Billy Graham Center

Interview with Frances Rader Longino - Collection 139

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Table of Contents

Brief Description of This Collection

Title Page and Restrictions


An Essay on the Contents of the Collection (Scope and Content)

List of Audio Tapes in this Collection


Audio file and written transcript for T1

Brief Description.
Taped interview relating memories of evangelists Billy Sunday, Mel Trotter, Homer Rodeheaver, and her uncle, Paul Rader; city mission work and the Chicago Gospel Tabernacle, Pacific Garden Mission, Winona Lake, and Cedar Lake Conference Grounds. Also included are reminiscences of Rader's reaction to Aimee Semple McPherson, the formation of Scripture Press, Billy Graham's early preaching and crusades, and some of her Salvation Army activities as a musical evangelist.

Collection 139
[January 17, 2012]
Longino, Frances Rader; 1909-1996
Interview; 1980

1 Reel of Audio Tape


There are no restrictions on the use of this collection.


Frances Rader Longino was born August 22, 1909, in Chicago, Illinois, to Dr. Lyell M. Rader and Jennie Mabel Campbell Rader. The Raders had six children; two other daughters, Josephine and Eugenia, who died in infancy, and three boys, Lyell, Jr., Daniel M. and Paul Orville.

Because of her father's occupation as a consultant chemist, Frances and her family moved frequently, and she often received her schooling from tutors and in private schools. She did some work at Taylor University, and took courses and seminars whenever the opportunity arose. Three writers' courses from Christian Life magazine provided the training to produce over one hundred articles written during her career for Moody Monthly, War Cry, and Christian Life.

Paul Rader, her uncle, was an important influence in her family and early childhood. Frances' father was converted at a revival meeting held by his brother in Pittsburgh. As a result, he made the first contribution to a slum mission in that city. All the rest of his family was converted at its first meeting. The Bible teaching of Dr. G. Campbell Morgan and other leading Bible teachers who visited the Rader home also laid a life-long pattern for Bible study. The family regularly attended Cedar Lake Conference Grounds, where Paul Rader was an evangelist, and Winona Lake, Indiana, where another family friend and evangelist, Mel Trotter, conducted services.

The Rader family formed an evangelistic team, and moved to the New York area on invitation of the greater New York Council of Churches. Dr. Rader's background included singing in opera and vaudeville, and the Rader children received excellent musical training which was used in evangelistic meetings. Mrs. Longino was taught piano by Dr. Lance B. Latham, pianist for Paul Rader's crusades, and Dr. A. Verne Westlake, head of the music Department at Nyack Missionary Institute. Her brothers were trained under associates of Dr. Westlake, who did their hymn arrangements.

Early in the 1920s, both Frances and Lyell Rader entered the Salvation Army as a result of their father's admiration for an officer, Col. Stephen Marshall. Lyell Rader later became one of the Army's most outstanding open-air evangelists. In 1928, Frances married Ensign frank Longino, editorial staff member of War Cry, and member of the National Staff Band under Commander Evangeline Booth. The Longinos had two children, Frank Jr., and Josephine Ann. Both married, and the Longinos had eight grandchildren and two great-grandchildren.

As a musical, Bible-teaching team, the Longinos were stationed in Canada, the Bahamas, and Caribbean, and Mexico. They also served as Divisional Commanders in Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana, responsible for all Salvation Army operations in those states. Both retired from active Army service in 1968, but continued in active Christian service in Tampa, Florida, where they lived. Mrs. Longino was an organist and Sunday School teacher and also conducted a Bible study class for alcoholics in a local rehabilitation center, as well as teaching music to thirty students. She died in 1980.

Scope and Content

Frances Longino was interviewed by Robert Shuster on September 11, 1980. The time period covered by the interviews is 1909-1950. Time elapsed in minutes and seconds is recorded to the left of the topics discussed in the interview. The index is keyed to the cassette copy and not the reel-to-reel original.

