Billy Graham Center

Ephemera of John Hsu - Collection 94

[Note: What follows is a description of the documents in this collection which are available for use at BGC Archives in Wheaton, Illinois, USA. The actual documents are not, in most cases, available online, only this description of them. Nor are they available for sale or rent.]

Since we are migrating our website to a new platform, we will no longer be updating this earlier version our site. Please visit our Archon database for online guide descriptions. In early 2018, look for our new site, currently under construction, linked in the BGC Archives section on the Library and Archives page. (12/11/2017)

Table of Contents

Brief Description of This Collection

Title Page and Restrictions

Biography of John Hsu

An Essay on the Contents of the Collection (Scope and Content)

List of Audio Tapes in This Collection (Location Records)

Brief Description.
Lecture delivered by Dr. John Hsu, a former Wheaton College graduate, in Dr. Will Norton's History of Christian Missions class, October, 1979. Dr. Hsu spoke about his recent trip to mainland China and his analysis of the church's situation there. Topics discussed include the three-self group, home church group, and the cultural revolution.

Collection 94
[December 14, 2000]
Hsu, John; 1944-
Ephemera; 1979


There are no restrictions on the use of this collection.


Hua dao Luong (John Hsu) was born in Saigon, Vietnam, on November 8, 1944, to Reverend Hua hon Long. His father attended the Christian and Missionary Alliance Theological Seminary for his ministerial training. At the age of fifteen Hsu accepted Christ as Lord of his life during an evangelist's meeting in his church.

He graduated from high school in Saigon and then entered the Vietnam Theological Institute. Hsu was able to come to the United States to further his educational training. Grace Bible Institute in Omaha, Nebraska, awarded him a Bachelor's degree in sacred music in 1967, followed by receipt of the Master of Divinity degree from Wheaton College Graduate School in 1970. Hsu received his Ph.D. from Aquinas Institute of Theology in 1974. John, his wife Nellie, and two sons live in Hong Kong where he teaches at the Evangel Theological College.

Scope and Content

Dr. John Hsu, a former Wheaton graduate school student, lectured in Dr. Will Norton's History of Christian Missions class on October 11, 1979. The time period of the events covered by the lecture is the mid-19th century to 1979. Time elapsed in minutes and seconds is recorded to the left of the topics discussed in the lecture. The index is keyed to a cassette copy and not to the reel-to-reel original.

T1 - side 1
00:00 Beginning of tape
01:30 Introduction to lecture
02:30 Pure land sect, ultimate destiny to Zen Buddhist
03:00 Hindu religion sees Buddha as savior god, idea from Nestorian influence
03:30 Pure land sect of Buddhism
04:00 Difficulties found by missionaries, efforts flourish and then disappear
04:15 Modern period: mid-19th to mid-20th century
05:15 Ching, accomplishments of latest missionary thrust, also scars
05:45 Christianity often associated in China with era of unfair treaties
06:15 Christian movement widespread, Boxer rebellion
06:45 Communist takeover in 1949, all foreigners had to leave
07:15 Early vision of some missionaries for an indigenous church
07:30 Churches with "Three-Self" principle
08:00 Severe persecution of the church and Christians, Premier Chou En Lai
09:00 Church must be completely severed from all foreign connections, formed Three-Self Patriotic Movement
10:00 Pro-government Three-Self movement recognized by the government, local people would not trust them
10:45 Watchman Nee started the Jesus family, Wang Min Dow emphasized social ethics
11:30 Hatred between groups, Three-Self group wanted only one group
11:45 Cultural Revolution
12:00 Local church groups went underground, removed from Three-Self group
12:15 Extreme persecution of Chinese Christians, all churches shut down except in Peking for foreign diplomats
13:15 Three-Self group also persecuted
13:30 Religious Affairs Bureau was dissolved
14:00 Religion practically wiped off the surface of China
14:15 Mao died, new leadership Deng in power
15:00 Shift in policy practices
15:15 New tolerance toward religion
15:30 Restore Religious Affairs Bureau
15:45 Four recognized religions in China: Catholicism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam
17:45 Church is under national arrest
19:00 End of Cultural Revolution, difficulties in reclaiming church buildings
19:30 First church opened in Shanghai in September, 1979
20:00 Three-Self group reorganizing their own structure
22:00 Translation of Bible into new Chinese simplified script, want to do own translation
23:30 Distribution of Hong Kong translation of Bible during his visit to Mainland
23:45 Many Bibles burned during Cultural Revolution
24:00 Rely on word of mouth and radio transcriptions for Scripture (Canton) (Peking)
25:00 Three-Self group also trying to restore the prestige of former pastors
26:45 Establishment of Research Center (Nanking) to study Christianity
29:15 Evangelical input in Chinese development
31:45 Study of philosophy good place for Western thought and Christianity to be introduced
32:45 Confucianism, a cult, never really a problem
34:30 Number of Christians in China at the present time
35:00 Persecution of other religions
35:45 Islam in China
37:15 Christians too dependent on buildings
37:45 Blank interval
40:00 Chinese government--Premier Deng
40:30 Chinese emphasis on individuals not systems
41:45 While in Peking talked to head of Religious Affairs Bureau regarding current policy
44:30 Trying to work with the constitution to obtain religious freedom for the masses
45:00 Other aspect of law: free as to what you believe and do not believe
45:30 End of side 1

