material: Book

The following item is located in the BGC LIBRARY:

Kane, J. Herbert. The Protestant Church in Communist China, 1949-1958. Unpublished thesis, Brown University, 1960.


Accession 82-39
Type of Material: Periodicals

The following item is located in the BGC LIBRARY:

The Canadian Far Eastern Newsletter, published at Toronto, Ontario. James G. Endicott, editor.

No. 62 April, 1953

No. 63 May-June, 1953

No. 94 June-July, 1956

No. 95 August, 1956

No. 98 November-December, 1956

No. 99 January, 1957, with supplement

No. 102 June, 1957

No. 104 August, 1957

No. 105 September, 1957

No. 109 February, 1958

No. 126 September, 1959

No. 137 October, 1960

No. 138 November, 1960

No. 139 December, 1960

No. 140 January, 1961

No. 141 February, 1961

No. 142 March, 1961

No. 143 April-May, 1961, with supplement

No. 144 June, 1961

No. 147 November, 1961

No. 154 June, 1962

China Bulletin of the Far Eastern Joint Office, Division of Foreign Missions, NCCC/USA. Published at New York, Francis P. Jones, editor.

[Old Series] #120 (1951)

#121, #123, #124 (1952)

Volume 2 Number 1-12, 15-19 (1952)

Volume 3 Number 1-23 (1953; complete)

Volume 4 Number 1- 3, 5-15, 17-22 (1954)

Volume 5 Number 1-22 (1955; complete)

Volume 6 Number 1-23 (1956; complete)

Volume 7 Number 1-23 (1957; complete)

Volume 8 Number 1-13, 15-22 (1958)

Volume 9 Number 1, 3-23 (1959)

Volume 10 Number 1- 3, 5-22 (1960)

Volume 11 Number 1-16 (1961; complete)

Volume 12 Number 1- 6 (1962; complete)

Note: Volume 12 Number 6 was the last issue of China Bulletin. It was replaced by China Notes.


Box Folder Description
1 1 The Challenge of World Service; n.d.
1 2 [The Influence of a Book]; n.d.
1 3 [Nationalism]; n.d.
1 4 New Life Hour; n.d.
1 5 Training Leaders; n.d.
1 6 The Bible and Missions; ca. 1951.
1 7 Can Man Dispense with God?; n.d.
1 8 A Century of Progress; n.d.
1 9 The Challenge of Communism; n.d.
1 10 [China]; ca. 1951
1 11  Christian Foundation of American Life in Missions; 1964.
1 12 Closed Doors in Asia and Europe; n.d.
1 13 The Defense of the Free World; 1961.
1 14 Deity of Christ; n.d.
1 15 The Disciples and the Doctrine; n.d.
1 16 The Glory of the Ascension; n.d.
1 17 His Deity; n.d.
1 18 The Hope of His Coming; n.d.
1 19 Hypocrites in the Church; n.d.
1 20 Major Concerns of Modern Missionaries; n.d.
1 21 Missionary Candidates: How to Breed the Best; n.d.
1 22 Missions in the Seventies; ca. 1969.
1 23 Modern Missions: A Challenge to Christian Higher Education; n.d.
1 24 The Problem of the Ministry in the Church in South India; n.d.
1 25 Protestant Missions in Red China; n.d.
1 26 The Purpose of the Incarnation; n.d.
1 27 The Significance of the Cross; n.d.
1 28 The Sovereignty of God; 1963-64.
1 29 Teaching by Example; n.d.
1 30 Update on Missions; n.d.
1 31 Viewing the Missionary Horizon; n.d.
1 32 Where Are We in Foreign Missions; n.d.
1 33 Will Red China Welcome Chiang; n.d.
1 34 1934-35.
2 1 1936 (Jan-June)
2 2 1936 (July-Dec)
2 3 1937
2 4 1938
2 5 1939
2 6 1940
2 7 1941
2 8 1942-44
2 9 1945
2 10 1946
2 11 1947
2 12 1948
2 13 1949
2 14 1950
2 15 1964; n.d.
3 1 Circular Letters #1-14; 1935-41
3 2 Circular Letters #1-14; 1946-50
Ecumenical Movement:
3 3 Examinations; n.d.
3 4 Lecture Notes; n.d.
3 5 Lecture Outlines; n.d.
3 6 Notes, Magazine Articles, etc.: 1953-75. n.d.
3 7 History of Missions: Syllabus; n.d.
3 8 Interview; n.d.
3 9 Islam: Lecture Notes; 1976, n.d.
4 5 Miscellaneous Items: Correspondence and Address Lists, 1972-1976, n.d.
3 10 Missionary Public Relations and Administration: Notes; n.d.
3 11 Missions in a Revolutionary Age: Syllabus and Notes; 1969-70, n.d.
Research material:
4 1 Chinese Texts; 1956, n.d.
4 2 Newsletters and Clippings; 1956-57
4 3 Pamphlets; 1956, n.d.
4 4 Thomas I. Lee, News Releases; 1954-56 

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