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Human Needs and Global Resources (HNGR)

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Requirements for Certificate

Course Descriptions


Director, Laura S Meitzner Yoder


The Majority World (often referred to as the Third World or the Global South), comprising substantial portions of Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, and Latin America, is a region facing monumental challenges, including ecological vulnerability, poverty, hunger, conflict, injustice, and persistent health concerns. At the same time these regions are endowed with substantial human and natural resources that are their hope and future. HNGR is a certificate program available to students in which they explore the issues of human needs and global resources through a combination of academic study, interactive seminars, and a core study/service internship in the Majority World.

Multi-disciplinary classroom study on campus is augmented by six-month off-campus field internships in the Majority World with church, parachurch, or international organizations involved in holistic transformational development. Past internships have included, but are not limited to, projects in: agriculture, community development, environment, gender, health and nutrition, HIV/AIDS, microfinance, and social justice. Each internship includes supervised study and service related to specific development projects, and enables students to learn about culture and appropriate development responses within specific cultural contexts. HNGR aims to promote student commitments to formulating Christian responses in their lifestyles and vocational choices, to the issues facing the globe and its peoples.

Students from any major may take selected HNGR courses, including Third World Issues, without obligation to complete the HNGR Certificate. Students who wish to earn the HNGR Certificate must submit a formal application (usually in the fall semester of their sophomore year), be accepted to do the six-month off-campus internship, and complete the internship and all course work. Details are available in the HNGR office and on the HNGR website at http://www.wheaton.edu/hngr.

Certificate candidates are required to complete 16-18 hours of preparatory course work before the internship, including HNGR 112 and 385; ANTH 353; one or more of the following elective courses: SOC 385, IR 357, or †ECON 365; and a supplementary course approved by HNGR. During their internships students earn four to eight hours of credit for the HNGR internship (HNGR 496), four hours of credit for the Global Christian Perspective course (HNGR 484), and two to four hours of Independent Study credit in either their major field of study or under the HNGR Program. Upon return to campus, students take the HNGR Capstone Integration Seminar (HNGR 494) for two final hours of credit.

HNGR students meet Society Cluster requirements with HNGR courses plus four hours of history. Students who complete the preparatory course work, internship, independent study, and integrative seminar will receive the Human Needs and Global Resources Certificate in recognition of fulfillment of all requirements.

HNGR graduates are especially well prepared to work in the Majority World and domestically with development, government, and international organizations, missions, and other international agencies, as well as to pursue graduate studies in a variety of fields such as business, education, science and health professions, theology, social sciences, and law.

HNGR Courses

HNGR 112. Third World Issues. An introduction to the causes and consequences of global poverty, hunger, and underdevelopment in our increasingly interdependent and resource-scarce world. Examination of the historical roots of global inequities and globalization, and the multiple challenges faced by the Majority World that grow out of these. Topics covered include: food production, population, education, economics, politics and culture, natural resources, conflict, and global health. An interdisciplinary perspective and biblical principles anchor this course that also approaches these issues from the perspective of the Majority World. Open to all students. Diversity designation. (2)

HNGR 113. Transforming Poverty in the Majority World. This course builds on studentsí understanding of the multiple factors contributing to global poverty acquired through Third World Issues (HNGR 112). Students will deepen their understanding of the interconnected theoretical and theological dimensions of global poverty. A case study approach will address specific and key challenges, strategies, and opportunities for transformation. Prerequisite: HNGR 112; Diversity designation. (2)

HNGR 381. Topics in Development. Selected topics from the following: technology and the environment, appropriate technology, and community development. Seminar format with guest lecturers and student presentations. Prerequisites depend on topic. (2 or 4)

HNGR 385. Field Research Methods and Intercultural Orientation. A practical preparation of HNGR Program interns for participatory research and cross-cultural living and service. Emphasis in research is on design and implementation of qualitative and quantitative research methods in actual field settings, including roles, rapport, ethics, cultural adaptations, field notes, and write-up. Emphasis in orientation is on cross-cultural adjustment, including approaches, responses, psychological adaptation, relationship-building, communication, health, and Christian witness. Open to outgoing HNGR interns only. Course fee, $300.

HNGR 484. Global Christian Perspective. Supervised directed reading and reflection, done as part of the HNGR field internship that addresses selected themes in global Christian thought and practice, including poverty and powerlessness, justice and reconciliation, community and community development, and brokenness and healing. Open to HNGR interns only.

HNGR 494. HNGR Capstone Integration Seminar. Evaluation and integration of the student's field experience in the Majority World, applying theories of socioeconomic change, intercultural communication, and Christian worldview, and an analysis of alternative models of holistic development. Open to returned HNGR interns only. Course fee, $350. (2)

HNGR 495. Independent Study. Directed reading and research or internship projects. (2-4)

HNGR 496. Internship in Development. Supervised field experience through a six-month internship in the Majority World, generally with a Christian organization involved in holistic development. The program of study is designed to meet the particular interests and needs of the student, host organization, and community in which the internship is conducted. (4-8)

Revision Date:† June 1, 2015



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