Tape 1 - side
00:00 Beginning of tape
00:05 Introduction
00:20 Childhood memories of Mrs. Longino's uncle, Paul Rader, and her cousins
01:05 Impact of Rader's prayer life; Tabernacle services and music
02:00 Rader's forceful preaching style
03:00 Rader's previous vocations as boxer and cowboy; use of this vocabulary and contemporary language for preaching and writing
04:05 Years as Chicago Tribune columnist in the late 1920s
05:10 Tabernacle musicians, Merrill Dunlop, Lance Latham, Richard Oliver
06:40 Mrs. Longino and brother in Salvation Army, 1920s; musical appearances at Tabernacle
07:35 Personal contacts with Rader; dinner parties with visiting evangelists; singing of Mel Trotter, Arthur McKee
10:00 Impact of Rader's prayers
11:00 Personal reaction to Mel Trotter
11:35 Rader's progress from skepticism, blindness, and healing to reconversion; Christian Missionary Alliance
14:15 Family conversion; relation to subsequent involvement in Scripture Press and Pacific Garden Mission
16:00 Rader's radio program, Back Home Hour
16:40 Muskegon Camp Ground
18:00 Leadership, mission areas, and outreach of Chicago Gospel Tabernacle
20:05 Rader's trips to mission areas
20:35 Effects of Depression; inner-city food mission at the Tabernacle
21:20 Rader's admiration of Herbert Hoover; invitation to inauguration
22:30 Financial problems from cost of rescue-feeding program at the Tabernacle
23:35 Rader's reputation and fame in Chicago and Midwest
25:50 Influence of Rader on Christian college campuses
26:15 Emphasis on holiness in preaching
26:45 Departure from Tabernacle; finances contribute to transfer to Fort Wayne Bible Tabernacle
29:10 Rader's contacts with Aimee Semple McPherson
30:35 Rader's early death in his fifties in California
32:25 Brother Luke Rader's ministry, River Lake Gospel Tabernacle, Minneapolis
32:35 Dr. Paul Rader, Luke's son, succeeds his father
33:15 Luke Rader's emphasis on prophecy
35:00 Mel Trotter's missions and preaching; concern for needy
36:00 Longino's impressions of Trotter
37:15 Rader family visits to alcoholic missions
38:30 End of side 1

Tape 1 - side 2
00:00 Beginning of tape
00:08 Pacific Garden Mission, Harry Monroe, founder
00:18 Trotter's previous life; preaching style
03:43 Salvation Army work in Atlanta; evangelists' preaching, singing
04:38 Rader's relation to Wilbur Smith's conversion; Moody Bible Church
05:08 Tom Smith, "Apple King of Chicago," Pacific Garden Mission
05:38 Mrs. Longino's father's work with Salvation Army; chemistry and garbage
07:33 Rader's support of the Salvation Army; suggestion for Advisory Board
09:28 Rader's relationship with secular leaders
12:28 Billy Graham's 1949 Los Angeles Crusade; Scripture Press banquet; Beverly Shea's account of Crusade
13:48 Stuart Hamblen's conversion at Crusade
13:58 Reminiscences about Frank Graham and son, Billy Graham
14:58 Graham's preaching at Youth for Christ meeting, Charlotte, North Carolina
15:43 Scripture Press, founder Victor Coray; development of expanded and graded Bible lessons
20:08 Winona Lake and Rader's Cedar Lake Conference Grounds
20:43 Bible studies at Winona Lake
21:18 Reminiscences of well-known teachers, evangelists in relaxation; Rev. William Biederwolf
23:48 Billy Sunday and dedication at Winona Lake; operatic star Galli-Curci
24:18 Billy Sunday in the 1930s
25:18 Homer Rodeheaver and his trombone
25:33 Sunday's style and stories
26:23 Rader's involvement with Prohibition
27:08 Relationship to charismatic movement
28:18 End of tape


Accession 80-117
January 11, 1982
Frances L. Brocker
Hugh Bartlett
J. Nasgowitz

Accession 80-117
Type of material: Audio Tape

The following item is located in the AUDIO TAPE FILE. Request by the Tape number at the beginning of the entry below.

T1 - Reel-to-reel, 67 minutes. Interview of Mrs. Frances Rader Longino by Robert Shuster on September 11, 1980.

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