T1 - side 2
00:00 Beginning of tape
00:05 Overlap with side 1
00:30 Continuation of interview on side 1
01:00 Religion in Communist country is an additional ideology
01:30 No discrimination to any religion as regards its size
02:00 No political or social discrimination towards Christians
03:00 No interference of religious affairs by the law
04:00 Each religion has the right to form its own organization
05:00 House Church movement
05:15 Great influence by Watchman Nee
05:30 Group pretty widespread in 30s and 40s, went underground
06:00 Church has gone through many changes
06:15 No pastors
06:45 No one to help them interpret the Scriptures
07:30 Took a long time to get ready for this different missionary effort
09:00 Complexion of the underground church: secretiveness and youth
10:00 Long run the local churches should come out from underground
10:45 Local churches are flourishing; lots of communes
11:15 U.S. feels wrongly that outside evangelism is the only way
11:30 God still working in China
13:15 Evangelistic meetings now open and available
14:00 How Chinese feel about those Chinese not living on the mainland
14:45 Lack of leadership acute problem
16:00 Train by correspondence
16:15 Leadership in Three-Self group old
17:30 House church leadership
19:00 End of tape

T2 - side 1
00:00 Beginning of tape
00:15 Introduction to T2
00:30 Evangelical input into Chinese theological development
00:45 Radio extension work
01:15 Nurture new Christians
02:00 Government encourages tourism
03:45 Problem and conflicts between Three-Self group and local home church group
04:30 Local church group needs to rethink its theology and decide if the time is right for them to emerge
06:15 Challenge for the church: exhibit Christian life in scheme of the national government
11:15 How to effectively evangelize a generation with no concept of the transcendence
13:45 Unity of the church group
15:30 End of tape


The materials for this collection were received by the Center in November 1979 from Dr. John Gration. The tapes were copied and returned to their owner.

Accession 79-129
February 28, 1980
Mary Ann Buffington
S. Kouns

Accession: 79-129
Type of Material: Audio Tapes

The following items are located in the Audio Tape file.

T1 - Reel-to-reel, 3-3/4 ips speed, approximately 64 minutes. One side. Lecture by Dr. John Hsu, November 8, 1944. Discussion of early Christian history in China, Three-Self Patriotic Movement, Communist persecution of the Chinese Church, rebirth of the church after the Cultural Revolution ended, best ways to promote Christianity in post-Communist China.

T2 - Reel-to-reel, 3-3/4 ips speed, approximately 15 minutes. One side. Continuation of lecture on T1. Discussion of practical needs for both evangelism from outside China and growth of the church from inside China.

Send us a message

Return to BGC Archives Home Page
Last Revised: 12/14/00
Expiration: indefinite