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Physics
Departmental Mission Statement Requirements for Physics Major (preprofessional schools) Requirements for Physics Major (preresearch or college teaching) Requirements for Physics Major with Secondary Education Teacher Certification Requirements for Chemical Physics Major Requirements for Geophysics Major Requirements for a concentration in International Development Engineering Course Descriptions
Chair, Associate Professor Darren Craig Associate Professors Robert Bishop, Stewart DeSoto Assistant Professors Arend Poelarends, Heather Whitney
Physics is an experimental science basic to other disciplines. The purpose of the Physics curriculum is to enable students to embody the Christian calling of a scientist to do good, articulate the Christian worldview of creation, and worship God as the creator of all things, both physical and spiritual. The curriculum is constructed to train future generations of physicists who will exhibit excellence in theoretical, experimental, and computational physics. The curriculum is organized to prepare a student for graduate work in physics or a related discipline as well as a range of other vocations that make use of the analytical and problem solving skills of a physicist. The Bachelor of Science in Physics track incorporates all of the necessary coursework to prepare a student for graduate work in physics. The Bachelor of Arts in Physics overlaps nearly completely with the Bachelor of Science track but allows the student to select from a set of upper level core courses. This degree is not appropriate for those going on to graduate work in physics but provides more flexibilty for those who plan to go on to professional schools such as engineering, law, and medicine, or for those students who plan to go straight into the workplace after graduation. The Bachelor of Science with Secondary Education track prepares students for high school physics teaching. Bachelors of Science degrees in Chemical Physics and Geophysics offer students the opportunity to substitute advanced coursework in chemsitry or geology for some of the advanced cousework in physics in order to gain an appreciation for areas where physics overlaps substantially with those disciplines. The Chemical Physics curriculum offers a broad education in physical chemistry and physics. The Geophysics curriculum is a good option for a student interested in resource exploration, international development work, or preparing for a career in civil engineering. Majors can also gain recognition for a concentration in International Development. All majors are strongly encouraged to take PHYS 294 in their freshmen year. Bachelor of Science in Physicsrequirements are 42 hours in physics, including PHYS 231 or 233, 232 or 234, 321, 322, 333, 334, 335, 341, 342, 344, 351, 353, and 494; and two additional hours chosen from PHYS 311, 343, 352, 354, 359, 361, 362, 365, 366, and 367. Supporting course requirements are MATH 231, 232, and CHEM 236. MATH 245 (4 hours) and MATH 331 may be taken in place of PHYS 321, and MATH 333 (4 hours) may be taken in place of PHYS 322. Bachelor of Arts in Physics requirements are 38 hours in physics, including PHYS 231 or 233, 232 or 234, 321, 322, 333, 334, 335, 351, 353, 494, and any two courses selected from PHYS 341, 342, 344, or 359. The two required elective hours may be chosen from PHYS 311, 343, 352, 354, 361, 362, 365, 366, and 367. Supporting course requirements are MATH 231, 232, and CHEM 236. MATH 245 (4 hours) and MATH 331 may be taken in place of PHYS 321, and MATH 333 (4 hours) may be taken in place of PHYS 322. Students wishing to pursue graduate studies in physics should not pursue this degree but should instead complete the requirements for the Bachelor of Science in Physics. Bachelor of Science in Physics with Secondary Education requirements are PHYS 231, 232, 321, 322, 333, 334, 351, 353, 494 and four additional hours to be taken from PHYS 341, 342, 344, or 359; MATH 231, 232; CHEM 236; ASTR 301 or 302; GEOL 211; BIOL 201, and SCI 321; Education courses as required by the Education Department. Students opting for this program should spend at least one year as a teaching assistant in the Physics Department. Completion of these requirements will lead to teacher certification. A Master of Arts in Teaching (MAT) program is also available with a Physics major. A combined Bachelor’s/MAT program