Billy Graham Center

Interview with Carol Hammond Carlson - Collection 58

[Note: What follows is a description of the documents in this collection which are available for use at BGC Archives in Wheaton, Illinois, USA. The actual documents are not, in most cases, available online, only this description of them. Nor are they available for sale or rent.]

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Table of Contents

Brief Description of This Collection

Title Page and Restrictions

Biography of Carol Hammond Carlson

An Essay on the Contents of the Collection (Scope and Content)

List of Audio Tapes in This Collection (Location Records)


Audio file and written transcript for T1

Brief Description

An audio tape of an interview with Mrs Carlson about her experiences on the Tibetan mission field. Subjects discussed include first entry into Tibet, reaction of the people to non-Tibetans, and the Islamic rebellion of 1929. For more information, please see guide.

Collection 58 [March 13, 2000]
Carlson, Carol
Interview; 1978

1 Reel of Audio Tape


There are no restrictions on the use of this collection.



Mrs. Carol Carlson, the former Carol S. Hammond, lived in Wheaton, Illinois, and attended Wheaton Academy. She later married a Wheaton College graduate, Mr. C. Edwin Carlson. The couple became affiliated with the Christian and Missionary Alliance mission board.

Under the auspices of the C&MA, the Carlson's served twenty-seven years on the China-Tibet border. Other fields of service for the Carlson's include the school for missionaries' children in Quito, Equador; American Community Church in Saigon, Vietnam; and the Alliance Bible Seminary in Hong Kong. After Edwin's death in Hong Kong, Carol returned to Wheaton to live.

Scope and Content

Mrs. Carlson was interviewed in her home by Ellen Balmer, a Wheaton College student, on November 11, 1978. Time elapsed in minutes and seconds is recorded to the left of the topics discussed in the interview. The index is keyed to the cassette copy and not to the reel-to-reel original. There is a section of blank tape which resulted in the loss of the bulk of the interview material.

T1 - side 1 (Click to link to the transcript of this tape)
00:00 Beginning of tape
00:05 Introduction
02:00 Family background of Mr. and Mrs. Carlson
03:30 Left for mission field in 1922
04:15 Entry into Tibet
05:30 Tibetan clans
06:00 White Wolf Raid on mission station
08:00 Friends with Chone Prince
09:15 First lived in Tibet - 1929
09:45 Muslim rebellion
10:15 Went to out mission station Lupasi
10:30 Taken care of by Christian Chinese merchant - Su-ta
11:30 Refugees take refuge in shopkeepers home; eventually he becomes the first convert
12:00 Rented them upstairs of his house
13:00 Tolerance of Tibetan people to them
13:15 Medical aid to the people, first case
14:30 Their son - foreign child being so blond - offensive to them
15:15 The first time foreign missionaries had come and stayed with favorable results
15:45 Reason for distrust of foreigners
16:45 Must have friends to be safe
17:00 Travel between United States and Tibet
18:57 [Recording off or malfunctioning]
45:00 End of side 1

T1 - side 2
00:00 Beginning of tape
00:05 [Recording off or malfunctioning]
05:45 Tebu's perception of the Carlson's and habits -- soap, etc.
07:15 Bathtub they devised
07:30 Tebu god house
08:30 Descriptions of "stomach's of butter"
10:15 Missionaries' diet - frozen foods
12:00 Any unusual habits of Tebu people
12:15 End of tape


The tape was given by Balmer and Carlson to the Center in January 1979.

Accession 80-32
February 29, 1980
Ellen Balmer
M.A. Buffington
S. Kouns

Accession 80-32
Type of Material: Audio Tapes

The following items are located in the AUDIO TAPE FILE. Request by the Tape number at the beginning of each entry below:


T1 - Reel-to-reel, 3-3/4 ips, 57 minutes. One side. Interview of Mrs. Carol Carlson by Ellen Balmer. November 11, 1978.

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Last Revised: 9/05/02
Expiration: indefinite