may be completed in six years and one summer. See the Education section in this catalog. Bachelor of Science in Physics: Chemical Physics requirements are 20 hours of Physics, including PHYS 231 or 233, 232 or 234, 333, 334, 361, 494, and four additional hours; 16 hours of Chemistry, including CHEM 236, 237, 355, 371, and 372; and 10 hours of Mathematics, including MATH 231, 232, and 2 hours of MATH 333. Bachelor of Science in Physics: Geophysics requirements are 20 in Physics, including PHYS 231 or 233, 232 or 234, 333, 334, 494 and six additional hours; 16 hours in Geology, including GEOL 201 or 211 or 221, 321 or 437, 365, 443, and 2 hours of GEOL 495; and 10 hours of Mathematics, including MATH 231, 232, and 2 hours of MATH 333. Requirements for a concentration in International Development can be met by completing the HNGR Intern Program with a science or technology related project approved by the Physics Department. Requirements for a minor in Physics are 20 hours in physics, including PHYS 231, 232, 333, 334, and eight additional hours chosen from other courses applicable to the department major. The Departmental Honors Program is available to all physics majors who maintain a 3.70 GPA in the major, and an overall GPA of 3.50. Eight credit hours of designated honors coursework are required, four of which may consist of a modified major course, and four of which must be PHYS 499, resulting in the completion of a research thesis. Successful completion of the program will result in a Departmental Honors designation on the student’s transcript. See the department for details. Physics Courses (PHYS)See the Financial Information section of this catalog for course fees. PHYS *205. Physics of Music. Basic concepts of sound and acoustics; vibrations, waves, fundamentals and overtones, musical scales, harmony, noise, physical and physiological production, and detection of sound waves; acoustical properties of materials and enclosures. (2) PHYS *221. General Physics I. Basic concepts of mechanics, waves and heat. Noncalculus based. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory. Prerequisite: MATH 218 or equivalent. Not open to students with prior credit for PHYS 231 or 233. PHYS *222. General Physics II. Basic concepts of electromagnetism, optics, and modern physics. Noncalculus based. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory. Prerequisite: PHYS 221. Not open to students with prior credit for PHYS 232 or 234. PHYS 231. Introductory Physics I. Energy and momentum, conservation laws, Newtonian mechanics, Einstein’s special relativity. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory. Pre or Corequisite: MATH 231. PHYS 232. Introductory Physics II. Electricity, magnetism, quantum mechanics, atomic and nuclear physics. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory. Prerequisite: 4 hours of PHYS 231 or PHYS 233. Pre or Corequisite: MATH 232. PHYS 233. Introduction to Special Relativity. Reference frames, nature of spacetime, conservation of fourmomentum. Prerequisites: score of 4 or 5 on AP Physics C Mechanics or equivalent. Pre or Corequisite: MATH 231. (1) PHYS 234. Introduction to Quantum Mechanics. Quantum mechanics, atomic and nuclear physics. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory. Prerequisites: PHYS 231 or PHYS 233 and score of 4 or 5 on AP Physics C Electricity/Magnetism or equivalent. Pre or Corequisite: MATH 232 or equivalent. (2) PHYS 294. Physics and Engineering Seminar. Exploration of professional issues related to the physics and engineering disciplines including career choices, current research and trends, the relationship of physics/engineering to church and society, and the relationship of physics/engineering to the liberal arts. Open to freshmen and sophomores only. (1) PHYS *301. Origins of Modern Science. The historical development of science from its Babylonian and Egyptian origins, through Greek science to the scientific revolution, including basic concepts in astronomy and mechanics, and their cultural interactions. Prerequisite: 4 hour lab course in the Studies in Nature cluster. (2) PHYS *302. Ideas of Modern Science. The historical development of the ideas of science from the Newtonian synthesis to the present, including concepts in optics, electromagnetism, relativity, and quantum theory and their cultural interactions. Prerequisite: 4 hour lab course in the Studies in Nature cluster. (2) PHYS *303. Ideas of Quantum Mechanics. Conceptual and historical development of quantum mechanics raising questions of cultural, theological, and philosophical interactions. Prerequisite: 4 hour lab course in the Studies in Nature cluster. (2) PHYS 311. Introduction to Medical Physics. A survey of radiation therapy, nuclear medicine, diagnostic imaging, and health physics with discussion on ethical and stewardship concerns of these technologies. Prerequisites: PHYS 222 or 232. (2) PHYS *315. Topics in Physical Science. Selected topics from the following: atmospheric physics, cosmology, or nonlinear dynamics and chaos. (2) PHYS 321. Math Methods for Physics and Engineering I. Vector Calculus, Matrices and Determinants, Linear Vector Spaces, Probability and Statistics. Applications in classical and quantum mechanics, electricity and magnetism appropriate for science and engineering. Prerequisite: PHYS 232 and MATH 232. PHYS 322. Math Methods for Physics and Engineering II. Infinite Series, Fourier Analysis, Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations, Special Functions, Calculus of Variations. Applications in classical and quantum mechanics, electricity and magnetism appropriate for science and engineering. Prerequisite: PHYS 232 and MATH 232. PHYS 333. Thermal Physics and Fluids. An introduction to the thermodynamic principles of microstates, entropy, and heat engines as well as basic fluid mechanical concepts of buoyancy and fluid flow. Prerequisite: PHYS 232. (2) PHYS 334. Computer Modeling of Physical Systems. An introduction to computer methods for the analysis, modeling and simulation of physical systems and analysis of experimental data. Applications taken from mechanics, fluids, electricity and magnetism. Prerequisite: PHYS 232. (2) PHYS 335. Modern Science Skills Laboratory. Development of skills in experimental technique, error analysis, writing lab reports, oral presentations, use of spreadsheets and Matlab, and the study of ethical issues in industry. Prerequisites: PHYS 321 (or consent of instructor) and PHYS 334. (2) PHYS 341. Analytical Mechanics. Particle and rigid body dynamics, central forces and gravitation, rotating systems and bodies, Lagrange and Hamilton formulations, generalized coordinates, and normal modes. Prerequisites: PHYS 334, PHYS 321 (or MATH 331 and MATH 245), and PHYS 322 (or MATH 333). Alternate years. PHYS 342. Electromagnetic Theory. Electrostatics, steady currents, electromagnetic induction, Maxwell's equations, electromagnetic waves, and radiation. Pre or Corequisite: PHYS 322 or MATH 333. Prerequisites: PHYS 334 and PHYS 321 (or MATH 331). Alternate years. PHYS 343. Experimental Physics. Basic experimental methods and laboratory experiments in electrical measurements and modern physics given as an independent research project. Six hours laboratory. Prerequisites: PHYS 335 and Junior or higher standing. (2, lin) PHYS 344. Quantum Mechanics. Elements of quantum physics, solutions of Schroedinger's equation applied to atomic and molecular structure, applications, interpretations. Prerequisites: PHYS 334, PHYS 321 (or MATH 331 and MATH 245), and PHYS 322 (or MATH 333). Alternate years. PHYS 351. Analog Electronics. Basic principles of electronic circuits and devices. AC and DC circuit fundamentals, filters, diodes, transistors, amplifiers, and operational amplifiers. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory. Prerequisite: PHYS 334. Alternate years. (2) PHYS 352. Computer Data Acquisition. Digital electronics, analog to digital conversion, computer interfacing, and data acquisition with LabView software. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory. Prerequisite: PHYS 351. Alternate years. (2) PHYS 353. Introductory Optics. Electromagnetic and quantum mechanical theory of light, geometrical and physical optics, interference, diffraction, and optical instruments. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory. Prerequisite: PHYS 334. Pre or Corequisite: PHYS 335. Alternate years. (2) PHYS 354. Advanced Optics. Light propagation in matter, polarization, Fourier optics, aberrations, holography, lasers, and modern optical materials and components. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory. Prerequisite: PHYS 353. Pre or Corequisite: PHYS 322. Alternate years. (2) PHYS 359. Thermodynamics. Theory of heat and gases, introduction to kinetic theory and statistical mechanics. Alternate years. Prerequisite: PHYS 333 and PHYS 334. PHYS 361. Solid State Physics and Nanotechnology. Bonding and structure of crystals, electronic properties of insulators, semiconductors, metals, and superconductors, limits of smallness, molecular assembly, and nanoscale physics. Prerequisite: PHYS 344 or CHEM 371. Alternate years. (2) PHYS 362. Plasma Physics. Introduction to plasma physics including definition of a plasma, single particle and guiding center motions, fluid descriptions, waves, instabilities, and applications of plasma physics in space and astrophysics, controlled thermonuclear fusion, and industry. Pre or Corequisite: PHYS 342. Alternate years. (2) PHYS 365. Mathematical Physics. Applications of mathematical methods in physics, including boundary value problems, partial differential equations, complex variables. Prerequisites: PHYS 334, PHYS 321 (or MATH 331 and MATH 245), and PHYS 322 (or MATH 333). Alternate years. PHYS 366. Particle Physics and Cosmology. Elementary particles, fundamental interactions, conservation laws and symmetries, big bang cosmology, dark matter and dark energy. Prerequisite: PHYS 334. Alternate years. (2) PHYS 367. Introduction to Stellar and Galactic Astrophysics. Introduction to stellar and galactic astrophysics with an emphasis on the underlying physical principles. Course has an integrated lab component (2 hours lecture, 1 hour lab per week) Topics: Structure and evolution of stars, stellar atmospheres and spectra, binary stars and stellar remnants. Galactic dynamics, morphology, and evolution; largescale structure of the universe. Prerequisite: PHYS 322 (or Math 333) and PHYS 334. Alternate years. (4) PHYS 494. Seminar. Study of the wider cultural significance of physics including its historical development; its relationship to other disciplines; its philosophical interpretations; its place in a Christian worldview; and one's stewardship toward society. Independent study and classroom presentation. Prerequisite: senior standing in the major. (2, lin) PHYS 495. Independent Study. Independent research. (14) PHYS 496. Internship. Supervised offcampus experience with departmental approval. Graded pass/fail. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing with Physics major. (24) PHYS 499. Honors Thesis. An independent project providing original laboratory research developed in a scholarly paper and culminating in an oral examination. Fulfills partial requirement for an honors degree in physics. Additional requirements are available in the Physics Office. (24 hours). *Not applicable to physics major or minor. Astronomy Courses (ASTR)ASTR 301. Planetary Astronomy. Observation of the sky and its cycles. Study of historical ideas about the planets, origin and development of the solar system, and modern discoveries in planetary astronomy. Prerequisite: 4 hour lab course in the Studies in Nature cluster. (2) ASTR 302. Stellar Astronomy. Observation of the sky and it cycles. Study of Big Bang Cosmology and the life history of stars in the light of Christian theology. Prerequisite: 4 hour lab course in the Studies in Nature cluster. (2) ASTR 303. History of Cosmology. Study of the historical development of cosmology in ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, Greece, Asia, and the Americas through contemporary developments. Cultural and religious interactions with developments in cosmology are emphasized. Prerequisite: 4 hour lab course in the Studies in Nature cluster. Nature cluster nonlab general education course. Diversity designation (2) Engineering Courses (ENGR)ENGR 201. Engineering Mechanics 1  Statics. Systems of units; gravitation; Newton’s laws of motion; equilibrium and freebody diagrams; particles, forces and moments; structures in equilibrium; centroids and center of mass; moments of inertia; friction; beam loadings; cables; fluids; virtual work and potential energy; particle kinematics; and, rotating bodies. Prerequisites: MATH 231 and PHYS 231 or 233. ENGR 202. Engineering Mechanics 11. – Dynamics. Topics include: kinematics and kinetics of particles; Newton’s laws of motion; energy, momentum, systems of particles; rigid bodies; freebody diagrams; mass, acceleration, and force; plane motion of rigid bodies; and, conservation of energy and momentum. Prerequisite: ENGR 201. Pre or Corequisite: PHYS 322 or MATH 333. Revision date: June 1, 2013




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